biotechnology applying the genetic revolution

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Biotechnology

Author : David P. Clark
ISBN : 9780123850164
Genre : Science
File Size : 33. 96 MB
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Biotechnology, Second Edition approaches modern biotechnology from a molecular basis, which has grown out of increasing biochemical understanding of genetics and physiology. Using straightforward, less-technical jargon, Clark and Pazdernik introduce each chapter with basic concepts that develop into more specific and detailed applications. This up-to-date text covers a wide realm of topics including forensics, bioethics, and nanobiotechnology using colorful illustrations and concise applications. In addition, the book integrates recent, relevant primary research articles for each chapter, which are presented on an accompanying website. The articles demonstrate key concepts or applications of the concepts presented in the chapter, which allows the reader to see how the foundational knowledge in this textbook bridges into primary research. This book helps readers understand what molecular biotechnology actually is as a scientific discipline, how research in this area is conducted, and how this technology may impact the future. Up-to-date text focuses on modern biotechnology with a molecular foundation Includes clear, color illustrations of key topics and concept Features clearly written without overly technical jargon or complicated examples Provides a comprehensive supplements package with an easy-to-use study guide, full primary research articles that demonstrate how research is conducted, and instructor-only resources

Our Posthuman Future

Author : Francis Fukuyama
ISBN : 9781847653703
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 79 MB
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Is a baby whose personality has been chosen from a gene supermarket still a human? If we choose what we create what happens to morality? Is this the end of human nature? The dramatic advances in DNA technology over the last few years are the stuff of science fiction. It is now not only possible to clone human beings it is happening. For the first time since the creation of the earth four billion years ago, or the emergence of mankind 10 million years ago, people will be able to choose their children's' sex, height, colour, personality traits and intelligence. It will even be possible to create 'superhumans' by mixing human genes with those of other animals for extra strength or longevity. But is this desirable? What are the moral and political consequences? Will it mean anything to talk about 'human nature' any more? Is this the end of human beings? Our Posthuman Future is a passionate analysis of the greatest political and moral problem ever to face the human race.

Glowing Genes

Author : Marc Zimmer
ISBN : 9781615922499
Genre : Science
File Size : 30. 5 MB
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Ranked 8th of 20 Best-Sellers in the Physiology 2005 Category compiled by YBP Library ServicesBioluminescence is a hot new subfield of biotechnology...Zimmer explains the science behind this...in a manner accessible to everyone. Even those who fear or avoid science books will enjoy it. In a creative and informal style, with touches of irony and humor, Zimmer easily imparts the sense of excitement displayed by researchers in this area.- Science & Theology News...an excellent biography of a molecule and a technology...a tale worth telling. It would make a great reference for student researchers, an independent reading assignment, or a source of excerpts with which to enrich biology teaching.- NSTA Recommends- Journal of College Science TeachingMany countermeasures currently being developed against chemical and biological threats posed by international terrorism rely directly or indirectly upon the discoveries described so elegantly in this book.- Keith B. Ward, Ph.D., Science Advisor and Program Manager, Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency, U. S. Department of Homeland SecurityMarc Zimmer has written the first popular science book on an amazing new area of biotechnology that will help fight cancer, create new products, improve agriculture, and combat terrorism. For more than one hundred and sixty million years, green fluorescent protein has existed in one species of jellyfish. In 1994 it was cloned, giving rise to a host of useful and potentially revolutionary applications in biotechnology. Today researchers are using this ancient glowing protein to pursue exciting new discoveries, from tracking the process of bacterial infection to detecting chemical and biological agents planted by terrorists.A recognized expert in this field, Zimmer begins with an overview of the many uses of these glowing genes to kill and image cancer cells, monitor bacterial infections, and light up in the presence of pollution. He then discusses the biological reasons that glowing proteins first evolved in jellyfish and fireflies, and looks at the history of bioluminescence and the dedicated scientists who devoted their careers to explaining this phenomenon. The story of how glowing genes were located, cloned, and then mass-produced is in itself a fascinating tale.Zimmer next turns to the serious, and not-so-serious, uses of fluorescent proteins. In agriculture it may soon be possible to produce crops that signal dryness by glowing. In industry a red fluorescent protein originally found in corals may find a use in sheep as a substitute for environmentally harmful wool dyes.Furthermore, the glowing gene revolution has led to significantly more humane treatment of laboratory animals. No longer must animal lives be sacrificed to understand disease processes; now researchers can observe the spread of cancer and infections by treating animals with green fluorescent genes and similar proteins.In the fight against terrorism a glowing gene has been created that lights up in the presence of anthrax spores, chemical warfare agents, and landmines. And in a completely different arena, we have already seen the emergence of transgenic art in Alba, the fluorescent bunny rabbit.Glowing Genes is a highly informative, fascinating, and entertaining read about a burgeoning area of biotechnology that promises soon to revolutionize our world.Marc Zimmer, Ph.D., is the Christian A. Johnson Distinguished Teaching Professor and professor of chemistry at Connecticut College. His research has been funded by the National Institutes of Health, and he has published more than fifty scientific papers, mainly on the topic of bioluminescence.

