foundations of constraint satisfaction computation in cognitive science

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Foundations Of Constraint Satisfaction

Author : Edward Tsang
ISBN : 9781483220499
Genre : Computers
File Size : 49. 12 MB
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Foundations of Constraint Satisfaction discusses the foundations of constraint satisfaction and presents algorithms for solving constraint satisfaction problems (CSPs). Most of the algorithms described in this book are explained in pseudo code, and sometimes illustrated with Prolog codes (to illustrate how the algorithms could be implemented). Comprised of 10 chapters, this volume begins by defining the standard CSP and the important concepts around it and presenting examples and applications of CSPs. The reader is then introduced to the main features of CSPs and CSP solving techniques (problem reduction, searching, and solution synthesis); some of the most important concepts related to CSP solving; and problem reduction algorithms. Subsequent chapters deal with basic control strategies of searching which are relevant to CSP solving; the significance of ordering the variables, values and compatibility checking in searching; specialized search techniques which gain their efficiency by exploiting problem-specific features; and stochastic search approaches (including hill climbing and connectionist approaches) for CSP solving. The book also considers how solutions can be synthesized rather than searched for before concluding with an analysis of optimization in CSPs. This monograph can be used as a reference by artificial intelligence (AI) researchers or as a textbook by students on advanced AI courses, and should also help knowledge engineers apply existing techniques to solve CSPs or problems which embed CSPs.

The Mit Encyclopedia Of The Cognitive Sciences

Author : Robert Andrew Wilson
ISBN : 0262731444
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 90. 26 MB
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A landmark, comprehensive reference work that represents the methodological and theoretical diversity of this changing field.

Principles And Practice Of Constraint Programming Cp 2001

Author : Toby Walsh
ISBN : 9783540455783
Genre : Computers
File Size : 59. 81 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming, CP 2001, held in Paphos, Cyprus, in November/December 2001. The 37 revised full papers, 9 innovative applications presentations, and 14 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 135 submissions. All current issues in constraint processing are addressed, ranging from theoretical and foundational issues to advanced and innovative applications in a variety of fields.

Logic For Programming And Automated Reasoning

Author : Michel Parigot
ISBN : 3540412859
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 62. 66 MB
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This volumecontains the papers presentedatthe SeventhInternationalC- ference on Logicfor Programmingand Automated Reasoning (LPAR 2000)held onReunionIsland,France,6–10November2000,followedbythe ReunionWo- shop on Implementation of Logic. Sixty-?ve papers were submitted to LPAR 2000 of which twenty-six papers were accepted. Submissions by the program committee members were not - lowed. There was a special category of experimental papers intended to describe implementations of systems, to report experiments with implemented systems, orto compareimplementedsystems.Eachof thesubmissionswasreviewedbyat least three program committee members and an electronic program committee meeting was held via the Internet. In addition to the refereed papers, this volume contains full papers by two of the four invited speakers, Georg Gottlob and Micha ̈ el Rusinowitch, along with an extended abstract of Bruno Courcelle’s invited lecture and an abstract of Erich Gr ̈ adel’s invited lecture. WewouldliketothankthemanypeoplewhohavemadeLPAR2000possible. We are grateful to the following groups and individuals: the program and or- nizing committees; the additional referees; the local arrangements chair Teodor Knapik; PascalManoury, who was in chargeof accommodation; Konstantin - rovin,whomaintainedthe programcommittee Webpage;andBillMcCune,who implemented the program committee management software.

Information And Computation

Author :
ISBN : 9789814465625
Genre :
File Size : 34. 6 MB
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Essentials Of Constraint Programming

