enzymes in synthetic organic chemistry tetrahedron organic chemistry

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Enzymes In Synthetic Organic Chemistry

Author : Wong
ISBN : 9780080505824
Genre : Science
File Size : 49. 96 MB
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This book covers the most recent development of enzymatic organic synthesis, with particular focus on the use of isolated enzymes. It is organized into one introductory chapter dealing with the characteristics of enzymes as catalysts, and five chapters dealing with different types of chemical transformations. Methods for enzyme immobilization and stabilizaton, the use of enzymes in extreme environments, and the alteration of enzyme properties by chemical modification and site-directed mutagenesis for synthetic purposes are covered.

Organolithiums Selectivity For Synthesis

Author : Jonathan Clayden
ISBN : 9780080538167
Genre : Science
File Size : 32. 96 MB
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This volume, number 23 in the "Tetrahedron Organic Chemistry" series, presents organolithium chemistry from the perspective of a synthetic organic chemist, drawing from the synthetic literature to present a unified overview of how organolithiums can be used to make molecules. The development of methods for the regioselective synthesis of organolithiums has replaced their image of indiscriminate high reactivity with one of controllable and subtle selectivity. Organolithium chemistry has a central role in the selective construction of C-C bonds in both simple and complex molecules, and for example has arguably overtaken aromatic electrophilic substitution as the most powerful method for regioselective functionalisation of aromatic rings. The twin themes of reactivity and selectivity run through the book, which reviews the ways by which organolithiums may be formed and the ways in which they react. Topics include advances in directed metallation, reductive lithiation and organolithium cyclisation reactions, along with a discussion of organolithium stereochemistry and the role played by ligands such as (-)-sparteine.

Advanced Problems In Organic Reaction Mechanisms

Author : Alexander McKillop
ISBN : 0080432557
Genre : Science
File Size : 30. 18 MB
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This book is a collection of 300 problems which challenge the user to devise reasonable mechanistic interpretations for sets of experimental observations. Almost all of the problems are taken from the literature of the last twenty years. Each is a separate entity, although similar mechanistic themes occur in several quite different problems. Answers are not given, nor are references to the original literature. The user who fails to solve a particular problem and reaches an appropriate level of frustration should be able, relatively quickly, to locate the original literature from the information given in the problem. For senior undergraduate and graduate students of organic chemistry and all teachers of organic chemistry.

Directed Evolution Of Selective Enzymes

Author : Manfred T. Reetz
ISBN : 9783527316601
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 34 MB
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Authored by one of the world's leading organic chemists, this authoritative reference provides an overview of basic strategies in directed evolution and introduces common gene mutagenesis, screening and selection methods. Throughout the text, emphasis is placed on methodology development to maximize efficiency, reliability and speed of the experiments and to provide guidelines for efficient protein engineering. Professor Reetz highlights the application of directed evolution experiments to address limitations in the field of enzyme selectivity, substrate scope, activity and robustness. He critically reviews recent developments and case studies, takes a look at future applications in the field of organic synthesis, and concludes with lessons learned from previous experiments.

Enzyme Catalysis In Organic Synthesis

Author : Karlheinz Drauz
ISBN : 9783527325474
Genre : Catalysis
File Size : 29. 63 MB
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Organic Synthesis Using Biocatalysis

Author : Animesh Goswami
ISBN : 9780124115422
Genre : Science
File Size : 34. 89 MB
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Organic Synthesis Using Biocatalysis provides a concise background on the application of biocatalysis for the synthesis of organic compounds, including the important biocatalytic reactions and application of biocatalysis for the synthesis of organic compounds in pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical areas. The book provides recipes for carrying out various biocatalytic reactions, helping both newcomers and non-experts use these methodologies. It is written by experts in their fields, and provides both a current status and future prospects of biocatalysis in the synthesis of organic molecules. Provides a concise background of the application of biocatalysis for the synthesis of organic compounds Expert contributors present recipes for carrying out biocatalytic reactions, including subject worthy discussions on biocatalysis in organic synthesis, biocatalysis for selective organic transformation, enzymes as catalysis for organic synthesis, biocatalysis in Industry, including pharmaceuticals, and more Contains detailed, separate chapters that describe the application of biocatalysis

High Resolution Nmr Techniques In Organic Chemistry

Author : Timothy D. W. Claridge
ISBN : 0080427995
Genre : Science
File Size : 77. 97 MB
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From the initial observation of proton magnetic resonance in water and in paraffin, the discipline of nuclear magnetic resonance has seen unparalleled growth as an analytical method. Modern NMR spectroscopy is a highly developed, yet still evolving, subject which finds application in chemistry, biology, medicine, materials science and geology. In this book, emphasis is on the more recently developed methods of solution-state NMR applicable to chemical research, which are chosen for their wide applicability and robustness. These have, in many cases, already become established techniques in NMR laboratories, in both academic and industrial establishments. A considerable amount of information and guidance is given on the implementation and execution of the techniques described in this book.

Enzymes In Organicsynthesis

Author : CIBA Foundation Symposium
ISBN : 9780470718629
Genre : Science
File Size : 67. 64 MB
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The Novartis Foundation Series is a popular collection of the proceedings from Novartis Foundation Symposia, in which groups of leading scientists from a range of topics across biology, chemistry and medicine assembled to present papers and discuss results. The Novartis Foundation, originally known as the Ciba Foundation, is well known to scientists and clinicians around the world.

Synthesis Of Optically Active Alpha Amino Acids

Author : R. M. Williams
ISBN : 9781483292953
Genre : Science
File Size : 50. 90 MB
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The purpose of this book is to review and critically evaluate the best new methods to synthesize alpha-amino acids in optically active form. There is so much new literature on amino acid synthesis that the experimentalist will undoubtedly have difficulty in selecting the most appropriate methodology for constructing the amino acid of immediate interest. This book is a guide for steering the scientist through the maze of existing reports on the subject and contains the most up-to-date critical reviews of methods of asymmetric synthesis of amino acids. In areas that are relatively new conceptually and less studied experimentally, an effort has been made to review the most salient works with an eye towards future development. Over 330 schemes and figures are presented with references for rapid visual retrieval of information. The book will be of great value to academic and industrial organic research chemists, especially those concerned with medicinal and agricultural chemistry, as well as to graduate and post graduate students, biochemists and biologists.

Asymmetric Organic Synthesis With Enzymes

Author : Vicente Gotor
ISBN : 3527318259
Genre : Science
File Size : 57. 89 MB
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Perfect for biochemists, synthetic and organic chemists, this book covers all important reactions, including C-C coupling reactions, oxidation reactions and many more. Divided into two parts, the first section on methodology presents new innovative methods for enzymatic catalysis optimization, including such new trends as medium engineering, directed evolution and computer-aided prediction of enantioselectivity. The second and main section deals with applications to synthesis, showing important reaction types and their applications. Only those reactions with very high selectivity are presented, allowing readers to improve their own reaction yields.

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