democracy dictatorship and term limits new comparative politics

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Democracy Dictatorship And Term Limits

Author : Alexander Baturo
ISBN : 9780472119318
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 27. 55 MB
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Exploring the factors that lead some presidents to hold on to power beyond their term limits

Democracy Electoral Systems And Judicial Empowerment In Developing Countries

Author : Vineeta Yadav
ISBN : 9780472119080
Genre : Law
File Size : 60. 54 MB
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An independent judiciary is considered an indication of a developing nation’s level of democracy

Gender Quotas And Democratic Participation

Author : Louise K Davidson-Schmich
ISBN : 9780472121618
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 22. 8 MB
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Since the 1970s, quotas for female political candidates in elections have proliferated worldwide. Beyond increasing the numbers of women in high-level elected bodies and, thereby, women’s political representation, advocates claim that quotas foster gender-equal participation in democracy and create female role models. According to this reasoning, quotas also overcome barriers to women’s political participation, especially discriminatory practices in the selection of electoral candidates. Though such claims have persuaded policy makers to adopt quotas, little empirical evidence exists to verify their effects. In Gender Quotas and Democratic Participation, Louise K. Davidson-Schmich employs a pathbreaking research design to assess the effects of gender quotas on all phases of political recruitment. Drawing on interviews with, and an original survey of, potential candidates in Germany, she investigates the extent to which quotas and corresponding increases in women’s descriptive representation have resulted in similar percentages of men and women joining political parties, aspiring to elected office, pursuing ballot nominations, and securing selection as candidates. She also examines the effect of quotas on discriminatory selection procedures. Ultimately, Davidson-Schmich argues, quotas’ intended benefits have been only partially realized. Quotas give women greater presence in powerful elected bodies not by encouraging female citizens to pursue political office at rates similar to men’s, but by improving the odds that the limited number of politically ambitious women who do join parties will be elected. She concludes with concrete, original policy recommendations for increasing women’s political participation.

Mixed Member Electoral Systems In Constitutional Context

Author : Nathan F Batto
ISBN : 9780472121588
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 29. 79 MB
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Reformers have promoted mixed-member electoral systems as the “best of both worlds.” In this volume, internationally recognized political scientists evaluate the ways in which the introduction of a mixed-member electoral system affects the configuration of political parties. The contributors examine several political phenomena, including cabinet post allocation, nominations, preelectoral coalitions, split-ticket voting, and the size of party systems and faction systems. Significantly, they also consider various ways in which the constitutional system—especially whether the head of government is elected directly or indirectly—can modify the incentives created by the electoral system. Part I of the book provides an in-depth comparison of Taiwan and Japan, both of which moved from single nontransferable vote systems to mixed-member majoritarian systems. These cases demonstrate that the higher the payoffs of attaining the executive office and the greater the degree of cross-district coordination required to win it, the stronger the incentives for elites to form and stay in the major parties. In such a context, a country will move rapidly toward a two-party system. In Part II, the contributors apply this theoretical logic to other countries with mixed-member systems and find that executive competition has the same effect on legislative electoral rules in countries as disparate as Thailand, the Philippines, New Zealand, Bolivia, and Russia. The findings presented here demonstrate that the success of electoral reform depends not only on the specification of new electoral rules per se but also on the political context—and especially the constitutional framework—within which such rules are embedded.

The Taiwan Voter

Author : Christopher H Achen
ISBN : 9780472053537
Genre : History
File Size : 35. 66 MB
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Examines how Taiwan's voters navigate a dangerous environment, to demonstrate how identities matter everywhere

The Latin American Voter

Author : Ryan E Carlin
ISBN : 9780472121434
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 26. 37 MB
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In this volume, experts on Latin American public opinion and political behavior employ region-wide public opinion studies, elite surveys, experiments, and advanced statistical methods to reach several key conclusions about voting behavior in the region’s emerging democracies. In Latin America, to varying degrees the average voter grounds his or her decision in factors identified in classic models of voter choice. Individuals are motivated to go to the polls and select elected officials on the basis of class, religion, gender, ethnicity and other demographic factors; substantive political connections including partisanship, left-right stances, and policy preferences; and politician performance in areas like the economy, corruption, and crime. Yet evidence from Latin America shows that the determinants of voter choice cannot be properly understood without reference to context—the substance (specific cleavages, campaigns, performance) and the structure (fragmentation and polarization) that characterize the political environment. Voting behavior reflects the relative youth and fluidity of the region’s party systems, as parties emerge and splinter to a far greater degree than in long-standing party systems. Consequently, explanations of voter choice centered around country differences stand on equal footing to explanations focused on individual-level factors.

Economic Origins Of Dictatorship And Democracy

Author : Daron Acemoglu
ISBN : 0521855268
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 74. 41 MB
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This book systematically explains why some countries are democracies while others are not.

The Politics Of Authoritarian Rule

Author : Milan W. Svolik
ISBN : 9781107024793
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 37. 79 MB
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"What drives politics in dictatorships? Milan W. Svolik argues authoritarian regimes must resolve two fundamental conflicts. Dictators face threats from the masses over which they rule - the problem of authoritarian control. Secondly from the elites with whom dictators rule - the problem of authoritarian power-sharing. Using the tools of game theory, Svolik explains why some dictators establish personal autocracy and stay in power for decades; why elsewhere leadership changes are regular and institutionalized, as in contemporary China; why some dictatorships are ruled by soldiers, as Uganda was under Idi Amin; why many authoritarian regimes, such as PRI-era Mexico, maintain regime-sanctioned political parties; and why a country's authoritarian past casts a long shadow over its prospects for democracy, as the unfolding events of the Arab Spring reveal. Svolik complements these and other historical case studies with the statistical analysis on institutions, leaders and ruling coalitions across dictatorships from 1946 to 2008"--

Social Origins Of Dictatorship And Democracy

Author : Barrington Moore
ISBN : 9780807097045
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 85. 37 MB
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A landmark in comparative history and a challenge to scholars of all lands who are trying to learn how we arrived at where we are now. -New York Times Book Review

Dictators And Democracy In African Development

Author : A. Carl LeVan
ISBN : 9781107081147
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 54. 18 MB
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This book argues that the structure of the policy-making process in Nigeria explains variations in government performance better than other commonly cited factors.

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