die kraft der naturgesetze emergenz und kollektive f

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Die Kraft Der Naturgesetze

Author : Günter Dedié
ISBN : 9783849579029
Genre : Science
File Size : 30. 40 MB
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Es gibt ein naturwissenschaftliches Prinzip, das die Entwicklung der Welt vom Urknall bis hin zum Geist und zu den menschlichen Sozialordnungen durchgängig erklärt: Die Emergenz. Sie verbindet die materielle Welt mit der Welt des Geistes. Die Emergenz basiert auf der spontanen Selbstorganisation einfacher Elemente zu komplexen Systemen, die völlig neue Strukturen aufweisen, und deren kollektive Eigenschaften und Fähigkeiten ganz anders sind als die der Elemente. Die Strukturen, Eigenschaften und Fähigkeiten der Systeme lassen sich aus denen der Elemente in der Regel nicht berechnen. Die Emergenz ist in der Natur der Normalfall und nicht die Ausnahme, von den Elementarteilchen durch alle Ebenen der Welt bis hinauf in die Ebene des Geistes und der menschlichen Gesellschaft. Unsere Welt hat sich Schritt für Schritt aus emergenten Systemen entwickelt, vom Urknall bis in die Gegenwart, und entwickelt sich ständig weiter. Das Buch behandelt am Anfang die Konzepte und Begriffe der Emergenz. Anschließend ist die erste Hälfte dem Wirken der Emergenz in der unbelebten Natur gewidmet, von den fundamentalen Teilchen und Kräften, den Atomen und ihrem Aufbau, den Festkörpern, den kollektiven Quanteneffekten und den chaotischen Prozessen bis hin zu den Molekülen. Ein kleiner Ausflug in die selbstorganisierten Vorgänge des Weltalls darf natürlich nicht fehlen. In der zweite Hälfte wird das Wirken der Selbstorganisation in der Welt der Lebewesen beschrieben, von der Entstehung und Entwicklung des Lebens über Viren, Bakterien, Pflanzen und Tiere bis zum Menschen, seinem Geist und der menschlichen Gesellschaft. Diese Entwicklung hat nachweislich nicht auf der Basis des blinden Zufalls von Mutationen und der Selektion beim Kampf ums Dasein stattgefunden. Sie ist sehr viel stärker durch kooperative Prozesse der Selbstorganisation wie Symbiosen, Ko-Evolutionen und soziale Kooperationen bestimmt worden. Die Kraft der Selbstorganisation und der Erfolg der emergenten Systeme kommt aus der großen Anzahl und Vielfalt der Elemente, die symbiotisch zusammenwirken. Es ist höchste Zeit, diese Erkenntnis zum Allgemeingut zu machen und die ethischen und moralischen Regeln der menschlichen Gesellschaft danach neu auszurichten. "...ein sehr schöner, sehr verständlicher Text. Er entwickelt sich von Kapitel zu Kapitel bestens und geradezu spannend!" Prof. Dr. Josef H. Reichholf, Autor zahlreicher Bücher und Siegmund-Freud-Preisträger der Dt. Akad. f. Sprache und Dichtung.

Die Gestalt Der Lebewesen

Author : Anna Maria Hennen
ISBN : 3826018001
Genre : Life
File Size : 46. 75 MB
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Advanced Topics In Quantum Field Theory

Author : M. Shifman
ISBN : 9781139501880
Genre : Science
File Size : 23. 62 MB
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Since the advent of Yang–Mills theories and supersymmetry in the 1970s, quantum field theory - the basis of the modern description of physical phenomena at the fundamental level - has undergone revolutionary developments. This is the first systematic and comprehensive text devoted specifically to modern field theory, bringing readers to the cutting edge of current research. The book emphasizes nonperturbative phenomena and supersymmetry. It includes a thorough discussion of various phases of gauge theories, extended objects and their quantization, and global supersymmetry from a modern perspective. Featuring extensive cross-referencing from traditional topics to recent breakthroughs in the field, it prepares students for independent research. The side boxes summarizing the main results and over 70 exercises make this an indispensable book for graduate students and researchers in theoretical physics.

Who Wrote The Book Of Life

Author : Lily E. Kay
ISBN : 0804734178
Genre : Science
File Size : 79. 80 MB
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This is a detailed history of one of the most important and dramatic episodes in modern science, recounted from the novel vantage point of the dawn of the information age and its impact on representations of nature, heredity, and society. Drawing on archives, published sources, and interviews, the author situates work on the genetic code (1953-70) within the history of life science, the rise of communication technosciences (cybernetics, information theory, and computers), the intersection of molecular biology with cryptanalysis and linguistics, and the social history of postwar Europe and the United States. Kay draws out the historical specificity in the process by which the central biological problem of DNA-based protein synthesis came to be metaphorically represented as an information code and a writing technology—and consequently as a “book of life.” This molecular writing and reading is part of the cultural production of the Nuclear Age, its power amplified by the centuries-old theistic resonance of the “book of life” metaphor. Yet, as the author points out, these are just metaphors: analogies, not ontologies. Necessary and productive as they have been, they have their epistemological limitations. Deploying analyses of language, cryptology, and information theory, the author persuasively argues that, technically speaking, the genetic code is not a code, DNA is not a language, and the genome is not an information system (objections voiced by experts as early as the 1950s). Thus her historical reconstruction and analyses also serve as a critique of the new genomic biopower. Genomic textuality has become a fact of life, a metaphor literalized, she claims, as human genome projects promise new levels of control over life through the meta-level of information: control of the word (the DNA sequences) and its editing and rewriting. But the author shows how the humbling limits of these scriptural metaphors also pose a challenge to the textual and material mastery of the genomic “book of life.”

