crop physiology applications for genetic improvement and agronomy

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Crop Physiology

Author : Victor Sadras
ISBN : 9780124169791
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 54. 34 MB
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From climate change to farming systems to genetic modification of organisms, Crop Physiology, Second Edition provides a practical tool for understanding the relationships and challenges of successful cropping. With a focus on genetic improvement and agronomy, this book addresses the challenges of environmentally sound production of bulk and quality food, fodder, fiber, and energy which are of ongoing international concern. The second edition of Crop Physiology continues to provide a unique analysis of these topics while reflecting important changes and advances in the relevant science and implementation systems. Contemporary agriculture confronts the challenge of increasing demand in terms of quantitative and qualitative production targets. These targets have to be achieved against the background of soil and water scarcity, worldwide and regional shifts in the patterns of land use driven by both climate change and the need to develop crop-based sources of energy, and the environmental and social aspects of agricultural sustainability. Provides a view of crop physiology as an active source of methods, theories, ideas, and tools for application in genetic improvement and agronomy Written by leading scientists from around the world Combines environment-specific cropping systems and general principles of crop science to appeal to advanced students, and scientists in agriculture-related disciplines, from molecular sciences to natural resources management

The Molecular And Physiological Basis Of Nutrient Use Efficiency In Crops

Author : Malcolm J. Hawkesford
ISBN : 9780813819921
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 33. 94 MB
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Efforts to increase efficient nutrient use by crops are of growing importance as the global demand for food, fibre and fuel increases and competition for resources intensifies. The Molecular and Physiological Basis of Nutrient Use Efficiency in Crops provides both a timely summary of the latest advances in the field as well as anticipating directions for future research. The Molecular and Physiological Basis of Nutrient Use Efficiency in Crops bridges the gap between agronomic practice and molecular biology by linking underpinning molecular mechanisms to the physiological and agronomic aspects of crop yield. These chapters provide an understanding of molecular and physiological mechanisms that will allow researchers to continue to target and improve complex traits for crop improvement. Written by leading international researchers, The Molecular and Physiological Basis of Nutrient Use Efficiency in Crops will be an essential resource for the crop science community for years to come. Special Features: coalesces current knowledge in the areas of efficient acquisition and utilization of nutrients by crop plants with emphasis on modern developments addresses future directions in crop nutrition in the light of changing climate patterns including temperature and water availability bridges the gap between traditional agronomy and molecular biology with focus on underpinning molecular mechanisms and their effects on crop yield includes contributions from a leading team of global experts in both research and practical settings

Improving Water And Nutrient Use Efficiency In Food Production Systems

Author : Zed Rengel
ISBN : 9781118517987
Genre : Science
File Size : 76. 7 MB
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Improving Water and Nutrient Use Efficiency in FoodProduction Systems provides professionals, students, and policymakers with an in-depth view of various aspects of water andnutrient us in crop production. The book covers topics related toglobal economic, political, and social issues related to foodproduction and distribution, describes various strategies andmechanisms that increase water and nutrient use efficiency, andreview te curren situation and potential improvements in majorfood-producing systems on each continent. The book also deals withproblems experienced by developed countries separtaely fromproblems facing developing countries. Improving Water and Nutrient Use Efficiency emphasizesjudicious water and nutrient management which is aimed atmaximising water and nutrient utilisation in the agriculturallandscape, and minimising undesirable nutrient losses to theenvironment.

Crop Science

Author : Roxana Savin
ISBN : 1493986201
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 48. 22 MB
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This book offers a comprehensive and state-of-the-art source reference for understanding the functions and mechanisms responsible for yield and quality determination under a range of conditions. By uncovering relationships and challenges of successful and scalable crop management and breeding, this volume addresses the challenges of environmentally sound production of bulk and quality food, fodder, fiber, and energy which are of ongoing international concern. Contemporary agriculture and crop management confronts the challenge of increasing demand in terms of quantitative and qualitative production targets. These targets have to be achieved against a background of climate change, including soil and water scarcity and higher temperatures, and the environmental and social aspects of agricultural sustainability. This book views crop production as an active source of methods, theories, ideas, and tools for application in genetic improvement and agronomy.

