elite foundations of liberal democracy elite transformations

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Elite Foundations Of Liberal Democracy

Author : John Higley
ISBN : 0742553612
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 76. 26 MB
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This compelling and convincing study, the capstone of decades of research, argues that political regimes are created and sustained by elites. Liberal democracies are no exception; they depend, above all, on the formation and persistence of consensually united elites. John Higley and Michael Burton explore the circumstances and ways in which such elites have formed in the modern world. They identify pressures that may cause a basic change in the structure and functioning of elites in established liberal democracies, and they ask if the elites cluster around George W. Bush are a harbinger of this change. The authors' powerful and important argument reframes our thinking about liberal democracy and questions optimistic assumptions about the prospects for its spread in the twenty-first century.

Comparative Politics Of Southeast Asia

Author : Aurel Croissant
ISBN : 9783319681825
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 72. 48 MB
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This textbook provides a comprehensive introduction to the political systems of all ASEAN countries and Timor-Leste from a comparative perspective. It investigates the political institutions, actors and processes in eleven states, covering democracies as well as autocratic regimes. Each country study includes an analysis of the current system of governance, the party and electoral system, and an assessment of the state, its legal system and administrative bodies. Students of political science and regional studies will also learn about processes of democratic transition and autocratic persistence, as well as how civil society and the media influence the political culture in each country.

Fixing Democracy

Author : Javier Corrales
ISBN : 9780190868918
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 73. 1 MB
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The study of institutions, a core concept in comparative politics, has produced many rich and influential theories on the economic and political effects of institutions, yet it has been less successful at theorizing their origins. In Fixing Democracy, Javier Corrales develops a theory of institutional origins that concentrates on constitutions and levels of power within them. He reviews numerous Latin American constituent assemblies and constitutional amendments to explore why some democracies expand rather than restrict presidential powers and why this heightened presidentialism discourages democracy. His signal theoretical contribution is his elaboration on power asymmetries. Corrales determines that conditions of reduced power asymmetry make constituent assemblies more likely to curtail presidential powers, while weaker opposition and heightened power asymmetry is an indicator that presidential powers will expand. The bargain-based theory that he uses focuses on power distribution and provides a more accurate variable in predicting actual constitutional outcomes than other approaches based on functionalism or ideology. While the empirical focus is Latin America, Fixing Democracy contributes a broadly applicable theory to the scholarship both institutions and democracy.

Russia

Author : Piotr Dutkiewicz
ISBN : 9780814744123
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 20. 6 MB
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In Russia, a group of leading Russian intellectuals and social scientists join with top researchers from around the world to examine the social, political, and economic transformation in Russia. This timely and important book of orginal essays makes clear that neither politics nor economics alone holds the key to Russia's future, presenting critical perspectives on challenges facing Russia, both in its domestic policies and in its international relations. It also explores how global order—or disorder—may develop over the coming decades.Contributors include: Oleg Atkov, Timothy J. Colton, Georgi Derluguian, Mikhail K. Gorshkov, Leonid Grigoriev, Nur Kirabaev, Andrew C. Kuchins, Bobo Lo, Roderic Lyne, Vladimir Popov, Alexander Rahr, Richard Sakwa, Guzel Ulumbekova, Vladimir I. Yakunin, Rustem Zhangozha.

