drops and bubbles in interfacial research studies in interface science

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Drops And Bubbles In Interfacial Research

Author : D. Mobius
ISBN : 0080530524
Genre : Science
File Size : 89. 95 MB
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The shape of drops and bubbles is the centre of interest for many interfacial scientists. This book describes the most recent accomplishments to make use of drops and bubbles in fundamental research and application. After a general introduction into the mechanics of liquid menisci, chapters are dedicated to methods based on drops or bubbles. The chapters about the three main drop experiments provide the theoretical basis, a description of experimental set-ups, specific advantages and disadvantages, correction and calibration problems, experimental examples and their interpretation: pendent and sessile drop, drop volume, and spinning drop technique. The chapter about capillary pressure methods summarises different techniques and gives examples of applications, for instance measurements under microgravity. The maximum bubble pressure technique as a particular capillary pressure method is described, with emphasis on the most recent developments which made this technique applicable to extremely short adsorption times, down to the range of milliseconds and less. Problems connected with aerodynamics and hydrodynamics are discussed and used to show the limits of this widely used standard method. The oscillating bubble technique provides information not available by other techniques, for example about the dilational rheology of adsorption layers and relaxation processes at the interface. The description of rising bubbles in surfactant solutions will contain the hydrodynamic basis as well as the theoretical description of the effect of interfacial layers on the movement of bubbles. Besides the theoretical basis experimental data, such as water purification, flotation processes etc. and the relevance for practical applications will be presented. The chapter about lung alveols demonstrates how important bubbles built by biological membranes are in everyday life. The relevance for medicine and biology as well as model studies is discussed. An important example for the application of drops is metallurgy, where the surface tension of metals and alloys is an important parameter for many applications. The chapters on drop shape analysis by using fibre technique and on force measurements between emulsion droplets are of much practical relevance. Lists of references and symbols are given separately at the end of each chapter while a common subject index is given at the end of the book.

Encyclopedia Of Surface And Colloid Science Second Edition Eight Volume Set Print

Author : P. Somasundaran
ISBN : 0849396158
Genre : Science
File Size : 83. 73 MB
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Reflecting the rapid advances across many fields, the Encyclopedia of Colloid and Surface Science, Second Edition transcends the broad, multidisciplinary scope of interface science and draws together the interface-related aspects of chemistry, materials sciences and engineering, biology, physics, computer sciences, and applied mathematics. Teach, Clarify, Analyze, and Understand Whether you are a student encountering colloid and interface science for the first time, a senior scientist desiring to become more familiar with surfaces, or a specialist browsing for new results, ideas, and insights, the Encyclopedia of Surface and Colloid Science, Second Edition conveys the essence of the field. Locate the Information You Need Quickly and Easily This Encyclopedia offers entries that define terminology, demystify concepts, highlight key references, and identify important applications. Synthesize, Characterize, Challenge, Modify, and Apply The distinguished contributors to the Encyclopedia illustrate a passion for the role of interface science in a host of applications including catalysis, foods, filtration, lubrication, mineral processing, paints, pharmaceuticals, polymers, soaps, and soils. Offering an insider's perspective into new directions for future research and development in their field, these leaders seek to inspire a new generation of students and specialists to rethink the boundaries of their disciplines in search of new breakthroughs and applications. This Taylor & Francis encyclopedia is also available through online subscription, offering a variety of extra benefits for researchers, students, and librarians, including: Citation tracking and alerts Active reference linking Saved searches and marked lists HTML and PDF format options For more information, visit Taylor and Francis Online. Or contact us to inquire about subscription options and print/online combination packages. US: (Tel) 1.888.318.2367 / (E-mail) [email protected] International: (Tel) +44 (0) 20 7017 6062 / (E-mail) [email protected]

Encyclopedia Of Surface And Colloid Science

Author : Arthur T. Hubbard
ISBN : 0824707575
Genre : Science
File Size : 38. 5 MB
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This comprehensive reference collects fundamental theories and recent research from a wide range of fields including biology, biochemistry, physics, applied mathematics, and computer, materials, surface, and colloid science-providing key references, tools, and analytical techniques for practical applications in industrial, agricultural, and forensic processes, as well as in the production of natural and synthetic compounds such as foods, minerals, paints, proteins, pharmaceuticals, polymers, and soaps.

Surfactants Chemistry Interfacial Properties Applications

Author : D. Möbius
ISBN : 0080542131
Genre : Science
File Size : 45. 13 MB
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This publication provides comprehensive material on the chemical and physical attributes of surfactants and new models for the understanding of structure-property relationships. Surfactants Chemistry, Interfacial Properties, Applications provides efficient instruments for the prognostication of principal physicochemical properties and the technologic applicability from the structure of a surfactant through the discussion of interrelations between the chemical structure, physicochemical properties and the efficiency of technologic application. Also included are informative overviews on new experimental techniques and abundant reference material on manufacturers, nomenclature, product properties, and experimental examples. The publication is accompanied by a CD-ROM, which is needed for the application of the thermodynamic and kinetic models to experimental data.