Personen

Author : Christian Kanzian
ISBN : 320904225X
Genre : Agent (Philosophy) v Congresses
File Size : 71. 80 MB
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Multiple Modernities

Author : Shmuel N. Eisenstadt
ISBN : 9781351504270
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 62. 44 MB
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How may we characterize contemporary society in a world so complex? Can looking at the diverse paths followed by various cultures in the modern world generate useful new social scientific typologies, or must a different set of questions be posed in this era of globalization? What, in short, is the nature of modernity? These are some of the questions addressed by the contributors to Multiple Modernities.Following the theme in an earlier work edited by Shmuel Eisenstadt, Public Spheres and Collective Identities, this book challenges conventional notions of how the world has changed politically, socially, and economically. The authors consider the meaning of modernity in contexts as different as communist Russia, modern India, the Muslim world, Latin America, China and East Asia, and the United States. Miscegenation, transnational migration, technological developments, and changing communications have shifted the ground on which theories of society were once built; political system, diaspora groups, religion, and ""classical"" theories of modernity have to be reconsidered in a new context.Authors and chapters include: S.N. Eisenstadt, ""Multiple Modernities""; Bjrn Wittrock, ""Modernity: One, None, or Many? European Origins and Modernity as a Global Condition""; Johann P. Arnason, ""Communism and Modernity""; Nilfer Gle, ""Snapshots of Islamic Modernities""; Dale F. Eickelman, ""Island and the Languages of Modernity""; Sudipta Kaviraj, ""Modernity and Politics in India""; Stanley J. Tambiah, ""Transnational Movements, Diaspora, and Multiple Modernities""; Tu Weiming, ""Implications of the Jrise of 'Confucian' East Asia""; Jrgen Heideking, ""The Pattern of American Modernity from the Revolution to the Civil War""; and Renato Ortiz, ""From Incomplete Modernity to World Modernity.""Written in clear and non-technical language for both a scholarly and general audience, this volume confronts the problem of just what constitutes the common core of modernit

From Eternity To Here

Author : Sean Carroll
ISBN : 9781851688906
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 5 MB
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Twenty years after Stephen Hawking's 9-million-copy selling A Brief History of Time, pioneering theoretical physicist Sean Carroll takes our investigation into the nature of time to the next level. You can't unscramble an egg and you can't remember the future. But what if time doesn't (or didn't!) always go in the same direction? Carroll's paradigm-shifting research suggests that other universes experience time running in the opposite direction to our own. Exploring subjects from entropy and quantum mechanics to time travel and the meaning of life, Carroll presents a dazzling new view of how we came to exist.

The Big Picture

Author : Sean Carroll
ISBN : 9781780746074
Genre : Science
File Size : 77. 69 MB
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Where are we? Who are we? Do our beliefs, hopes and dreams mean anything out there in the void? Can human purpose and meaning ever fit into a scientific worldview? Acclaimed award-winning author Sean Carroll brings his extraordinary intellect to bear on the realms of knowledge, the laws of nature and the most profound questions about life, death and our place in it all. In a dazzlingly unique presentation, Carroll takes us through the scientific revolution’s avalanche of discoveries, from Darwin and Einstein to the origins of life, consciousness and the universe itself. Delving into the way the world works at the quantum, cosmic and human levels, he reveals how human values relate to scientific reality. An extraordinary synthesis of cosmos-sprawling science and profound thought, The Big Picture is Carroll’s quest to explain our world. Destined to sit alongside the works of our greatest thinkers, from Stephen Hawking and Carl Sagan to Daniel Dennett and E. O. Wilson, this book shows that while our lives may be forever dwarfed by the immensity of the universe, they can be redeemed by our capacity to comprehend it and give it meaning.

The Quantum Self

Author : Danah Zohar
ISBN : 9780688107369
Genre : Science
File Size : 79. 31 MB
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In The Quantum Self, Danah Zohar argues that the insights of modem physics can illuminate our understanding of everyday life -- our relationships to ourselves, to others, and to the world at large. Guiding us through the strange and fascinating workings of the subatomic realm to create a new model of human consciousness, the author addresses enduring philosophical questions. Does the new physics provide a basis by which our consciousness might continue beyond death? How does the material world (for instance, ugly inner cities) impinge upon our sense of self? Is there a subatomic wellspring from which our creativity, our empathy with others, and our feelings of unity with the inanimate world originate? Most important, Zohar shows how the vitality of the new physics combats the alienation and fragmentation of twentieth-century life, and replaces it with a model of reality in which the universe itself may possess a type of consciousness, of which human consciousness is one expression.

Chaos Bound

Author : N. Katherine Hayles
ISBN : 9781501722967
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 69. 64 MB
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N. Katherine Hayles here investigates parallels between contemporary literature and critical theory and the science of chaos. She finds in both scientific and literary discourse new interpretations of chaos, which is seen no longer as disorder but as a locus of maximum information and complexity. She examines structures and themes of disorder in The Education of Henry Adams, Doris Lessing’s Golden Notebook, and works by Stanislaw Lem. Hayles shows how the writings of poststructuralist theorists including Barthes, Lyotard, Derrida, Serres, and de Man incorporate central features of chaos theory.

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