cognitive variations reflections on the unity and diversity of the human mind

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Cognitive Variations

Author : Geoffrey Lloyd
ISBN : 9780199214617
Genre : History
File Size : 41. 55 MB
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Sir Geoffrey Lloyd presents a cross-disciplinary exploration of the unity and diversity of the human mind. He discusses cultural variations with regard to ideas of colour, emotion, health, the self, agency and causation, reasoning, and other fundamental aspects of human cognition. He draws together scientific, philosophical, anthropological, and historical arguments in showing how our evident psychic diversity can be reconciled with our shared humanity.

Thought A Very Short Introduction

Author : Tim Bayne
ISBN : 9780191642531
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 37. 95 MB
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There is no denying that thinking comes naturally to human beings. But what are thoughts? How is thought realized in the brain? Does thinking occur in public or is it a purely private affair? Do young children and non-human animals think? Is human thought the same everywhere, or are there culturally specific modes of thought? What is the relationship between thought and language? What kind of responsibility do we have for our thoughts? In this compelling Very Short Introduction, Tim Bayne looks at the nature of thought. Beginning with questions about what thought is and what distinguishes it from other kinds of mental states, he goes on to examine various interpretations of thought from philosophy, psychology, neuroscience, and anthropology. By exploring the logical structures of thought and the relationship between thought and other mental phenomena, as well as the mechanisms that make thought possible and the cultural variations that may exist in our thought processes, Bayne looks at what we know - and don't know - about our great capacity for thought. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

The Psychological And Cultural Foundations Of East Asian Cognition

Author : Julie Spencer-Rodgers
ISBN : 9780199348541
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 68. 78 MB
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The unprecedented economic growth in many East Asian societies in the few past decades have placed the region center stage, and increasing globalization has made East-West cultural understanding of even greater importance today. The Psychological and Cultural Foundations of East Asian Cognition is one of the most comprehensive volumes on East Asian cognition and thinking styles to date, and is one of the first to bring together a large body of empirical research on na�ve dialecticism and analytic/holistic thinking theories stemming from Richard Nisbett's highly influential The Geography of Thought. Edited by Julie Spencer-Rodgers and Kaiping Peng, The Psychological and Cultural Foundations of East Asian Cognition expertly examines the psychological, philosophical, and cultural underpinnings and consequences of these thinking theories for human thought, emotion, and behavior. In the past couple of decades, research on this topic has flourished, and East-West cultural differences have been documented in almost all aspects of the human condition, from the manner in which people reason and make decisions, conceptualize themselves and those around them, to how they cope with stress and mental illness, and interact with others, including romantic partners and social groups. Contributions to this volume cover such fascinating and diverse topics as cultural neuroscience and the brain, lifespan development, attitudes and group perception, romantic relationships, the adoption of foreign mindsets and perspectives, creativity, emotion, the self-concept, racial and ethnic identity, psychopathology, and coping processes and wellbeing. Further, the research featured within this volume has practical implications for business and organizational management, international relations and politics, education, and clinical and counseling psychology, and may be of particular interest to business professionals, managers in government and non-profit sectors, as well as educators and clinicians working with East Asians and Americans of East Asian descent.

Taiwan Journal Of East Asian Studies

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105216621016
Genre : Confucianism
File Size : 22. 77 MB
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European Religious Cultures

Author : Miri Rubin
ISBN : 1905165404
Genre : Religion
File Size : 38. 41 MB
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The Ideals Of Inquiry

Author : G. E. R. Lloyd
ISBN : 9780191016080
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 32. 38 MB
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Long before science as we know it today existed, sophisticated studies of the external world were undertaken, notably in Mesopotamia, India, China, and Greece. G. E. R. Lloyd explores three interrelated issues concerning those investigations. This first issue is methods—how was it thought that they should be pursued? The second is subject-matter—what was assumed about what there is to be investigated? The third issue is aims and value—what were such investigations thought to be good for? Thus how did an ideal of demonstration that would yield incontrovertible conclusions come to arise and what did it owe to the political institutions of the society in which it first developed, namely ancient Greece? Debate has been widely practised and not just in literate societies: Lloyd's second chapter draws up a taxonomy of ancient debates and discusses how the ideals of transparency and accountability were made explicit. Then how did ideas about the need to undertake systematic research come to be formulated and such research practised, and what obstacles did it face? Different equally valid assumptions have been made about what there is to be investigated, reflecting what is here called the multidimensionality of the phenomena, and different ancient investigators entertained different aims for their work, mirroring but sometimes going beyond the current values of their society. Taking stock of all this diversity, the final chapter spells out the implications for our understanding of the history of human reasoning in general, exploring its commonalities and where and why it has manifested and continues to manifest specificities across different populations.

Being Humanity And Understanding

Author : Geoffrey Ernest Richard Lloyd
ISBN : 9780199654727
Genre : History
File Size : 66. 6 MB
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G. E. R. Lloyd explores the variety of ideas and assumptions that humans have entertained concerning three main topics: being, or what there is; humanity--what makes a human being a human; and understanding, both of the world and of one another. Amazingly diverse views have been held on these issues in ancient and modern times. Lloyd describes that diversity and investigates the problems it poses. Many of the ideas in question are deeply puzzling, evenparadoxical; they implicate fundamental moral issues and value judgements. How far does it seem that we are all the prisoners of the conceptual systems of the collectivities to which we belong? To what extent andin what circumstances is it possible to challenge the basic concepts of such systems? Being, Humanity, and Understanding examines these questions cross-culturally and explores topics such as ontology, morality, nature, relativism, incommensurability, the philosophy of language, and the pragmatics of communication.

Plato And The Hero

Author : Angela Hobbs
ISBN : 9780521028974
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 67. 49 MB
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Examines Plato's critique of the notions and embodiments of manliness prevalent in his culture.

Aristotle In China

Author : Robert Wardy
ISBN : 0521028477
Genre : History
File Size : 79. 93 MB
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This book considers the relation between language and thought. Robert Wardy explores this huge topic by analyzing linguistic relativism with reference to a Chinese translation of Aristotle's Categories. He addresses some key questions, such as, do the basic structures of language shape the major thought patterns of its native speakers? Could philosophy be guided and constrained by the language in which it is done? And does Aristotle survive rendition into Chinese intact? Wardy's answers will fascinate philosophers, Sinologists, classicists, linguists and anthropologists, and make a major contribution to the scholarly literature.

Current Controversies And Issues In Personality

Author : Lawrence A. Pervin
ISBN : 0471415634
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 75. 54 MB
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* Focus on issues that define the field of personality psychology * Evenhanded coverage of current approaches to personality * Examination of public policy implications of different theoretical views * Engaging writing style that involves students in examining issues critically

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