foundations of constraint satisfaction computation in cognitive science

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Foundations Of Constraint Satisfaction

Author : Edward Tsang
ISBN : 9781483220499
Genre : Computers
File Size : 29. 79 MB
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Foundations of Constraint Satisfaction discusses the foundations of constraint satisfaction and presents algorithms for solving constraint satisfaction problems (CSPs). Most of the algorithms described in this book are explained in pseudo code, and sometimes illustrated with Prolog codes (to illustrate how the algorithms could be implemented). Comprised of 10 chapters, this volume begins by defining the standard CSP and the important concepts around it and presenting examples and applications of CSPs. The reader is then introduced to the main features of CSPs and CSP solving techniques (problem reduction, searching, and solution synthesis); some of the most important concepts related to CSP solving; and problem reduction algorithms. Subsequent chapters deal with basic control strategies of searching which are relevant to CSP solving; the significance of ordering the variables, values and compatibility checking in searching; specialized search techniques which gain their efficiency by exploiting problem-specific features; and stochastic search approaches (including hill climbing and connectionist approaches) for CSP solving. The book also considers how solutions can be synthesized rather than searched for before concluding with an analysis of optimization in CSPs. This monograph can be used as a reference by artificial intelligence (AI) researchers or as a textbook by students on advanced AI courses, and should also help knowledge engineers apply existing techniques to solve CSPs or problems which embed CSPs.

Principles And Practice Of Constraint Programming Cp 2001

Author : Toby Walsh
ISBN : 9783540455783
Genre : Computers
File Size : 80. 2 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming, CP 2001, held in Paphos, Cyprus, in November/December 2001. The 37 revised full papers, 9 innovative applications presentations, and 14 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 135 submissions. All current issues in constraint processing are addressed, ranging from theoretical and foundational issues to advanced and innovative applications in a variety of fields.

The Mit Encyclopedia Of The Cognitive Sciences

Author : Robert Andrew Wilson
ISBN : 0262731444
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 69. 97 MB
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A landmark, comprehensive reference work that represents the methodological and theoretical diversity of this changing field.

Proceedings Of The Twenty Third Annual Conference Of The Cognitive Science Society

Author : Johanna D. Moore
ISBN : 0805841520
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 40. 56 MB
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Vol. includes all papers and posters presented at 2001 Cog Sci Mtg & summaries of symposia & invited addresses. Deals w/ issues of repres & model'g cog processes. Appeals to scholars in subdisciplines that comprise Cog Sci: Psych, Computr Sci, Neuro, Lin

Logic For Programming And Automated Reasoning

Author : Michel Parigot
ISBN : 3540412859
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 72. 94 MB
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This volumecontains the papers presentedatthe SeventhInternationalC- ference on Logicfor Programmingand Automated Reasoning (LPAR 2000)held onReunionIsland,France,6–10November2000,followedbythe ReunionWo- shop on Implementation of Logic. Sixty-?ve papers were submitted to LPAR 2000 of which twenty-six papers were accepted. Submissions by the program committee members were not - lowed. There was a special category of experimental papers intended to describe implementations of systems, to report experiments with implemented systems, orto compareimplementedsystems.Eachof thesubmissionswasreviewedbyat least three program committee members and an electronic program committee meeting was held via the Internet. In addition to the refereed papers, this volume contains full papers by two of the four invited speakers, Georg Gottlob and Micha ̈ el Rusinowitch, along with an extended abstract of Bruno Courcelle’s invited lecture and an abstract of Erich Gr ̈ adel’s invited lecture. WewouldliketothankthemanypeoplewhohavemadeLPAR2000possible. We are grateful to the following groups and individuals: the program and or- nizing committees; the additional referees; the local arrangements chair Teodor Knapik; PascalManoury, who was in chargeof accommodation; Konstantin - rovin,whomaintainedthe programcommittee Webpage;andBillMcCune,who implemented the program committee management software.

