cognitive variations reflections on the unity and diversity of the human mind

Download Book Cognitive Variations Reflections On The Unity And Diversity Of The Human Mind in PDF format. You can Read Online Cognitive Variations Reflections On The Unity And Diversity Of The Human Mind here in PDF, EPUB, Mobi or Docx formats.

Cognitive Variations

Author : Geoffrey Lloyd
ISBN : 9780199214617
Genre : History
File Size : 73. 78 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 761
Read : 842

Download Now

Sir Geoffrey Lloyd presents a cross-disciplinary exploration of the unity and diversity of the human mind. He discusses cultural variations with regard to ideas of colour, emotion, health, the self, agency and causation, reasoning, and other fundamental aspects of human cognition. He draws together scientific, philosophical, anthropological, and historical arguments in showing how our evident psychic diversity can be reconciled with our shared humanity.

Being Humanity And Understanding

Author : Geoffrey Ernest Richard Lloyd
ISBN : 9780199654727
Genre : History
File Size : 42. 13 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 528
Read : 839

Download Now

G. E. R. Lloyd explores the variety of ideas and assumptions that humans have entertained concerning three main topics: being, or what there is; humanity--what makes a human being a human; and understanding, both of the world and of one another. Amazingly diverse views have been held on these issues in ancient and modern times. Lloyd describes that diversity and investigates the problems it poses. Many of the ideas in question are deeply puzzling, evenparadoxical; they implicate fundamental moral issues and value judgements. How far does it seem that we are all the prisoners of the conceptual systems of the collectivities to which we belong? To what extent andin what circumstances is it possible to challenge the basic concepts of such systems? Being, Humanity, and Understanding examines these questions cross-culturally and explores topics such as ontology, morality, nature, relativism, incommensurability, the philosophy of language, and the pragmatics of communication.

The Psychological And Cultural Foundations Of East Asian Cognition

Author : Julie Spencer-Rodgers
ISBN : 9780199348541
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 89. 56 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 937
Read : 678

Download Now

The unprecedented economic growth in many East Asian societies in the few past decades have placed the region center stage, and increasing globalization has made East-West cultural understanding of even greater importance today. The Psychological and Cultural Foundations of East Asian Cognition is one of the most comprehensive volumes on East Asian cognition and thinking styles to date, and is one of the first to bring together a large body of empirical research on na�ve dialecticism and analytic/holistic thinking theories stemming from Richard Nisbett's highly influential The Geography of Thought. Edited by Julie Spencer-Rodgers and Kaiping Peng, The Psychological and Cultural Foundations of East Asian Cognition expertly examines the psychological, philosophical, and cultural underpinnings and consequences of these thinking theories for human thought, emotion, and behavior. In the past couple of decades, research on this topic has flourished, and East-West cultural differences have been documented in almost all aspects of the human condition, from the manner in which people reason and make decisions, conceptualize themselves and those around them, to how they cope with stress and mental illness, and interact with others, including romantic partners and social groups. Contributions to this volume cover such fascinating and diverse topics as cultural neuroscience and the brain, lifespan development, attitudes and group perception, romantic relationships, the adoption of foreign mindsets and perspectives, creativity, emotion, the self-concept, racial and ethnic identity, psychopathology, and coping processes and wellbeing. Further, the research featured within this volume has practical implications for business and organizational management, international relations and politics, education, and clinical and counseling psychology, and may be of particular interest to business professionals, managers in government and non-profit sectors, as well as educators and clinicians working with East Asians and Americans of East Asian descent.

Minds Make Societies

Author : Pascal Boyer
ISBN : 9780300235173
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 27. 95 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 942
Read : 609

Download Now

A watershed book that masterfully integrates insights from evolutionary biology, genetics, psychology, economics, and more to explore the development and workings of human societies “There is no good reason why human societies should not be described and explained with the same precision and success as the rest of nature.” Thus argues evolutionary psychologist Pascal Boyer in this uniquely innovative book. Integrating recent insights from evolutionary biology, genetics, psychology, economics, and other fields, Boyer offers precise models of why humans engage in social behaviors such as forming families, tribes, and nations, or creating gender roles. In fascinating, thought-provoking passages, he explores questions such as, Why is there conflict between groups? Why do people believe low-value information such as rumors? Why are there religions? What is social justice? What explains morality? Boyer provides a new picture of cultural transmission that draws on the pragmatics of human communication, the constructive nature of memory in human brains, and human motivation for group formation and cooperation.

