forensic biomechanics and human injury criminal and civil applications an engineering approach

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Forensic Biomechanics And Human Injury

Author : Harold Franck
ISBN : 9781482258882
Genre : Law
File Size : 68. 27 MB
Format : PDF
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Forensic Biomechanics and Human Injury: Criminal and Civil Applications – An Engineering Approach provides a concise, comprehensive overview of human anatomy and the biomechanical factors involved in human injury. It describes the methodologies used to compute the various forces, stresses, and energies required to injure the human body. The book covers the theoretical mathematics behind understanding how injuries occur, classifying certain types of injuries, age and biomechanical factors, impact loading, injury investigation, and the importance of expert witnesses and testimony in civil and criminal cases. It contains a significant number of sizes of all the pertinent materials in the human body, classified by age, sex, and in some instances by race, as well as stress–strain curves and tables of the strengths of these materials. Forensic Biomechanics and Human Injury provides a valuable source of information with tools to help the professional determine the nature of injuries, understand the implications of accidents, and the calculations that go into determining such things for both civil and criminal investigations.

Forensic Biomechanics

Author : Patrick Hannon
ISBN : 1933264527
Genre : Medical
File Size : 46. 57 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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This reference explains the role of biomechanics, the study of the mechanics of the living body, and the forces acted upon it, in accident and injury cases. This book gives you an in-depth look at the area of human injury biomechanics. It discusses the role of the biomechanist in forensic investigation. The authors discuss biomechanical causation versus medical causation, the basic principles of biomechanics, approaches to the use of biomechanics in investigation, and application of biomechanical principles to impact injuries. They also provide detailed information on the biomechanics of the human body including bone tissue, articular cartilage, soft tissue, blood and fluids, spinal cord and nerve tissue, joints, and extremities. This book contains over 300 diagrams and images plus a CD-ROM of cadaver photos illustrating the principles discussed. This book is invaluable if you are working on an accident or injury case, and need to understand the biomechanics behind the injury.

Veterinary Forensic Pathology

Author : Jason W. Brooks
ISBN : 9783319671727
Genre : Medical
File Size : 39. 22 MB
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This richly illustrated two-volume book offers a comprehensive and essential reference guide for veterinary pathologists and clinical veterinarians interested in performing animal necropsies for forensic casework. It presents a broad range of animal crime cases, with particular focus on the post mortem examination and the observed pathology. This first volume introduces readers to veterinary forensics and the role of the veterinary pathologist in animal crime investigations. It guides them through the process of evidence collection and documentation, and covers the fundamentals of forensic necropsy and the estimation of time since death. In-depth descriptions of how to conduct the forensic evaluation of various traumatic injuries, firearm injuries, and asphyxia are also provided.

Engineering Standards For Forensic Application

Author : Richard W. Mclay
ISBN : 012813240X
Genre : Law
File Size : 35. 84 MB
Format : PDF
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Engineering Standards for Forensic Application presents the technologies and law precedents for the application of engineering standards to forensic opinions, discussing Fundamentals, Disciplines, Engineering Standards, The Basics and the Future of Forensics. The book explores the engineering standard and how it is used by experts to give opinions that are introduced into evidence, and how they are assumed to be the best evidence known on the topic at hand. Final sections include coverage of NFL Brain Injuries and the Flint Water Crisis. Examples of the use of engineering standards are shown and discussed throughout the work. Addresses a wide variety of forensic engineering areas, including relevant law Provides a new approach of study that includes the work of both engineers and litigators Contains contributions from over 40 experts, offering the reader examples of general forensic methods that are based on reliable engineering practice

Mathematical Methods For Accident Reconstruction

Author : Harold Franck
ISBN : 1420089013
Genre : Law
File Size : 85. 84 MB
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Over the past 25 years, Harold and Darren Franck have investigated hundreds of accidents involving vehicles of almost every shape, size, and type imaginable. In Mathematical Methods for Accident Reconstruction: A Forensic Engineering Perspective, these seasoned experts demonstrate the application of mathematics to modeling accident reconstructions involving a range of moving vehicles, including automobiles, small and large trucks, bicycles, motorcycles, all-terrain vehicles, and construction equipment such as hoists and cranes. The book is anchored on basic principles of physics that may be applied to any of the above-named vehicles or equipment. Topics covered include the foundations of measurement, the various energy methods used in reconstruction, momentum methods, vehicle specifications, failure analysis, geometrical characteristics of highways, and softer scientific issues such as visibility, perception, and reaction. The authors examine the fundamental characteristics of different vehicles, discuss the retrieval of data from crash data recorders, and review low speed impacts with an analysis of staged collisions. Finally, the book details standards and protocols for accident reconstruction. Exploring a broad range of accident scenarios and also acknowledging the limits of applicability of the various physical methods employed, the breadth and depth of the book’s coverage makes it a critical reference for engineers and scientists who perform vehicular accident reconstructions.

