chemical sensing with solid state devices

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Chemical Sensing With Solid State Devices

Author : Marc J. Madou
ISBN : 9780323139854
Genre : Science
File Size : 54. 28 MB
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This book is a lucid presentation for chemists, electrical engineers, surface scientists, and solid-state physicists, of the fundamentals underlying the construction of simple and small chemical sensors. The first part of the book is a review of the theoretical background in solid state physics, chemistry and electronics. Semiconductor and solid electrolyte bulk models are reviewed as well as solid/gas and solid/liquid interface models. Membranes and catalysis theory are also covered expansively. The second part is a discussion of more complete sensor devices, their essential components, and of the important developments in this area over the last fifteen to twenty years. The book provides guidance through the multidisciplinary world of chemical sensors. It should be understandable to students with some training in physics and chemistry and a general knowledge of electronics. Finally, comments on economic considerations in the development of new sensor products and suggestionsfor future research and development should be of value to company R&D planners. Key Features * Introduction * Solid State Background * Solid/Gas Interfaces * Solid/Liquid Interfaces * Catalysis Background * Membrane Background * Biosensor Principles * Principles of Chemfet Operation * Silicon Based Chemical Sensors * Thin Film Gas Sensors * Solid Electrolytes-Devices * Gas Sensors Based on Semiconductor Powders * Application of Solid State Chemical Sensors

Chemical Sensors

Author : Ghenadii Korotcenkov
ISBN : 9781606503171
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 44. 18 MB
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Chemical sensors are integral to the automation of myriad industrial processes and everyday monitoring of such activities as public safety, engine performance, medical therapeutics, and many more. This 4 volume reference work covering simulation and modeling will serve as the perfect complement to Momentum Press's 6 volume reference works "Chemical Sensors: Fundamentals of Sensing Materials" and "Chemical Sensors: Comprehensive Sensor Technologies", which present detailed information related to materials, technologies, construction and application of various devices for chemical sensing. This 4 volume comprehensive reference work analyzes approaches used for computer simulation and modeling in various fields of chemical sensing and discusses various phenomena important for chemical sensing such as bulk and surface diffusion, adsorption, surface reactions, sintering, conductivity, mass transport, interphase interactions, etc. In this work it will be shown that theoretical modeling and simulation of the processes, being a basic for chemical sensors operation, could provide considerable progress in choosing both optimal materials and optimal configurations of sensing elements for using in chemical sensors. Each simulation and modeling volume in the present series reviews modeling principles and approaches peculiar to specific groups of materials and devices applied for chemical sensing. Volume 3: Solid State Devices covers phenomenological and molecular modelling of processes which control sensing characteristics and parameters of various solid state chemical sensors including surface acoustic wave, MIS, microcantilever, thermoelectric-based devices and sensor array aimed for electronic nose design. Modeling of nanomaterials and nanosystems promising for solid state chemical sensors design is analyzed as well.

Physics Chemistry And Technology Of Solid State Gas Sensor Devices

Author : Andreas Mandelis
ISBN : 0471558850
Genre : Science
File Size : 34. 68 MB
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Physics, Chemistry, and Technology of Solid State Gas Sensor Devices focuses on the underlying principles of solid state sensor operation and reveals the rich fabric of interdisciplinary science that governs modern sensing devices. Beginning with some historical and scientific background, the text proceeds to a study of the interactions of gases with surfaces. Subsequent chapters present detailed information on the fabrication, performance, and application of a variety of sensors. For analytical chemists using solid state sensors in environment-related analysis, and for electrical engineers working with solid state sensors, this book will expand and unify their understanding of these devices, both in theory and practice.

Solid State Chemical Sensors

Author : Jiri Janata
ISBN : 9780323141017
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 70. 60 MB
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Solid State Chemical Sensors reviews the basic chemical and physical principles involved in the construction and operation of solid state sensors. A major portion of the book is devoted to explanation of the basic mechanism of operation and the many actual and potential applications of field effect transistors for gas and solution sensing. This text is comprised of four chapters; the first of which describes the basics of device fabrication. Emphasis is placed on the physical description of semiconductor devices with catalytic metal gates, along with their drawbacks and their promise. The behavior of hydrogen in the Pd-SiO2 system is also considered, and some applications of hydrogen-sensitive transistors, such as smoke detection and biochemical reaction monitoring, are described. The second chapter focuses on chemically sensitive field effect transistors and their thermodynamics, while the third chapter explains the general fabrication procedure for solid state chemical sensors. The final chapter introduces the reader to piezoelectric and pyroelectric chemical sensors, paying particular attention to the sensor nature of piezoelectricity, the piezoelectric gravimetric sensor, and pyroelectric gas analysis. This book is intended to assist electrical engineers in understanding the chemistry involved in the construction and operation of solid state sensors and to educate chemists in solid state science.

