ecological imperialism the biological expansion of europe 900 1900 canto classics

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Ecological Imperialism

Author : Alfred W. Crosby
ISBN : 9781316453964
Genre : History
File Size : 78. 6 MB
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People of European descent form the bulk of the population in most of the temperate zones of the world - North America, Australia and New Zealand. The military successes of European imperialism are easy to explain; in many cases they were a matter of firearms against spears. But as Alfred W. Crosby maintains in this highly original and fascinating book, the Europeans' displacement and replacement of the native peoples in the temperate zones was more a matter of biology than of military conquest. European organisms had certain decisive advantages over their New World and Australian counterparts. The spread of European disease, flora and fauna went hand in hand with the growth of populations. Consequently, these imperialists became proprietors of the most important agricultural lands in the world. In the second edition, Crosby revisits his now classic work and again evaluates the global historical importance of European ecological expansion.

Global Environmental History 10 000 Bc To Ad 2000

Author : Ian G Simmons
ISBN : 9780748629510
Genre : Science
File Size : 87. 10 MB
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Courses which deal with environmental history have long lacked a comprehensive overview. I. G. Simmons has made a significant contribution with a book that looks at the long-term history of environment and humanity from 10,000 BC to AD 2000. This far-reaching text considers the global picture and recognises the contributions of many disciplines including the natural sciences, the social sciences, and increasingly, the humanities.As a starting point, this book takes the major phases of human technological evolution of the last 12,000 years and considers how these have affected the natural world. It then considers the response to conditions such as climate change, putting today's preoccupations into a long-term perspective. This is a book of history, not prophecy, and so makes no judgements on current anxieties.

Human Impact On Ancient Environments

Author : Charles L. Redman
ISBN : 0816519633
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 50. 42 MB
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Threats to biodiversity, food shortages, urban sprawl . . . lessons for environmental problems that confront us today may well be found in the past. The archaeological record contains hundreds of situations in which societies developed long-term sustainable relationships with their environmentsÑand thousands in which the relationships were destructive. Charles Redman demonstrates that much can be learned from an improved understanding of peoples who, through seemingly rational decisions, degraded their environments and threatened their own survival. By discussing archaeological case studies from around the worldÑfrom the deforestation of the Mayan lowlands to soil erosion in ancient Greece to the almost total depletion of resources on Easter IslandÑRedman reveals the long-range coevolution of culture and environment and clearly shows the impact that ancient peoples had on their world. These case studies focus on four themes: habitat transformation and animal extinctions, agricultural practices, urban growth, and the forces that accompany complex society. They show that humankind's commitment to agriculture has had cultural consequences that have conditioned our perception of the environment and reveal that societies before European contact did not necessarily live the utopian existences that have been popularly supposed. Whereas most books on this topic tend to treat human societies as mere reactors to environmental stimuli, Redman's volume shows them to be active participants in complex and evolving ecological relationships. Human Impact on Ancient Environments demonstrates how archaeological research can provide unique insights into the nature of human stewardship of the Earth and can permanently alter the way we think about humans and the environment.

Human Frontiers Environments And Disease

Author : Anthony J. McMichael
ISBN : 0521004942
Genre : Medical
File Size : 52. 46 MB
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This compelling account charts the relentless trajectory of humankind, and its changing survival and disease patterns, across place and time from when our ancient ancestors roamed the African Savannah to today's populous, industrialised, globalising world. This expansion of human frontiers - geographic, climatic, cultural and technological - has encountered frequent setbacks from disease, famine and dwindling resources. The social and environmental transformations wrought by agrarianism, industrialisation, fertility control, social modernisation, urbanisation and mass consumption have profoundly affected patterns of health and disease. Today, as life expectancies rise, the planet's ecosystems are being damaged by the combined weight of population size and intensive economic activity. Global warming, stratospheric ozone depletion and loss of biodiversity pose large-scale hazards to human health and survival. Recognising this, can we achieve a transition to sustainability? This and other profound questions underlie this chronicle of expansive human activity, social change, environmental impact and their health consequences.

New World Poetics

Author : George B. Handley
ISBN : 9780820335209
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 77. 10 MB
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A simultaneously ecocritical and comparative study, New World Poetics plumbs the earthly depth and social breadth of the poetry of Walt Whitman, Pablo Neruda, and Derek Walcott, three of the Americas' most ambitious and epic-minded poets. In Whitman's call for a poetry of New World possibility, Neruda's invocation of an "American love," and Walcott's investment in the poetic ironies of an American epic, the adamic imagination of their poetry does not reinvent the mythical Garden that stands before history's beginnings but instead taps the foundational powers of language before a natural world deeply imbued with the traces of human time. Theirs is a postlapsarian Adam seeking a renewed sense of place in a biocentric and cross-cultural New World through language and nature's capacity for regeneration in the wake of human violence and suffering. The book introduces the environmental history of the Americas and its relationship to the foundation of American and Latin American studies, explores its relevance to each poet's ambition to recuperate the New World's lost histories, and provides a transnational poetics of understanding literary influence and textual simultaneity in the Americas. The study provides much needed in-depth ecocritical readings of the major poems of the three poets, insisting on the need for thoughtful regard for the challenge to human imagination and culture posed by nature's regenerative powers; nuanced appreciation for the difficulty of balancing the demands of social justice within the context of deep time; and the symptomatic dangers as well as healing potential of human self-consciousness in light of global environmental degradation.

The Book Review

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ISBN : UVA:X002709447
Genre : Books
File Size : 76. 39 MB
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Subject Guide To Books In Print

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ISBN : STANFORD:36105025888517
Genre : American literature
File Size : 54. 25 MB
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History Today

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ISBN : UOM:39015074895072
Genre : History
File Size : 38. 62 MB
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Author : Ιωάννα Καρυστιάνη
ISBN : 9789600356861
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 63. 68 MB
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H ιστορία διαθέτει ναυτικό φυλλάδιο και ταξιδεύει επί μία εικοσαετία μεταφέροντας θαλασσοφαγωμένους άντρες και θαλασσοφαγωμένες γυναίκες στους μεγάλους ή ασήμαντους πλόες της ζωής, από τη Σουραμπάγια στα βυσσινοχώραφα της Άνδρου, από τα τζενεραλάδικα και τα υπερωκεάνια στη χρυσαφένια αμμουδιά του Nειμποριού και στις ασκήσεις μελαγχολίας μιας παρέας κοριτσιών, από ένα ντοματοπίλαφο στο Mπουένος Άιρες στις πιστές λαρδομούνες που κρέμονται από το στόμα της Mούραινας κι από τις συμμαχικές νηοπομπές κατά τη διάρκεια του δεύτερου παγκόσμιου πολέμου στη Pίβα και στο λευκό διώροφο των Σαλταφέρων με το τσιγκούνικο ταβάνι, που σαν απλωμένο τουλπάνι έσταζε τους ήχους τού απάνω σπιτιού και μαζί τους ήχους του έρωτα στο πανομοιότυπο κάτω σπίτι, είκοσι τέσσερις λεπτές κυπαρισσοσανίδες που ρήμαξαν ζωές.

Greek For Reading

Author : Gerda M. Seligson
ISBN : 0472082663
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 42. 16 MB
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A highly innovative approach to Classical Greek for beginning students

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