china s changing political landscape prospects for democracy

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China S Changing Political Landscape

Author : Cheng Li
ISBN : 0815752083
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 55. 72 MB
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While China's economic rise is being watched closely around the world, the country's changing political landscape is intriguing, as well. Forces unleashed by market reforms are profoundly recasting state-society relations. Will the Middle Kingdom transition rapidly, slowly, or not at all to political democracy? In China's Changing Political Landscape, leading experts examine the prospects for democracy in the world's most populous nation. China's political transformation is unlikely to follow a linear path. Possible scenarios include development of democracy as we understand it; democracy with more clearly Chinese characteristics; mounting regime instability due to political and socioeconomic crises; and a modified authoritarianism, perhaps modeled on other Asian examples such as Singapore. Which road China ultimately takes will depend on the interplay of socioeconomic forces, institutional developments, leadership succession, and demographic trends. Cheng Li and his colleagues break down a number of issues in Chinese domestic politics, including changing leadership dynamics; the rise of business elites; increased demand for the rule of law; and shifting civil-military relations. Although the contributors clash on many issues, they do agree on one thing: the political trajectory of this economic powerhouse will have profound implications, not only for 1.3 billion Chinese people, but also for the world as a whole.

China S Communist Party

Author : David L. Shambaugh
ISBN : 0520254929
Genre : History
File Size : 86. 40 MB
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"Why has the Chinese Communist Party kept its grip on power while the former communist states of the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe have collapsed? And where is China heading? In these pages, David Shambaugh provides a much-needed intellectual framework for thinking about China's recent past and future."--J. Stapleton Roy, former U.S. Ambassador to China, Indonesia, and Singapore "To understand Chinese politics, one has to understand the complex and manifold role of the Chinese Communist Party. Shambaugh's book provides this much-needed knowledge and insight." -Zbigniew Brzezinski, Center for Strategic and International Studies "Unlike deductive or speculative Western discourse on the direction of China's political change, this authoritative book scrutinizes the Chinese Communist Party on the basis of its own discourse about other party-states as well as the way it applies these lessons in rebuilding efforts. The coverage of comparative communism is a tour de force, breaking exciting new ground in explaining the important debates over the Soviet Union. The analysis of the ideological and organizational rebuilding of the Party sets the standard for future writings on Chinese politics. With convenient summaries of a wide range of views by Western scholars, this book can serve as a text that combines an overview of the field with the author's clear point of view on China's future."-Gilbert Rozman, Princeton University "David Shambaugh's innovative investigation of how China understood the fall of European communism contributes an important new dimension to our understanding of the Chinese regime's own trajectory. Shambaugh shows how the lessons China's Communist Party took from the Soviet and other collapses helped to shape their reforms, which were aimed at avoiding the fatal errors of communist regimes elsewhere. This book reveals how well the Chinese learned their lessons, as demonstrated by the regime's carefully targeted adaptations and its consequent survival."--Andrew J. Nathan, co-author of China's New Rulers

Internetzensur In China

Author : Kim-Björn Becker
ISBN : 9783531940540
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 66. 72 MB
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Evolution Of Power

Author : Xiaobing Li, University of Central Oklahoma
ISBN : 9780739184981
Genre : History
File Size : 56. 85 MB
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Evolution of Power: China's Struggle, Survival, and Success, edited by Xiaobing Li and Xiansheng Tian, brings together scholars from multiple disciplines to provide a comprehensive look at China’s rapid socio-economic transformation and the dramatic changes in its political institution and culture.

New Thinking About The Taiwan Issue

Author : Jean-Marc F. Blanchard
ISBN : 9781136476044
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 90. 66 MB
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The "Taiwan question" has long been considered one of the most complicated and explosive issues in global politics. In recent years, however, relations between Taiwan and the Chinese mainland have improved substantially to the surprise of many. In this ground-breaking collection, distinguished contributors from the US, Asia, and Europe seek to go beyond the standard "recitation of facts" that often characterizes studies focusing on the Beijing-Taipei dyad. Rather, they employ a variety of theories as well as both quantitative and qualitative methodologies to analyze the ebbs and flows of the Taiwan issue. Their discussions clearly illuminate why there is a "Taiwan Problem," why conflict did not escalate to war between 2000 and 2008, and why cross-Strait relations improved after 2008. The book further reveals the limits of realism as a device to gain traction into the Taiwan issue, demonstrates the importance of taking into account domestic political variables, and shows how theory can be used to advance the cause of better China-Taiwan relations and to analyze the potential for future conflict over Taiwan. New Thinking about the Taiwan Issue is essential reading not only for students, scholars and practitioners with an interest in studying relations across the Taiwan Strait, but also for any reader interested in economics, international relations, comparative politics or political theory.

