continuum mechanics through the twentieth century a concise historical perspective 196 solid mechanics and its applications

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Continuum Mechanics Through The Twentieth Century

Author : Gerard A Maugin
ISBN : 9789400763531
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 23. 99 MB
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This overview of the development of continuum mechanics throughout the twentieth century is unique and ambitious. Utilizing a historical perspective, it combines an exposition on the technical progress made in the field and a marked interest in the role played by remarkable individuals and scientific schools and institutions on a rapidly evolving social background. It underlines the newly raised technical questions and their answers, and the ongoing reflections on the bases of continuum mechanics associated, or in competition, with other branches of the physical sciences, including thermodynamics. The emphasis is placed on the development of a more realistic modeling of deformable solids and the exploitation of new mathematical tools. The book presents a balanced appraisal of advances made in various parts of the world. The author contributes his technical expertise, personal recollections, and international experience to this general overview, which is very informative albeit concise.

Kontinuumsmechanik

Author : Holm Altenbach
ISBN : 9783662575048
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 30. 28 MB
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Innovative technische Projekte mit komplexen Aufgabenstellungen erfordern oft solide Kenntnisse in der Kontinuumsmechanik. Denn häufig handelt es sich um Mehrfeldprobleme, die sich im Rahmen klassischer Konzepte der Technischen Mechanik nicht lösen lassen. Das Buch führt leicht verständlich in das anspruchsvolle Gebiet der Kontinuumsmechanik ein. Der Schwerpunkt liegt bei festen deformierbaren Körpern, wobei sich die vorgestellten Konzepte problemlos auch auf Fluide übertragen lassen. Das Lehrbuch gliedert sich in vier Abschnitte: Grundbegriffe und mathematische Grundlagen, Materialunabhängige Gleichungen, Materialabhängige Gleichungen. Nach einer kurzen Einführung in Aufgaben, Betrachtungsweisen und Modelle der Kontinuumsmechanik werden zunächst die Grundzüge der Tensorrechnung vorgestellt. Die folgenden Kapitel behandeln systematisch die materialunabhängigen Aussagen der Kontinuumsmechanik, das heißt die Kinematik, die Kinetik und die Bilanzen. In den abschließenden Kapiteln zeigt der Autor anhand der für technische Anwendungen besonders wichtigen Teilgebiete (z.B. die lineare Theorie der Elastizität und der Thermoelastizität) wie die materialunabhängigen und die materialabhängigen Gleichungen zusammengefasst werden können. Zahlreiche Beispiele mit vollständigen Lösungen illustrieren den theoretischen Teil und erleichtern so das Verständnis. In der 4. Auflage wurden zahlreiche Abschnitte überarbeitet und präzisiert, wobei auch die unterschiedlichen Konzepte der Kontinuumsmechanik noch deutlicher gemacht werden. Zahlreiche Fehler wurden beseitigt. Gleichzeitig wurde die Referenzliteratur erweitert sowie die Liste der weiterführenden Literatur ergänzt und aktualisiert. Diese Einführung in die Kontinuumsmechanik richtet sich an Studierende an Universitäten und Fachhochschulen im Bereich Maschinenbau und Bauingenieurwesen, Physik und Technomathematik sowie an Wissenschaftler und Praktiker in der Industrie. Vorausgesetzt werden Kenntnisse der Höheren Mathematik, der Physik, der Technischen Mechanik, der Thermodynamik, der Strömungslehre und der Werkstoffkunde, wie sie zu Beginn der Ausbildung vermittelt werden.

Image Correlation For Shape Motion And Deformation Measurements

Author : Michael A. Sutton
ISBN : 9780387787473
Genre : Science
File Size : 74. 40 MB
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Image Correlation for Shape, Motion and Deformation Measurements provides a comprehensive overview of data extraction through image analysis. Readers will find and in-depth look into various single- and multi-camera models (2D-DIC and 3D-DIC), two- and three-dimensional computer vision, and volumetric digital image correlation (VDIC). Fundamentals of accurate image matching are described, along with presentations of both new methods for quantitative error estimates in correlation-based motion measurements, and the effect of out-of-plane motion on 2D measurements. Thorough appendices offer descriptions of continuum mechanics formulations, methods for local surface strain estimation and non-linear optimization, as well as terminology in statistics and probability. With equal treatment of computer vision fundamentals and techniques for practical applications, this volume is both a reference for academic and industry-based researchers and engineers, as well as a valuable companion text for appropriate vision-based educational offerings.

Material Inhomogeneities In Elasticity

Author : G.A. Maugin
ISBN : 0412495201
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 24. 19 MB
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Self contained, this book presents a thorough introduction to the complementary notions of physical forces and material (or configurational) forces. All the required elements of continuum mechanics, deformation theory and differential geometry are also covered. This book will be a great help to many, whilst revealing to others a rather new facet of continuum mechanics in general, and elasticity in particular. An organized exposition of continuum mechanics on the material manifold is given which allows for the consideration of material inhomogeneities in their most appropriate framework. In such a frame the nonlinear elasticity of anisotropic inhomogenous materials appears to be a true field theory. Extensions to the cases of electroelasticity and magnetelasticity are then straightforward. In addition, this original approach provides systematic computational means for the evaluation of characteristic parameters which are useful in various branches of applied mechanics and mathematical physics. This is the case for path-independent integrals and energy-release rates in brittle fracture, the influence of electromagnetic fields on fracture criteria (such as in ceramics), the notion of momentum of electromagnetic fields in matter in optics, and the perturbation of solitons propagating in elastic dispersive systems.

