describing inner experience

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Describing Inner Experience

Author : Hurlburt
ISBN : 9780262263160
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 51. 35 MB
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Can conscious experience be described accurately? Can we give reliable accounts of our sensory experiences and pains, our inner speech and imagery, our felt emotions? The question is central not only to our humanistic understanding of who we are but also to the burgeoning scientific field of consciousness studies. The two authors of Describing Inner Experience disagree on the answer: Russell Hurlburt, a psychologist, argues that improved methods of introspective reporting make accurate accounts of inner experience possible; Eric Schwitzgebel, a philosopher, believes that any introspective reporting is inevitably prone to error. In this book the two discuss to what extent it is possible to describe our inner experience accurately. Hurlburt and Schwitzgebel recruited a subject, "Melanie," to report on her conscious experience using Hurlburt's Descriptive Experience Sampling method (in which the subject is cued by random beeps to describe her conscious experience). The heart of the book is Melanie's accounts, Hurlburt and Schwitzgebel's interviews with her, and their subsequent discussions while studying the transcripts of the interviews. In this way the authors' dispute about the general reliability of introspective reporting is steadily tempered by specific debates about the extent to which Melanie's particular reports are believable. Transcripts and audio files of the interviews will be available on the MIT Press website. Describing Inner Experience? is not so much a debate as it is a collaboration, with each author seeking to refine his position and to replace partisanship with balanced critical judgment. The result is an illumination of major issues in the study of consciousness -- from two sides at once.

Exploring Inner Experience

Author : Russell T. Hurlburt
ISBN : 9789027252005
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 67. 35 MB
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Written for the professional psychologist and philsopher, Exploring Inner Experience shows (a) how DES avoids the traps that destroyed the introspections of the previous century; (b) why DES reports of inner experience should be considered reliable and valid; (c) that DES reports of inner experience are the most accurate that have ever been produced by Western science; and (d) how to use the DES method. This book will be basic reading for all psychologists, philosophers, and students interested in consciousness, as well as anyone (professional or layperson) who is seriously concerned with understanding the human condition or any of its components.

Investigating Pristine Inner Experience

Author : Russell T. Hurlburt
ISBN : 9781139499606
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 73. 7 MB
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You live your entire waking life immersed in your inner experiences (thoughts, feelings, sensations and so on) – private phenomena created by you, just for you, your own way. Despite their intimacy and ubiquity, you probably do not know the characteristics of your own inner phenomena; neither does psychology or consciousness science. Investigating Pristine Inner Experience explores how to apprehend inner experience in high fidelity. This book will transform your view of your own inner experience, awaken you to experiential differences between people and thereby reframe your thinking about psychology and consciousness science, which banned the study of inner experience for most of a century and yet continued to recognize its fundamental importance. The author, a pioneer in using beepers to explore inner experience, draws on his 35 years of studies to provide fascinating and provocative views of everyday inner experience and experience in bulimia, adolescence, the elderly, schizophrenia, Tourette's syndrome, virtuosity and more.

Sampling Normal And Schizophrenic Inner Experience

Author : Russell T. Hurlburt
ISBN : 9781475702897
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 54. 81 MB
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What are the basic data of psychology? In the early years of experimental psychology, they were reports of ''brighter'' or "heavier" or other esti mates of the magnitude of differences between the sensory stimuli pre sented in psychophysical experiments. Introspective accounts of the ex perience of seeing colored lights or shapes were important sources of psychological data in the laboratories of Cornell, Harvard, Leipzig, or Wiirzburg around the tum of the century. In 1910, John B. Watson called for the objectification of psychological research, even parodying the typical subjective introspective reports that emerged from Edward Bradford Titchener's laboratory. For almost fifty years psychologists largely eschewed subjective information and turned their attention to observable behavior. Rats running mazes or pigeons pecking away on varied schedules of reinforcement became the scientific prototypes for those psychologists who viewed themselves as "doing science. " Psychoanalysts and clinical psychologists sustained interest in the personal reports of patients or clients as valuable sources of data for research. For the psychologists, questionnaires and projective tests that allowed for quantitative analysis and psychometrics seemed to circum vent the problem of subjectivity. Sigmund Freud's introduction of on going free association became the basis for psychoanalysis as a therapy and as a means of learning about human psychology. Slips-of-the tongue, thought intrusions, fantasies, hesitations, and sudden emo tional expressions became the data employed by psychoanalysts in for mulating hypotheses about resistance, memory, transference, and a host of presumed human wishes and conflicts.

