folk psychologies across cultures

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Folk Psychologies Across Cultures

Author : Robert Murray Thomas
ISBN : 0761924590
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 21. 83 MB
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Without taking a single psychology course, ordinary people learn to understand, predict, and explain one another's actions, thoughts, and motivations. Many cognitive scientists and philosophers claim that our everyday or folk understanding of mental states constitutes a theory of mind. That theory is widely called folk psychology (sometimes commonsense psychology). The terms in which folk psychology are couched are familiar ones of "belief" and "desire," "hunger," "pain," and so forth. According to many theorists, folk psychology plays a central role in our capacity to predict and explain the behavior of ourselves and of others. This book has two goals: (a) to provide a framework for analyzing folk psychologies, and (b) to describe multiple forms that folk psychologies assume in different cultures.

Psychology The Key Concepts

Author : Graham Richards
ISBN : 9781134082643
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 45. 4 MB
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Psychology: The Key Concepts is a comprehensive overview of 200 concepts central to a solid understanding of Psychology and includes the latest recommendations from the British Psychology Society (BPS). The focus is on practical uses of Psychology in settings such as nursing, education and human resources, with topics ranging from Gender to Psychometrics and Perception.

The Scope And Limits Of Folk Psychology

Author : David E. Ohreen
ISBN : 3039104047
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 60. 66 MB
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Explaining behaviour is ubiquitous in our society. We are constantly trying to figure out what other people are doing and will do. This study is a comprehensive investigation of the main philosophical and psychological problems regarding how and why humans explain behaviour. The author answers key questions about how folk psychology develops in children, its roots in evolution, its status within society, its relation to philosophy of mind, and what sorts of folk psychological explanations should be considered rational. This assessment focuses on such theoretical positions as anti-realism, eliminativism, theory-theory, simulation theory, and modular theory in relation to folk psychology. The author argues for a radical, albeit intuitive, alternative, that folk psychology should be seen as product of the culture in which one is raised.

Being Called Scientific Secular And Sacred Perspectives

Author : David Bryce Yaden
ISBN : 9781440839139
Genre : Religion
File Size : 73. 54 MB
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This unique book is an essential resource for interdisciplinary research and scholarship on the phenomenon of feeling called to a life path or vocation at the interface of science and religion. • Offers religious, spiritual, scientific, and secular avenues of understanding experiences of calling • Creates an opening for a new dialogue between psychology and spirituality • Provides readers with sound, practical advice on how to find one's own calling or ideal direction in life in the modern world • Includes contributions by well-known scholars and scientists such as Dr. Martin Seligman, who discovered learned helplessness and founded positive psychology; Dr. Andrew Newberg, who pioneered the neuroscience of spiritual experiences; and Dr. Ralph Hood, a renowned expert on mystical experiences

Cultural Psychology Of Health In India

Author : Ajit K. Dalal
ISBN : 9789351509790
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 21. 7 MB
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Can indigenous healing practices be integrated with medical treatment to promote public health care service in India? This book offers a holistic concept of health, encompassing the four major domains such as prevention, treatment, promotion of good health and rehabilitation. It looks at the fast-growing field of research on health and well-being from a cultural psychological perspective, focusing mainly on indigenous Indian practices. It examines health care systems that have evolved in different cultural set-ups, building on prevailing values, traditions and ethos of particular societies. Straddling both theoretical and practical issues regarding illness recovery, maintenance of good health and enhancing the quality of well-being, it also looks at psychosocial barriers in rehabilitation. The study brings together two diverse streams of health care—modern medicine and traditional Indian systems, including Ayurveda, yoga and folk healing—for their complementary roles in providing holistic and affordable health care services in India.

The Handbook Of Culture And Psychology

Author : David Matsumoto
ISBN : 0198030207
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 27. 79 MB
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This book provides a state of the art review of selected areas and topics in cross-cultural psychology written by eminent figures in the field. Each chapter not only reviews the latest research in its respective area, but also goes further in integrating and synthesizing across areas. The Handbook of Culture and Psychology is a unique and timely contribution that should serve as a valuable reference and guide for beginning researchers and scholars alike.

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook Of Childhood Cognitive Development

Author : Usha Goswami
ISBN : 9781444351736
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 37. 44 MB
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This definitive volume is the result of collaboration by top scholars in the field of children's cognition. New edition offers an up-to-date overview of all the major areas of importance in the field, and includes new data from cognitive neuroscience and new chapters on social cognitive development and language Provides state-of-the-art summaries of current research by international specialists in different areas of cognitive development Spans aspects of cognitive development from infancy to the onset of adolescence Includes chapters on symbolic reasoning, pretend play, spatial development, abnormal cognitive development and current theoretical perspectives

Making Minds

Author : Professor Henry M. Wellman
ISBN : 9780199334933
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 83. 71 MB
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Developmental psychologists coined the term "theory of mind" to describe how we understand our shifting mental states in daily life. Over the past twenty years researchers have provided rich, provocative data showing that from an early age, children develop a sophisticated and consistent "theory of mind" by attributing their desires, beliefs, and emotions to themselves and to others. Remarkably, infants barely a few months old are able to attend closely to other humans; two-year-olds can articulate the desires and feelings of others and comfort those in distress; and three- and four-year-olds can talk about thoughts abstractly and engage in lies and trickery. This book provides a deeper examination of how "theory of mind" develops. Building on his pioneering research in The Child's Theory of Mind (1990), Henry M. Wellman reports on all that we have learned in the past twenty years with chapters on evolution and the brain bases of theory of mind, and updated explanations of theory theory and later theoretical developments, including how children conceive of extraordinary minds such as those belonging to superheroes or supernatural beings. Engaging and accessibly written, Wellman's work will appeal especially to scholars and students working in psychology, philosophy, cultural studies, and social cognition.

Cultural Neuroscience Cultural Influences On Brain Function

Author : Juan Y. Chiao
ISBN : 9780080952215
Genre : Science
File Size : 48. 30 MB
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This volume presents recent empirical advances using neuroscience techniques to investigate how culture influences neural processes underlying a wide range of human abilities, from perception and scene processing to memory and social cognition. It also highlights the theoretical and methodological issues with conducting cultural neuroscience research. Section I provides diverse theoretical perspectives on how culture and biology interact are represented. Sections II –VI is to demonstrate how cultural values, beliefs, practices and experience affect neural systems underlying a wide range of human behavior from perception and cognition to emotion, social cognition and decision-making. The final section presents arguments for integrating the study of culture and the human brain by providing an explicit articulation of how the study of culture can inform the study of the brain and vice versa.

The Importance Of Psychological Traits

Author : John E. Williams
ISBN : 9780306471520
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 71. 68 MB
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Reports the findings from extensive cross-cultural studies of the relative importance of different psychological traits in 20 countries, and the relative favorability of these traits in a subset of 10 countries. The psychological characteristics studied are the 300 items of the Adjective Check List (Gough & Heilbrun, 1980).

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