computational methods in biometric authentication statistical methods for performance evaluation information science and statistics

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Computational Methods In Biometric Authentication

Author : Michael E. Schuckers
ISBN : 1849962022
Genre : Computers
File Size : 66. 4 MB
Format : PDF
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Biometrics, the science of using physical traits to identify individuals, is playing an increasing role in our security-conscious society and across the globe. Biometric authentication, or bioauthentication, systems are being used to secure everything from amusement parks to bank accounts to military installations. Yet developments in this field have not been matched by an equivalent improvement in the statistical methods for evaluating these systems. Compensating for this need, this unique text/reference provides a basic statistical methodology for practitioners and testers of bioauthentication devices, supplying a set of rigorous statistical methods for evaluating biometric authentication systems. This framework of methods can be extended and generalized for a wide range of applications and tests. This is the first single resource on statistical methods for estimation and comparison of the performance of biometric authentication systems. The book focuses on six common performance metrics: for each metric, statistical methods are derived for a single system that incorporates confidence intervals, hypothesis tests, sample size calculations, power calculations and prediction intervals. These methods are also extended to allow for the statistical comparison and evaluation of multiple systems for both independent and paired data. Topics and features: * Provides a statistical methodology for the most common biometric performance metrics: failure to enroll (FTE), failure to acquire (FTA), false non-match rate (FNMR), false match rate (FMR), and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves * Presents methods for the comparison of two or more biometric performance metrics * Introduces a new bootstrap methodology for FMR and ROC curve estimation * Supplies more than 120 examples, using publicly available biometric data where possible * Discusses the addition of prediction intervals to the bioauthentication statistical toolset * Describes sample-size and power calculations for FTE, FTA, FNMR and FMR Researchers, managers and decisions makers needing to compare biometric systems across a variety of metrics will find within this reference an invaluable set of statistical tools. Written for an upper-level undergraduate or master’s level audience with a quantitative background, readers are also expected to have an understanding of the topics in a typical undergraduate statistics course. Dr. Michael E. Schuckers is Associate Professor of Statistics at St. Lawrence University, Canton, NY, and a member of the Center for Identification Technology Research.

Advanced Concepts For Intelligent Vision Systems

Author : Salah Bourennane
ISBN : 9783540884583
Genre : Computers
File Size : 79. 32 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Advanced Concepts for Intelligent Vision Systems, ACIVS 2008, held in Juan-les-Pins, France, in October 2008. The 33 revised full papers and 69 posters presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 179 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on image and video coding; systems and applications; video processing; filtering and restoration; segmentation and feature extraction; tracking, scene understanding and computer vision; medical imaging; and biometrics and surveillance.

Statistical Methods In Counterterrorism

Author : Alyson Wilson
ISBN : 9780387352091
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 88. 12 MB
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With the realization that many clues and hints preceded the September 11 terrorist attacks, statisticians became an important part of the global war on terror. This book surveys emerging research at the intersection of national security and statistical sciences. In it, a diverse group of talented researchers address such topics as Syndromic Surveillance; Modeling and Simulation; Biometric Authentication; and Game Theory. The book includes general reviews of quantitative approaches to counterterrorism, for decision makers with policy backgrounds, as well as technical treatments of statistical issues that will appeal to quantitative researchers.

Audio And Video Based Biometric Person Authentication

Author : Takeo Kanade
ISBN : 9783540316381
Genre : Computers
File Size : 56. 84 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Audio- and Video-Based Biometric Person Authentication, AVBPA 2005, held in Hilton Rye Town, NY, USA, in July 2005. The 66 revised oral papers and 50 revised poster papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The papers discuss all aspects of biometrics including iris, fingerprint, face, palm print, gait, gesture, speaker, and signature; theoretical and algorithmic issues are dealt with as well as systems issues. The industrial side of biometrics is evident from presentations on smart cards, wireless devices, and architectural and implementation aspects.

Current Index To Statistics Applications Methods And Theory

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ISBN : UOM:39015050441222
Genre : Mathematical statistics
File Size : 72. 78 MB
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Author : N. V. Boulgouris
ISBN : 0470522348
Genre : Computers
File Size : 51. 68 MB
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Edited by a panel of experts, this book fills a gap in the existing literature by comprehensively covering system, processing, and application aspects of biometrics, based on a wide variety of biometric traits. The book provides an extensive survey of biometrics theory, methods,and applications, making it an indispensable source of information for researchers, security experts, policy makers, engineers, practitioners, and graduate students. The book's wide and in-depth coverage of biometrics enables readers to build a strong, fundamental understanding of theory and methods, and provides a foundation for solutions to many of today’s most interesting and challenging biometric problems. Biometric traits covered: Face, Fingerprint, Iris, Gait, Hand Geometry, Signature, Electrocardiogram (ECG), Electroencephalogram (EEG), physiological biometrics. Theory, Methods and Applications covered: Multilinear Discriminant Analysis, Neural Networks for biometrics, classifier design, biometric fusion, Event-Related Potentials, person-specific characteristic feature selection, image and video-based face, recognition/verification, near-infrared face recognition, elastic graph matching, super-resolution of facial images, multimodal solutions, 3D approaches to biometrics, facial aging models for recognition, information theory approaches to biometrics, biologically-inspired methods, biometric encryption, decision-making support in biometric systems, privacy in biometrics.

Dissertation Abstracts International

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ISBN : STANFORD:36105121679422
Genre : Science
File Size : 69. 23 MB
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Advances In Information Systems

Author : Tatyana Yakhno
ISBN : UOM:39015058885909
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 22. 3 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Third International Conference on Advances in Information Systems, ADVIS 2004, held in Izmir, Turkey in October 2004. The 61 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 203 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on databases and datawarehouses, data mining and knowledge discovery, Web information systems development, information systems development and management, information retrieval, parallel and distributed data processing, multimedia information systems, information privacy and security, evolutionary and knowledge-based systems, software engineering and business process modeling, and network management.

Index To Theses With Abstracts Accepted For Higher Degrees By The Universities Of Great Britain And Ireland And The Council For National Academic Awards

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ISBN : STANFORD:36105113517234
Genre : Dissertations, Academic
File Size : 46. 84 MB
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Theses on any subject submitted by the academic libraries in the UK and Ireland.

Homo Sacer

Author : Giorgio Agamben
ISBN : 9783518784204
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 76. 5 MB
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Der homo sacer ist die Verkörperung einer archaischen römischen Rechtsfigur: Zwar durfte er straflos getötet, nicht aber geopfert werden, was auch seine Tötung sinnlos und ihn gleichsam unberührbar machte – woraus sich der Doppelsinn von sacer als ›verflucht‹ und ›geheiligt‹ ableitet. Giorgio Agamben stellt im Anschluß an Foucault und als philosophische Korrektur von dessen Konzept der Biopolitik die These auf, daß Biopolitik, indem sie den Menschen auf einen biologischen Nullwert zurückzuführen versucht, das nackte Leben zum eigentlichen Subjekt der Moderne macht. Ausgehend von Carl Schmitts Souveränitätskonzept, kommt Agamben zu einer Interpretation des Konzentrationslagers als »nomos der Moderne«, wo Recht und Tat, Regel und Ausnahme, Leben und Tod ununterscheidbar werden. In den zwischen Leben und Tod siechenden Häftlingen, aber auch in den Flüchtlingen von heute sieht er massenhaft real gewordene Verkörperungen des homo sacer und des nackten Lebens. Die philosophische Begründung dessen, daß diese Möglichkeit keineswegs nur historisch ist, hat eine Diskussion entfacht, die weit über Italien und Europa hinausreicht.

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