Oil Palm Breeding

Author : Aik Chin Soh
ISBN : 9781351646048
Genre : Science
File Size : 88. 14 MB
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The oil palm is a remarkable crop, producing around 40% of the world’s vegetable oil from around 6% of the land devoted to oil crops. Conventional breeding has clearly been the major focus of genetic improvement in this crop. A mix of improved agronomy and management, coupled with breeding selection have quadrupled the oil yield of the crop since breeding began in earnest in the 1920s. However, as for all perennial crops with long breeding cycles, oil palm faces immense challenges in the coming years with increased pressure from population growth, climate change and the need to develop environmentally sustainable oil palm plantations. In Oil Palm: Breeding, Genetics and Genomics, world leading organizations and individuals who have been at the forefront of developments in this crop, provide their insights and experiences of oil palm research, while examining the different challenges that face the future of the oil palm. The editors have all been involved in research and breeding of oil palm for many years and use their knowledge of the crop and their disciplinary expertise to provide context and to introduce the different research topics covered.

Physiological Processes Limiting Plant Productivity

Author : C. B. Johnson
ISBN : 9781483162263
Genre : Science
File Size : 34. 12 MB
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Physiological Processes Limiting Plant Productivity presents the proceedings of the Thirtieth University of Nottingham Easter School in Agricultural Science held at Sutton Bonington in England on April 2-5, 1979. Contributors focus on physiological processes limiting plant growth and development in the context of agricultural productivity. Emphasis is placed on the fundamental mechanisms that underlie crop production and their control. This text is comprised of 20 chapters; the first of which discusses the genetics of crop physiology in relation to agricultural production. The range of problems that plant physiologists must address is considered, followed by an assessment of what is happening in crop physiology. A number of chapters are devoted to the utilization of light by crop plants, plant nutrition, water relations, and the effects of an adaptation to unfavorable conditions including those imposed by air pollution. The reader is also introduced to the influence of photoperiodism on crop production; gas exchange in water-stressed plants; and the use of water, solar energy, and fossil fuels in crop production. This book will be of interest to agriculturists, plant breeders, and researchers working in relevant aspects of plant biochemistry, physiology, and genetics.

Agronomy News

Author :
ISBN : CORNELL:31924084814403
Genre : Agriculture
File Size : 61. 16 MB
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Sept.-Oct. issue includes list of theses and dissertations for U.S. and Canadian graduate degrees granted in crop science, soil science, and agronomic science during the previous academic year.

Physiology Of Cotton

Author : James McD. Stewart
ISBN : 9048131952
Genre : Science
File Size : 64. 29 MB
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Cotton production today is not to be undertaken frivolously if one expects to profit by its production. If cotton production is to be sustainable and produced profitably, it is essential to be knowledgeable about the growth and development of the cotton plant and in the adaptation of cultivars to the region as well as the technology available. In addition, those individuals involved in growing cotton should be familiar with the use of management aids to know the most profitable time to irrigate, apply plant growth regulators, herbicides, foliar fertilizers, insecticides, defoliants, etc. The chapters in this book were assembled to provide those dealing with the production of cotton with the basic knowledge of the physiology of the plant required to manage the cotton crop in a profitable manner.

