forensic science an introduction to scientific and investigative techniques fourth edition

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Forensic Science

Author : Stuart H. James
ISBN : 9781439853863
Genre : Law
File Size : 35. 39 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Covering a range of fundamental topics essential to modern forensic investigation, the fourth edition of the landmark text Forensic Science: An Introduction to Scientific and Investigative Techniques presents contributions from experts in the field who discuss case studies from their own personal files. This edition has been thoroughly updated to reflect the cutting edge of forensic science across many different areas. Designed for a single-term course at the lower undergraduate level, the book begins by discussing the intersection of law and forensic science, how things become evidence, and how courts decide if an item or testimony should be admissible. It takes the evidence from crime scene investigation into laboratory analysis and even onto the autopsy table for the fullest breadth of subject matter of any forensic text available. Topics include Forensic anthropology and the role of entomology in a death investigation Death investigation, including identifying the cause, manner, mechanism, and time of death Bloodstain pattern analysis, the identification of blood and body fluids, the work of forensic toxicologists, and seized drug analysis The history and development of DNA typing and the many ways it can be used Fingerprint, firearm and ballistic, tool mark, tread impression, and trace evidence The forensic analysis of questioned documents and computers Arson, fire, explosives, and the work of forensic engineers in vehicular accidents and structural collapses Forensic psychology and psychiatry, including criminal profiling The future of forensic science Going beyond theory to application, this text incorporates the wisdom of forensic practitioners who discuss the real cases they have investigated. Color-coded sidebars in each chapter provide historical notes, case studies, and current events as well as advice for career advancement. Each section and each chapter begins with an overview and ends with a summary, and key terms, review questions, and up-to-date references are provided. Appropriate for any sensibility, more than 300 photos from real cases give students a true-to-life learning experience. *Access to identical eBook version included

Meshfree Methods

Author : G.R. Liu
ISBN : 9781439853832
Genre : Science
File Size : 65. 65 MB
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Understand How to Use and Develop Meshfree Techniques An Update of a Groundbreaking Work Reflecting the significant advances made in the field since the publication of its predecessor, Meshfree Methods: Moving Beyond the Finite Element Method, Second Edition systematically covers the most widely used meshfree methods. With 70% new material, this edition addresses important new developments, especially on essential theoretical issues. New to the Second Edition Much more details on fundamental concepts and important theories for numerical methods Discussions on special properties of meshfree methods, including stability, convergence, accurate, efficiency, and bound property More detailed discussion on error estimation and adaptive analysis using meshfree methods Developments on combined meshfree/finite element method (FEM) models Comparison studies using meshfree and FEM Drawing on the author’s own research, this book provides a single-source guide to meshfree techniques and theories that can effectively handle a variety of complex engineering problems. It analyzes how the methods work, explains how to use and develop the methods, and explores the problems associated with meshfree methods. To access MFree2D (copyright, G. R. Liu), which accompanies MESHFREE METHODS: MOVING BEYOND THE FINITE ELEMENT METHOD, Second Edition (978-1-4200-8209-8) by Dr. G. R. Liu, please go to the website: www.ase.uc.edu/~liugr An access code is needed to use program – to receive it please email Dr. Liu directly at: [email protected] Dr. Liu will reply to you directly with the code, and you can then proceed to use the software.

Forensic Science

Author : Stuart H. James
ISBN : 0849327474
Genre : Law
File Size : 28. 78 MB
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Written by highly respected forensic scientists and legal practitioners, Forensic Science: An Introduction to Scientific and Investigative Techniques, Second Edition covers the latest theories and practices in areas such as DNA testing, toxicology, chemistry of explosives and arson, and vehicle accident reconstruction. This second edition offers a cutting-edge presentation of criminalistics and related laboratory subjects, including many exciting new features. What's New in the Second Edition New chapter on forensic entomology New chapter on forensic nursing Simplified DNA chapter More coverage of the chemistry of explosives and ignitable liquids Additional information on crime reconstruction Revised to include more investigation in computer forensics Complete revisions of engineering chapters New appendices showing basic principles of physics, math, and chemistry in forensic science More questions and answers in the Instructor's Guide Updated references and cases throughout An extensive glossary of terms

Measurement Uncertainty In Forensic Science

Author : Suzanne Bell
ISBN : 1498721168
Genre :
File Size : 75. 55 MB
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Measurement is a fundamental basis for forensic analysis and the platform on which many forensic experts base their scientific opinions. This book examines the limits of the scientific process to help determine, for various forms of evidence, tests, and analysis, the accuracy level and the parameters in which certain results fall. It also helps forensic scientists, students, and lab professionals--both directors and analysts--develop methods and practices to measure and report the required level of uncertainty for quantitative measurements.

Forensic Medicine

Author : Howard C. Adelman
ISBN : 9781438103815
Genre : Medical
File Size : 35. 41 MB
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Forensic medicine uses medical specialties and scientific techniques from various fields - dentistry, psychology, and biology, among others - to investigate the causes of death, injury, or disease. This book explores the use of forensic medicine in each of these areas, as well as how the findings come together to solve cases.