Solid State Electrochemistry And Its Applications To Sensors And Electronic Devices

Author : K.S. Goto
ISBN : 9781483290010
Genre : Science
File Size : 66. 79 MB
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Based on the author's lecture notes for a course on Physical Chemistry of Oxides at High Temperatures held at the Graduate School of the Tokyo Institute of Technology, this book examines the micromechanism of migration of ions and electronic defects contained in solid and liquid oxides at high temperature. The book is primarily designed for use as a graduate-level text and includes 150 problems for students. The emphasis is on introduction of simple theories for transport properties of oxides, which can be universally used at low and high temperatures, for various combinations of oxides.

Solid State Electrochemistry And Its Applications To Sensors And Electronic Devices

Author : K.S. Goto
ISBN : 9781483290010
Genre : Science
File Size : 66. 6 MB
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Based on the author's lecture notes for a course on Physical Chemistry of Oxides at High Temperatures held at the Graduate School of the Tokyo Institute of Technology, this book examines the micromechanism of migration of ions and electronic defects contained in solid and liquid oxides at high temperature. The book is primarily designed for use as a graduate-level text and includes 150 problems for students. The emphasis is on introduction of simple theories for transport properties of oxides, which can be universally used at low and high temperatures, for various combinations of oxides.

Solid State Ionic Devices Ii

Author : E. D. Wachsman
ISBN : 1566772990
Genre : Electronic ceramics
File Size : 29. 81 MB
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Semiconductor Device Based Sensors For Gas Chemical And Biomedical Applications

Author : Fan Ren
ISBN : 9781439813881
Genre : Science
File Size : 77. 19 MB
Format : PDF
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Sales of U.S. chemical sensors represent the largest segment of the multi-billion-dollar global sensor market, which includes instruments for chemical detection in gases and liquids, biosensors, and medical sensors. Although silicon-based devices have dominated the field, they are limited by their general inability to operate in harsh environments faced with factors such as high temperature and pressure. Exploring how and why these instruments have become a major player, Semiconductor Device-Based Sensors for Gas, Chemical, and Biomedical Applications presents the latest research, including original theoretical and experimental work. It also explains how these investigations have translated into applications and products. Written by experts in the field, the chapters review cutting-edge progress on semiconductor and nanomaterial-based sensors. An excellent introduction to the subject, this book is also an outstanding reference for those working on different sensor applications. It addresses various subfields, including: GaN-based sensor arrays for quick and reliable medical testing Optical sensors Wireless remote hydrogen sensing systems MOS-based, thin-film, and nanowire-based sensors The wide-bandgap semiconductor sensors discussed in this book offer many advantages as replacements for silicon-based sensors, including their high chemical resistance, high-temperature operation, and blue and ultraviolet optoelectronic behaviors. Although assays exist for biomedical detection, they are limited by various factors. Nanomaterial devices, such as the sensors examined in this book, are currently the best option for moving toward fast, label-free, sensitive, and selective multiple-detection systems for biological and medical sensing applications. Providing sufficient background information and technical detail, this is an excellent resource for advanced level undergraduate and graduate students as well as researchers in gas, chemical, biological, and medical sensors.

Modern Sensors Transducers And Sensor Networks

Author : Sergey Yurish
ISBN : 9788461596133
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 45. 5 MB
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"Modern Sensors, Transducers and Sensor Networks is the first book from the Advances in Sensors: Reviews book Series contains dozen collected sensor related, advanced state-of-the-art reviews written by 31 internationaly recognized experts from academia and industry. Built upon the series Advances in Sensors: Reviews - a premier sensor review source, it presents an overview of highlights in the field. Coverage includes current developments in sensing nanomaterials, technologies, MEMS sensor design, synthesis, modeling and applications of sensors, transducers and wireless sensor networks, signal detection and advanced signal processing, as well as new sensing principles and methods of measurements. This volume is divided into three main sections: physical sensors, chemical sensors and biosensors, and sensor networks including sensor technology, sensor market reviews and applications." -- Back cover.

Semiconductor Gas Sensors

Author : Raivo Jaaniso
ISBN : 9780857098665
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 84 MB
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Semiconductor gas sensors have a wide range of applications in safety, process control, environmental monitoring, indoor or cabin air quality and medical diagnosis. This important book summarises recent research on basic principles, new materials and emerging technologies in this essential field. The first part of the book reviews the underlying principles and sensing mechanisms for n- and p-type oxide semiconductors, introduces the theory for nanosize materials and describes the role of electrode–semiconductor interfaces. The second part of the book describes recent developments in silicon carbide- and graphene-based gas sensors, wide bandgap semiconductor gas sensors and micromachined and direct thermoelectric gas sensors. Part 3 discusses the use of nanomaterials for gas sensing, including metal oxide nanostructures, quantum dots, single-alled carbon nanotubes and porous silicon. The final part of the book surveys key applications in environmental monitoring, detecting chemical warfare agents and monitoring gases such as carbon dioxide. Semiconductor gas sensors is a valuable reference work for all those involved in gas monitoring, including those in the building industry, environmental engineers, defence and security specialists and researchers in this field. Provides an overview of resistor and non-resistor sensors Reviews developments in gas sensors and sensing methods, including graphene based sensors and direct thermoelectric sensors Discusses the use of nanomaterials in gas sensing

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