Agricultural Biotechnology

Author : H. D. Kumar
ISBN : 8170354129
Genre : Agricultural biotechnology
File Size : 23. 45 MB
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This Book Looks At The Application Of A Variety Of Biotechnologies To Agricultural Development. It Addresses Recent Concerns About The Sterile-Seed Terminator Technology And About The Biosafety Of Genetically Modified Foods/Crops, And Assesses The Potential Of Apomixis As A Possible Countervailing Strategy To The Adverse Effects Of The Terminator, For Some Crops. The Book Introduces The Concepts Of Participatory Plant Breeding And Diversified Site-Or Field Potential To Meet The Needs Of Small-Scale Farmers In Developing Countries Whose Traditional Wisdom And Indigenous Knowledge Can Be Put To Good Use Through Inputs From Modern Biotechnology For The Benefit Fo Humanity. The Text Provides A Valuable Source Of Recent Information Not Only To Researchers Of Agriculture And Biotechnology But Also Meets The Course Requirements Of Students In Agronomy, Genetics And Plant Breeding, Crop Physiology And Related Disciplines In Agriculture, Biotechnology, Food Processing, Nutrition And Home Science. Contents Chapter 1: General Introduction; Definition And Perspective Of Biotechnology, New Technologies, Scope, Potential & Achievements, Introduction To Agriculture, Effects Of Biotechnology On Agrobiodiversity, Biotechnology For Agriculture, Genetic Manipulation In Plant Breeding, Crop Plants, Dangers Of Genetic Uniformity, Preservation And Exchange Of Genetic Resources, Use Of Transgenic Plants In Industry, Agriculture And Medicine, Safeguarding Domestic Animal Diversity Through Animal Husbandry, Advances In Animal Breeding Technology, Animal Byproducts, Transgenic Livestock, Transgenic Sheep And Wool Growth, Genetically-Modified Food, Biotechnology And Sustainable Development, References; Chapter 2: Techniques; Introduction, Plant Tissue Culture And Its Impact On Agriculture, Gene Transfer To Plants, Direct Gene Transfer, Germplasm Storage, Transgenic Plants For Non-Transgenic Crops, Tilling-A Non-Transgenic Approach To Wheat Improvement, Applications Of Bioluminescence And Chemiluminescene, Proprietary Technologies, Genetic Use Restriction Technologies (Gurts), Apomixis, Plant Biotechnology Tools For Developing World, References; Chapter 3: Biodiversity And Agriculture; Introduction, Crop Diversity, The Struggle For Genetic Resources, Double-Green Revolution, Hormones And Green Revolution, Global Climate Change And Biodiversity, Complementarity As Biodiversity Indicator, Genetic Diversity And Gene Control In Rice, Genetic Improvement In Rice, Golden Rice, Reference; Chapter 4: Crop Genetic Resource And Plant Breeding; Introduction, The Genecological Approach, Two Agricultures, Farmer S Rights, Convention On Biological Diversity, Trips, Environmental Rights, Resistance Breeding, Participatory Plant Breeding, Seed Regulation And Local Seed Systems, References; Chapter 5: Biological Nitrogen Fixation; Introduction, Forage Legumes, Alley Cropping, Green Manures And Rice, Crop Residues, Biofertilizers, Plant-Microbe Signalling, Nodulation, And Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation, The Oxygen Paradox, Nodulation Of Cereals, References; Chapter 6: Transgenics Crops And Biosafety; Introduction, Genetically Modified Crops, Improvement Of Grain Quality, Carbon Storage In Seeds, Transgenic Corn, Transgenic Oilseed Rape, Transgenic Linum, Field Testing And Commercialization Of Transgenic Plants, Balancing Risks And Benefits Of Gm Crops, Restrictions On The Right Of Farmers To Save Seed, Crop Genomics, Cereal Improvement Through Genomics, Tramsgemics, Transgenic Plants For Tropical Regions, Biosafety, Biosafety And National Priorities, Contained Use And Release Of Modified Organisms, Forest Tree Biotechnology, Transgenic Trees, References; Chapter 7: Food And Nutrition; Introduction, Biotechnology And Food Security, Global Food Security, Food Politics, Diversity And Food Security, In Situ Conservation, Sustainable Food Security, Eradication Of World Hunger, Food Safety, Future Food Supply Prospects, Global Food Prospects To 2025, Organic Food, Butter, Milk And Dairy Farming, New Biotechnologies For Food Production And Processing, Biotechnology For Alleviating Malnutrition, Community Gene Banks And Sustainable Food Security, Epidemiology Of Malnutrition, Engineering Solutions To Malnutrition, Agricultural Diversification And Human Nutrition, Soybean In Argentina, References; Chapter 8: Management; Introduction, Global Agricultural Sustainability, Mega Agriculture And Sustainable Production, Organic Agriculture, Leisa, The Interactive Bottom-Up Approach, Cereal Production, The Leipzig Commitment, Farmer-Centered Agenda, Precision Agriculture, Production Of Recombinant Proteins In Transgenic Barley Grains, Enhancement Of Natural Plant Defenses, Improving Plant Resistance To Bacterial Diseases Through Genetic Engineering, Livestock Management, Disease Resistance In Farm Animals, Management Of Energy, Nitrogen And Carbon For Food Security, Patenting Of Agricultural Biotechnologies, References.

Plants And Microclimate

Author : Hamlyn G. Jones
ISBN : 9780521279598
Genre : Science
File Size : 53. 55 MB
Format : PDF
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An authoritative introduction to plant responses and adaptation to the aerial environment, ideal for advanced undergraduate and graduate students.

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