Author : Thom Frühwirth
ISBN : 9783662051382
Genre : Computers
File Size : 49. 48 MB
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The use of constraints had its scientific and commercial breakthrough in the 1990s. Programming with constraints makes it possible to model and specify problems with uncertain, incomplete information and to solve combi natorial problems, as they are abundant in industry and commerce, such as scheduling, planning, transportation, resource allocation, layout, design, and analysis. This book is a short, concise, and complete presentation of constraint programming and reasoning, covering theoretical foundations, algorithms, implementations, examples, and applications. It is based on more than a decade of experience in teaching and research about this subject. This book is intended primarily for graduate students, researchers, and practitioners in diverse areas of computer science and related fields, including programming languages, computational logic, symbolic computation, and ar tificial intelligence. The book is complemented by a web-page with teaching material, software, links, and more. We take the reader on a step-by-step journey through the world of constraint-based programming and constraint reasoning. Feel free to join in ... Acknowledgements Thorn thanks his wife Andrea and his daughter Anna - for everything. He dedicates his contribution to the book to the memory of his mother, Grete. Slim thanks his wife N abila and his daughters Shirine and Amira for their ongoing support and patience.

Constraint Processing

Author : Rina Dechter
ISBN : 9781558608900
Genre : Computers
File Size : 59. 19 MB
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Constraint satisfaction is a simple but powerful tool. Constraints identify the impossible and reduce the realm of possibilities to effectively focus on the possible, allowing for a natural declarative formulation of what must be satisfied, without expressing how. The field of constraint reasoning has matured over the last three decades with contributions from a diverse community of researchers in artificial intelligence, databases and programming languages, operations research, management science, and applied mathematics. Today, constraint problems are used to model cognitive tasks in vision, language comprehension, default reasoning, diagnosis, scheduling, temporal and spatial reasoning. In Constraint Processing, Rina Dechter, synthesizes these contributions, along with her own significant work, to provide the first comprehensive examination of the theory that underlies constraint processing algorithms. Throughout, she focuses on fundamental tools and principles, emphasizing the representation and analysis of algorithms. ·Examines the basic practical aspects of each topic and then tackles more advanced issues, including current research challenges ·Builds the reader's understanding with definitions, examples, theory, algorithms and complexity analysis ·Synthesizes three decades of researchers work on constraint processing in AI, databases and programming languages, operations research, management science, and applied mathematics

Artificial Intelligence

Author : David L. Poole
ISBN : 9781139643214
Genre : Computers
File Size : 66. 2 MB
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Recent decades have witnessed the emergence of artificial intelligence as a serious science and engineering discipline. This textbook, aimed at junior to senior undergraduate students and first-year graduate students, presents artificial intelligence (AI) using a coherent framework to study the design of intelligent computational agents. By showing how basic approaches fit into a multidimensional design space, readers can learn the fundamentals without losing sight of the bigger picture. The book balances theory and experiment, showing how to link them intimately together, and develops the science of AI together with its engineering applications. Although structured as a textbook, the book's straightforward, self-contained style will also appeal to a wide audience of professionals, researchers, and independent learners. AI is a rapidly developing field: this book encapsulates the latest results without being exhaustive and encyclopedic. The text is supported by an online learning environment, AIspace,, so that students can experiment with the main AI algorithms plus problems, animations, lecture slides, and a knowledge representation system, AIlog, for experimentation and problem solving.

Expert Systems

Author : Cornelius T. Leondes
ISBN : UOM:39015049518510
Genre : Expert systems (Computer science)
File Size : 37. 93 MB
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The Scientific Credibility Of Folk Psychology

Author : Garth J.O. Fletcher
ISBN : 9781134787012
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 59. 36 MB
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The examination and evaluation of folk psychology and lay cognition has been carried out predominantly in two domains: personality and social psychology, and the philosophy of psychology. Yet, work in these two areas has largely proceeded independently. The assumption on which this volume is founded is that a proper comparison between scientific cognition and folk ways of thought rests on an adequate study of both science and folk psychology. With this in mind, the author provides an analysis of the intricate, and often hidden, links between these two spheres. In doing so, the book poses two related questions. First, what is the nature of folk psychology and how is it related to scientific psychology? Second, of what should the relationship between folk psychology and scientific psychology consist? In answering these two questions, the author draws extensively from research and arguments in social psychology and social cognition, cognitive science, and the philosophy of science. The interdisciplinary approach gives the book a unique perspective that will be of interest to scholars working in social psychology, cognitive science, and philosophy of science. Written in a concise and accessible style, this volume is suitable for undergraduate and graduate students as well as a general psychological audience.

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