chemical sensing with solid state devices

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Chemical Sensing With Solid State Devices

Author : Marc J. Madou
ISBN : 9780323139854
Genre : Science
File Size : 32. 27 MB
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This book is a lucid presentation for chemists, electrical engineers, surface scientists, and solid-state physicists, of the fundamentals underlying the construction of simple and small chemical sensors. The first part of the book is a review of the theoretical background in solid state physics, chemistry and electronics. Semiconductor and solid electrolyte bulk models are reviewed as well as solid/gas and solid/liquid interface models. Membranes and catalysis theory are also covered expansively. The second part is a discussion of more complete sensor devices, their essential components, and of the important developments in this area over the last fifteen to twenty years. The book provides guidance through the multidisciplinary world of chemical sensors. It should be understandable to students with some training in physics and chemistry and a general knowledge of electronics. Finally, comments on economic considerations in the development of new sensor products and suggestionsfor future research and development should be of value to company R&D planners. Key Features * Introduction * Solid State Background * Solid/Gas Interfaces * Solid/Liquid Interfaces * Catalysis Background * Membrane Background * Biosensor Principles * Principles of Chemfet Operation * Silicon Based Chemical Sensors * Thin Film Gas Sensors * Solid Electrolytes-Devices * Gas Sensors Based on Semiconductor Powders * Application of Solid State Chemical Sensors

Physics Chemistry And Technology Of Solid State Gas Sensor Devices

Author : Andreas Mandelis
ISBN : 0471558850
Genre : Science
File Size : 58. 39 MB
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Of related interest... LASER IONIZATION MASS ANALYSIS Edited by Akos Vertes, Renaat Gijbels, and Fred Adams Edited by three of the field's leading authorities and featuring contributions from thirteen chemists, this book offers a comprehensive look at the new hardware and investigative possibilities of this form of analysis. The book clearly links theory with applications as well as hardware with hard science. Among topics covered are lasers in mass spectrometry, including instrumentation basic to ion generation for mass analysis; methods of using low and medium laser irradiance; high laser irradiance regime; exotic applications of laser ionization mass spectrometry in space research. 1993 (0-471-53673-3) 584 pp. STATISTICAL METHODS IN ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY —Peter C. Meier and Richard E. Zünd Designed to address the practical day-to-day needs of lab chemists, this practical guide demonstrates the ways in which statistics can be used effectively in analytical work. Chapters 1 and 2 present classical statistical techniques, illustrating them in the context of simple situations. Chapter 3 expands the discussion into ancillary techniques, such as exploratory data analysis, made possible with computing. Chapter 4 presents a number of complex examples that might confront the analyst, while emphasizing the conflicting demands imposed on a possible solution. Chapter 5 presents core sections of programs which complement the equations. Complete with a floppy disk of ready-made programs and data files, here is a clear, real-world introduction to maximizing statistical tools in the lab. 1993 (0-471-58454-1) 352 pp. PHOTOCHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION—J. G. Eden Here is an extremely useful overview of photochemical vapor deposition, both its characteristics and potential. The book focuses on the properties of films that have been created by this versatile method and the conditions under which they are grown. The author works from the position that while photochemical vapor deposition (photo-CVD) is not the solution to all low-temperature deposition methodologies, it does provide an added dimension of flexibility to and control over the growth process and has proven to be valuable for those materials and growth steps in device fabrication that are sensitive to the processing temperature. Whenever applicable, the properties of electronic devices incorporating photo-CVD films are presented and numerous tables detail the deposition parameters as well as electrical and structural properties of the films of specific materials. 1992 (0-471-55083-3) 208 pp.

Solid State Gas Sensing

Author : Elisabetta Comini
ISBN : 9780387096650
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 78. 4 MB
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Solid State Gas Sensing offers insight into the principles, applications, and new trends in gas sensor technology. Developments in this field are rapidly advancing due to the recent and continuing impact of nanotechnology, and this book addresses the demand for small, reliable, inexpensive and portable systems for monitoring environmental concerns, indoor air quality, food quality, and many other specific applications. Working principles, including electrical, permittivity, field effect, electrochemical, optical, thermometric and mass (both quartz and cantilever types), are discussed, making the book valuable and accessible to a variety of researchers and engineers in the field of material science.

Chemical Sensors

Author : Ghenadii Korotcenkov
ISBN : 1606503154
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 56. 53 MB
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Because of their biocompatibility and desirable mechanical properties, chitosan along with other materials like hydroxyapatite and polycaprolactone have been studied and used as tor create engineered matrices--'scaffolds'--for artificially growing tissue for medical uses in tissue and organ repair. This new monograph in the ASME-Momentum Press series on Biomedical and Nanomedical Technologies, will discuss the latest uses of computer-aided technologies for designing such scaffolds and performing characterization to create desired mechanical and physical properties.

