eu freedoms non eu countries and company taxation eucotax series on european taxation

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Eu Freedoms Non Eu Countries And Company Taxation

Author : Daniel Smit
ISBN : 9041140417
Genre : Law
File Size : 86. 79 MB
Format : PDF
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In todayOs environment of largely globalizing national economies, international economic integration does not stop at the frontiers of the European Union. Many non-EU-based enterprises are carrying on business in the European Union through the operation of branches or subsidiaries established in EU Member States, and a large number of EUbased enterprises maintain a diversified range of investments outside the Union. Accordingly, in both inward and outward investment relationships, Oeconomic opennessO is key nowadays.

Non Discrimination In European And Tax Treaty Law

Author : Kasper Dziurdz
ISBN : 9783709407295
Genre : Law
File Size : 38. 20 MB
Format : PDF
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Selected issues of the various non-discrimination concepts Non-discrimination plays an important, if not crucial, role in many areas of law, such as constitutional law, human rights law, world trade law, EU law and tax treaty law. Both direct and indirect taxation are affected by the various types of non-discrimination provisions. From a practical point of view, the non-discrimination provisions within the EU legal framework and the non-discrimination concept under Article 24 of the OECD Model are important examples in this respect. In both areas of non-discrimination law, there are many open issues which have been debated for a long time and have evolved as evergreens of non-discrimination in the area of taxation; examples are the meaning of the ECJ’s case law on the “finality” of losses or the compatibility of group regimes with Article 24 of the OECD Model. Other problems have emerged only recently, because of current developments at the OECD level, notably the BEPS project. Therefore, non-discrimination suggested itself as a general topic for the master theses of the full-time LL.M. program in 2014/2015. This book takes up and deals with selected issues in depth. Although the relevant non-discrimination provisions are different in wording and context, often the same issues can be analyzed under both the EU fundamental freedoms and Article 24 of the OECD Model. The results under these non-discrimination provisions may differ. However, similar policy considerations and arguments often influence the final decisions. With this book, the authors and editors contribute to the discussion on selected issues of the various non-discrimination concepts and the challenges they present.

The Impact Of Tax Treaties And Eu Law On Group Taxation Regimes

Author : Bruno Da Silva
ISBN : 9041169059
Genre : Law
File Size : 37. 4 MB
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Should the income of a corporate group be taxed differently solely because the traditional structure of the income tax system considers each company individually? Taxation affects business decisions, including location, the form in which business is carried out, and the efficient allocation of company resources. Disparities - differences arising from the interaction of different tax systems - and obstacles - distortions created by domestic legislation arising from differences between domestic and cross-border situations - both become more acute when a business chooses to set up or acquire other companies, thus forming a group, usually operating in multiple jurisdictions. Responding to such ever more common developments, this book is the first in-depth analysis of how tax treaties and EU law influence group taxation regimes. Among the issues and topics covered are the following: analysis of the different tax group regimes adopted by different countries; advantages and disadvantages of a variety of models; application of the non-discrimination provision of Article 24 of the OECD Model Tax Convention to group taxation regimes; application of the fundamental freedoms of the TFEU to group taxation regimes following the three-step approach adopted by the EU Court of Justice; uncertainty raised by the landmark Marks & Spencer case, its interpretation and consequences to other group taxations regimes; interrelations between tax treaties and EU Law in the context of tax groups; and per-element approach. The analysis considers concrete examples as well as relevant case law. With its analysis of the standards required by the two sets of norms (tax treaties and EU law) and their interaction, particularly in terms of non-discrimination, this book sheds clear light on ways to overcome the disparities and obstacles inherent in group taxation regimes. As a thorough survey of the extent to which the interpretation of tax treaties and EU law affect group taxation regimes, this book has no peers. All taxation professionals, whether working in EU Member States or in EU trading partners, will appreciate its invaluable insights and guidance.

