computational and cognitive neuroscience of vision cognitive science and technology

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Computational And Cognitive Neuroscience Of Vision

Author : Qi Zhao
ISBN : 9789811002137
Genre : Computers
File Size : 67. 42 MB
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Despite a plethora of scientific literature devoted to vision research and the trend toward integrative research, the borders between disciplines remain a practical difficulty. To address this problem, this book provides a systematic and comprehensive overview of vision from various perspectives, ranging from neuroscience to cognition, and from computational principles to engineering developments. It is written by leading international researchers in the field, with an emphasis on linking multiple disciplines and the impact such synergy can lead to in terms of both scientific breakthroughs and technology innovations. It is aimed at active researchers and interested scientists and engineers in related fields.

Cognitive Psychology

Author : Alan D. Baddeley
ISBN : 0863771114
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 38. 2 MB
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The papers in this series of five volumes provide a snapshot of current trends in European Cognitive Science. Each of the volumes deals with problems in cognitive science from a different perspective, covering the interacting disciplines of cognitive psychology, logic and linguistics, human?computer interaction, neuroscience and artificial intelligence respectively. Based on the analysis and exposition of the state of the art in their various fields of expertise, the contributors take a prospective look at the basic research problems confronting cognitive science over the next five to ten years. Whilst the authors and editors do consider a wide range of research in their area, they have been encouraged to give their personal view of important directions rather than a bland comprehensive list. Although inevitably controversial, this approach allows a stimulating review of the field, and one which should inspire debate. The highly interdisciplinary nature of cognitive science research means that many issues such as natural language or vision are explored from diverse perspectives in papers representing different disciplines. Each contribution has been written in a way which makes it comprehensible to colleagues from neighbouring disciplines as well as students of cognitive science. It will be particularly useful to graduate students contemplating research projects. The work has been supported and coordinated by the research unit FAST (Forecast and Assessment in Science and Technology) of the EEC Commission in Brussels.

Advances In Cognitive Science

Author : Narayanan Srinivasan
ISBN : 9788132100157
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 76. 36 MB
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Since the coinage of the term by scientist H Christopher Longuet-Higgins in 1973, Cognitive Science has become a fast growing field of study worldwide, comprising cross-linkages of disciplines like psychology, neuroscience, computer science, linguistics and philosophy. With contributions from eminent scientists from around the globe, Advances in Cognitive Science: Volume 1 covers various sub-disciplines of this study area like Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Neuroscience, Computational Modeling, Cognitive Development and Intervention, Culture and Cognition, and Consciousness. The often neglected issues of culture and cognition, and consciousness are also discussed in detail. The book presents recent findings and current challenges in the all these areas and also highlights the current trends in the major sub-disciplines. It will be invaluable for researchers, faculty, students and scientists working in the field of Cognitive Science.

Vision Science

Author : Stephen E. Palmer
ISBN : 9780262304016
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 84. 15 MB
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This book revolutionizes how vision can be taught to undergraduate and graduate students in cognitive science, psychology, and optometry. It is the first comprehensive textbook on vision to reflect the integrated computational approach of modern research scientists. This new interdisciplinary approach, called "vision science," integrates psychological, computational, and neuroscientific perspectives. The book covers all major topics related to vision, from early neural processing of image structure in the retina to high-level visual attention, memory, imagery, and awareness. The presentation throughout is theoretically sophisticated yet requires minimal knowledge of mathematics. There is also an extensive glossary, as well as appendices on psychophysical methods, connectionist modeling, and color technology. The book will serve not only as a comprehensive textbook on vision, but also as a valuable reference for researchers in cognitive science, psychology, neuroscience, computer science, optometry, and philosophy.

Attention And Performance In Computational Vision

Author : Lucas Paletta
ISBN : 3540244212
Genre : Computers
File Size : 21. 8 MB
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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Attention and Performance in Computational Vision, WAPCV 2004, held in Prague, Czech Republic in May 2004. The 16 revised full papers presented together with an invited paper were carefully selected during two rounds of reviewing and improvement. The papers are organized in topical sections on attention in object and scene recognition, architectures for sequential attention, biologically plausible models for attention, and applications of attentive vision.

