forensic dna analysis current practices and emerging technologies

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Forensic Dna Analysis

Author : Jaiprakash G. Shewale
ISBN : 9781466571365
Genre : Law
File Size : 50. 66 MB
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The field of forensic DNA analysis has grown immensely in the past two decades and genotyping of biological samples is now routinely performed in human identification (HID) laboratories. Application areas include paternity testing, forensic casework, family lineage studies, identification of human remains, and DNA databasing. Forensic DNA Analysis: Current Practices and Emerging Technologies explores the fundamental principles and the application of technologies for each aspect of forensic DNA analysis. The book begins by discussing the value of DNA evidence and how to properly recognize, document, collect, and store it. The remaining chapters examine: The most widely adopted methods and the best practices for DNA isolation from forensic biological samples and human remains Studies carried out on the use of both messenger RNA and small (micro) RNA profiling Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods for quantification and assessment of human DNA prior to genotyping Capillary electrophoresis (CE) as a tool for forensic DNA analysis Next-generation short tandem repeat (STR) genotyping kits for forensic applications, the biological nature of STR loci, and Y-chromosome STRs (Y-STRs) Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence analysis Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and insertion/deletion polymorphisms (indels) in typing highly degraded DNA Deep-sequencing technologies The current state of integrated systems in forensic DNA analysis The book concludes by discussing various aspects of sample-processing training and the entities that provide such training programs. This volume is an essential resource for students, researchers, teaching faculties, and other professionals interested in human identification/forensic DNA analysis.

Soudn L Ka Stv I D L

Author : Hirt Miroslav
ISBN : 9788024756806
Genre :
File Size : 24. 60 MB
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Publikace Soudní lékařství I tvoří první díl uceleného souhrnu nejmodernějších informací v oblasti medicínských forenzních věd. Organicky navazuje na učebnici doc. Vorla vydanou ovšem před více než 20 lety (1993), která je stále chápána jako volné pokračování učebnice prof. Tesaře (první vydání 1975). Text, na němž se podíleli odborníci ze všech soudnělékařských zařízení v České republice a částečně i ze Slovenska, je sice určen v první řadě soudním lékařům, ale další, a to nejen medicínské a právní obory v něm najdou užitečné informace. První díl obsahuje 18 kapitol počínaje historií soudního lékařství – jako jednoho z nejstarších lékařských oborů v České republice. K nutnému vzdělání současných lékařů neodmyslitelně patří i gramotnost právní. To je obsahem 2. a 5. kapitoly. V dalších kapitolách je podrobně rozebrána obecná problematika smrti, včetně posmrtných změn, určování doby smrti a vitality poranění. Svoji multioborovost prokazuje soudní lékařství zejména v 6. kapitole Identifikace osob, kde hlavními autory nejsou pouze všeobecní lékaři, ale i stomatologové a dokonce i přírodovědci, konkrétně antropologové a genetici. Poměrně velmi rozsáhlé kapitoly 7 (Přirozená smrt) a 8 (Pedopatologie) ukazují na úzkou spjatost s oborem patologie. Kapitoly 9 (Poranění ostrým předmětem) a 10 (Střelná poranění) zase úzce souvisejí s obory chirurgickými, jako je zejména traumatologie či neurochirurgie. Více méně volný celek tvoří kapitoly 11 (Dušení), 12 (Utonutí), 13 (Nehody při potápění) a 14 (Poškození org anismu sníženým atmosférickým tlakem. Posledními kapitolami jsou Hladovění (15) a opět volně související kapitoly Poranění elektrickým proudem (16), Poškození zdraví zářením (17) a Termické změny (18). Bohatě obrazově doložená publikace (32 stran barevných fotografií, další černobílé obrázky v textu) je doplněna slovníkem odborných a méně častých výrazů. Klíčová slova: soudní lékařství – traumatologie – genetika – antropologie – patologie – historie – potápění

Dna Analysis For Missing Person Identification In Mass Fatalities

Author : Amanda C Sozer
ISBN : 9781466513846
Genre : Law
File Size : 81. 3 MB
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Advances in DNA technology have expanded such that forensic DNA profiling is now considered a routine method for identifying victims of mass fatalities. Originating from an initiative funded by a grant from the U.S. Department of State, DNA Analysis for Missing Person Identification in Mass Fatalities presents a collection of training modules that supply comprehensive instruction in these complex techniques. The book begins with a concise overview of DNA analysis methods and their use in identifying victims of mass fatalities. It then goes on to explore: Mass fatality response operations, including body recovery, mortuary operations, family assistance, the identification of human remains, and psychosocial support for families Best practices in DNA sample collection and the different types of reference samples that can be used to identify a reported missing (RM) individual Autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) DNA profile analysis and interpretation, and procedures to ensure data accuracy Major steps involved in generating a DNA profile and the complex aspects of data analysis and interpretation The importance of data management using information technology tools, and tips for maintaining quality operations Accreditation and standards and the major elements of a DNA quality program Setting up a laboratory operation, including planning, staffing, identifying types of equipment and supplies, and the procedures for ensuring that laboratory equipment performs appropriately The book includes a discussion of the key steps in the preparation, delivery, and evaluation of training sessions for personnel responding to a mass fatality human identification event. It also provides a comprehensive vocabulary list with terms related to mass fatality DNA identification. This text is a must-read for organizations contemplating the use of DNA in human identification initiatives following mass fatalities. It is also a tremendous value to emergency manager/planners, medical legal authorities, and forensic DNA laboratories.