Politics In China

Author : William A. Joseph
ISBN : 9780199384839
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 45. 75 MB
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On October 1, 2009, the People's Republic of China (PRC) celebrated the 60th anniversary of its founding. And what an eventful and tumultuous six decades it had been. During that time, under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), China was transformed from one of the world's poorest countries into the world's fastest growing major economy, and from a weak state barely able to govern or protect its own territory to a rising power that is challenging the United States for global influence. Over those same years, the PRC also experienced the most deadly famine in human history, caused largely by the actions and inactions of its political leaders. Not long after, there was a collapse of government authority that pushed the country to the brink of (and in some places actually into) civil war and anarchy. Today, China is, for the most part, peaceful, prospering, and proud. This is the China that was on display for the world to see during the Beijing Olympics in 2008. The CCP maintains a firm grip on power through a combination of popular support largely based on its recent record of promoting rapid economic growth and harsh repression of political opposition. Yet, the party and country face serious challenges on many fronts, including a slowing economy, environmental desecration, pervasive corruption, extreme inequalities, and a rising tide of social protest. Politics in China is an authoritative introduction to how the world's most populous nation and rapidly rising global power is governed today. Written by leading China scholars, the book's chapters offers accessible overviews of major periods in China's modern political history from the mid-nineteenth century to the present, key topics in contemporary Chinese politics, and developments in four important areas located on China's geographic periphery: Tibet, Xinjiang, Hong Kong, and Taiwan.

Tunesien Gypten Und Nun Bald China Wird Der Autoritarismus In China Weiter Existieren Oder Besteht Die Begr Ndete Aussicht Auf Demokratisierung

Author : Patrick Krüger
ISBN : 9783668091719
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 24. 28 MB
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2011 im Fachbereich Politik - Internationale Politik - Region: Ferner Osten, Universität Trier, Veranstaltung: Seminar "Politische Systeme - Einführung in das politische System der Volksrepublik China", Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Dieses Essay befasst sich mit der Frage, ob sich das autoritäre System Chinas in einem Wandel zur Demokratie befindet. Hierzu wird die Mittelschicht beleuchtet, um zu sehen, ob von ihr demokratische Werte und Rechte gefordert werden und somit eine langfristige Demokratisierung zu erwarten ist. Darauffolgend wird die aktuelle Menschenrechtslage betrachtet und in wie fern es persönliche Freiheiten im, von der Kommunistischen Partei beherrschten, China gibt. Aufbauend auf diese zwei Aspekte wenden sich dieses Essay den Ursachen und Potenzialen politischer Proteste zu und beleuchtet anschließend die sich daraus ergebenden Konsequenzen für die Kommunistische Partei Chinas (KPCh). Eingegangen wird hierbei auf die Anpassungsfähigkeit an eine sich verändernde Umgebung, der Fähigkeit, von anderen autoritären und demokratischen Systemen zu lernen und wie die politische Elite versucht, ihr Machtmonopol zu wahren. Das chinesische Verständnis von Demokratie wird beschrieben und ein abschließendes Fazit zur Demokratisierungstendenzen der Volksrepublik Chinas gezogen.

Die Politische Zukunft Der Vr China Fortdauer Des Autoritarismus Oder Aussicht Auf Demokratisierung