Expert Systems

Author : Cornelius T. Leondes
ISBN : UOM:39015049518510
Genre : Expert systems (Computer science)
File Size : 32. 86 MB
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Logische Grundlagen Der K Nstlichen Intelligenz

Author : Nils J. Nilsson
ISBN : 9783322928818
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 63. 38 MB
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Das Buch ist die deutsche Übersetzung des Standardwerkes der Stanforder Professoren Michael R. Genesereth und Nils J. Nilsson.Im Unterschied zu deutschen Lehrbüchern der Informatik zeichnet sich das Buch dadurch aus, daß es einen gut lesbaren Überblick gibt, ohne allzu formalistisch zu werden, gleichwohl aber von hohem Niveau ist und die Ergebnisse jüngster Forschung berücksichtigt. Das Buch empfiehlt sich sowohl für Studenten und Dozenten der Inf ormatik, aber auch für Forscher aus anderen Gebieten, die von den Grundlagen der Künstlichen Intelligenz profitieren möchten.

Linguistic Structure In Language Processing

Author : G.N. Carlson
ISBN : 9789400927292
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 42. 56 MB
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The papers in this volume are intended to exemplify the state of experimental psycho linguistics in the middle to later 1980s. Our over riding impression is that the field has come a long way since the earlier work of the 1950s and 1960s, and that the field has emerged with a renewed strength from a difficult period in the 1970s. Not only are the theoretical issues more sharply defined and integrated with existing issues from other domains ("modularity" being one such example), but the experimental techniques employed are much more sophisticated, thanks to the work of numerous psychologists not necessarily interested in psycholinguistics, and thanks to improving technologies unavailable a few years ago (for instance, eye-trackers). We selected papers that provide a coherent, overall picture of existing techniques and issues. The volume is organized much as one might organize an introductory linguistics course - beginning with sound and working "up" to mean ing. Indeed, the first paper, Rebecca Treiman's, begins with considera tion of syllable structure, a phonological consideration, and the last, Alan Garnham's, exemplifies some work on the interpretation of pro nouns, a semantic matter. In between are found works concentrating on morphemes, lexical structures, and syntax. The cross-section represented in this volume is by necessity incom plete, since we focus only on experimental work directed at under standing how adults comprehend and produce language. We do not include any works on language acquisition, first or second.

Predicative Forms In Natural Language And In Lexical Knowledge Bases

Author : P. Saint-Dizier
ISBN : 9789401727464
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 65. 33 MB
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This volume is a selection of papers presented at a workshop entitled Predicative Forms in Natural Language and in Lexical Knowledge Bases organized in Toulouse in August 1996. A predicate is a named relation that exists among one or more arguments. In natural language, predicates are realized as verbs, prepositions, nouns and adjectives, to cite the most frequent ones. Research on the identification, organization, and semantic representa tion of predicates in artificial intelligence and in language processing is a very active research field. The emergence of new paradigms in theoretical language processing, the definition of new problems and the important evol ution of applications have, in fact, stimulated much interest and debate on the role and nature of predicates in naturallangage. From a broad theoret ical perspective, the notion of predicate is central to research on the syntax semantics interface, the generative lexicon, the definition of ontology-based semantic representations, and the formation of verb semantic classes. From a computational perspective, the notion of predicate plays a cent ral role in a number of applications including the design of lexical knowledge bases, the development of automatic indexing systems for the extraction of structured semantic representations, and the creation of interlingual forms in machine translation.

The Scientific Credibility Of Folk Psychology

Author : Garth J.O. Fletcher
ISBN : 9781134787012
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 88. 7 MB
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The examination and evaluation of folk psychology and lay cognition has been carried out predominantly in two domains: personality and social psychology, and the philosophy of psychology. Yet, work in these two areas has largely proceeded independently. The assumption on which this volume is founded is that a proper comparison between scientific cognition and folk ways of thought rests on an adequate study of both science and folk psychology. With this in mind, the author provides an analysis of the intricate, and often hidden, links between these two spheres. In doing so, the book poses two related questions. First, what is the nature of folk psychology and how is it related to scientific psychology? Second, of what should the relationship between folk psychology and scientific psychology consist? In answering these two questions, the author draws extensively from research and arguments in social psychology and social cognition, cognitive science, and the philosophy of science. The interdisciplinary approach gives the book a unique perspective that will be of interest to scholars working in social psychology, cognitive science, and philosophy of science. Written in a concise and accessible style, this volume is suitable for undergraduate and graduate students as well as a general psychological audience.

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