empire of cotton a global history

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Empire Of Cotton

Author : Sven Beckert
ISBN : 9780385353250
Genre : History
File Size : 48. 77 MB
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The epic story of the rise and fall of the empire of cotton, its centrality to the world economy, and its making and remaking of global capitalism. Cotton is so ubiquitous as to be almost invisible, yet understanding its history is key to understanding the origins of modern capitalism. Sven Beckert’s rich, fascinating book tells the story of how, in a remarkably brief period, European entrepreneurs and powerful statesmen recast the world’s most significant manufacturing industry, combining imperial expansion and slave labor with new machines and wage workers to change the world. Here is the story of how, beginning well before the advent of machine production in the 1780s, these men captured ancient trades and skills in Asia, and combined them with the expropriation of lands in the Americas and the enslavement of African workers to crucially reshape the disparate realms of cotton that had existed for millennia, and how industrial capitalism gave birth to an empire, and how this force transformed the world. The empire of cotton was, from the beginning, a fulcrum of constant global struggle between slaves and planters, merchants and statesmen, workers and factory owners. Beckert makes clear how these forces ushered in the world of modern capitalism, including the vast wealth and disturbing inequalities that are with us today. The result is a book as unsettling as it is enlightening: a book that brilliantly weaves together the story of cotton with how the present global world came to exist.

1 1300 1600

Author : إينالجك، خليل
ISBN : UVA:X030628753
Genre : History
File Size : 72. 2 MB
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Author : اريك هوفر
ISBN : 9789960549477
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 89. 17 MB
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قالت (وول ستريت جورنال): «إذا أردتَ معلوماتٍ صحيحة مختصرة عن الدوافع التي تعمل في عقول المتعصبين وعن آليات الحركات الجماهيرية في أشد مستوياتها البدائية فأقترح عليك أن تقرأ هذا الكتاب». - بينما كان إريك هوفر يعمل على أرصفة تحميل السفن وتفريغها في سان فرانسيسكو في الأربعينيات من القرن الماضي كان يشغل وقت فراغه في كتابة البحوث الفلسفية، وهذا الكتاب (المؤمن الصادق) هو أول كتبه وأهمها، وقد قفز إلى قائمة أفضل الكتب مبيعاً، عندما استشهد به الرئيس أيزنهاور في إحدى ندواته التلفزيونية. إن الكتاب لا يزال منسجماً تمام الانسجام مع ظروف العالم اليوم، وهو وضروري لفهم مجريات الأحداث فيه؛ إذ يقدم صورة مثيرة للعقل المتعصب، ودراسة عميقة للطريقة التي يتحول بها الإنسان ليصبح متطرفاً. العبيكان للنشر

Author : مارك مغربى كيرلانسكى
ISBN : 9990601739
Genre : Salt
File Size : 89. 18 MB
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Global History Globally

Author : Sven Beckert
ISBN : 9781350036369
Genre : History
File Size : 49. 51 MB
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In recent years historians in many different parts of the world have sought to transnationalize and globalize their perspectives on the past. Despite all these efforts to gain new global historical visions, however, the debates surrounding this movement have remained rather provincial in scope. Global History, Globally addresses this lacuna by surveying the state of global history in different world regions. Divided into three distinct but tightly interweaved sections, the book's chapters provide regional surveys of the practice of global history on all continents, review some of the research in four core fields of global history and consider a number of problems that global historians have contended with in their work. The authors hail from various world regions and are themselves leading global historians. Collectively, they provide an unprecedented survey of what today is the most dynamic field in the discipline of history. As one of the first books to systematically discuss the international dimensions of global historical scholarship and address a wealth of questions emanating from them, Global History, Globally is a must-read book for all students and scholars of global history.

Author : سولمون نورثوب/-/-
ISBN : 9789948174172
Genre : Science
File Size : 83. 96 MB
Format : PDF
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يكشف هذا النص كيف عاش نورثوب فى ظروف العبودية القاسية,وكابد المرض والجلد وتعرض لمحاولة شنق.ويصف الحياة اليومية للعبيد فى لويزيانا,ونظامهم الغذائى,وظروف حياتهم,والعلاقة بين السيد والعبد,وكيف كان مطاردو العبيد يلاحقون الفارين ويعيدونهم إلى نير العبودية.كما يوضح الظروف التى أحاطت باستعادته الحرية بعد سنوات العبودية الطويلة.