Frontiers In Cognitive Neuroscience

Author : Stephen Michael Kosslyn
ISBN : 0262611104
Genre : Medical
File Size : 32. 44 MB
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Frontiers in Cognitive Neuroscience is the first book of extensive readings in an exciting new field that is built on the assumption that "the mind is what the brain does," and that seeks to understand how brain function gives rise to mental activities such as perception, memory, and language. The editors, a cognitive scientist and a neuroscientist, have worked together to select contributions that provide the interdisciplinary foundations of this emerging field, putting them into context, both historically and with regard to current issues.Fifty-five articles are grouped in sections that cover attention, vision, auditory and somatosensory systems, memory, and higher cortical functions. They range from Gazzaniga and Bogen's discussion of functional effects of sectioning the cerebral commissure in man and Geschwind's classic study of the organization of language in the brain, published in the 1960s, to contemporary investigations by Schiller and Logothetis on color-opponent and broad-band channels of the primate visual system and by Bekkers and Stevens on presynaptic mechanisms for long-term potentiation in the hippocampus. The editors have provided both a general introduction and introductions to each of the five major sections.Stephen Kosslyn is Professor of Psychology at Harvard University. Richard Andersen is Professor of Neuroscience and Director of the McDonnell-Pew Center for Cognitive Neuroscience at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Map Seeking Circuits In Visual Cognition

Author : David W. Arathorn
ISBN : 0804742774
Genre : Medical
File Size : 47. 54 MB
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This work presents a bold new theory of the cognitive circuitry of the brain, with emphasis on the functioning of human vision. Departing from conventional precepts in the fields of artificial intelligence, neuroscience, and visual psychophysics, the author has developed a computational theory that provides a unitary explanation for a wide range of visual capabilities and behaviors, most of which have no accepted theoretical explanation. He describes a cortical mechanism termed "map-seeking” and demonstrates its explanatory power in areas as diverse as limb-motion planning and perceptual deficits associated with schizophrenia. The author argues that map-seeking is a fundamental, broadly applicable computational operation with algorithmic, neuronal, and analog electronic implementations, and that its generality makes it suitable as the core of a computational explanation for several cognitive functions. Variations of this map-seeking circuit perform recognition under visual transformations, tracking, scene segmentation, and determination of shape from view displacement. The mathematical principle on which map-seeking depends, a superposition ordering property, solves the combinatorial explosion problem that has plagued all other approaches to visual computation. The author demonstrates that map-seeking is capable of realistic performances in neuronal form and in many current technological procedures. Because of its breadth of application, it is a plausible cortical theory. Because it can be implemented electronically, it forms the basis for a computational technology highly suited for visual, and other perceptual, cognitive, and motor applications.

Emerging Cognitive Neuroscience And Related Technologies

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 9780309118941
Genre : Medical
File Size : 82. 27 MB
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Emerging Cognitive Neuroscience and Related Technologies, from the National Research Council, identifies and explores several specific research areas that have implications for U.S. national security, and should therefore be monitored consistently by the intelligence community. These areas include: neurophysiological advances in detecting and measuring indicators of psychological states and intentions of individuals the development of drugs or technologies that can alter human physical or cognitive abilities advances in real-time brain imaging breakthroughs in high-performance computing and neuronal modeling that could allow researchers to develop systems which mimic functions of the human brain, particularly the ability to organize disparate forms of data. As these fields continue to grow, it will be imperative that the intelligence community be able to identify scientific advances relevant to national security when they occur. To do so will require adequate funding, intelligence analysts with advanced training in science and technology, and increased collaboration with the scientific community, particularly academia. A key tool for the intelligence community, this book will also be a useful resource for the health industry, the military, and others with a vested interest in technologies such as brain imaging and cognitive or physical enhancers.

Visual Cognition

Author : Steven Pinker
ISBN : 0262661780
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 56. 67 MB
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These essays tackle some of the central issues in visual cognition, presenting experimental techniques from cognitive psychology, new ways of modeling cognitive processes on computers from artificial intelligence, and new ways of studying brain organization from neuropsychology, to address such questions as: How do we recognize objects in front of us? How do we reason about objects when they are absent and only in memory? How do we conceptualize the three dimensions of space? Do different people do these things in different ways? And where are these abilities located in the brain?While this research, which appeared as a special issue of the journal Cognition, is at the cutting edge of cognitive science, it does not assume a highly technical background on the part of readers. The book begins with a tutorial introduction by the editor, making it suitable for specialists and nonspecialists alike.Steven Pinker is Associate Professor, Department of Psychology and Center for Cognitive Science at MIT.

Biological And Quantum Computing For Human Vision Holonomic Models And Applications

Author : Peruš, Mitja
ISBN : 9781615207862
Genre : Medical
File Size : 31. 50 MB
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Many-body interactions have been successfully described through models based on classical or quantum physics. More recently, some of the models have been related to cognitive science by researchers who are interested in describing brain activity through the use of artificial neural networks (ANNs). Biological and Quantum Computing for Human Vision: Holonomic Models and Applications presents an integrated model of human image processing up to conscious visual experience, based mainly on the Holonomic Brain Theory by Karl Pribram. This work researches possibilities for complementing neural models of early vision with the new preliminary quantum models of consciousness in order to construct a model of human image processing.

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