biological and behavioral determinants of language development

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Biological And Behavioral Determinants Of Language Development

Author : Norman A. Krasnegor
ISBN : 9781317783886
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 37. 34 MB
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This book presents a current, interdisciplinary perspective on language requisites from both a biological/comparative perspective and from a developmental/learning perspective. Perspectives regarding language and language acquisition are advanced by scientists of various backgrounds -- speech, hearing, developmental psychology, comparative psychology, and language intervention. This unique volume searches for a rational interface between findings and perspectives generated by language studies with humans and with chimpanzees. Intended to render a reconsideration as to the essence of language and the requisites to its acquisition, it also provides readers with perspectives defined by various revisionists who hold that language might be other than the consequence of a mutation unique to humans and might, fundamentally, not be limited to speech.

Determinants Of Behavioral Development

Author : F. J. Mönks
ISBN : 9781483261065
Genre : Family & Relationships
File Size : 31. 47 MB
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Determinants of Behavioral Development documents the proceedings of the International Society for the Study of Behavioral Development’s first symposium at the University of Nijmegen in The Netherlands, 4 July 1971. The symposium was planned under the general theme ""Genetic and Social Influences on Psychological Development."" Perhaps the major contribution of the Nijmegen Symposium, and of this volume, is the establishment of a new linkage between European and American research in developmental psychology. This volume contains 64 papers organized into eight parts. The papers in Part I deal with issues of research strategy. Part II presents studies on biological determinants of development. Part III examines cultural and societal factors in development while Part IV focuses on the concepts of deprivation and enrichment. Part V presents selected studies on infants. Part VI investigates cognitive process in child development. Part VII contains papers on socialization themes while Part VIII takes up adult development.

Language Cognition And The Brain

Author : Karen Emmorey
ISBN : 9781135664817
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 78. 37 MB
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Once signed languages are recognized as natural human languages, a world of exploration opens up. Signed languages provide a powerful tool for investigating the nature of human language and language processing, the relation between cognition and language, and the neural organization of language. The value of sign languages lies in their modality. Specifically, for perception, signed languages depend upon high-level vision and motion processing systems, and for production, they require the integration of motor systems involving the hands and face. These facts raise many questions: What impact does this different biological base have for grammatical systems? For online language processing? For the acquisition of language? How does it affect nonlinguistic cognitive structures and processing? Are the same neural systems involved? These are some of the questions that this book aims at addressing. The answers provide insight into what constrains grammatical form, language processing, linguistic working memory, and hemispheric specialization for language. The study of signed languages allows researchers to address questions about the nature of linguistic and cognitive systems that otherwise could not be easily addressed.

Research Methods In Child Language

Author : Erika Hoff
ISBN : 9781444344011
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 22. 12 MB
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This is a comprehensive and accessible guide to the methods researchers use to study child language, written by experienced scholars in the study of language development. Presents a comprehensive survey of laboratory and naturalistic techniques used in the study of different domains of language, age ranges, and populations, and explains the questions addressed by each technique Presents new research methods, such as the use of functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) to study the activity of the brain Expands on more traditional research methods such as collection, transcription, and coding of speech samples that have been transformed by new hardware and software

Why Gould Was Wrong

Author : Nils K. Oeijord
ISBN : 9780595752034
Genre : Science
File Size : 62. 91 MB
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Stephen Jay Gould (1941-2002) was a leading critic of human behavioral genetics, human sociobiology, evolutionary psychology, and the modern evolutionary synthesis. Why Gould Was Wrong explains why Gould's claims were horribly wrong.

The Alex Studies

Author : Irene M. PEPPERBERG
ISBN : 9780674041998
Genre : Science
File Size : 83. 39 MB
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Can a parrot understand complex concepts and mean what it says? Since the early 1900s, most studies on animal-human communication have focused on great apes and a few cetacean species. Birds were rarely used in similar studies on the grounds that they were merely talented mimics--that they were, after all, birdbrains. Experiments performed primarily on pigeons in Skinner boxes demonstrated capacities inferior to those of mammals; these results were thought to reflect the capacities of all birds, despite evidence suggesting that species such as jays, crows, and parrots might be capable of more impressive cognitive feats. Twenty years ago Irene Pepperberg set out to discover whether the results of the pigeon studies necessarily meant that other birds--particularly the large-brained, highly social parrots--were incapable of mastering complex cognitive concepts and the rudiments of referential speech. Her investigation and the bird at its center--a male Grey parrot named Alex--have since become almost as well known as their primate equivalents and no less a subject of fierce debate in the field of animal cognition. This book represents the long-awaited synthesis of the studies constituting one of the landmark experiments in modern comparative psychology.

Animal Learning And Cognition

Author : Nicholas John Mackintosh
ISBN : UCSD:31822020598645
Genre : Medical
File Size : 77. 90 MB
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How do animals learn? By what means can animals be conditioned? This volume of the acclaimed Handbook of Perception and Cognition, Second Edition, reviews such basic models as Pavlovian conditioning as well as more modern models of animal memory and social cognition. Sure to represent a benchmark of a vast literature from diverse disciplines, this reference work is a useful addition to any library devoted to animal learning, conditioning behavior, and interaction.

A Biological And Psychological Background To Education

Author : C. G. Ivan Hussell
ISBN : 9781483280691
Genre : Education
File Size : 34. 98 MB
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A Biological and Psychological Background to Education focuses on man's physical and psychological characteristics which influence education. The publication first underscores the importance of man's biological background, the biological nature of man, and the nature of the vital processes. Discussions focus on respiration, nutrition, object of vital activities, characteristics of man as an animal, primate characteristics, diversity of man, public education, and human biology in the schools. The book then examines the control of vital processes, reproduction and sex education, genetic factors in the life of man, evolution and man, and development and growth. The manuscript takes a look at movement, posture, and exercise, health and the teacher's responsibility, social heritage of man, higher mental processes, and structure of personality. Topics include social factors in personality, remembering and forgetting, intelligence, perception, contemporary pressures in society, prevention of disease, and the significance of levers in the body. The publication is designed for students at colleges of education and colleges of physical education.

Chimpanzee Cultures

Author : Richard W. Wrangham
ISBN : UOM:39076001471247
Genre : Nature
File Size : 40. 91 MB
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Compares and contrasts the ecology, social relations, and cognition of chimpanzees, bonobos, and occasionally, gorillas.

Handbook Of Child Psychology Cognition Perception And Language

Author : William Damon
ISBN : 0471057304
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 54. 12 MB
Format : PDF
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This four-volume handbook is the definitive reference in the field of child development. It serves as a sourcebook, encyclopedia, and research review.

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