Thought A Very Short Introduction

Author : Tim Bayne
ISBN : 9780191642531
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 62. 57 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 210
Read : 537

Download Now

There is no denying that thinking comes naturally to human beings. But what are thoughts? How is thought realized in the brain? Does thinking occur in public or is it a purely private affair? Do young children and non-human animals think? Is human thought the same everywhere, or are there culturally specific modes of thought? What is the relationship between thought and language? What kind of responsibility do we have for our thoughts? In this compelling Very Short Introduction, Tim Bayne looks at the nature of thought. Beginning with questions about what thought is and what distinguishes it from other kinds of mental states, he goes on to examine various interpretations of thought from philosophy, psychology, neuroscience, and anthropology. By exploring the logical structures of thought and the relationship between thought and other mental phenomena, as well as the mechanisms that make thought possible and the cultural variations that may exist in our thought processes, Bayne looks at what we know - and don't know - about our great capacity for thought. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Religious Cognition In China

Author : Ryan G. Hornbeck
ISBN : 9783319629544
Genre : Religion
File Size : 73. 15 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 582
Read : 384

Download Now

Are human tendencies toward religious and spiritual thoughts, feelings, and actions outcomes of “natural” cognition? This volume revisits the “naturalness theory of religious cognition” through discussion of new qualitative and quantitative studies examining the psychological foundations of religious and spiritual expression in historical and contemporary China. Naturalness theory has been challenged on the grounds that little of its supporting developmental and experimental research has drawn on participants from predominantly secular cultural environments. Given China’s official secularity, its large proportion of atheists, and its alleged long history of dominant, nonreligious philosophies, can any broad claim for religion’s psychological “naturalness” be plausible? Addressing this empirical gap, the studies discussed in this volume support core naturalness theory predictions for human reasoning about supernatural agency, intelligent design, the efficacy of rituals, and vitalistic causality. And yet each study elucidates, expands upon, or even challenges outright the logical assumptions of the naturalness theory. Written for a non-specialist audience, this volume introduces the naturalness theory and frames the significance of these new findings for students and scholars of cultural psychology, the psychology of religion, the anthropology of religion, and Chinese Studies.

Disciplines In The Making

Author : Geoffrey Ernest Richard Lloyd
ISBN : 9780199567874
Genre : Art
File Size : 78. 13 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 124
Read : 1297

Download Now

The organisation of higher education across the world is one of several factors that conspire to foster the assumption that our map of the intellectual disciplines is, broadly speaking, valid cross-culturally. Disciplines in the Making challenges this in relation to eight main areas of human endeavour, namely philosophy, mathematics, history, medicine, art, law, religion and science. Lloyd focuses especially on the historical and cross-cultural datathat throw light on how these disciplines were constituted and defined in various civilisations, especially ancient Greece and China, on the roles, both positive and negative, of elites in those processes, and on how and within what limits innovation occurred. The issues are relevant to current educationalpolicy in relation to the ever-increasing specialisation that we see, especially in the sciences, and to the difficulties encountered in making the most of opportunities for inter- or trans-disciplinary research.

The Rise Of Consciousness And The Development Of Emotional Life

Author : Michael Lewis
ISBN : 9781462512614
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 80. 37 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 799
Read : 1118

Download Now

Synthesizing decades of influential research and theory, Michael Lewis demonstrates the centrality of consciousness for emotional development. At first, infants' competencies constitute innate reactions to particular physical events in the child's world. These "action patterns" are not learned, but are readily influenced by temperament and social interactions. With the rise of consciousness, these early competencies become reflected feelings, giving rise to the self-conscious emotions of empathy, envy, and embarrassment, and, later, shame, guilt, and pride. Focusing on typically developing children, Lewis also explores problems of atypical emotional development. Winner/m-/William James Book Award, Society for General Psychology (APA Division 1)

Military Medicine

Author : Jack Edward McCallum
ISBN : 9781851096930
Genre : History
File Size : 33. 73 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 808
Read : 433

Download Now

Thanks to advances in field medicine and improved mobility and efficiency of medical units, the death rate of soldiers injured during battle has dramatically declined in the last 100 years. Nowadays, with forward medical stations operating close to battle lines and medical transports (ground and air) at hand, injured soldiers survive their battle wounds. "Military Medicine: From Ancient Times to the 21st Century" provides expert coverage of the key role medical advances and practices have played in the evolution of warfare, and how many of those advances and practices have been put to work saving and improving civilian lives as well. "Military Medicine" surveys the development of military medicine from its prehistoric origins through modern threats and practice. That coverage is followed by over 200 of alphabetically organized entries with special emphasis placed on those areas with the most dramatic applications to civilian medicine, including triage and trauma management, treatment for infections, emergency surgical procedures, and more.

Taiwan Journal Of East Asian Studies

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105216621016
Genre : Confucianism
File Size : 30. 91 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 686
Read : 663

Download Now

Top Download:

Best Books