foundations of language brain meaning grammar evolution

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Foundations Of Language

Author : Ray Jackendoff
ISBN : 9780198270126
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 72. 88 MB
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Probing the core and origins of language, a linguistics scholar shares his insights into the complex relationship between language, perception, and the human brain.

Measuring Grammatical Complexity

Author : Frederick J. Newmeyer
ISBN : 9780191508448
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 63. 83 MB
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This book examines the question of whether languages can differ in grammatical complexity and, if so, how relative complexity differences might be measured. The volume differs from others devoted to the question of complexity in language in that the authors all approach the problem from the point of view of formal grammatical theory, psycholinguistics, or neurolinguistics. Chapters investigate a number of key issues in grammatical complexity, taking phonological, morphological, syntactic, and semantic considerations into account. These include what is often called the 'trade-off problem', namely whether complexity in one grammatical component is necessarily balanced by simplicity in another; and the question of interpretive complexity, that is, whether and how one might measure the difficulty for the hearer in assigning meaning to an utterance and how such complexity might be factored in to an overall complexity assessment. Measuring Grammatical Complexity brings together a number of distinguished scholars in the field, and will be of interest to linguists of all theoretical stripes from advanced undergraduate level upwards, particularly those working in the areas of morphosyntax, psycholinguistics, neurolinguistics, and cognitive linguistics.

The Gestural Origin Of Language

Author : David F. Armstrong
ISBN : 0198036914
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 42. 72 MB
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In The Gestural Origin of Language, Sherman Wilcox and David Armstrong use evidence from and about sign languages to explore the origins of language as we know it today. According to their model, it is sign, not spoken languages, that is the original mode of human communication. The authors demonstrate that modern language is derived from practical actions and gestures that were increasingly recognized as having the potential to represent, and hence to communicate. In other words, the fundamental ability that allows us to use language is our ability to use pictures or icons, rather than linguistic symbols. Evidence from the human fossil record supports the authors' claim by showing that we were anatomically able to produce gestures and signs before we were able to speak fluently. Although speech evolved later as a secondary linguistic communication device that eventually replaced sign language as the primary mode of communication, speech has never entirely replaced signs and gestures. As the first comprehensive attempt to trace the origin of grammar to gesture, this volume will be an invaluable resource for students and professionals in psychology, linguistics, and philosophy.

Language And Imaginability

Author : Horst Ruthrof
ISBN : 9781443858526
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 52. 54 MB
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Language and Imaginability pursues the hypothesis that natural language is fundamentally heterosemiotic, combining as it does the symbolicity of word sounds with the iconicity of motivated signifieds conceived as socially organized mental events. Viewed phenomenologically, language is regarded as an ontically heteronomous construct performed by speakers within the boundaries of sufficient semiosis under the control of the speech community. From both angles, a commitment to some form of intersubjective mentalism appears unavoidable. This, the author argues, forces us to conclude that imaginability plays a central role in the constitution of linguistic meanings as indirectly public phenomena. The book argues this case by comparing two main avenues along which the theorization of language has been pursued in the Western tradition since Aristotle, via resemblance relations and propositional accounts. Locke, Kant, Peirce, Husserl and cognitive linguistics are invoked on the side of resemblance and iconicity; Frege, Wittgenstein, Davidson and other analytical philosophers up to intensional semantics are interpreted in terms of their relation to imaginability. The book also addresses the ambivalence vis-à-vis iconicity which we find in much of linguistics, in brain research and evolutionary accounts, as well as in pragmatics. The study ends on a series of redefinitions of concepts at the heart of the theorization of language.

The Great Mosaic Eye

Author : Robin Allott
ISBN : 9781469146300
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 70. 51 MB
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This is a revised and extended version of the Great Mosaic Eye originally published in 2001. There have been major changes in neuroscience and in language research since then. Apparently disparate segments of research have started to come together and it is necessary to recast both the structure and the content of the book. The extended title of the book with the addition of the word Society reflects this. Another important change is that the book as originally published fell into two halves, part 1 being the text of the book and part 2 an inserted CD which included a great deal of additional material that made possible important graphical and video content not easily presented in text form. This new edition attempts to integrate all the material contained in the earlier edition but relying on links to the Internet for material in place of that contained in the inserted CD. This new book, as indeed was the case for the earlier version, was intended to bring together a mass of material which had been published separately over more than 40 years under the titles The Physical Foundation of Language (first published 1973 and recently reprinted), The Motor Theory of Language (1989), The Natural Origin of Language: The Structural Inter-relation of Language Vision and Action, The Child and the World: How the child acquires language - How language mirrors the world (2005). All these are now in print so that it is not necessary to repeat in this book much of the extensive discussion in the earlier books - all supplemented by other recent material readily accessible on the Internet at

