capgras and fregoli syndromes in criminal justice a guide to forensic testimony

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Capgras And Fregoli Syndromes In Criminal Justice

Author : Naira R. Matevosyan
ISBN : 154493128X
Genre :
File Size : 21. 54 MB
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Ethical integrity of criminal law seems to necessitate at least some provisions of heightened scrutiny in assessment of insanity claims for the individuals who - as the result of mental illnesses involving prosopagnosia and reduplicative paramnesia - act in a way they do not perceive to be wrong. This study informs a more differentiate approach to the ill intent (or formation of requisite intent) - a legitimate objective of the fair deterrence. Accurate diagnostics of the offenders with delusional misidenitifaction syndromes would include careful assessment of comorbidity, brain trauma, organic psychosis (Lewy body disease, frontal brain tumor, pituitary tumor, cerebral amyloid angiopathy, spino-cerebral ataxia, Parkinson's disease, Prion disease, Huntington's disease), epilepsy and postictal delirium, cerebrovascular disorders (hemorrhagic or ischemic stroke, arteriovenous malformations, Moyamoya disease, atherosclerosis, carotid artery stenosis), other severe mental illnesses (paranoid schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorders, bipolar depression, obsessive -compulsive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder), pharmacokinetic induction (Ketamine), cerebral metabolic disorders, postpartum psychosis, genetic mutations (E1A binding protein, P300), biological age of the offender. Often, the psychognomic inventories employed by the expert-witnesses lack in the construct, external, concurrent, and discriminative validity; as well as test-retest reliability - leading to the poorly informed and unidimensional solutions. A more accurate assessment of the offenders with Capgras or Fregoli syndromes would include: MRI or CT scan to map the hippocampal atrophy and varying amounts of the increased T2-weighted signals in subcortical and periventricular white matter, voxel-based morphometry of the right frontal gray matter, fusiform gyrus and Brodmann speech area-37, tractography of the face processing circuitry and occulomotor processing speed. Test utilized by the Courts for trying sanity and volition (ALI, M'Naghten), or justifying a death sentence when the defendant does not understand the reason for imminent execution (Sell factors, Panetti or Alleyne tests), should appreciate differences between the mental capacity and competence - the requisites of autonomy in making decisions, self-incrimination, as well as separation of the wrong from the right.

Synesthesia

Author : Naira Matevosyan
ISBN : 1503387488
Genre :
File Size : 85. 98 MB
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A defect or largess, a sensory fusion or transcendental sensing, synesthesia is known for over 200 years and is defined as a cross-modal sensory linkage. Despite of the wealth of literature on synesthesia, this book is one in a kind, as it pioneers in exploring this phenomenon in the courts of law. Based on 134 updated scientific sources, the current effort stratifies synesthesia into the eight clinical groups and reviews the legal and legislative forum around this phenomenon. In an effort to understand the impact of synesthesia on establishing evidence, or defendants' motivations behind the actions plausibly obscured with collided sensations (especially in traffic accidents), the case law is studied. A discussion about reasons, to which we could imply the absence of synesthesia-defense in criminal justice or torts, is provided.

The Little Black Book Of Neuropsychology

Author : Mike R. Schoenberg
ISBN : 0387769781
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 72. 21 MB
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From translating the patient’s medical records and test results to providing recommendations, the neuropsychological evaluation incorporates the science and practice of neuropsychology, neurology, and psychological sciences. The Little Black Book of Neuropsychology brings the practice and study of neuropsychology into concise step-by-step focus—without skimping on scientific quality. This one-of-a-kind assessment reference complements standard textbooks by outlining signs, symptoms, and complaints according to neuropsychological domain (such as memory, language, or executive function), with descriptions of possible deficits involved, inpatient and outpatient assessment methods, and possible etiologies. Additional chapters offer a more traditional approach to evaluation, discussing specific neurological disorders and diseases in terms of their clinical features, neuroanatomical correlates, and assessment and treatment considerations. Chapters in psychometrics provide for initial understanding of brain-behavior interpretation as well as more advanced principals for neuropsychology practice including new diagnostic concepts and analysis of change in performance over time. For the trainee, beginning clinician or seasoned expert, this user-friendly presentation incorporating ‘quick reference guides’ throughout which will add to the practice armentarium of beginning and seasoned clinicians alike. Key features of The Black Book of Neuropsychology: Concise framework for understanding the neuropsychological referral. Symptoms/syndromes presented in a handy outline format, with dozens of charts and tables. Review of basic neurobehavioral examination procedure. Attention to professional issues, including advances in psychometrics and diagnoses, including tables for reliable change for many commonly used tests. Special “Writing Reports like You Mean It” section and guidelines for answering referral questions. Includes appendices of practical information, including neuropsychological formulary. The Little Black Book of Neuropsychology is an indispensable resource for the range of practitioners and scientists interested in brain-behavior relationships. Particular emphasis is provided for trainees in neuropsychology and neuropsychologists. However, the easy to use format and concise presentation is likely to be of particular value to interns, residents, and fellows studying neurology, neurological surgery, psychiatry, and nurses. Finally, teachers of neuropsychological and neurological assessment may also find this book useful as a classroom text. "There is no other book in the field that covers the scope of material that is inside this comprehensive text. The work might be best summed up as being a clinical neuropsychology postdoctoral residency in a book, with the most up to date information available, so that it is also an indispensible book for practicing neuropsychologists in addition to students and residents...There is really no book like this available today. It skillfully brings together the most important foundationsof clinical neuropsychology with the 'nuts and bolts' of every facet of assessment. It also reminds the more weathered neuropsychologists among us of the essential value of neuropsychological assessment...the impact of the disease on the patient’s cognitive functioning and behavior may only be objectively quantified through a neuropsychological assessment." Arch Clin Neuropsychol (2011) first published online June 13, 2011 Read the full review acn.oxfordjournals.org

Naira Has No Gender

Author : Olu Obafemi
ISBN : 9782081159
Genre : Nigeria
File Size : 44. 66 MB
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"The continued alienation of the mass of Nigerians from their full potentialities in life is the central concern of the playwright in this new play"--Page 4 of cover.