Principles Of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis

Author : Stuart H. James
ISBN : 9781420039467
Genre : Law
File Size : 81. 12 MB
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Bloodstain evidence has become a deciding factor in the outcome of many of the world's most notorious criminal cases. As a result, substantiation of this evidence is crucial to those on either side of the courtroom aisle. The challenge is to obtain an authoritative reference that provides the latest information in a comprehensive and effective manner. Principles of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis: Theory and Practice presents an in-depth investigation of this important subject matter. A multidisciplinary approach is presented throughout the book that uses scene and laboratory examinations in conjunction with forensic pathology, forensic serology, and chemical enhancement techniques. Emphasis is on a thought process based on taxonomic classification of bloodstains that takes into account their physical characteristics of size, shape, and distribution, and the specific mechanisms that produce them. Individual chapters analyze case studies, with two chapters specifically discussing the details of legal issues as they pertain to bloodstain pattern analysis. Information highlighted throughout the book includes an examination of bloodstained clothing and footwear and information on bloodstain interpretation for crime scene reconstruction. Dramatic color images of bloodletting injuries, bloodstains, and crime scenes are also presented to compliment the technical content of this resource. Features § Provides 500 full color photographs - the first bloodstain pattern book presenting dramatic full color images of bloodletting injuries, bloodstains, and crime scenes § Contains appendices with scientific data that includes trigonometric tables and metric equivalents, as well as crime scene and laboratory check lists, and biohazard safety precautions § Discloses court decisions relating to bloodstain pattern analysis and presumptive blood testing § Written by authors with many years of experience in the field, and features chapters contributed by qualified and respected forensic scientists and attorneys

Criminalistics

Author : Richard Saferstein
ISBN : 9780134477855
Genre : Law
File Size : 41. 75 MB
Format : PDF
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This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. For introductory courses in Forensic Science and Crime Scene Investigation A clear introduction to the technology of the modern crime laboratory for non-scientists Criminalistics: An Introduction to Forensic Science, Twelfth Edition, uses clear writing, case stories, and modern technology to capture the pulse and fervor of forensic science investigations. Written for readers with no scientific background, only the most relevant scientific and technological concepts are presented. The nature of physical evidence is defined, and the limitations that technology and current knowledge impose on its individualization and characterization are examined. A major portion of the text centers on discussions of the common items of physical evidence encountered at crime scenes. Particular attention is paid to the meaning and role of probability in interpreting the evidential significance of scientifically evaluated evidence. Updated throughout, the Twelfth Edition includes a new chapter on the exciting field of forensic biometrics. With its easy-to-understand writing and straightforward presentation, this best-selling text is clear and comprehensible to a wide variety of students.

Scientific Examination Of Documents

Author : Stephen P. Day
ISBN : 9781420037333
Genre : Law
File Size : 50. 62 MB
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It takes the proper application of the appropriate methods to either confirm or disprove the authenticity of a handwriting sample that appears on a document. The conclusion may mean substantiating a person’s intent and preventing a fraud. Revised and expanded to reflect the most recent innovations in the field of forensic document examination, Scientific Examination of Documents: Methods and Techniques, Third Edition explains the various methods used to scrutinize documents in question. This essential, cutting-edge book begins with an assessment of handwriting techniques, the accidental and deliberate modification of handwriting, and the proper collection of samples. It also reviews traditional and modern typewriting technologies, as well as the analysis of photocopies, incidental marks, the functions of photography in document examination, and courtroom applications. This New Edition: þ Provides an illustration of the latest methods of document examination þ Includes a comparison between ink jet and laser printing þ Explains the improvements made to the Video Spectral Comparator (VSC) To avoid the consequences that may occur from not fully substantiating a document’s authenticity, Scientific Examination of Documents: Methods and Techniques, Third Edition is an important guide to refer to at all times. Features Discusses issues regarding handwritten, printed, and photocopied documents Details techniques for the examination of the materials of documents Illustrates the necessity of employing proper scientific methods during an examination

Crime Scene Investigation

Author : Jacqueline T. Fish
ISBN : 9781455755837
Genre : Law
File Size : 52. 19 MB
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Crime Scene Investigation offers an innovative approach to learning about crime scene investigation, taking the reader from the first response on the crime scene to documenting crime scene evidence and preparing evidence for courtroom presentation. It includes topics not normally covered in other texts, such as forensic anthropology and pathology, arson and explosives, and the electronic crime scene. Numerous photographs and illustrations complement text material, and a chapter-by-chapter fictional narrative also provides the reader with a qualitative dimension of the crime scene experience. 1. Introduction 2. First Response 3. Documenting the Crime Scene 4. Fingerprints and Palmprints 5. Trace and Impression Evidence 6. Body Fluid Evidence 7. Blood Spatter Evidence 8. Firearms and Toolmark Evidence 9. Arson and Explosives 10. The Electronic Crime Scene 11. Documentary Evidence 12. Motor Vehicles as Crime Scenes 13. Death Investigation 14. Forensic Anthropology, Odontology, and Entomology 15. Documenting the Actions of the CSI

Crime Scene To Court

Author : P.C. White
ISBN : 0854046569
Genre : Law
File Size : 86. 79 MB
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Forensic science has been variously described as fascinating, challenging and even frightening. If you have only a vague concept of what forensic science is, this book will provide the answer. Aimed at non-scientists, or those with limited scientific knowledge, Crime Scene to Court covers all three main areas of an investigation where forensic science is practised, namely the scene of the crime, the forensic laboratory and the court. Coverage includes details of how crime scene and forensic examinations are conducted in the United Kingdom, the principles of crime scene investigations and the importance of this work in an investigation, and courtroom procedures and the role of the expert witness. The latest methods and techniques used in crime scene investigation and forensic laboratories are reported, cases are presented to illustrate why and how examinations are performed to generate forensic evidence and there is a bibliography for each chapter which provides further material for those readers wishing to delve deeper into the subject. This revised and updated edition also includes coverage on changes in professional requirements, the latest developments in DNA testing and two new chapters on computer based crimes and Blood Pattern Analysis. Ideal for those studying forensic science or law, the book is intended primarily for teaching and training purposes. However, anyone with a role in an investigation, for example police, crime scene investigators or indeed those called for jury service, will find this text an excellent source of information.

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