climate change impacts on freshwater ecosystems

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Climate Change Impacts On Freshwater Ecosystems

Author : Martin Kernan
ISBN : 1444391275
Genre : Science
File Size : 34. 19 MB
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This text examines the impact of climate change on freshwater ecosystems, past, present and future. It especially considers the interactions between climate change and other drivers of change including hydromorphological modification, nutrient loading, acid deposition and contamination by toxic substances using evidence from palaeolimnology, time-series analysis, space-for-time substitution, laboratory and field experiments and process modelling. The book evaluates these processes in relation to extreme events, seasonal changes in ecosystems, trends over decadal-scale time periods, mitigation strategies and ecosystem recovery. The book is also concerned with how aspects of hydrophysical, hydrochemical and ecological change can be used as early indicators of climate change in aquatic ecosystems and it addresses the implications of future climate change for freshwater ecosystem management at the catchment scale. This is an ideal book for the scientific research community, but is also accessible to Masters and senior undergraduate students.

Climate Change Impacts On High Altitude Ecosystems

Author : Münir Öztürk
ISBN : 9783319128597
Genre : Nature
File Size : 34. 90 MB
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This book covers studies on the systematics of plant taxa and will include general vegetational aspects and ecological characteristics of plant life at altitudes above 1000 m. from different parts of the world. This volume also addresses how upcoming climate change scenarios will impact high altitude plant life. It presents case studies from the most important mountainous areas like the Himalayas, Caucasus and South America covering the countries like Malaysia, Sri Lanka, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Kirghizia, Georgia, Russia,Turkey, Indonesia, Malaysia and the Americas. The book will serve as an invaluable resource source undergraduates, graduate students, and researchers.

Climatic Change And Global Warming Of Inland Waters

Author : Charles R. Goldman
ISBN : 9781118470619
Genre : Science
File Size : 20. 52 MB
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Effects of global warming on the physical, chemical, ecologicalstructure and function and biodiversity of freshwater ecosystemsare not well understood and there are many opinions on how to adaptaquatic environments to global warming in order to minimize thenegative effects of climate change. Climatic Change andGlobal Warming of Inland Waters presents a synthesis of the latestresearch on a whole range of inland water habitats – lakes,running water, wetlands – and offers novel and timelysuggestions for future research, monitoring and adaptationstrategies. A global approach, offered in this book, encompasses systemsfrom the arctic to the Antarctic, including warm-water systems inthe tropics and subtropics and presents a unique and useful sourcefor all those looking for contemporary case studies andpresentation of the latest research findings and discussion ofmitigation and adaptation throughout the world. Edited by three of the leading limnologists in the field thisbook represents the latest developments with a focus not only onthe impact of climate change on freshwater ecosystems but alsooffers a framework and suggestions for future management strategiesand how these can be implemented in the future. Limnologists, Climate change biologists, fresh water ecologists,palaeoclimatologists and students taking relevant courses withinthe earth and environmental sciences will find this bookinvaluable. The book will also be of interest to planners,catchment managers and engineers looking for solutions to broaderenvironmental problems but who need to consider freshwater ecology.

Global Climate Change And Freshwater Ecosystems

Author : Penelope Firth
ISBN : 9781461228141
Genre : Science
File Size : 42. 75 MB
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Global climate change is a certainty. The Earth's climate has never remained static for long and the prospect for human-accelerated climate change in the near future appears likely. Freshwater systems are intimately connected to climate in several ways: they may influence global atmospheric processes affecting climate; they may be sensitive early indicators of climate change because they integrate the atmospheric and terrestrial events occurring in their catchments; and, of course, they will be affected by climate change. An improved predictive understanding of environmental effects on pattern and process in freshwater ecosystems will be invaluable as a baseline upon which to build sound protection and management policies for fresh waters. This book represents an early step towards this improved understanding. The contributors accepted the challenge to assume global warming of 2-5oC in the next century. They then explored the implications of this scenario on various freshwater ecosystems and processes. To provide a broader perspective, Firth and Fisher included several chapters which do not deal expressly with freshwater ecosystems, but rather discuss climate change in terms of causes and mechanisms, implications for water resources, and the use of remote sensing as a tool for expanding studies from local to global scale.