The Routledge Handbook Of Technology Crime And Justice

Author : M. R. McGuire
ISBN : 9781317590750
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 70. 49 MB
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Technology has become increasingly important to both the function and our understanding of the justice process. Many forms of criminal behaviour are highly dependent upon technology, and crime control has become a predominantly technologically driven process – one where ‘traditional’ technological aids such as fingerprinting or blood sample analysis are supplemented by a dizzying array of tools and techniques including surveillance devices and DNA profiling. This book offers the first comprehensive and holistic overview of global research on technology, crime and justice. It is divided into five parts, each corresponding with the key stages of the offending and justice process: Part I addresses the current conceptual understanding of technology within academia and the criminal justice system; Part II gives a comprehensive overview of the current relations between technology and criminal behaviour; Part III explores the current technologies within crime control and the ways in which technology underpins contemporary formal and informal social control; Part IV sets out some of the fundamental impacts technology is now having upon the judicial process; Part V reveals the emerging technologies for crime, control and justice and considers the extent to which new technology can be effectively regulated. This landmark collection will be essential reading for academics, students and theorists within criminology, sociology, law, engineering and technology, and computer science, as well as practitioners and professionals working within and around the criminal justice system.

Lawyers Medical Cyclopedia Of Personal Injuries And Allied Specialties

Author : Richard M. Patterson
ISBN : STANFORD:36105060330631
Genre : Law
File Size : 38. 65 MB
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Canadian Criminal Justice Today

Author :
ISBN : PSU:000046198358
Genre : Criminal justice, Administration of
File Size : 27. 76 MB
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Dna And Property Crime Scene Investigation

Author : David A. Makin
ISBN : 9781317522751
Genre : Law
File Size : 69. 55 MB
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Traditionally, forensic investigation has not been fully utilized in the investigation of property crime. This ground-breaking book examines the experiences of patrol officers, command staff, detectives, and chiefs as they navigate the expectations of forensic evidence in criminal cases, specifically property crimes cases. DNA and Property Crime Scene Investigation looks at the current state of forensic technology and, using interviews with police officers, command staff, forensic technicians, and prosecutors, elucidates who is doing the work of forensic investigation. It explores how better training can decrease backlogs in forensic evidence processing and prevent mishandling of crucial evidence. Concluding with a police chief’s perspective on the approach, DNA and Property Crime Scene Investigation provides insight into an emerging and important approach to property crime scene investigation. Key Features Provides practical information on implementing forensic investigation for property crimes Examines the current state of forensic technology and points to future trends Includes a police chief’s perspective on the forensic approach to investigating property crimes Utilizes interviews with professionals in the field to demonstrate the benefits of the approach

Fish Identification Tools For Biodiversity And Fisheries Assessments

Author : Johanne Fischer
ISBN : UCSD:31822038989125
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 32. 28 MB
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The current review intends to provide an overview of existing, state-of-the-art fish identification tools including those at the initial stages of development and to show their potential for providing the right solution in different real-life situations. The content of this review is based on the results and recommendations of the FAO/UVIGO Workshop on "Fish Identification Tools for Fishery Biodiversity and Fisheries Assessments". It is expected that the review will help fisheries managers, environmental administrators and other end users to select the best available species identification tools for their purposes. The experts involved in this review also hope that it will help renew the public interest in taxonomy and promote the need for taxonomic research including user-friendly species identification tools

Genetic Policing

Author : Robin Williams
ISBN : 9781134005673
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 35. 68 MB
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This book is about the increasing significance of DNA profiling for crime investigation in modern society. It focuses on developments in the UK as the world-leader in the development and application of forensic DNA technology and in the construction of DNA databases as an essential element in the successful use of DNA for forensic purposes. The book uses data collected during the course of Wellcome Trust funded research into police uses of the UK National DNA Database (NDNAD) to describe the relationship between scientific knowledge and police investigations. It is illustrated throughout by reference to some of the major UK criminal cases in which DNA evidence has been presented and contested.

Annual Report

Author : India. Ministry of Home Affairs
ISBN : MINN:31951D03658084V
Genre : India
File Size : 77. 11 MB
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