desalination engineering operation and maintenance

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Desalination Engineering Operation And Maintenance

Author : Nikolay Voutchkov
ISBN : 9780071804226
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 79. 65 MB
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THE DEFINITIVE GUIDE TO DESALINATION PLANT OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE This Water Environment Federation and WateReuse Association publication describes state-of-the art operation, maintenance, and troubleshooting methods for reverse osmosis brackish and seawater desalination plants for municipal water supplies. All plant components are discussed in detail, from intake and pretreatment to discharge management. Best practices for maintaining plant equipment are also provided. Real-world examples illustrating the latest technologies and their practical implementation are included throughout this authoritative resource. Desalination Engineering covers: Source water open and subsurface intakes Source water pretreatment -- chemical conditioning, dissolved air flotation clarifiers, and granular media, membrane, and cartridge filters Reverse osmosis system operation Reverse osmosis system troubleshooting Post-treatment -- lime and carbon dioxide, calcite conditioning, remineralization, and disinfection Desalination plant discharge management Equipment maintenance -- pumps, air blowers, motors, bearings, valves, mechanical seals, mechanical drives, chemical feed systems, automatic samplers

Thermal Solar Desalination

Author : Vassilis Belessiotis
ISBN : 9780128097823
Genre : Science
File Size : 85. 35 MB
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Thermal Solar Desalination: Methods and Systems presents numerous thermal seawater desalination technologies varying from the very simple, easy to construct and operate solar stills, to the more advance membrane and indirect distillation methods. All types of solar thermal desalination technologies are presented in detail to enable readers to comprehend the subject, from design details to enabling further research to be carried out in this area. The various units used in desalination are outlined, along with diagrams of all detailed working principles of desalination methods and systems. The authors consider the economic aspects of these processes, demonstrating successful implementation of desalination units suitable for areas where supplies of fresh water in natural ways is limited or non-existent. Includes detailed descriptions and design of all types of solar thermal desalination systems Lists a comprehensive record of seawater and fresh water thermophysical properties required in the design of desalination systems Contains equations to calculate and analyze the performance of the processes examined and assesses their practicality and application

Plant Operation Maintenance And Management Volume I

Author :
ISBN : 9781848264342
Genre :
File Size : 86. 54 MB
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Plant Operation - Maintenance And Management is a component of Encyclopedia of Water Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The volume presents state-of-the art subject matter of various aspects of Plant Operation - Maintenance And Management such as: Operation Of A Desalination Plant; Planning, Management, Operation And Maintenance Of Desalination Plants; Accident Prevention In Desalination Plants; Process Safety; The Desalination Project; Demand Assessment And The Supply /Demand Balance; Process Selection; Project Design Concept; Contract Make Up; Main And Subcontractor; Planning, Scheduling, And Progress Measurement; Fire Retardant Materials And Safety: Past, Present, Future -New Types Of Ecologically Friendly Flame Retardants. This volume is aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy and Decision Makers

Thermal Desalination Processes Volume I

Author :
ISBN : 9781848264250
Genre :
File Size : 25. 38 MB
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Thermal Desalination Processes is a component of Encyclopedia of Water Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. These volumes discuss matters of great relevance to our world on desalination which is a critically important as clearly the only possible means of producing fresh water from the sea for many parts of the world. The two volumes present state-of-the art subject matter of various aspects of Thermal desalination processes such as: Multi-Stage Flash evaporation (MSF) and Multi Effect Distillation (MED) and Mechanical / Thermal Vapor Compression, in addition to the Hybrid Desalination Systems. Chemical Dosing For Desalination; Control Scheme of the Plants; Steady-State Model; Steady-State Simulation; Dynamic Model; Economics and Performance of Desalination Plants. Theses volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy and Decision Makers.

21st European Symposium On Computer Aided Process Engineering

Author : E. N. Pistikopoulos
ISBN : 9780444538956
Genre : Science
File Size : 73. 74 MB
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The European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering (ESCAPE) series presents the latest innovations and achievements of leading professionals from the industrial and academic communities. The ESCAPE series serves as a forum for engineers, scientists, researchers, managers and students to present and discuss progress being made in the area of Computer Aided Process Engineering (CAPE). European industries large and small are bringing innovations into our lives, whether in the form of new technologies to address environmental problems, new products to make our homes more comfortable and energy efficient or new therapies to improve the health and well-being of European citizens. Moreover, the European Industry needs to undertake research and technological initiatives in response to humanity's "Grand Challenges", described in the declaration of Lund, namely, Global Warming, Tightening Supplies of Energy, Water and Food, Ageing Societies, Public Health, Pandemics and Security. Thus, the Technical Theme of ESCAPE 21 will be "Process Systems Approaches for Addressing Grand Challenges in Energy, Environment, Health, Bioprocessing & Nanotechnologies".