Biodiversity Scenarios

Author : Paul Leadley
ISBN : 9292252186
Genre : Nature
File Size : 77. 13 MB
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This synthesis focuses on estimates of biodiversity change as projected for the 21st century by models or extrapolations based on experiments and observed trends. The term "biodiversity" is used in a broad sense as it is defined in the Convention on Biological Diversity to mean the abundance and distributions of and interactions between genotypes, species, communities, ecosystems and biomes. This synthesis pays particular attention to the interactions between biodiversity and ecosystem services and to critical "tipping points" that could lead to large, rapid and potentially irreversible changes. Comparisons between models are used to estimate the range of projections and to identify sources of uncertainty. Experiments and observed trends are used to check the plausibility of these projections.

The Oxford Handbook Of Law Regulation And Technology

Author : Roger Brownsword
ISBN : 9780191502231
Genre : Law
File Size : 57. 42 MB
Format : PDF
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The variety, pace, and power of technological innovations that have emerged in the 21st Century have been breathtaking. These technological developments, which include advances in networked information and communications, biotechnology, neurotechnology, nanotechnology, robotics, and environmental engineering technology, have raised a number of vital and complex questions. Although these technologies have the potential to generate positive transformation and help address 'grand societal challenges', the novelty associated with technological innovation has also been accompanied by anxieties about their risks and destabilizing effects. Is there a potential harm to human health or the environment? What are the ethical implications? Do this innovations erode of antagonize values such as human dignity, privacy, democracy, or other norms underpinning existing bodies of law and regulation? These technological developments have therefore spawned a nascent but growing body of 'law and technology' scholarship, broadly concerned with exploring the legal, social and ethical dimensions of technological innovation. This handbook collates the many and varied strands of this scholarship, focusing broadly across a range of new and emerging technology and a vast array of social and policy sectors, through which leading scholars in the field interrogate the interfaces between law, emerging technology, and regulation. Structured in five parts, the handbook (I) establishes the collection of essays within existing scholarship concerned with law and technology as well as regulatory governance; (II) explores the relationship between technology development by focusing on core concepts and values which technological developments implicate; (III) studies the challenges for law in responding to the emergence of new technologies, examining how legal norms, doctrine and institutions have been shaped, challenged and destabilized by technology, and even how technologies have been shaped by legal regimes; (IV) provides a critical exploration of the implications of technological innovation, examining the ways in which technological innovation has generated challenges for regulators in the governance of technological development, and the implications of employing new technologies as an instrument of regulatory governance; (V) explores various interfaces between law, regulatory governance, and new technologies across a range of key social domains.

Assessment Of Climate Change For The Baltic Sea Basin

Author : BACC Author Team
ISBN : 3540727868
Genre : Science
File Size : 49. 7 MB
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This book offers an up-to-date overview of the latest scientific findings in regional climate research on the Baltic Sea basin. This includes climate changes in the recent past, climate projections up until 2100 using the most sophisticated regional climate models available, and an assessment of climate change impacts on terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems. The authors demonstrate that the regional climate has already started to change, and will continue to do so.

Lessons For Climate Change Adaptation From Better Management Of Rivers

Author : Jamie Pittock
ISBN : 9781136545375
Genre : Law
File Size : 50. 86 MB
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Climate change is dramatically affecting freshwater supplies, particularly in the developing world. The papers in this volume present a powerful case for and exploration of different freshwater adaptation strategies in the face of global climatic change. The volume centres on six detailed case studies, from India, China, Mexico, Brazil, the lower Danube basin and Tanzania, written by experienced local academics and practitioners. They assess autonomous adaptation in the freshwater sector, drawing out key lessons about what motivated these societies to change, which factors led to more successful adaptation, and how interventions may best be sustained. The volume also contains a global overview of the lessons derived from these experiences. It sheds light on two key theories: that vulnerability to climate change is best reduced by reducing poverty and promoting sustainable development first, or by reducing bio-physical risks from climate change. The publication also highlights the need to ensure that access to more precise climate change impact data is not used as an excuse to delay implementation of no regrets adaptation measures.

Aquatic Ecosytems Global Climate Change

Author : N. LeRoy Poff
ISBN : UCSD:31822031513120
Genre : Aquatic ecology
File Size : 39. 79 MB
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Water Ecosystem Services

Author : Julia Martin-Ortega
ISBN : 9781107100374
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 71. 84 MB
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This book uses ecosystem services-based approaches to address major global and regional water challenges, for researchers, students, and policy makers.

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