The Dialectics Of Agency And Structure In Transitional Democracy

Author : Samson Ajagbe
ISBN : 9783668022072
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 31. 8 MB
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Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation from the year 2015 in the subject Sociology - Political Sociology, Majorities, Minorities, grade: 1,8, University of Freiburg (Institute of Sociology), course: Sociology, language: English, abstract: This thesis argues that we can no longer ignore elite’s enrolment of institutions in rendering what they do intelligible as political outcomes in our understanding of African politics. The complex interdependency between elites and institution inheres into politics in ways political practices and actions are fabricated as permissible in the state of affair. This interaction is best understood through Actor-Network Theory (ANT) which essentializes hybridization in its conceptualization of the world. In this network thinking, transitional elites align and advance their interests through translating and enrolling institutions in the process of democratization. The analysis draws from Nigeria’s democratization experience to bring together the institutional components of the state and leadership, i.e. elites, which have been mostly analyzed as separate entities in the study of democratization. The actor-network theory is used both as a conceptual frame and as a method for analyzing democratization as an outcome of the content of the two main societal forces— elite and institution. The actor-network theory’s, developed by Michel Callon and Bruno Latour, and their collaborators, flat ontology provides a way to bypass agency/structure dichotomy to inscribe network thinking in relations of democratization in Africa. The actor-network was originally theorized by Focault but not nurtured and, therefore, muted in his governmentality study. In this view, this thesis builds on the explanatory potentials of network analysis that enable a socio-technical account of political transition with all those particularities, contradictions and surprising turn of events. The “old-guard autocrats” in politics in Nigeria is used as the human element of the network. The non-human element is operationalized through the institutionalized power sharing norm and political patronage relationships. The analysis thus recognizes the interaction between the human (elites) and the non-human (institution) as actors that define adaptive and emergent characters of democratization.

The Europe Of Elites

Author : Heinrich Best
ISBN : 9780199602315
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 69. 81 MB
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The Europe of Elites is the first comprehensive study about how European political and economic leaders think and feel about Europe and about what course future European integration should take.

Comparative Sociology

Author :
ISBN : UCSC:32106019469292
Genre : Social change
File Size : 45. 64 MB
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Historical Social Research

Author : Philip Jost Janssen
ISBN : UCLA:L0106707920
Genre : Historical social research (QUANTUM (Association) : 1979).
File Size : 40. 33 MB
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Communism And The Emergence Of Democracy

Author : Harald Wydra
ISBN : 9781139462181
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 83. 52 MB
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Before democracy becomes an institutionalised form of political authority, the rupture with authoritarian forms of power causes deep uncertainty about power and outcomes. This 2007 book connects the study of democratisation in eastern Europe and Russia to the emergence and crisis of communism. Wydra argues that the communist past is not simply a legacy but needs to be seen as a social organism in gestation, where critical events produce new expectations, memories and symbols that influence meanings of democracy. By examining a series of pivotal historical events, he shows that democratisation is not just a matter of institutional design, but rather a matter of consciousness and leadership under conditions of extreme and traumatic incivility. Rather than adopting the opposition between non-democratic and democratic, Wydra argues that the communist experience must be central to the study of the emergence and nature of democracy in (post-) communist countries.

Democracy Under Scrutiny

Author : Ursula Van Beek
ISBN : 9783866493063
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 87. 98 MB
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This book reveals the diverse worlds of history, civic culture and values of South Africa, South Korea, Chile, Poland, Turkey, Germany and Sweden. It explores the similarities and contrasts between the values of the elites and the ordinary people. Written from various disciplinary perspectives and offering both empirical evidence and insiders' knowledge, this book is bound to interest a wide variety of readers. "This volume makes a striking contribution to the comparative democratisation literature. It is based on the transversal examination of seven major and well-established democratic regimes distributed across four continents. This selection avoids most of the usual suspects, - although it does include two robust west European democracies. So it provides a broader canvas than usual for examining the interplay of values and divergence of priorities that regulate relations between the demos and professionalised political elites in a representative set of institutionally secure and naturally prominent contemporary democracies. The comparability of the cases is provided by a standardised questionnaire and data collection, but the limited size of the sample and its global dispersion also permits the authors to devote proper attention to contextual variation. Although all the democracies under consideration are quite strong, nearly all are also relatively recent. So the exercise also sheds light on the varied nature of successful democratisation outcomes." Laurence Whitehead, Oxford University "Written by leading social scientists from each of the seven countries, the study sets its empirical analyses in each society's historical and ideological context. The data on parliamentary and media elites were collected by the authors, who designed their questionnaire to correspond closely to the questionnaire used in the 2005-2007 World Values Survey, which was carried out in all seven countries at about the same time. This book is a landmark study that provides unique insight into the values of elites and mass publics, and the importance of elite-mass congruence for democratic institutions." Ronald Inglehart, The University of Michigan

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