American Capitalism

Author : Sven Beckert
ISBN : 9780231546065
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 22. 35 MB
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The United States has long epitomized capitalism. From its enterprising shopkeepers, wildcat banks, violent slave plantations, huge industrial working class, and raucous commodities trade to its world-spanning multinationals, its massive factories, and the centripetal power of New York in the world of finance, America has come to symbolize capitalism for two centuries and more. But an understanding of the history of American capitalism is as elusive as it is urgent. What does it mean to make capitalism a subject of historical inquiry? What is its potential across multiple disciplines, alongside different methodologies, and in a range of geographic and chronological settings? And how does a focus on capitalism change our understanding of American history? American Capitalism presents a sampling of cutting-edge research from prominent scholars. These broad-minded and rigorous essays venture new angles on finance, debt, and credit; women’s rights; slavery and political economy; the racialization of capitalism; labor beyond industrial wage workers; and the production of knowledge, including the idea of the economy, among other topics. Together, the essays suggest emerging themes in the field: a fascination with capitalism as it is made by political authority, how it is claimed and contested by participants, how it spreads across the globe, and how it can be reconceptualized without being universalized. A major statement for a wide-open field, this book demonstrates the breadth and scope of the work that the history of capitalism can provoke.

Historical Dictionary Of The Jacksonian Era And Manifest Destiny

Author : Mark R. Cheathem
ISBN : 9781442273207
Genre : History
File Size : 79. 26 MB
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This second edition of Historical Dictionary of the Jacksonian Era and Manifest Destiny contains a chronology, an introduction, appendixes, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 200 cross-referenced entries on important personalities, politics, economy, foreign relations, religion, and culture.

Agrarian Crossings

Author : Tore C. Olsson
ISBN : 9781400888054
Genre : History
File Size : 31. 98 MB
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In the 1930s and 1940s, rural reformers in the United States and Mexico waged unprecedented campaigns to remake their countrysides in the name of agrarian justice and agricultural productivity. Agrarian Crossings tells the story of how these campaigns were conducted in dialogue with one another as reformers in each nation came to exchange models, plans, and strategies with their equivalents across the border. Dismantling the artificial boundaries that can divide American and Latin American history, Tore Olsson shows how the agrarian histories of both regions share far more than we realize. He traces the connections between the US South and the plantation zones of Mexico, places that suffered parallel problems of environmental decline, rural poverty, and gross inequities in land tenure. Bringing this tumultuous era vividly to life, he describes how Roosevelt’s New Deal drew on Mexican revolutionary agrarianism to shape its program for the rural South. Olsson also looks at how the US South served as the domestic laboratory for the Rockefeller Foundation’s “green revolution” in Mexico—which would become the most important Third World development campaign of the twentieth century—and how the Mexican government attempted to replicate the hydraulic development of the Tennessee Valley Authority after World War II. Rather than a comparative history, Agrarian Crossings is an innovative history of comparisons and the ways they affected policy, moved people, and reshaped the landscape.

Plantation Kingdom

Author : Richard Follett
ISBN : 9781421419411
Genre : History
File Size : 34. 71 MB
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In 1850, America’s plantation economy reigned supreme. U.S. cotton dominated world markets, and American rice, sugarcane, and tobacco grew throughout a vast farming empire that stretched from Maryland to Texas. Four million enslaved African Americans toiled the fields, producing global commodities that enriched the most powerful class of slaveholders the world had ever known. But fifty years later—after emancipation demolished the plantation-labor system, Asian competition flooded world markets with cheap raw materials, and free trade eliminated protected markets—America’s plantations lay in ruins. Plantation Kingdom traces the rise and fall of America’s plantation economy. Written by four renowned historians, the book demonstrates how an international capitalist system rose out of slave labor, indentured servitude, and the mass production of agricultural commodities for world markets. Vast estates continued to exist after emancipation, but tenancy and sharecropping replaced slavery’s work gangs across most of the plantation world. Poverty and forced labor haunted the region well into the twentieth century. The book explores the importance of slavery to the Old South, the astounding profitability of plantation agriculture, and the legacy of emancipation. It also examines the place of American producers in world markets and considers the impact of globalization and international competition 150 years ago. Written for scholars and students alike, Plantation Kingdom is an accessible and fascinating study.

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