A Passion For Specificity

Author : Russell Hurlburt
ISBN : 0814213200
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 41. 38 MB
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In an analytical yet increasingly intimate conversation, A Passion for Specificity: Confronting Inner Experience in Literature and Science investigates the differences between experience as conveyed in literature and experience as apprehended through scientific method. Can experiences be shared? How much do language and metaphor shape experiential reports? Where is the dividing line between a humanistic and a scientific approach to experience? In a series of exchanges, Marco Caracciolo and Russell Hurlburt demonstrate that those are necessarily personal issues, and they don't flinch--they relentlessly examine whether Caracciolo's presuppositions distort his understanding of reading experiences and whether Hurlburt's attachment to the method he invented causes him to take an overly narrow view of experience. Delving ever more personally, they aim Hurlburt's experience sampling methods--beeping people to discover what was in their stream of inner experience at the moment immediately before the beep--at Caracciolo's own experiences, an exercise that puts Caracciolo's presuppositions to the test and leads him to discover things about experience (his own and literature's) that he had thought impossible. A Passion for Specificity, with its personal revelations, unexpected twists, and confrontational style, reads like an epistolary novel, but it is a serious exploration of ideas at the heart of literature and science. It is a thoughtful attempt at advancing the emerging "cognitive humanities," clarifying a number of core issues in the cross-pollination of literature, psychology, philosophy, and consciousness science.

Sampling Inner Experience In Disturbed Affect

Author : Russell T. Hurlburt
ISBN : 0306443775
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 65. 68 MB
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Delineates the development of the author's descriptive sampling method across numerous case studies of depressed, anxious, bulimic, and borderline personalities. This work demonstrates that an 'introspective' technique can provide descriptions of patients, as well as make distinctions between diagnostic groups.

Inner Experience And Neuroscience

Author : Donald D. Price
ISBN : 9780262017657
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 26. 81 MB
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A proposal for merging a science of human consciousness with neuroscience and psychology.

Perplexities Of Consciousness

Author : Eric Schwitzgebel
ISBN : 9780262295086
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 89. 55 MB
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Do you dream in color? If you answer Yes, how can you be sure? Before you recount your vivid memory of a dream featuring all the colors of the rainbow, consider that in the 1950s researchers found that most people reported dreaming in black and white. In the 1960s, when most movies were in color and more people had color television sets, the vast majority of reported dreams contained color. The most likely explanation for this, according to the philosopher Eric Schwitzgebel, is not that exposure to black-and-white media made people misremember their dreams. It is that we simply don't know whether or not we dream in color. In Perplexities of Consciousness, Schwitzgebel examines various aspects of inner life (dreams, mental imagery, emotions, and other subjective phenomena) and argues that we know very little about our stream of conscious experience.Drawing broadly from historical and recent philosophy and psychology to examine such topics as visual perspective, and the unreliability of introspection, Schwitzgebel finds us singularly inept in our judgments about conscious experience.

The Blackwell Companion To Consciousness

Author : Susan Schneider
ISBN : 9781119002208
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 20. 90 MB
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Updated and revised, the highly-anticipated second edition of The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness offers a collection of readings that together represent the most thorough and comprehensive survey of the nature of consciousness available today. Features updates to scientific chapters reflecting the latest research in the field Includes 18 new theoretical, empirical, and methodological chapters covering integrated information theory, renewed interest in panpsychism, and more Covers a wide array of topics that include the origins and extent of consciousness, various consciousness experiences such as meditation and drug-induced states, and the neuroscience of consciousness Presents 54 peer-reviewed chapters written by leading experts in the study of consciousness, from across a variety of academic disciplines

Descriptive Psychology And Historical Understanding

Author : W. Dilthey
ISBN : 9789400996588
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 79. 20 MB
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Perhaps no philosopher has so fully explored the nature and conditions of historical understanding as Wilhelm Dilthey. His work, conceived overall as a Critique of Historical Reason and developed through his well-known theory of the human studies, provides concepts and methods still fruitful for those concerned with analyzing the human condition. Despite the increasing recognition of Dilthey's contributions, relati vely few of his writings have as yet appeared in English translation. It is therefore both timely and useful to have available here two works drawn from different phases in the development of his philosophy. The "Ideas Concerning a Descriptive and Analytic Psychology" (1894), now translated into English for the first time, sets forth Dilthey's programma tic and methodological viewpoints through a descriptive psychology, while "The Understanding of Other Persons and Their Expressions of Life" (ca. 1910) is representative of his later hermeneutic approach to historical understanding. DESCRIPTIVE PSYCHOLOGY AND THE HUMAN STUDIES Dilthey presented the first mature statement of his theory of the human studies in volume one of his Einleitung in die Geisteswissenschaften (Introduction to the Human Studies), published in 1883. He argued there that for the proper study of man and history we must eschew the metaphysical speculation of the absolute idealists while at the same time avoiding the scientistic reduction of positivism.

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