Eu Citizenship And Direct Taxation

Author : Erik Ros
ISBN : 9041185844
Genre : Law
File Size : 60. 92 MB
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EUCOTAX Series on European Taxation Volume 54 EU Citizenship and Direct Taxation is the first book to investigate in detail how the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) has tried to reconcile specific national direct tax rules with the general European Union (EU) principle of free movement of persons from the perspective of EU citizenship. Freedom of movement is a key principle of the EU resulting in the right of every EU citizen to move and reside freely within the EU. Many EU citizens work in the other Member States than their Member State of origin. Direct taxes are not as such covered in the treaties and therefore have a much smaller basis for harmonization at EU level than indirect taxes. As a result, decisions of ECJ on the clash between the EU principle of free movement and Member States' direct tax rules have a significant effect on national direct tax systems. This book focuses on the relation between free movement rights of EU citizens and the legal autonomy of Member States in the area of direct taxation. What's in this book The book's incomparably thorough analysis of the distinctive evolution, mainly via ECJ case law, of the relation between the EU principle of free movement of persons and Member States' direct tax rules includes in-depth discussion of the following elements and more: the concept of EU citizenship in the EU's constitutional and institutional development; how the ECJ has interpreted the concept of free movement with regard to economically inactive persons; how the notion of EU citizenship has widened the ECJ's view on treaty access; how the ECJ has addressed the clash between free movement of persons and direct taxation in the EU's constitutional context; and numerous tax policy initiatives with regard to EU citizens before and after the Treaty of Lisbon. The willingness at EU level to make EU citizenship a key driver behind the European integration process relates to the purpose of this study. This book explains that the ECJ is reconceptualizing the market freedoms relating to the free movement of persons as part of a broader EU citizenship right for all economically active EU citizens to pursue an economic activity in a cross-border context; a right beyond the aim of realization of the internal market. How this will help you: This book proceeds confidently through the maze of rules that relate to the notion of EU citizenship and gives a broad understanding of the concept of EU citizenship in the EU's constitutional and institutional development. As an extremely important analysis of the influence of EU law on the direct tax autonomy of Member States, this book will be a great influence in the practice and study of taxation in the EU.

Eu Tax Law And Policy In The 21st Century

Author : Werner Haslehner
ISBN : 9041188150
Genre : Law
File Size : 22. 80 MB
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About this book: EU Tax Law and Policy in the 21st Century provides a thorough description of recent and impending developments in EU direct and indirect tax legislation. Major changes in EU tax law demand an analysis of not just the current state of the field but also forthcoming EU-level policy initiatives and their likely implications for taxpayers, regulators, and national legislatures alike. This book, the first in-depth commentary and analysis of such developments, offers exactly that. Twenty EU tax and policy experts examine the impact of EU Treaty provisions and recent ECJ case law on EU tax law and provide well-informed assessments of current and anticipated EU tax policy initiatives and their potential impacts. What's in this book: Taxpayers, their advisors, national tax administrations, and national legislators will find relevant chapters to aid their understanding of, and to allow them to proactively address, EU tax law issues, such as: non-discrimination; state aid rules; fundamental freedoms; discretionary power of national tax authorities; tax competition in the internal market; cross-border exchange of tax information; corporate tax harmonization; EU and Member States' external relations; and the limits of judicial authority in tax policy. How this will help you: This book guides through the maze of many hundreds of cases in EU tax law to find the relevant outcome for concrete tax questions. As an authoritative, detailed guide to recent and future developments in EU tax law, with highly informed insights into their practical effect, this book is a welcome addition to the collection available to tax practitioners dealing with European tax matters, as well as to interested policymakers and academics.

Charity Crossing Borders

Author : Sabine Heidenbauer
ISBN : 9789041138132
Genre : Law
File Size : 56. 49 MB
Format : PDF
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Throughout the European Union, national income tax systems support charitable activities by way of preferential treatment. However, a number of Member States operate relief regimes which appear to trigger the question of compatibility with Union law with respect to the fundamental freedoms. In this first study to examine charity and donor taxation regimes across a wide range of Member States, the author focuses on compatibility with EU non-discrimination law. She examines twenty national regimes, both comparatively and from the perspective of overarching EU law. The countries covered are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, The Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. Although charity and donor taxation falls within the competence of the Member States, they must nonetheless observe primary Union law and grant non-discriminatory treatment where a fact pattern falls within the ambit of the fundamental freedoms. In the course of defining this framework, the study addresses such issues as the following: types of relief schemes maintained for charities and donors; administrative requirements; international aspects (both inbound and outbound); privileged donations and capital gains treatment of in-kind donations; eligible donees; whether and to what extent charitable entities and donors can actually rely on the fundamental freedoms; specific applicability of each of the relevant fundamental freedoms; the issue of comparability; justifications for restrictive measures in Member State practice; and the issue of proportionality.