Vectors And Disease Virulence

Author : David Clark
ISBN : 9780132102513
Genre : Education
File Size : 63. 74 MB
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This is the eBook version of the printed book. This Element is an excerpt from Germs, Genes, & Civilization: How Epidemics Shaped Who We Are Today (9780137019960) by David P. Clark. Available in print and digital formats. The crucial role of vectors in disease virulence--and the best place to focus disease prevention efforts. If a germ hitches a ride between victims via mosquito, it matters little that the first victim is too sick to move. This may even work to the germ’s advantage. Mosquitoes can suck blood without the victim swatting them. Diseases carried between people by some other agency have little motivation to evolve mildness toward humans. The best way to control them is to kill the vectors, interrupting transmission.

How Do Microorganisms Become Dangerous Pathogens

Author : David Clark
ISBN : 0132102250
Genre : Education
File Size : 23. 39 MB
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This is the eBook version of the printed book. This Element is an excerpt from Germs, Genes, & Civilization: How Epidemics Shaped Who We Are Today (9780137019960) by David P. Clark. Available in print and digital formats. ¿ Meet the “opportunists”: the microbes that are poised on the edge of invading you right now. ¿ Consider disease from the microbe’s viewpoint. Infectious agents vary greatly in their ability to cause harm. Before discussing “professional” diseases, don’t forget the “opportunists.” When a person is weakened by injury, exposure, or starvation, or if the immune system is malfunctioning, otherwise harmless microbes may cause disease. Such opportunistic diseases have received much attention in connection with AIDS.

Crowding And Disease Virulence

Author : David Clark
ISBN : 0132102501
Genre : Education
File Size : 49. 26 MB
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This is the eBook version of the printed book. This Element is an excerpt from Germs, Genes, & Civilization: How Epidemics Shaped Who We Are Today (9780137019960) by David P. Clark. Available in print and digital formats. ¿ Why it’s wishful thinking to believe that diseases will eventually evolve into milder forms--and what the hard truth means for humanity. ¿ Earlier thinking held that, given time, all diseases would adapt, to become no worse than measles. Virulent diseases were newcomers, not yet adapted to biological détente with their human hosts. This wishful thinking has obvious marketing appeal--but it ignores the ugly side of both evolution and human history.

How Infectious Diseases Spread

Author : David Clark
ISBN : 013210234X
Genre : Education
File Size : 27. 27 MB
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This is the eBook version of the printed book. This Element is an excerpt from Germs, Genes, & Civilization: How Epidemics Shaped Who We Are Today (9780137019960) by David P. Clark. Available in print and digital formats. Infectious microorganisms: They’re history’s worst killer--and still more dangerous than you think. Infectious diseases from microorganisms have caused the most deaths by far throughout recorded human history. In this respect, our own age is peculiar. Thanks to modern technology, we mostly live long enough to worry about heart disease and cancer. But throughout history, most people met their end from infections caused by microorganisms, and this is still true for some Third World countries....

Our Debt To Disease

Author : David Clark
ISBN : 0131388363
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 69. 40 MB
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This is the eBook version of the printed book. This Element is an excerpt from Germs, Genes, & Civilization: How Epidemics Shaped Who We Are Today (9780137019960) by David P. Clark. Available in print and digital formats. ¿ Is there a “good” side to epidemics? It all depends on how you look at it… ¿ The way epidemics have intervened in history shows that disease is not uniformly negative. An epidemic’s long-term outcome may be quite complex. Whether we regard any particular outcome as “good” or “bad” depends partly on whose side we are on and partly on the relative weight we give to short-term versus long-term effects.

The Coevolution Of Humanity And Infectious Disease

Author : David Clark
ISBN : 0132102269
Genre : Education
File Size : 64. 36 MB
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This is the eBook version of the printed book. This Element is an excerpt from Germs, Genes, & Civilization: How Epidemics Shaped Who We Are Today (9780137019960) by David P. Clark. Available in print and digital formats. ¿ From hunter-gatherers to agricultural societies and beyond: How humans and disease have evolved together. ¿ Patterns of infection vary greatly between hunter-gatherers and settled agricultural societies. Two major factors are intertwined: low population size and high mobility. Ancient hunter-gatherers almost certainly had much less infectious disease than we have today. Before dense human populations grew, most of our epidemic diseases did not exist. Furthermore, small, mobile, relatively isolated tribes would rarely have been infected by contact with others.

Molecular Biology

Author : David P. Clark
ISBN : 9780123785954
Genre : Science
File Size : 35. 49 MB
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The last quarter of the 20th century saw major scientific revolutions in genetics and computer technology. The second edition of Molecular Biology, winner of a 2013 Texty Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association, reflects this massive surge in our understanding of the molecular foundations of genetics. In order to understand where these technological advances are heading, there needs to be a basic understanding of how living organisms function at a molecular level. This volume effectively introduces basic concepts followed by more specific applications as the text evolves. With the addition of Cell Press articles, the content is tied to current topics in the scientific community. NEW: "Focus On Relevant Research" sections integrate primary literature from Cell Press and focus on helping the student learn how to read and understand research to prepare them for the scientific world. NEW: Academic Cell Study Guide features all articles from the text with concurrent case studies to help students build foundations in the content while allowing them to make the appropriate connections to the text. NEW: Animations provided include topics in protein purification, transcription, splicing reactions, cell division and DNA replication and SDS-PAGE Updated chapters on Genomics and Systems Biology, Proteomics, Bacterial Genetics and Molecular Evolution and RNA Updated ancillary package includes flashcards, online self quizzing, references with links to outside content and PowerPoint slides with images. Fully revised art program

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