Real World Crime Scene Investigation

Author : Gabriele Suboch
ISBN : 9781138032125
Genre : Law
File Size : 54. 59 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Real-World Crime Scene Investigation: A Step-by-Step Procedure Manual is designed as a field guide providing instruction on how to document a crime scene, including sketching, mapping, searching, collecting, and preserving physical evidence. It also addresses how to document a crime scene using photography and videography. It introduces modern forensic equipment, processing procedures, techniques, and methods. Interspersed throughout the book, hints and cautions provide tips on how to efficiently accomplish specific tasks or to warn crime scene personnel about commonly made errors. In using this book, readers will understand the specifics of various types of crime scenes in regard to documentation and gathering evidence. Its step-by-step approach allows quick learning of how to approach each crime scene to ensure a full investigation is conducted. Real-World Crime Scene Investigation looks at the entire process of crime scene investigation—from securing the crime scene and collecting evidence to how the evidence, once analyzed, can help investigators recreate events. Author Gabrielle Suboch draws upon her more than 25 years of hands-on crime scene investigation, and her years teaching at several colleges, to provide a comprehensive and highly readable resource on crime scene investigation.

Computer Methods In Biomechanics And Biomedical Engineering

Author : J. Middleton
ISBN : 2919875000
Genre : Medical
File Size : 44. 48 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Forensic Aspects Of Driver Perception And Response

Author : Paul L. Olson
ISBN : 1933264780
Genre : Law
File Size : 84. 19 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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This brand new third edition of Forensic Aspects of Driver Perception and Response contains the most current information available in the area of driver perception and perception-response time. Existing chapters have been expanded, providing in-depth coverage of areas such as light reflecting surfaces, visibility enhancing materials, driver age, gender and experience, fatigue, speed perception and vehicle size, vehicle lighting and marking, glare, and more. Many of these were only briefly mentioned or not included in the earlier editions. Additionally, new chapters have been added to present completely new material on many related driver perception and response issues including roadway design and the driver, work zones, railroad grade crossings, roadway signage, weather and driving and driver distraction.

Encyclopedia Of Forensic Sciences

Author :
ISBN : 9780123821669
Genre : Law
File Size : 39. 1 MB
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Forensic science includes all aspects of investigating a crime, including: chemistry, biology and physics, and also incorporates countless other specialties. Today, the service offered under the guise of "forensic science’ includes specialties from virtually all aspects of modern science, medicine, engineering, mathematics and technology. The Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences, Second Edition is a reference source that will inform both the crime scene worker and the laboratory worker of each other’s protocols, procedures and limitations. Written by leading scientists in each area, every article is peer reviewed to establish clarity, accuracy, and comprehensiveness. As reflected in the specialties of its Editorial Board, the contents covers the core theories, methods and techniques employed by forensic scientists – and applications of these that are used in forensic analysis. This 4-volume set represents a 30% growth in articles from the first edition, with a particular increase in coverage of DNA and digital forensics Includes an international collection of contributors The second edition features a new 21-member editorial board, half of which are internationally based Includes over 300 articles, approximately 10pp on average Each article features a) suggested readings which point readers to additional sources for more information, b) a list of related Web sites, c) a 5-10 word glossary and definition paragraph, and d) cross-references to related articles in the encyclopedia Available online via SciVerse ScienceDirect. Please visit www.info.sciencedirect.com for more information This new edition continues the reputation of the first edition, which was awarded an Honorable Mention in the prestigious Dartmouth Medal competition for 2001. This award honors the creation of reference works of outstanding quality and significance, and is sponsored by the RUSA Committee of the American Library Association

Introduction To Kinesiology

Author : Shirl J. Hoffman
ISBN : 9781450434324
Genre : Medical
File Size : 37. 34 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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"Introduction to Kinesiology: Studying Physical Activity, Fourth Edition," offers the most cohesive introduction to the field of kinesiology available, giving students a solid background in the field and preparing them for further study and course work.

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