From Marks Spencer To X Holding

Author : Dennis Manolito Weber
ISBN : 9789041133991
Genre : Law
File Size : 76. 48 MB
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Group taxation - special schemes according to which a group of companies meeting certain requirements may be assimilated for tax purposes to a single company - exists in several European Member States and is now under consideration in an EU proposal conce

Double Non Taxation And Eu Law

Author : Christoph Marchgraber
ISBN : 904119410X
Genre : Law
File Size : 59. 53 MB
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Double (Non-)Taxation and EU Law provides a comprehensive analysis of EU law's impact on double taxation and double non-taxation. Everywhere new tax rules are under development to engage with the ever-increasing complexity and sophistication of aggressive tax planning and to reverse the tax base erosion it leads to. The most prominent initiative in this context is the Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) project of the OECD. Although the European Commission and the OECD's BEPS project have been a hot topic for some time, and double non-taxation being among the main issues the BEPS project intends to address, there has been little discussion of the effect of EU law on their implementation. This book aims to remedy that omission by addressing this crucial subject and its practical impact. What's in this book: Among the issues dealt with in the course of the analysis are the following: locating the gaps and inconsistencies among domestic tax systems exploited by taxpayers; hybrid mismatch arrangements as a prime example of double non-taxation; political efforts undertaken within the EU in order to address double taxation and double non-taxation; double non-taxation in the European VAT system; the convergence of the fundamental freedoms and the State aid rules; the ECJ's dilemma concerning juridical double taxation; the deviating approach with regard to economic double taxation; the potential impact of the ECJ's case law on the EU law compatibility of double non-taxation. The tax jurisprudence of the ECJ is referred to and comprehensively analysed throughout the book. The final chapter provides an outlook on possible developments in the future. How this will help you: Focusing on the fundamental freedoms and the State aid rules of the EU, this book thoroughly explains the nature of double non-taxation from an EU law perspective, its relation to double taxation, and the impact of EU law on these phenomena. Thus, this book serves as a navigator in light of the ongoing implementation of BEPS measures. As a giant step towards greater legal certainty in this challenging area of tax law, this book is a practical handbook for tax authorities, scholars, and tax practitioners across Europe and even beyond.

Cross Border Mergers Within The Eu

Author : Harm van den Broek
ISBN : 9041138242
Genre : Law
File Size : 30. 45 MB
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As a result of the Regulation on the European Company and the Tenth Council Directive, all Member States are obliged to finally implement the merger arrangements of the 1990 Fiscal Merger Directive, forcefully raising the question of the tax consequences

Cfc Legislation Tax Treaties And Ec Law

Author : Michael Lang
ISBN : 9789041122841
Genre : Law
File Size : 51. 16 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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CFC legislations are common to most OECD Member States. They are introduced to combat tax evasion by shifting profits to corporations situated in low tax jurisdictions. Without the introduction of CFC legislations, residents are free to set up corporations abroad to lower their tax burden. The reason is the shielding effect of non-resident corporations. Thus, especially high tax countries feel the need to deny the tax benefits of Controlled Foreign Corporations in low tax countries. 70 experts, including the National and General Reporters, convened for a joint conference on CFC legislations in Rust (Austria) from 3 ¿ 6 July 2003. 23 National Reports from nearly all EU countries as well as Australia, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Israel, Lithuania, New Zealand and Norway deal with domestic CFC provisions and the influence of DTCs and EC law on CFC legislations. These National Reports and a summarizing General Report have been compiled and published in this volume.

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