building a validity argument for the test of english as a foreign language tm esl applied linguistics professional series

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Building A Validity Argument For The Test Of English As A Foreign Language

Author : Carol Chapelle
ISBN : 0805854568
Genre : Education
File Size : 76. 72 MB
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The Test of English as a Foreign Language (tm) (TOEFL®) is used by more universities worldwide than any other test to assess English language proficiency for academic admission and placement decisions, and to guide English language instruction. This landmark volume provides a detailed description and analysis of Educational Testing Service's research and development efforts to develop a major revision of the TOEFL® test. The result is a book that serves as a case study of test design drawing upon theory in the complex domain of English language proficiency while attempting to meet standards of educational measurement. Building a Validity Argument for the Test of English as a Foreign Language(tm) is distinctive in its attempt to develop a coherent story of the rationale for a test or its revision, explain the research and development process, and provide the results of the validation process. Through its treatment of one test, it expands on and tests principles and approaches to educational measurement, providing an in-depth, integrated perspective on the overall process of test revision. Moreover, because the conceptual foundation and history are presented alongside the empirical studies and validity argument, these sometimes disparate areas are presented in a way that demonstrates their connections - an approach which represents a departure from, or extension of, conventional materials on test revision. This volume is particularly relevant for professionals and graduate students in educational measurement, applied linguistics, and second language acquisition as well as anyone interested in assessment issues.

Building A Validity Argument For The Test Of English As A Foreign Languagetm

Author : Carol A. Chapelle
ISBN : 9781135602857
Genre : Education
File Size : 21. 43 MB
Format : PDF
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The Test of English as a Foreign Language TM (TOEFL®) is used by more universities worldwide than any other test to assess English language proficiency for academic admission and placement decisions, and to guide English language instruction. This landmark volume provides a detailed description and analysis of Educational Testing Service’s research and development efforts to develop a major revision of the TOEFL® test. The result is a book that serves as a case study of test design drawing upon theory in the complex domain of English language proficiency while attempting to meet standards of educational measurement. Building a Validity Argument for the Test of English as a Foreign LanguageTM is distinctive in its attempt to develop a coherent story of the rationale for a test or its revision, explain the research and development process, and provide the results of the validation process. Through its treatment of one test, it expands on and tests principles and approaches to educational measurement, providing an in-depth, integrated perspective on the overall process of test revision. Moreover, because the conceptual foundation and history are presented alongside the empirical studies and validity argument, these sometimes disparate areas are presented in a way that demonstrates their connections – an approach which represents a departure from, or extension of, conventional materials on test revision. This volume is particularly relevant for professionals and graduate students in educational measurement, applied linguistics, and second language acquisition as well as anyone interested in assessment issues.

Handbook Of Research In Second Language Teaching And Learning

Author : Eli Hinkel
ISBN : 9781317508359
Genre : Education
File Size : 66. 48 MB
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Volume III of the Handbook of Research in Second Language Teaching and Learning, like Volumes I and II, is a comprehensive, state-of-the-art overview of current research into social contexts of second language (L2)/foreign language (FL) teaching and learning; language policy; curriculum; types of instruction; incremental language skills such as listening, speaking, reading, writing, vocabulary, and grammar; international communication; pragmatics; assessment and testing. It differs from earlier volumes in its main purpose—to provide a more in-depth discussion and detailed focus on the development of the essential language skills required for any type of communication: speaking, listening, reading, vocabulary, grammar, and writing. Volume III preserves continuity with previous volumes in its coverage of all the classical areas of research in L2/FL teaching and learning and applied linguistics, but rather than offering a historical review of disciplinary traditions, it explores innovations and new directions of research, acknowledges the enormous complexity of teaching and learning the essential language abilities, and offers a diversity of perspectives. Chapter authors are all leading authorities in their disciplinary areas. What’s new in Volume III? Updates the prominent areas of research, including the sub-disciplines addressed in Volumes I and II, and represents the disciplinary mainstays Considers and discusses perspectives held by different schools of thought on the what, the how, and the why of teaching foundational language skills, including theories, pedagogical principles, and their implementation in practice Captures new and ongoing developments and trends in the key areas of L2/FL teaching and learning, and innovative research topics that have gained substantial recognition in current publications, including the role of corpora, technology, and digital literacy in L2/FL teaching and learning Examines new trends in language pedagogy and research, such as an increased societal emphasis on teaching academic language for schooling, somewhat contradictory definitions of literacy, and the growing needs for instruction in intercultural communication.