Mastering Psychiatry A Core Textbook For Undergraduates

Author : Melvyn WB Zhang
ISBN : 9781304603784
Genre :
File Size : 68. 43 MB
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The Psychology Of Criminal And Antisocial Behavior

Author : Wayne Petherick
ISBN : 9780128095775
Genre : Law
File Size : 86. 85 MB
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The Psychology of Criminal and Antisocial Behavior: Victim and Offenders Perspectives is not just another formulaic book on forensic psychology. Rather, it opens up new areas of enquiry to busy practitioners and academics alike, exploring topics using a practical approach to social deviance that is underpinned by frontier research findings, policy, and international trends. From the relationship between psychopathology and crime, and the characteristics of catathymia, compulsive homicide, sadistic violence, and homicide victimology, to adult sexual grooming, domestic violence, and honor killings, experts in the field provide insight into the areas of homicide, violent crime, and sexual predation. In all, more than 20 internationally recognized experts in their fields explore these and other topic, also including discussing youth offending, love scams, the psychology of hate, public threat assessment, querulence, stalking, arson, and cults. This edited work is an essential reference for academics and practitioners working in any capacity that intersects with offenders and victims of crime, public policy, and roles involving the assessment, mitigation, and investigation of criminal and antisocial behavior. It is particularly ideal for those working in criminology, psychology, law and law enforcement, public policy, and for social science students seeking to explore the nature and character of criminal social deviance. Includes twenty chapters across a diverse range of criminal and antisocial subject areas Authored by an international panel of experts in their respective fields that provide a multi-cultural perspective on the issues of crime and antisocial behavior Explores topics from both victim and offender perspectives Includes chapters covering research, practice, policy, mitigation, and prevention Provides an easy to read and consistent framework, making the text user-friendly as a ready-reference desktop guide

The Paradoxical Brain

Author : Narinder Kapur
ISBN : 9781139495790
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 75. 39 MB
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The Paradoxical Brain focuses on a range of phenomena in clinical and cognitive neuroscience that are counterintuitive and go against the grain of established thinking. The book covers a wide range of topics by leading researchers, including: • Superior performance after brain lesions or sensory loss • Return to normal function after a second brain lesion in neurological conditions • Paradoxical phenomena associated with human development • Examples where having one disease appears to prevent the occurrence of another disease • Situations where drugs with adverse effects on brain functioning may have beneficial effects in certain situations A better understanding of these interactions will lead to a better understanding of brain function and to the introduction of new therapeutic strategies. The book will be of interest to those working at the interface of brain and behaviour, including neuropsychologists, neurologists, psychiatrists and neuroscientists.

The Psychiatric Interview For Differential Diagnosis

Author : Lennart Jansson
ISBN : 9783319332499
Genre : Medical
File Size : 27. 87 MB
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This book offers an alternative to operational diagnostic manuals and manuals for structured interviewing as the only sources of theoretical and clinical knowledge. It provides an exposition of psychiatric interviewing that is theoretically and clinically well founded and supplies the reader with a coherent framework for performance of a thorough psychiatric examination. The goal is not to come up with yet another interview scheme but to facilitate an understanding of the basic (but, today, completely neglected) tenets of psychopathology and phenomenology. This exposition targets the disorders of subjectivity (consciousness), the second-person processes involved in converting subjective, first-person and observable data into a third person, diagnostically useful, format. In addition, the most pertinent clinical descriptions concerning the major diagnostic groups are presented and discussed.

Uncommon Psychiatric Syndromes 4ed

Author : David Enoch
ISBN : 0340763884
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 67. 77 MB
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Uncommon Psychiatric Syndromes presents an up-to-date definitive account of eleven unusual but important clinical disorders that have significant legal and social implications. For each syndrome the historical background and present day understanding are given and the worldwide literature is reviewed. Each account gives the principal features of the condition, its causation and underlying psychopathology, illustrative cases and notes on diagnosis and treatment. These syndromes include: De Clerambault's syndrome, associated with stalking; The Othello syndrome (morbid jealousy); Munchausen's syndrome (simulated but plausible illness) and possession states. The fourth edition of this classic and unique text has been fully updated to include the latest information regarding causation and treatment, and especially the significance of neurodiagnostic findings. In addition, forensic aspects are now highlighted. All psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, and allied mental health workers will find this an essential volume for reference as well as a fascinating 'read'.

Madness Explained

Author : Richard P Bentall
ISBN : 9780141909325
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 27. 97 MB
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Today most of us accept the consensus that madness is a medical condition: an illness, which can be identified, classified and treated with drugs like any other. In this ground breaking and controversial work Richard Bentall shatters the myths that surround madness. He shows there is no reassuring dividing line between mental health and mental illness. Severe mental disorders can no longer be reduced to brain chemistry, but must be understood psychologically, as part of normal behaviour andhuman nature. Bentall argues that we need a radically new way of thinking about psychosis and its treatment. Could it be that it is a fear of madness, rather than the madness itself, that is our problem?

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