Advanced Engineering And Technology

Author : Liquan Xie
ISBN : 9781315764740
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 83. 37 MB
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Advanced Engineering and Technology contains 110 technical papers from the 2014 Annual Congress on Advanced Engineering and Technology (CAET 2014, Hong Kong, 19-20 April 2014, including the 4th Workshop on Applied Mechanics and Civil Engineering, AMCE 2014). The contributions focus on advanced theories and technologies related to building engineering, geotechnical engineering, road and bridge engineering, hydraulic engineering, environmental engineering, pollution and control, water resources and water treatment, mechanics in engineering, water and soil conservation, numerical software and applications, climate change and environmental dynamics, intelligent safety systems, chemistry, biochemical and food engineering, and modelling and data analysis. Advanced Engineering and Technology will be useful to academics and professionals involved in civil engineering, hydraulic engineering, environmental engineering, modelling & data analysis, chemistry and biochemical engineering, and other related fields.

Role Of Desalination In Addressing Water Scarcity

Author :
ISBN : 9211283299
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 22. 85 MB
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There is a growing concern among the international community that a pending water crisis is threatening the entire global population, not only those living in arid to semi-arid areas. This Report, the second in the series of the United Nations World Water Development Report (WWDR), gives and overview of the water resources in the ESCWA (Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia) region based on the most recent data and information obtained from member countries. The state of water resources in the region is analyzed and assessed on the basis of data and indicators selected from available information and within the context of integrated water resources management (IWRM). The Report provides a comprehensive summary of the current situation of water resources in each member country in term of availability, accessibility and sustainability.

Plant Equipment Maintenance Engineering Handbook

Author : Duncan Richardson
ISBN : 9780071809900
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 22. 78 MB
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The Best On-the-Job Guide to Industrial Plant Equipment and Systems This practical, one-of-a-kind field manual explains how equipment in industrial facilities operates and covers all aspects of commissioning relevant to engineers and project managers. Plant Equipment and Maintenance Engineering Handbook contains a data log of all major industrial and power plant components, describes how they function, and includes rules of thumb for operation. Hundreds of handy reference materials, such as calculations and tables, plus a comprehensive listing of electrical parts with common supplier nomenclature are also included in this time-saving resource. FEATURES DETAILED COVERAGE OF: Compressors * Air conditioning * Ash handling * Bearings and lubrication * Boilers * Chemical cleaning and Flushing * Condensers and circulating water systems * Controls * Conveyor systems * Cooling towers * Corrosion Deaerators * Diesel and gas turbines * Electrical * Fans * Fire protection * Fuels and combustion * Piping * Pumps Turbines * Vibration * Water treatment

A Multidisciplinary Introduction To Desalination

Author : Alireza Bazargan
ISBN : 9788793609945
Genre : Nature
File Size : 30. 13 MB
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Although more than 70% of the globe is covered with water, only a small portion is suitable for direct human use, making the scarcity of freshwater one of our planet's most serious challenges. In this context, desalination, defined as "the separation of salts from water," is one of the possible solutions for appeasing our ever-increasing thirst. By drawing upon the expertise of a remarkable team of international authors, this book provides a simple, encompassing, and "multidisciplinary" introduction to desalination. The particular stregnth of this publication is its inclusive yet straightforward nature. In other words, the unique assortment of reader-friendly chapters is designed to cover the topic of desalination as a whole and strike a delicate balance between the technical and non-technical. To this end, the book is divided into five general sections: * The first section presents an overview of water scarcity, followed by a review of integrated water management and the alternatives to desalination. The fundamentals of desalination are also provided, including simple water chemistry. * The second section covers conventional desalination technologies, including thermal and membrane processes. The topics of pre- and post- treatment are given due credit, as all desalination plants are more or less reliant on them. * The third section reviews the history of how desalination technologies originated, including a review of today's R&D activities and cutting edge research. The topic of membrane manufacturing is also covered. * Section four is concerned with energy and environmental issues, including the application of renewable and nuclear energy, energy minimization, brine management, and environmental impacts. * Finally, section five covers the social and commercial issues, ranging from rural desalination to politics. Desalination costs and economic feasibility are discussed as well as issues in business development and future market prospects.

Chemical Engineering And Chemical Process Technology Volume Ii

Author : Ryzhard Pohorecki
ISBN : 9781848263970
Genre :
File Size : 45. 71 MB
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Chemical Engineering and Chemical Process Technology is a theme component of Encyclopedia of Chemical Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty Encyclopedias. Chemical engineering is a branch of engineering, dealing with processes in which materials undergo changes in their physical or chemical state. These changes may concern size, energy content, composition and/or other application properties. Chemical engineering deals with many processes belonging to chemical industry or related industries (petrochemical, metallurgical, food, pharmaceutical, fine chemicals, coatings and colors, renewable raw materials, biotechnological, etc.), and finds application in manufacturing of such products as acids, alkalis, salts, fuels, fertilizers, crop protection agents, ceramics, glass, paper, colors, dyestuffs, plastics, cosmetics, vitamins and many others. It also plays significant role in environmental protection, biotechnology, nanotechnology, energy production and sustainable economical development. The Theme on Chemical Engineering and Chemical Process Technology deals, in five volumes and covers several topics such as: Fundamentals of Chemical Engineering; Unit Operations – Fluids; Unit Operations – Solids; Chemical Reaction Engineering; Process Development, Modeling, Optimization and Control; Process Management; The Future of Chemical Engineering; Chemical Engineering Education; Main Products, which are then expanded into multiple subtopics, each as a chapter. These five volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

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