decisions and elections explaining the unexpected

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Decisions And Elections

Author : Donald G. Saari
ISBN : 0521004047
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 47. 3 MB
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A highly accessible book offering a new interpretation and resolution of Arrow's and Sen's theorems.

Jahrbuch F R Handlungs Und Entscheidungstheorie

Author : Behnke Joachim
ISBN : 9783322806130
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 33. 35 MB
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Handlungs- und Entscheidungstheorien gelten als erfolgversprechende Ansätze zur Erklärung sozialen Handelns. Individuelles Handeln wird dabei als das Ergebnis eines Abwägungsprozesses gesehen: Menschen wählen aus den verfügbaren Handlungsoptionen diejenige aus, die bei gegebener Situationswahrnehmung und gegebenen Ressourcen ihre Ziele am besten zu verwirklichen verspricht. Handlungen sind damit als Folge einer komplexen Wechselwirkung objektiver und subjektiver Elemente der Handlungssituation zu beschreiben.

New Handbook Of Mathematical Psychology Volume 2 Modeling And Measurement

Author : William H. Batchelder
ISBN : 9781108632461
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 22. 3 MB
Format : PDF
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The field of mathematical psychology began in the 1950s and includes both psychological theorizing, in which mathematics plays a key role, and applied mathematics motivated by substantive problems in psychology. Central to its success was the publication of the first Handbook of Mathematical Psychology in the 1960s. The psychological sciences have since expanded to include new areas of research, and significant advances have been made in both traditional psychological domains and in the applications of the computational sciences to psychology. Upholding the rigor of the original Handbook, the New Handbook of Mathematical Psychology reflects the current state of the field by exploring the mathematical and computational foundations of new developments over the last half-century. The second volume focuses on areas of mathematics that are used in constructing models of cognitive phenomena and decision making, and on the role of measurement in psychology.

Decision Support For Global Enterprises

Author : Uday Kulkarni
ISBN : 0387481370
Genre : Computers
File Size : 65. 2 MB
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India is becoming the "global back office" to international supply chains. This book consists of peer-reviewed and invited papers with two primary goals: (1) Stimulate creative discussion between academic researchers and the practitioner IS community to improve the research and practice in the area. (2) Increase awareness of the problems and challenges faced by global enterprises that can be met with innovative decision support systems.

Chaotic Elections

Author : Donald Saari
ISBN : 0821886169
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 64. 9 MB
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What does the 2000 U.S. presidential election have in common with selecting a textbook for a calculus course in your department? Was Ralph Nader's influence on the election of George W. Bush greater than the now-famous chads? In Chaotic Elections!, Don Saari analyzes these questions, placing them in the larger context of voting systems in general. His analysis shows that the fundamental problems with the 2000 presidential election are not with the courts, recounts, or defective ballots, but are caused by the very way Americans vote for president. This expository book shows how mathematics can help to identify and characterize a disturbingly large number of paradoxical situations that result from the choice of a voting procedure. Moreover, rather than being able to dismiss them as anomalies, the likelihood of a dubious election result is surprisingly large. These consequences indicate that election outcomes--whether for president, the site of the next Olympics, the chair of a university department, or a prize winner--can differ from what the voters really wanted. They show that by using an inadequate voting procedure, we can, inadvertently, choose badly. To add to the difficulties, it turns out that the mathematical structures of voting admit several strategic opportunities, which are described. Finally, mathematics also helps identify positive results: By using mathematical symmetries, we can identify what the phrase ``what the voters really want'' might mean and obtain a unique voting method that satisfies these conditions. Saari's book should be required reading for anyone who wants to understand not only what happened in the presidential election of 2000, but also how we can avoid similar problems from appearing anytime any group is making a choice using a voting procedure. Reading this book requires little more than high school mathematics and an interest in how the apparently simple situation of voting can lead to surprising paradoxes.

Social Choice And Individual Values

Author : Kenneth J. Arrow
ISBN : 9780300186987
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 44. 28 MB
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Decision Making In Engineering Design

Author : Kemper E. Lewis
ISBN : 0791802469
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 54. 81 MB
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Whether you are an engineer facing decisions in product design, an instructor or student engaged in course work, or a researcher exploring new options and opportunities, you can turn to Decision Making in Engineering Design

Disposing Dictators Demystifying Voting Paradoxes

Author : Donald Saari
ISBN : 0521731607
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 83. 83 MB
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This book is a positive analysis of voting 'paradoxes' and argues that negative 'impossibility' results are not justified.

Mathematics And Democracy

Author : Steven J. Brams
ISBN : 0691133204
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 22. 84 MB
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Voters today often desert a preferred candidate for a more viable second choice to avoid wasting their vote. Likewise, parties to a dispute often find themselves unable to agree on a fair division of contested goods. InMathematics and Democracy, Steven Brams, a leading authority in the use of mathematics to design decision-making processes, shows how social-choice and game theory could make political and social institutions more democratic. Using mathematical analysis, he develops rigorous new procedures that enable voters to better express themselves and that allow disputants to divide goods more fairly. One of the procedures that Brams proposes is "approval voting," which allows voters to vote for as many candidates as they like or consider acceptable. There is no ranking, and the candidate with the most votes wins. The voter no longer has to consider whether a vote for a preferred but less popular candidate might be wasted. In the same vein, Brams puts forward new, more equitable procedures for resolving disputes over divisible and indivisible goods.

Or Ms Today

Author :
ISBN : IND:30000120307255
Genre : Management science
File Size : 68. 22 MB
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