Author : Julian Bethmann
ISBN : 9783640908110
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 62. 23 MB
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2010 im Fachbereich Politik - Internationale Politik - Region: Ferner Osten, Note: 1,3, Universität Trier, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: „ The end of the Cold War was widely seen as marking the triumph of democratic capitalism the only viable political and economic system. China appears to have defied that promise, combining authoritarian governance and capitalist economics. Can China sustain this hybrid system, or will it eventually have to democratize to sustain its impressive economic growth?” Dass China im Januar 2010 Deutschland als “Exportweltmeister” abgelöst hat, war für Beobachter kein wirklich überraschendes Ereignis. Vielmehr ist es eine logische Konsequenz des phänomenalen Wirtschaftswachstums der VR China. Das Wirtschaftswachstum der VR China lag im Jahr 2009 bei 8,7%. Damit wurde das angestrebte Ziel der Regierung von 8% sogar übertroffen. China steht aber nicht nur aus diesem Grund im Fokus des Interesses: 20 Jahre nach den Protestaktionen am 4. Juli 1989 auf dem Tiananmen-Platz hält die Regierung der VR China noch immer ein autoritäres Regime aufrecht, trotz des Zusammenbruches der kommunistischen Staaten Osteuropas und trotz seiner explosiven wirtschaftlichen Entwicklung. Dies bedarf einer Erklärung und führt zur Forschungsfrage dieser Arbeit: Die politische Zukunft der VR China: Ist mit einer Fortdauer des Autoritarismus zu rechnen oder besteht Aussicht auf Demokratisierung? Um diese Frage zu erörtern, wird die Arbeit in vier Kapitel gegliedert. Nach der Einleitung werden im zweiten Kapitel einige relevante Begriffe definiert, im dritten Kapitel wird auf wichtige Aspekte der aktuellen Entwicklungen und Zustände im politischen System der VRC eingegangen. Besonderes Augenmerk wird hier auf neuere Entwicklungen innerhalb des Machtzentrums Chinas, der Kommunistischen Partei Chinas (KPC), gelegt. Im vierten Kapitel folgt ein Fazit, in dem die verschiedenen Argumente, die für oder gegen eine Demokratisierung sprechen, gewichtet und abgewogen werden. Grundsätzlich lässt sich sagen, dass es keinen einheitlichen Standpunkt in der Forschung zum politischen System der VR China gibt. Vielmehr lässt sich eine grobe Trennung zwischen Optimisten wie Bruce Gilley und Jack Goldstone und Pessimisten wie Andrew Nathan und Pei Minxin bezüglich einer Demokratisierung Chinas ziehen. Dies soll sich auch in der folgenden Analyse der verschiedenen Aspekte widerspiegeln.

The New Kings Of Crude

Author : Luke Patey
ISBN : 9781849045384
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 58. 48 MB
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In the past decade, the need for oil in Asia's new industrial powers, China and India, has grown dramatically. The New Kings of Crude takes the reader from the dusty streets of an African capital to Asia's glistening corporate towers to provide a first look at how the world's rising economies established new international oil empires in Sudan, amid one of Africa's longest-running and deadliest civil wars. For over a decade, Sudan fuelled the international rise of Chinese and Indian national oil companies. But the political turmoil surrounding the historic division of Africa's largest country, with the birth of South Sudan, challenged Asia's oil giants to chart a new course. Luke Patey weaves together the stories of hardened oilmen, powerful politicians, rebel fighters, and human rights activists to show how the lure of oil brought China and India into Sudan--only later to ensnare both in the messy politics of a divided country. His book also introduces the reader to the Chinese and Indian oilmen and politicians who were willing to become entangled in an African civil war in the pursuit of the world's most coveted resource. It offers a portrait of the challenges China and India are increasingly facing as emerging powers in the world.

Security And Profit In China S Energy Policy

Author : Øystein Tunsjø
ISBN : 9780231535434
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 88. 17 MB
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China has developed sophisticated hedging strategies to insure against risks in the international petroleum market. It has managed a growing net oil import gap and supply disruptions by maintaining a favorable energy mix, pursuing overseas equity oil production, building a state-owned tanker fleet and strategic petroleum reserve, establishing cross-border pipelines, and diversifying its energy resources and routes. Though it cannot be "secured," China's energy security can be "insured" by marrying government concern with commercial initiatives. This book comprehensively analyzes China's domestic, global, maritime, and continental petroleum strategies and policies, establishing a new theoretical framework that captures the interrelationship between security and profit. Arguing that hedging is central to China's energy-security policy, this volume links government concerns about security of supply to energy companies' search for profits, and by drawing important distinctions between threats and risks, peacetime and wartime contingencies, and pipeline and seaborne energy-supply routes, the study shifts scholarly focus away from securing and toward insuring an adequate oil supply and from controlling toward managing any disruptions to the sea lines of communication. The book is the most detailed and accurate look to date at how China has hedged its energy bets and how its behavior fits a hedging pattern.

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