cultivating the masses modern state practices and soviet socialism 1914 1939

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Cultivating The Masses

Author : David L. Hoffmann
ISBN : 9780801462849
Genre : History
File Size : 47. 71 MB
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Under Stalin’s leadership, the Soviet government carried out a massive number of deportations, incarcerations, and executions. Paradoxically, at the very moment that Soviet authorities were killing thousands of individuals, they were also engaged in an enormous pronatalist campaign to boost the population. Even as the number of repressions grew exponentially, Communist Party leaders enacted sweeping social welfare and public health measures to safeguard people's well-being. Extensive state surveillance of the population went hand in hand with literacy campaigns, political education, and efforts to instill in people an appreciation of high culture. In Cultivating the Masses, David L. Hoffmann examines the Party leadership's pursuit of these seemingly contradictory policies in order to grasp fully the character of the Stalinist regime, a regime intent on transforming the socioeconomic order and the very nature of its citizens. To analyze Soviet social policies, Hoffmann places them in an international comparative context. He explains Soviet technologies of social intervention as one particular constellation of modern state practices. These practices developed in conjunction with the ambitions of nineteenth-century European reformers to refashion society, and they subsequently prompted welfare programs, public health initiatives, and reproductive regulations in countries around the world. The mobilizational demands of World War I impelled political leaders to expand even further their efforts at population management, via economic controls, surveillance, propaganda, and state violence. Born at this moment of total war, the Soviet system institutionalized these wartime methods as permanent features of governance. Party leaders, whose dictatorship included no checks on state power, in turn attached interventionist practices to their ideological goal of building socialism.

Cultivating The Masses

Author : David L. Hoffmann
ISBN : 9780801462832
Genre : History
File Size : 65. 4 MB
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'Cultivating the Masses' examines the Russian Communist Party's pursuit of pronatal policies to boost the population, whilst at the same time ruthlessly executing, incarcerating and deporting.

Cultivating The Masses

Author : David L. Hoffmann
ISBN : 0801479746
Genre : History
File Size : 80. 76 MB
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'Cultivating the Masses' examines the Russian Communist Party's pursuit of pronatal policies to boost the population, whilst at the same time ruthlessly executing, incarcerating and deporting.

Godless Communists

Author : William Husband
ISBN : 0875805957
Genre : Religion
File Size : 34. 36 MB
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"Godless Communists" offers a fresh interpretation of early Soviet efforts to create an atheistic, scientific society. Husband shows that religion, contrary to Bolshevik assertions, was not merely an expression of gullibility and ignorance but a firmly entrenched system for ordering family and community relationships. The Bolsheviks' efforts to abolish the Church failed because they underestimated how tightly religious beliefs were woven into the fabric of the Russians' daily lives. Exploring the confrontation between secularism and the lower classes' traditional beliefs, "Godless Communists" illustrates how developments between 1917 and 1932 shaped the attitudes toward religion and atheism that endure in Russia today.

The Stalinist Era

Author : David L. Hoffmann
ISBN : 9781108577045
Genre : History
File Size : 76. 99 MB
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Placing Stalinism in its international context, David L. Hoffmann presents a new interpretation of Soviet state intervention and violence. Many 'Stalinist' practices - the state-run economy, surveillance, propaganda campaigns, and the use of concentration camps - did not originate with Stalin or even in Russia, but were instead tools of governance that became widespread throughout Europe during the First World War. The Soviet system was formed at this moment of total war, and wartime practices of mobilization and state violence became building blocks of the new political order. Communist Party leaders in turn used these practices ruthlessly to pursue their ideological agenda of economic and social transformation. Synthesizing new research on Stalinist collectivization, industrialization, cultural affairs, gender roles, nationality policies, the Second World War, and the Cold War, Hoffmann provides a succinct account of this pivotal period in world history.

War And Revolution In Russia 1914 22

Author : Christopher Read
ISBN : 9781137295682
Genre : History
File Size : 41. 46 MB
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The First World War unleashed a powerful, transforming, destructive storm across the European continent. Its consequences were felt as harshly in Russia as anywhere else in the world. A spiral of chaos and violence erupted, continuing to reign throughout years of revolution and civil war. Leading expert Christopher Read presents a cutting-edge, highly readable introduction to Russia's crisis years. Read synthesises a wealth of newly available material and treats the period 1914-22 as a whole in order to contextualise and better understand the events of 1917 and their impact. As he examines the multiple revolutions, Read asks how and why the Bolsheviks were able to survive the storm, eventually taking over the world's largest country.

Stalinist Values

Author : David Lloyd Hoffmann
ISBN : 0801488214
Genre : History
File Size : 81. 90 MB
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Melding original archival research with new scholarship in the field, Hoffman describes Soviet culture and behavioral norms in such areas as leisure activities, social hygiene, family life and sexuality.

Propaganda State In Crisis

Author : David Brandenberger
ISBN : 9780300159639
Genre : HISTORY
File Size : 35. 75 MB
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The USSR is often regarded as the world's first propaganda state. Particularly under Stalin, politically charged rhetoric and imagery dominated the press, schools, and cultural forums from literature and cinema to the fine arts. Yet party propagandists

The Stalin Cult

Author : Jan Plamper
ISBN : 9780300169522
Genre : History
File Size : 77. 63 MB
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Between the late 1920s and the early 1950s, one of the most persuasive personality cults of all times saturated Soviet public space with images of Stalin. A torrent of portraits, posters, statues, films, plays, songs, and poems galvanized the Soviet population and inspired leftist activists around the world. In the first book to examine the cultural products and production methods of the Stalin cult, Jan Plamper reconstructs a hidden history linking artists, party patrons, state functionaries, and ultimately Stalin himself in the alchemical project that transformed a pock-marked Georgian into the embodiment of global communism. Departing from interpretations of the Stalin cult as an outgrowth of Russian mysticism or Stalin's psychopathology, Plamper establishes the cult's context within a broader international history of modern personality cults constructed around Napoleon III, Mussolini, Hitler, and Mao. Drawing upon evidence from previously inaccessible Russian archives, Plamper's lavishly illustrated and accessibly written study will appeal to anyone interested in twentieth-century history, visual studies, the politics of representation, dictator biography, socialist realism, and real socialism.

Envisioning Socialism

Author : Heather Gumbert
ISBN : 9780472119196
Genre : History
File Size : 57. 32 MB
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The first examination in English of East German television during the early Cold War

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