english nouns the ecology of nominalization cambridge studies in linguistics

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English Nouns

Author : Rochelle Lieber
ISBN : 9781316785355
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 53. 65 MB
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Using extensive data from the Corpus of Contemporary American English (Davies, 2008), this groundbreaking book shows that the syntactic patterns in which English nominalizations can be found and the range of possible readings they can express are very different from what has been claimed in past theoretical treatments, and therefore that previous treatments cannot be correct. Lieber argues that the relationship between form and meaning in the nominalization processes of English is virtually never one-to-one, but rather forms a complex web that can be likened to a derivational ecosystem. Using the Lexical Semantic Framework (LSF), she develops an analysis that captures the interrelatedness and context dependence of nominal readings, and suggests that the key to the behavior of nominalizations is that their underlying semantic representations are underspecified in specific ways and that their ultimate interpretation must be fixed in context using processes available within the LSF.

The Oxford Handbook Of Morphological Theory

Author : Jenny Audring
ISBN : 9780191646300
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 45. 30 MB
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This volume is the first handbook devoted entirely to the multitude of frameworks adopted in the field of morphology, including Minimalism, Optimality Theory, Network Morphology, Cognitive Grammar, and Canonical Typology. Following an introduction from the editors, the first part of the volume offers critical discussions of the main theoretical issues within morphology, both in word formation and in inflection, as well as providing a short history of morphological theory. In the core part of the handbook, part II, each theory is introduced by an expert in the field, who guides the reader through its principles and technicalities, its advantages and disadvantages, and its points of agreement and disagreement with alternative theories. Chapters in part III explore the bigger picture, connecting morphological theory to other subdisciplines of linguistics, such as diachronic change, language acquisition, psycholinguistics, and sign language theory. The handbook is intended as a guide for morphologists from all theoretical backgrounds who want to learn more about frameworks other than their own, as well as for linguists in related subfields looking for theoretical connections with the field of morphology.

Morphological Complexity

Author : Matthew Baerman
ISBN : 9781107120648
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 26. 25 MB
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This book characterises the diverse morphological complexity we find in the languages of the world. Richly illustrated, examples are drawn from dozens of different languages and are subjected to rigorous quantitative analysis. It will be ideal reading for academic researchers and graduate students of linguistics, with a special interest in morphology and English language.

Lenition And Vowel Lengthening In The Germanic Languages

Author : Kurt Goblirsch
ISBN : 9781107034501
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 59. 67 MB
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The interrelationship between three major quantity changes in the history of the Germanic languages: gemination, lenition, and open syllable lengthening.

Cognitive Approaches To English

Author : Mario Brdar
ISBN : NWU:35556039527593
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 51. 10 MB
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The present volume contains a selection of papers presented at the conference Cognitive Approaches to English, an international event organized to mark the 30th anniversary of English studies at the Faculty of Philosophy, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University, Osijek, which was held in Osijek on October 1819, 2007. The participants were invited to discuss issues in cognitive accounts of English, ranging from fundamental to methodological to interdisciplinary and applied. The volume is accordingly divided into four parts. Part I, Motivation in grammar, deals with various phenomena in the grammar of English in the broadest sense of the term, all of which are shown to be motivated by metaphorical and/or metonymic operations. Part II, Constructing meaning (between grammar and lexicon), contains five chapters dealing with phenomena ranging from various peculiarities of form-meaning pairings (such as synonymy, polysemy, and figurative meanings) to concept formation. The four chapters that make up Part III are concerned with the phenomenon of interlinguistic and intercultural variation in the use of metaphorical and metonymic processes. The volume is concluded by Part IV, the three papers of which attempt to reconsider some TEFL issues from a cognitive linguistic point of view.

W Rter Im Kopf

Author : Jean Aitchison
ISBN : UOM:39015041748537
Genre : Lexicology
File Size : 51. 5 MB
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Das Buch behandelt den menschlichen Wortspeicher, das "mentale Lexikon," und damit die Frage, wie wir Worter lernen, verstehen, produzieren, speichern und finden. Im Mittelpunkt des Originals "Words in the Mind - An Introduction to the Mental Lexicon" (Blackwells: 2. Auflage 1994) steht die Betrachtung und Erforschung der englischen Sprache; die deutsche Fassung enthalt jedoch auch zahlreiche Beispiele aus dem Deutschen. Das Buch ist einfach und verstandlich geschrieben und gibt einen ausfuhrlichen Uberblick uber die Forschung zum mentalen Lexikon. Es richtet sich vor allem an Studierende der Linguistik und Psychologie, doch auch an Dozenten, Padagogen und interessierte Laien.

Franz Sische Ereignisnominalisierungen

Author : Melanie Uth
ISBN : 9783110259735
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 61. 98 MB
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In word formation, the French suffixes -ment and -age have similar meanings (e.g. gonflement - swelling, gonflage - inflating). This book analyses the abstract meaning of the two suffixes and shows their systematic differences at an abstract semantic level. As its starting point it considers the speaker's knowledge and the criteria by which these suffixes are used to form derivations.

The Syntax Semantics And Derivation Of Bare Nominalisations In English

Author : Bożena Cetnarowska
ISBN : UCAL:B3998834
Genre : English language
File Size : 53. 2 MB
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Wortbildung Der Deutschen Gegenwartssprache

Author : Wolfgang Fleischer
ISBN : 9783110256659
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 52. 10 MB
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In einer grundlegenden Überarbeitung der 3. Auflage von 2007 bietet das Werk unter Einbeziehung der neuesten Forschungsliteratur eine aktualisierte Gesamtdarstellung der Wortbildung der deutschen Sprache des 20. und des beginnenden 21. Jahrhunderts. Herausgearbeitet werden die Grundzüge der Wortbildung des Substantivs, Adjektivs, Verbs und Adverbs, wobei sowohl die strukturell-morphologischen als auch die semantischen Parameter der Bildungsmodelle in analytischer und synthetischer Sicht behandelt werden. Im Vordergrund steht das Prinzip synchroner Beschreibung, ggf. ergänzt um sprachhistorische Erklärungen. Neu aufgenommen wurden Kapitel zur Stellung der Wortbildung in der Grammatik sowie zum Verhältnis zwischen Wortbildung und Lexikon. Einige Grundfragen wurden neu entschieden, z. B. die Gliederung der Wortbildungsarten, der wortbildungsmorphologische Status der Verbzusätze und die Gruppierung wortbildungsmorphologischer Paradigmen. Morphosyntaktische Bezüge der Wortbildungsmodelle bekommen ein stärkeres Gewicht. Erweitert wurden das Textkapitel sowie die Darstellung der Fremdwort- und der Kurzwortbildung. Zeitgemäße Beispiele aus journalistischen und belletristischen Quellen sowie aus elektronisch verfügbaren Korpora wurden ergänzt. Ein Sach- und ein Formenregister, beide verbessert, erleichtern die Orientierung im Text.

Corpus Linguistics

Author : Douglas Biber
ISBN : 0521499577
Genre : Computers
File Size : 72. 46 MB
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An investigation into the way people use language in speech and writing, this volume introduces the corpus-based approach, which is based on analysis of large databases of real language examples stored on computer.

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