An Introduction To Language

Author : Kirk Hazen
ISBN : 9781118559956
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 38. 65 MB
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An Introduction to Language offers an engaging guide tothe nature of language, focusing on how language works – itssounds, words, structures, and phrases – all investigatedthrough wide-ranging examples from Old English to contemporary popculture. Explores the idea of a scientific approach to language,inviting students to consider what qualities of language compriseeveryday skills for us, be they sounds, words, phrases, orconversation Helps shape our understanding of what language is, howit works, and why it is both elegantly complex and essentialto who we are Includes exercises within each chapter to help readers explorekey concepts and directly observe the patterns that are part of allhuman language Examines linguistic variation and change to illustrate socialnuances and language-in-use, drawing primarily on examples fromEnglish Avoids linguistic jargon, focusing instead on a broader andmore general approach to the study of language, and making it idealfor those coming to the subject for the first time Supported by additional web resources – available uponpublication at ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/hazen/introlanguage"www.wiley.com/go/hazen/introlanguage/a– including student study aids and testbank and notes forinstructors

Linguistics And Evolution

Author : Julie Tetel Andresen
ISBN : 9781107042247
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 50. 26 MB
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Linguistics and Evolution offers readers the first rethinking of an introductory approach to linguistics since Leonard Bloomfield's 1933 Language.

The Handbook Of Historical Sociolinguistics

Author : Juan Manuel Hernández-Campoy
ISBN : 9781118257265
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 29. 2 MB
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Written by an international team of leading scholars, this groundbreaking reference work explores the nature of language change and diffusion, and paves the way for future research in this rapidly expanding interdisciplinary field. Features 35 newly-written essays from internationally acclaimed experts that reflect the growth and vitality of the burgeoning area of historical sociolinguistics Examines how sociolinguistic theoretical models, methods, findings, and expertise can be used to reconstruct a language's past in order to explain linguistic changes and developments Bridges the gap between the past and the present in linguistic studies Structured thematically into sections exploring: origins and theoretical assumptions; methods for the sociolinguistic study of the history of languages; linguistic and extra-linguistic variables; historical dialectology, language contact and diffusion; and attitudes to language

Contracts Of Fiction

Author : Ellen Spolsky
ISBN : 9780190232160
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 63. 57 MB
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The Contracts of Fiction reconnects our fictional worlds to the rest of our lives. Countering the contemporary tendency to dismiss works of imagination as enjoyable but epistemologically inert, the book considers how various kinds of fictions construct, guide, and challenge institutional relationships within social groups. The contracts of fiction, like the contracts of language, law, kinship, and money, describe the rules by which members of a group toggle between tokens and types, between their material surroundings - the stuff of daily life - and the abstractions that give it value. Rethinking some familiar literary concepts such as genre and style from the perspective of recent work in the biological, cognitive, and brain sciences, the book displays how fictions engage bodies and minds in ways that help societies balance continuity and adaptability. Being part of a community means sharing the ways its members use stories, pictures, plays and movies, poems and songs, icons and relics, to generate usable knowledge about the people, objects, beliefs and values in their environment. Exposing the underlying structural and processing homologies among works of imagination and life processes such as metabolism and memory, Ellen Spolsky demonstrates the seamless connection of life to art by revealing the surprising dependence of both on disorder, imbalance, and uncertainty. In early modern London, for example, reformed religion, expanding trade, and changed demographics made the obsolescent courts a source of serious inequities. Just at that time, however, a flood of wildly popular revenge tragedies, such as Hamlet, by their very form, by their outrageous theatrical grotesques, were shouting the need for change in the justice system. A sustained discussion of the genre illustrates how biological homeostasis underpins the social balance that we maintain with difficulty, and how disorder itself incubates new understanding.

An Introduction To Japanese Linguistics

Author : Natsuko Tsujimura
ISBN : 9781118584309
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 24. 29 MB
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The third edition of this established textbook has beenthoroughly updated and revised. It maintains its broad coverage oftopics from phonetics to language variation, and increases itsaccessibility by incorporating a more descriptive, less theoreticalapproach. A fully updated new edition of this successful textbookintroducing students to a wide range of issues, phenomena, andterminology in Japanese linguistics Includes extensive revisions to the chapters on phonetics,syntax and phonology, and incorporates a less theoretical, moredescriptive approach Features the author’s own data, examples and theoreticalanalyses throughout Offers an original approach by discussing first and/or secondlanguage acquisition within each chapter Includes exercises exploring descriptive and theoretical issuesand reading lists which introduce students to the researchliterature, both of which have been updated in this newedition

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