An Introduction To Continuum Mechanics

Author : J. N. Reddy
ISBN : 9781107025431
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 55. 48 MB
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This best-selling textbook presents the concepts of continuum mechanics, and the second edition includes additional explanations, examples and exercises.

Introduction To The Mechanics Of A Continuous Medium

Author : Lawrence E. Malvern
ISBN : OCLC:2309235
Genre : Continuum mechanics
File Size : 28. 5 MB
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Introduction To Mechanics And Symmetry

Author : J.E. Marsden
ISBN : 9780387217925
Genre : Science
File Size : 79. 78 MB
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A development of the basic theory and applications of mechanics with an emphasis on the role of symmetry. The book includes numerous specific applications, making it beneficial to physicists and engineers. Specific examples and applications show how the theory works, backed by up-to-date techniques, all of which make the text accessible to a wide variety of readers, especially senior undergraduates and graduates in mathematics, physics and engineering. This second edition has been rewritten and updated for clarity throughout, with a major revamping and expansion of the exercises. Internet supplements containing additional material are also available.

Continuum Mechanics Through The Ages From The Renaissance To The Twentieth Century

Author : Gérard A. Maugin
ISBN : 9783319265933
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 37. 99 MB
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Mixing scientific, historic and socio-economic vision, this unique book complements two previously published volumes on the history of continuum mechanics from this distinguished author. In this volume, Gérard A. Maugin looks at the period from the renaissance to the twentieth century and he includes an appraisal of the ever enduring competition between molecular and continuum modelling views. Chapters trace early works in hydraulics and fluid mechanics not covered in the other volumes and the author investigates experimental approaches, essentially before the introduction of a true concept of stress tensor. The treatment of such topics as the viscoelasticity of solids and plasticity, fracture theory, and the role of geometry as a cornerstone of the field, are all explored. Readers will find a kind of socio-historical appraisal of the seminal contributions by our direct masters in the second half of the twentieth century. The analysis of the teaching and research texts by Duhem, Poincaré and Hilbert on continuum mechanics is key: these provide the most valuable documentary basis on which a revival of continuum mechanics and its formalization were offered in the late twentieth century. Altogether, the three volumes offer a generous conspectus of the developments of continuum mechanics between the sixteenth century and the dawn of the twenty-first century. Mechanical engineers, applied mathematicians and physicists alike will all be interested in this work which appeals to all curious scientists for whom continuum mechanics as a vividly evolving science still has its own mysteries.

Sedimentation And Thickening

Author : E.M. Tory
ISBN : 9789401593274
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 50. 11 MB
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The aim of this book is to present a rigorous phenomenological and mathematical formulation of sedimentation processes and to show how this theory can be applied to the design and control of continuous thickeners. The book is directed to stu dents and researchers in applied mathematics and engineering sciences, especially in metallurgical, chemical, mechanical and civil engineering, and to practicing en gineers in the process industries. Such a vast and diverse audience should read this book differently. For this reason we have organized the chapters in such a way that the book can be read in two ways. Engineers and engineering students will find a rigorous formulation of the mathematical model of sedimentation and the exact and approximate solutions for the most important problems encountered in the laboratory and in industry in Chapters 1 to 3, 7 and 8, and 10 to 12, which form a self-contained subject. They can skip Chapters 4 to 6 and 9, which are most important to applied mathematicians, without losing the main features of sedimentation processes. On the other hand, applied mathematicians will find special interest in Chapters 4 to 6 and 9 which show some known but many recent results in the field of conservation laws of quasilinear hyperbolic and degenerate parabolic equations of great interest today. These two approaches to the theory keep their own styles: the mathematical approach with theorems and proofs, and the phenomenological approach with its deductive technique.

Configurational Forces

Author : Gerard A. Maugin
ISBN : 1439846138
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 77. 3 MB
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Exploring recent developments in continuum mechanics, Configurational Forces: Thermomechanics, Physics, Mathematics, and Numerics presents the general framework for configurational forces. It also covers a range of applications in engineering and condensed matter physics. The author presents the fundamentals of accepted standard continuum mechanics, before introducing Eshelby material stress, field theory, variational formulations, Noether’s theorem, and the resulting conservation laws. In the chapter on complex continua, he compares the classical perspective of B.D. Coleman and W. Noll with the viewpoint linked to abstract field theory. He then describes the important notion of local structural rearrangement and its relationship to Eshelby stress. After looking at the relevance of Eshelby stress in the thermodynamic description of singular interfaces, the text focuses on fracture problems, microstructured media, systems with mass exchanges, and electromagnetic deformable media. The concluding chapters discuss the exploitation of the canonical conservation law of momentum in nonlinear wave propagation, the application of canonical-momentum conservation law and material force in numerical schemes, and similarities of fluid mechanics and aerodynamics. Written by a long-time researcher in mechanical engineering, this book provides a detailed treatment of the theory of configurational forces—one of the latest and most fruitful advances in macroscopic field theories. Through many applications, it shows the depth and efficiency of this theory.

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