Solid State Electrochemistry And Its Applications To Sensors And Electronic Devices

Author : K.S. Goto
ISBN : 9781483290010
Genre : Science
File Size : 20. 88 MB
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Based on the author's lecture notes for a course on Physical Chemistry of Oxides at High Temperatures held at the Graduate School of the Tokyo Institute of Technology, this book examines the micromechanism of migration of ions and electronic defects contained in solid and liquid oxides at high temperature. The book is primarily designed for use as a graduate-level text and includes 150 problems for students. The emphasis is on introduction of simple theories for transport properties of oxides, which can be universally used at low and high temperatures, for various combinations of oxides.

Solid State Ionic Devices Ii

Author : E. D. Wachsman
ISBN : 1566772990
Genre : Electronic ceramics
File Size : 90. 49 MB
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Modern Sensors Transducers And Sensor Networks

Author : Sergey Yurish
ISBN : 9788461596133
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 54. 56 MB
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"Modern Sensors, Transducers and Sensor Networks is the first book from the Advances in Sensors: Reviews book Series contains dozen collected sensor related, advanced state-of-the-art reviews written by 31 internationaly recognized experts from academia and industry. Built upon the series Advances in Sensors: Reviews - a premier sensor review source, it presents an overview of highlights in the field. Coverage includes current developments in sensing nanomaterials, technologies, MEMS sensor design, synthesis, modeling and applications of sensors, transducers and wireless sensor networks, signal detection and advanced signal processing, as well as new sensing principles and methods of measurements. This volume is divided into three main sections: physical sensors, chemical sensors and biosensors, and sensor networks including sensor technology, sensor market reviews and applications." -- Back cover.

Integrated Chemical Microsensor Systems In Cmos Technology

Author : Andreas Hierlemann
ISBN : 9783540273721
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 85. 21 MB
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This book, "Integrated Chemical Microsensor Systems in CMOS Technology", provides a comprehensive treatment of the highly interdisciplinary field of CMOS chemical microsensor systems. It is targeted at students, scientists and engineers who are interested in gaining an introduction to the field of chemical sensing since all the necessary fundamental knowledge is included. However, as it provides detailed information on all important issues related to the realization of chemical microsensors in CMOS technology, it also addresses experts well familiar with the field. After a brief introduction, the fundamentals of chemical sensing are presented. Fabrication and processing steps that are commonly used in the semiconductor industry are then detailed followed by a short description of the microfabrication techniques, and of the CMOS substrate and materials. Thereafter, a comprehensive overview of semiconductor-based and CMOS-based transducer structures for chemical sensors is given. CMOS-technology is then introduced as platform technology, which enables the integration of these microtransducers with the necessary driving and signal conditioning circuitry on the same chip. In a next section, the development of monolithic multisensor arrays and fully developed microsystems with on-chip sensor control and standard interfaces is described. A short section on packaging shows that techniques from the semiconductor industry can be applied to chemical microsensor packaging. The book concludes with a brief outlook on future developments, such as the realization of more complex integrated microsensor systems and methods to interface biological materials, such as cells, with CMOS microelectronics.

Advanced Gas Sensing

Author : Theodor Doll
ISBN : 9781441986122
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 49. 79 MB
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Advanced Gas Sensing focuses on the Electroadsorptive Effect: its theory, experimental measurement and applications in consumer gas sensors as well as in surface physics laboratory work. The Electroadsorptive Effect is invaluable when used in MEMS gas sensors. The authors use a general approach that covers new insights into temperature modulation and the use of light. The emphasis is given to electrical fields in gas sensors, which cause the Electroadsorptive Effect. The effect has long been known by experts working in the field, but has been regarded as too difficult for use until recently because of increasing sensor miniaturization. The book will serve as an introduction to sensitivity tuning of semiconductor gas sensors, introducing the underlying theory and experimental models before moving on to design considerations, applications and market considerations. A literature review and examples of experimental data are included.

Solid State Chemical Sensors

Author : Jiri Janata
ISBN : 9780323141017
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 29. 33 MB
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Solid State Chemical Sensors reviews the basic chemical and physical principles involved in the construction and operation of solid state sensors. A major portion of the book is devoted to explanation of the basic mechanism of operation and the many actual and potential applications of field effect transistors for gas and solution sensing. This text is comprised of four chapters; the first of which describes the basics of device fabrication. Emphasis is placed on the physical description of semiconductor devices with catalytic metal gates, along with their drawbacks and their promise. The behavior of hydrogen in the Pd-SiO2 system is also considered, and some applications of hydrogen-sensitive transistors, such as smoke detection and biochemical reaction monitoring, are described. The second chapter focuses on chemically sensitive field effect transistors and their thermodynamics, while the third chapter explains the general fabrication procedure for solid state chemical sensors. The final chapter introduces the reader to piezoelectric and pyroelectric chemical sensors, paying particular attention to the sensor nature of piezoelectricity, the piezoelectric gravimetric sensor, and pyroelectric gas analysis. This book is intended to assist electrical engineers in understanding the chemistry involved in the construction and operation of solid state sensors and to educate chemists in solid state science.

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