coherence insights from philosophy jurisprudence and artificial intelligence 107 law and philosophy library

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Coherence Insights From Philosophy Jurisprudence And Artificial Intelligence

Author : Michał Araszkiewicz
ISBN : 9789400761100
Genre : Law
File Size : 26. 79 MB
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This book is a thorough treatise concerned with coherence and its significance in legal reasoning. The individual chapters present the topic from the general philosophical perspective, the perspective of legal-theory as well as the viewpoint of cognitive sciences and the research on artificial intelligence and law. As it has turned out the interchange of knowledge among these disciplines is very fruitful for each of them, providing mutual inspiration and increasing understanding of a given topic. This book is a unique resource for anyone interested in the concept of coherence and the role it plays in reasoning. As this book captures important contemporary issues concerning the ongoing discussion on coherence and law, those interested in legal reasoning should find it particularly helpful. By presenting such a broad scope of views and methods on approaching the issue of coherence we hope to promote the general interest in the topic as well as the academic research that centers around coherence and law.

Problems Of Normativity Rules And Rule Following

Author : Michał Araszkiewicz
ISBN : 9783319093758
Genre : Law
File Size : 77. 57 MB
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This book focuses on the problems of rules, rule-following and normativity as discussed within the areas of analytic philosophy, linguistics, logic and legal theory. Divided into four parts, the volume covers topics in general analytic philosophy, analytic legal theory, legal interpretation and argumentation, logic as well as AI& Law area of research. It discusses, inter alia, “Kripkenstein’s” sceptical argument against rule-following and normativity of meaning, the role of neuroscience in explaining the phenomenon of normativity, conventionalism in philosophy of law, normativity of rules of interpretation, some formal approaches towards rules and normativity as well as the problem of defeasibility of rules. The aim of the book is to provide an interdisciplinary approach to an inquiry into the questions concerning rules, rule-following and normativity.

Argument Types And Fallacies In Legal Argumentation

Author : Thomas Bustamante
ISBN : 9783319161488
Genre : Law
File Size : 73. 33 MB
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This book provides theoretical tools for evaluating the soundness of arguments in the context of legal argumentation. It deals with a number of general argument types and their particular use in legal argumentation. It provides detailed analyses of argument from authority, argument ad hominem, argument from ignorance, slippery slope argument and other general argument types. Each of these argument types can be used to construct arguments that are sound as well as arguments that are unsound. To evaluate an argument correctly one must be able to distinguish the sound instances of a certain argument type from its unsound instances. This book promotes the development of theoretical tools for this task.

Neutrosophy In Arabic Philosophy

Author : Florentin Smarandache
ISBN : 9789770315552
Genre :
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Examples of Neutrosophy used in Arabic philosophy:- While Avicenna promotes the idea that the world is contingent if it is necessitated by its causes, Averroes rejects it, and both of them are right from their point of view. Hence A and antiA have common parts.- Islamic dialectical theology (kalam) promoting creationism was connected by Avicenna in an extraordinary way with the opposite Aristotelian-Neoplatonic tradition.Much work by Avicenna is neutrosophic.- Averroes's religious judges (qadis) can be connected with atheists' believes.- al-Farabi's metaphysics and general theory of emanation vs. al-Ghazali's Sufi writings and mystical treatises [we may think about a coherence of al-Ghazali's "Incoherence of the Incoherence" book].- al-Kindi's combination of Koranic doctrines with Greek philosophy.- Islamic Neoplatonism + Western Neoplatonism. - Ibn ¿ Khaldun¿s statements in his theory on the cyclic sequence of civilizations, says that: Luxury leads to the raising of civilization (because the people seek for comforts of life) but also Luxury leads to the decay of civilization (because its correlation with ethics corruption).- On the other hand, there¿s the method of absent¿by¿present syllogism in jurisprudence, in which we find the same principles and laws of neutrosophy.- We can also function a lot of Arabic aphorisms, maxims, Koranic miracles (Ayat Al-Qur¿ãn) and Sunna of the prophet, to support the theory of neutrosophy. Take the colloquial proverb that "The continuance of state is impossible" too, or "Everything, if it¿s increased over its extreme, it will turn over to its opposite"!

Author : مارتن هايدغر
ISBN : 9796500276960
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 23. 15 MB
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يعد هذا الكتاب مدخلا إلى الميتافيزيقا عند هايدجر، ولعل السؤال الأساسي الذي لا مفر منه والمركزي في فلسفة هايدجر يمكن صياغته على النحو التالي: لماذا كان هنالك وجود الموجودات بدلا من العدم؟ بوضوح لا يساوره الشك، إن هذا السؤال، بالنسبة إلى هايدجر، ليس سؤالا عاديا، فهو السؤال الأول من حيث المكانة الفلسفية بين الأسئلة الأخرى، على الرغم من أن تلك الأولوية ينبغي أن لا تؤخذ بالمعنى الزماني، ويقع الكتاب في أربعة فصول: (السؤال الأساسي للميتافيزيقا، بحث في الجانب النحوي والإيتمولوجي، سؤال ماهية الوجود وجوهره، وتحديد الوجود وتقييده).

Author : Yūsuf al- Qaraḍāwī
ISBN : 9773070433
Genre : Islam
File Size : 28. 35 MB
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On The Origin Of Species Arabic Edition

Author : Charles Darwin
ISBN : 1519231261
Genre :
File Size : 40. 13 MB
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Author : ابن سينا
ISBN :
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 90. 96 MB
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قد استوفينا فى الفن الاول الكلام على الامور العامية فى الطبيعيات ثم تلوناه بالفن الثانى فى معرفة السماء و العالم و الاجرام و الصور و الحركات الاولى فى عالم الطبيعة و حققنا احوال الاجسام التى لا تفسد ثم تلوناه بالكلام على الكون و الفساد و اسطقساتها ثم تلوناه بالكلام على افعال الكيفيات الاولى و انفعالاتها و الامزجة المتولد منها و بقى لنا ان نتكلم على الامور الكائنة فكانت الجمادات و ما لا حس له و لا حركة ارادية اقدمها و اقربها تكونا من العناصر فتكلمنا فيها فى الفن الخامس و بقى لنا من العلم الطبيعى النظر فى امور النباتات

Al Q N N F A Ibb

Author : Avicenna
ISBN : OCLC:499856700
Genre : Medicine, Arab
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Author : عمر الخيام
ISBN : OCLC:754785868
Genre : Persian poetry
File Size : 57. 38 MB
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