Exploring Elf In Japanese Academic And Business Contexts

Author : Kumiko Murata
ISBN : 9781317555124
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 39. 67 MB
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This book investigates the theoretical, empirical and pedagogical issues to help us better understand what is happening with English as a Lingua Franca (ELF) communication and to activate this knowledge in respective communicative contexts. It focuses specifically on Japanese contexts and also includes theoretical and practical sections pertinent to all ELF researchers, practitioners and students, irrespective of their national or regional differences. It further attempts to connect this new field of research to established fields of linguistics and applied linguistics such as communication, assessment and multilingualism by exploring them from an ELF perspective, which is challenging but essential for the development of the field. Exploring ELF in Japanese Academic and Business Contexts: Conceptualisation, research and pedagogic implications includes chapters about: English in a Global Context Own-language use in academic discourse English as a lingua franca in international business contexts A linguistic soundscape/landscape analysis of ELF information provision in public transport in Tokyo Using pragmatic strategies for effective ELF communication: Relevance to classroom practice This book will be of interest to scholars and post-graduate students working in the fields of Applied Linguistics/TESOL. It will also engage researchers studying the growing influence of English around the world.

Assessing English Proficiency For University Study

Author : J. Read
ISBN : 9781137315694
Genre : Education
File Size : 81. 32 MB
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This book focuses on strategies and procedures for assessing the academic language ability of students entering an English-medium university, so that those with significant needs can have access to opportunities to enhance their language skills.

Wissenschaftssprache Deutsch

Author : Michael Szurawitzki
ISBN : 9783823379447
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 59. 55 MB
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Wie international, interdisziplinär und interkulturell ist Deutsch als Wissenschaftssprache? Der Band beleuch - tet diese Frage durch aktuelle Forschungsbeiträge aus verschiedenen Perspektiven. Neben der diachronen und synchronen Entwicklung des Deutschen als Wissenschaftssprache wird ihre heutige Rolle in verschiedenen Fachdisziplinen und Ländern diskutiert. Kontrastive Studien zeigen auf, welche Probleme sich bei der Rezeption und Produktion von deutschen Wissenschaftstexten für Muttersprachler und Nichtmuttersprachler ergeben und wie diese durch Text- und Diskursanalysen thematisiert werden können. Der Band beinhaltet ausgewählte Beiträge der Tagung "Wissenschaftssprache Deutsch - international, interdisziplinär, interkulturell", die vom 2.-4. Juli 2014 an der Universität Regensburg stattfand. Er richtet sich insbesondere an Linguisten und Germanisten, aber auch an Entscheider in Bildungsinstitutionen und an Leser, die sich für Sprachentwicklung, Sprachvermittlung und Sprachpolitik interessieren.

Strukturen Der Syntax

Author : Noam Chomsky
ISBN : 9783110813623
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 40. 43 MB
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Gemeinsamer Europ Ischer Referenzrahmen F R Sprachen Lernen Lehren Beurteilen

Author : John Trim
ISBN : 3126065201
Genre :
File Size : 57. 60 MB
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Der Referenzrahmen richtet sich an Lehrer, Fortbilder, Autoren und Curriculumplaner in der Schule und der Erwachsenenbildung. Der Gemeinsame europäische Referenzrahmen für Sprachen stellt die gemeinsamen Referenzniveaus zur Erfassung des Lernfortschritts vor, befasst sich mit der Entwicklung von Curricula und diskutiert verschiedene Prüfungsformen.

Glottodidactica

Author :
ISBN : 00724769
Genre : Language and languages
File Size : 70. 13 MB
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Oralit T Und Literalit T

Author : Walter J. Ong
ISBN : 9783658109721
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 61. 69 MB
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Walter J. Ongs Standardwerk erweist sich vor dem Hintergrund des heutigen Wandels von Medien, Kultur und Gesellschaft als relevanter denn je: Es bietet in anschaulicher Weise Einblicke in den Charakter mündlicher und schriftlicher Gesellschaften und führt damit vor Augen, welche zentrale Bedeutung der Transformation von Kommunikation für die gesellschaftliche und kulturelle Entwicklung zukommt. Ong zeichnet nach, wie tiefgreifend unsere gesamte Kultur durch den Übergang von der mündlichen zur schriftlichen und dann zur elektronischen Kommunikation, durch die Entwicklung des Schreibens und Druckens umgestaltet worden ist. Dieses Buch zeigt eindrucksvoll die unterschiedliche Bedeutung mündlicher und schriftlicher Kommunikationsweisen und hilft, die ‚zweite Oralität’ einer digitalen Medienumgebung zu verstehen. Es beantwortet Fragen wie: welchen Stellenwert hat gesprochene Sprache in einer schriftbasierten Gesellschaft? Wie haben sich Kulturen durch immer leistungsfähigere Aufzeichnungstechniken verändert? Und in welchem Spannungsverhältnis befinden sich Oralität und Literalität im elektronischen Zeitalter?

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