einstein tagore and the nature of reality routledge studies in the philosophy of mathematics and physics

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Einstein Tagore And The Nature Of Reality

Author : Partha Ghose
ISBN : 9781134859412
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 90. 93 MB
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The nature of reality has been a long-debated issue among scientists and philosophers. In 1930, Rabindranath Tagore and Albert Einstein had a long conversation on the nature of reality. This conversation has been widely quoted and discussed by scientists, philosophers and scholars from the literary world. The important question that Tagore and Einstein discussed was whether the world is a unity dependent on humanity, or the world is a reality independent on the human factor. Einstein took the stand adopted by Western philosophers and mathematicians, namely that reality is something independent of the mind and the human factor. Tagore, on the other hand, adopted the opposite view. Nevertheless, both Einstein and Tagore claimed to be realists despite the fundamental differences between their conceptions of reality. Where does the difference lie? Can it be harmonized at some deeper level? Can Wittgenstein, for example, be a bridge between the two views? This collection of essays explores these two fundamentally different conceptions of the nature of reality from the perspectives of theories of space-time, quantum theory, general philosophy of science, cognitive science and mathematics.

A Minimalist Ontology Of The Natural World

Author : Michael Esfeld
ISBN : 9781351392174
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 58. 7 MB
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This book seeks to work out which commitments are minimally sufficient to obtain an ontology of the natural world that matches all of today’s well-established physical theories. We propose an ontology of the natural world that is defined only by two axioms: (1) There are distance relations that individuate simple objects, namely matter points. (2) The matter points are permanent, with the distances between them changing. Everything else comes in as a means to represent the change in the distance relations in a manner that is both as simple and as informative as possible. The book works this minimalist ontology out in philosophical as well as mathematical terms and shows how one can understand classical mechanics, quantum field theory and relativistic physics on the basis of this ontology. Along the way, we seek to achieve four subsidiary aims: (a) to make a case for a holistic individuation of the basic objects (ontic structural realism); (b) to work out a new version of Humeanism, dubbed Super-Humeanism, that does without natural properties; (c) to set out an ontology of quantum physics that is an alternative to quantum state realism and that avoids any ontological dualism of particles and fields; (d) to vindicate a relationalist ontology based on point objects also in the domain of relativistic physics.

Naturalizing Logico Mathematical Knowledge

Author : Sorin Bangu
ISBN : 9781351998444
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 67. 31 MB
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This book is meant as a part of the larger contemporary philosophical project of naturalizing logico-mathematical knowledge, and addresses the key question that motivates most of the work in this field: What is philosophically relevant about the nature of logico-mathematical knowledge in recent research in psychology and cognitive science? The question about this distinctive kind of knowledge is rooted in Plato’s dialogues, and virtually all major philosophers have expressed interest in it. The essays in this collection tackle this important philosophical query from the perspective of the modern sciences of cognition, namely cognitive psychology and neuroscience. Naturalizing Logico-Mathematical Knowledge contributes to consolidating a new, emerging direction in the philosophy of mathematics, which, while keeping the traditional concerns of this sub-discipline in sight, aims to engage with them in a scientifically-informed manner. A subsequent aim is to signal the philosophers’ willingness to enter into a fruitful dialogue with the community of cognitive scientists and psychologists by examining their methods and interpretive strategies.

The Logical Foundations Of Scientific Theories

Author : Decio Krause
ISBN : 9781315535203
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 82. 64 MB
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This book addresses the logical aspects of the foundations of scientific theories. Even though the relevance of formal methods in the study of scientific theories is now widely recognized and regaining prominence, the issues covered here are still not generally discussed in philosophy of science. The authors focus mainly on the role played by the underlying formal apparatuses employed in the construction of the models of scientific theories, relating the discussion with the so-called semantic approach to scientific theories. The book describes the role played by this metamathematical framework in three main aspects: considerations of formal languages employed to axiomatize scientific theories, the role of the axiomatic method itself, and the way set-theoretical structures, which play the role of the models of theories, are developed. The authors also discuss the differences and philosophical relevance of the two basic ways of aximoatizing a scientific theory, namely Patrick Suppes’ set theoretical predicates and the "da Costa and Chuaqui" approach. This book engages with important discussions of the nature of scientific theories and will be a useful resource for researchers and upper-level students working in philosophy of science.

Against Facts

Author : Arianna Betti
ISBN : 9780262029216
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 88. 4 MB
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An argument that the major metaphysical theories of facts give us no good reason to accept facts in our catalog of the world.

Quantum Information And Consciousness

Author : Danko D. Georgiev
ISBN : 9781351401777
Genre : Science
File Size : 58. 87 MB
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"I loved the book! This book is not just interesting, it is exciting. I have probably read every significant book in the field, and this is the strongest and most convincing one yet. It is also one of the most comprehensive in its explanations. I shall most certainly recommend the book to colleagues." –Richard G. Petty, MD "a very good introduction to the basic theory of quantum systems.... Dr. Georgiev’s book aptly prepares the reader to confront whatever might be in store later." –from the Foreword by Prof. James F. Glazebrook, Eastern Illinois University This book addresses the fascinating cross-disciplinary field of quantum information theory applied to the study of brain function. It offers a self-study guide to probe the problems of consciousness, including a concise but rigorous introduction to classical and quantum information theory, theoretical neuroscience, and philosophy of the mind. It aims to address long-standing problems related to consciousness within the framework of modern theoretical physics in a comprehensible manner that elucidates the nature of the mind-body relationship. The reader also gains an overview of methods for constructing and testing quantum informational theories of consciousness.

Einstein Zen

Author : Conrad P. Pritscher
ISBN : 1433108704
Genre : Education
File Size : 77. 50 MB
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This book makes a strong case for free schooling, comparing the mind of Albert Einstein – who said much – to Zen conscious practice, which says little but encompasses everything. Examining the work of brain researchers, neuroscientists, physicists, and other scholars to illuminate the commonalities between Einstein’s thought and the Zen practice of paying attention to one’s present experience, the book reveals their many similarities, showing the development of self-direction as a key to fostering compassionate consideration of others and to harmonious, semi-effortless learning and living. Examples demonstrate that students who choose to study what is interesting, remarkable, and important for them tend to become more like Einstein than students with the rigid school curricula; students who are free to learn often demonstrate empathy, and less rigid rule-following, while involved in the process of imaginatively becoming their own oracles and self-educators.

Einstein Meets Magritte

Author : Diederik Aerts
ISBN : 9401147051
Genre :
File Size : 46. 59 MB
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Testing Quantum Mechanics On New Ground

Author : Partha Ghose
ISBN : 0521026598
Genre : Science
File Size : 62. 52 MB
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Simple accounts of experiments which test the counterintuitive and bizarre consequences of quantum theory.

Indic Visions

Author : Varadaraja V. Raman
ISBN : 9781462883653
Genre : Religion
File Size : 84. 74 MB
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Indic Visions is the tenth book by the acclaimed scientist and humanist Varadaraja V. Raman. In it he provides a detailed introduction to Indic religions and contemporary interpretations thereof consistent with modern science. In a world of rapid changes, dangerous fundamentalism, parochial chauvinisms, culture wars, and clashing civilizations, this book provides both a soothing balm and potent antidote. By delving more deeply into Indic civilization, Raman shows us the way to transform our emerging global civilization in wholesome and healthy ways consistent with science and the great challenges of the 21st century.

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