Novel Methods To Study Interfacial Layers

Author : D. Moebius
ISBN : 0080537774
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 88. 68 MB
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This book presents a number of selected papers given at the LB9 conference, held in Potsdam, Germany, in August 2000. It is dedicated to new techniques and methodologies for studying interfacial layers. One group of manuscripts deals with the application of surface plasmons at solid interfaces, used for example in resonance spectroscopy and light scattering. New applications of various types of Atomic Force Microscopy are reported making use of various modifications of tips. A number of chapters are dedicated to light emitting diodes built with the help of LB layers. The aim of these studies is the improvement of efficiency. Electrochemical methods were described as tools for developing sensors, in particular miniaturised pH or gas sensors. The application of synchrotron X-ray and NMR techniques have been described in detail in two extended chapters. It is demonstrated how molecular information can be detected by these methods for various types of interfacial layers. This monograph, along with 130 papers that have been submitted for publication in the special issues of relevant journals, represent the proceedings of the LBP conference.

Dynamics Of Adsorption At Liquid Interfaces

Author : S.S. Dukhin
ISBN : 0080530613
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 49. 34 MB
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As the first of its kind, this book provides a valuable introduction for scientists and engineers interested in liquid/fluid interfaces and disperse systems to the rapidly developing area of adsorption dynamics. It is the first extensive review available on the subject of dynamics of adsorption and gives a general summary of the current state of adsorption kinetics theory and experiments. Current progress in recently designed set-ups and improved and generalised known methods for studying interfacial relaxations is reviewed. In addition, the role of the electric charge of surfactants in the adsorption process is discussed in terms of a non-equilibrium distribution of adsorbing ions in the diffuse layer. Present theories of the effect of dynamic adsorption layers on mobile surfaces, such as moving drops and bubbles, based on both diffusion and kinetic controlled adsorption models are described and efficient approximate analytical methods to solve the mathematical problem of coupling surfactant transport and hydrodynamics are introduced. The role of a dynamic adsorption layer in bubble rising, film drainage and film stabilisation and in complex processes such as flotation and microflotation is discussed. Containing more than 1100 references, the book is essential reading for industrial scientists and graduate and post-graduate students in physical, surface and colloid chemistry, physico-chemical hydrodynamics, water purification and mineral processing.

The Dynamics And Structure Of The Liquid Liquid Interface

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105115186046
Genre : Liquid-liquid interfaces
File Size : 30. 84 MB
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This volume addresses the distinct approaches that have been taken to study liquid-liquid interfaces. The underlying theme is the convergence of the diverse experimental and computational approaches that have been pursued to understand structure dynamics and transport phenomena associated with liquid-liquid interfaces. Work is presented in the following areas; theory and simulation of liquid-liquid interfaces; spectroscopic and structural studies of the liquid-liquid interface; kinetic and thermodynamics of transfer across interfacial boundaries; charge transfer processes; bio-mimetic systems; fundamental aspects and applications of emulsions; and applications of liquid-liquid processes including metal deposition solvent extraction drug delivery and two-phase synthesis. Faraday Discussions document a long-established series of Faraday Discussion meetings which provide a unique international forum for the exchange of views and newly acquired results in developing areas of physical chemistry biophysical chemistry and chemical physics. The papers presented are published in the Faraday Discussion volume together with a record of the discussion contributions made at the meeting. Faraday Discussions therefore provide an important record of current international knowledge and views in the field concerned.

Bubble And Drop Interfaces

Author : Miller
ISBN : 9789004174955
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 75 MB
Format : PDF
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The book aims at describing the most important experimental methods for characterizing liquid interfaces, such as drop profile analysis, bubble pressure and drop volume tensiometry, capillary pressure technique, and oscillating drops and bubbles.

Optical Sensing And Spectroscopy

Author : Hugh J. Byrne
ISBN : UOM:39015061014836
Genre : Science
File Size : 48. 88 MB
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Proceedings of SPIE present the original research papers presented at SPIE conferences and other high-quality conferences in the broad-ranging fields of optics and photonics. These books provide prompt access to the latest innovations in research and technology in their respective fields. Proceedings of SPIE are among the most cited references in patent literature.

Handbook Of Surfaces And Interfaces Of Materials Surface And Interface Phenomena

Author : Hari Singh Nalwa
ISBN : 012513911X
Genre : Interfaces (Physical sciences)
File Size : 49. 51 MB
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