basic gas chromatography mass spectrometry principles and techniques

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Basic Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry

Author : F.W. Karasek
ISBN : 9780080929064
Genre : Science
File Size : 69. 20 MB
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The book begins by covering the basic principles of both gas chromatography (GC) and mass spectrometry (MS) to the extent necessary to understand and deal with the data generated in a GC-MS analysis. The focus then turns to the particular requirements created by a direct combination of these two techniques into a single instrumentation system. The data generated and their use are covered in detail. The role of the computer and its specific software receives special attention, especially in the matter of compound identification via mass spectral search techniques. GC-MS-computer instrumentation has reached such a plateau of excellence today that the present commercial systems will not be obsolete for a long time to come. Therefore, a detailed description of these systems is not only informative but is also pertinent to the subject matter of this book. Finally, representative applications and results obtained with GC-MS-computer techniques are presented and chosen in such a way as to permit extrapolation of specific applications to similar problems encountered by the reader. To aid the reader in mastering the subject matter and increase understanding, interpretation problems and suggested readings are included. The format is instructional, informative and application-oriented with material presented in such a way as to be useful to a broad spectrum of people. The book serves as a text in its own right. The software package Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry: A Knowledge Base, by F.A. Settle, Jr. and M.A. Pleva provides rapid access to a wealth of current information in the GC-MS field. Its three diskettes (51/4 inch) allow the user three ways to access: the index mode, the tree mode and a keyword search mode. The package may be purchased separately and is available for the IBM-PC and compatibles. The software provides a valuable supplement to the book.

Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry

Author : R. E. Ardrey
ISBN : 0471498017
Genre : Science
File Size : 23. 71 MB
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First explaining the basic principles of liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry and then discussing the current applications and practical benefits of LC–MS, along with descriptions of the basic instrumentation, this title will prove to be the indispensable reference source for everyone wishing to use this increasingly important tandem technique. ∗ First book to concentrate on principles of LC–MS ∗ Explains principles of mass spectrometry and chromatography before moving on to LC–MS ∗ Describes instrumental aspects of LC–MS ∗ Discusses current applications of LC–MS and shows benefits of using this technique in practice

Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry Applications In Microbiology

Author : Goran Odham
ISBN : 9781468445268
Genre : Science
File Size : 73. 93 MB
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During recent years there has been increasing interest in the value of a number of chemical and physical-chemical analytical methods for the detection and characterization of microorganisms. Furthermore, such methods are currently used in studies on microbial metabolic processes, on the role of microorganisms in the turnover of inorganic and organic compounds, and on the impact on environmental changes by microbial activity. Moreover, the introduction of some of these methods not only shortens the analytical time period compared to ·'traditional" techniques, but also improves the analytical quality. Mass spectrometry (MS) combined with chromatographic inlet systems, particularly gas chromatography (GC), belongs to those methods which during recent years have established their value for the above-mentioned purposes. The present volume starts with basic chapters on the principles for MS and common inlet systems, particulary Gc. It discusses applications of these techniques to a number of microbiological disciplines, e.g., ecologi cal and medical microbiology. Emphasis is laid on organic compound classes vii viii / PREFACE of special relevance to microbiology, e.g., volatiles, lipids, amino acids, peptides and carbohydrates. Some compound classes of a more general biochemical rather than specific microbiological importance, e.g., steroids and nucleotides, are dealt with briefly. The editors wish to thank all those who have contributed to this book. We hope it will stimulate further research in this futuristic field and will be of practical value.

Current Practice Of Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry

Author : Wilfried M.A. Niessen
ISBN : 1420029517
Genre : Science
File Size : 50. 69 MB
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This volume details the principles and instrumentation of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (CG-MS), and outlines industrial, environmental, pharmaceutical, clinical, toxicological, forensic and food-related applications, revealing findings from the laboratories of 40 contributing scientists around the world using GC-MS in practice. It describes upstream and downstream applications of GC-MS in the petroleum industry and identifies chlorinated compounds in the environment with quadrupole ion-trap technology and high-resolution sector instruments.

Gas Chromatography And Mass Spectrometry

Author : Fulton G. Kitson
ISBN : 9780080532325
Genre : Science
File Size : 30. 52 MB
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This guide provides, under one cover, a wealth of practical information designed to facilitate the effectiveness of the GC/MS user. Separation conditions for numerous compound types are provided along with derivatized and underivatized compounds. A section on how to interpret mass spectral data, an extensive correlation of ion masses and neutral losses with possible structures, and examples of mass spectra are provided to further aid structure determination. Also included are basic information on instrumentation, ionization methods, quantitation, tips on the operation of mass spectrometers, the best derivatization procedures for a variety of compound types, troubleshooting techniques, and a variety of other information found to be useful to the practicing user of GC/MS instrumentation. This guide would be immediately valuable to the novice as well as the experienced GC/MS user who may not have the breadth of experience covered in this book. Key Features * Condenses and organizes recent and essential information for new and experienced GC/MS users * Comprehensively indexed and referenced * Includes practical methods of analysis * Serves as a text reference for short practical courses on the subject

Organic Mass Spectrometry In Art And Archaeology

Author : Prof Maria Perla Colombini
ISBN : 9780470741924
Genre : Science
File Size : 67. 14 MB
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Offers an overview of the analysis of art and archaeological materials using techniques based on mass spectrometry Illustrates basic principles, procedures and applications of mass spectrometric techniques. Fills a gap in the field of application on destructive methods in the analysis of museum objects Edited by a world-wide respected specialists with extensive experience of the GC/MS analysis of art objects Such a handbook has been long-awaited by scientists, restorers and other experts in the analysis of art objects

Medical Applications Of Mass Spectrometry

Author : Karoly Vekey
ISBN : 9780080554655
Genre : Science
File Size : 22. 12 MB
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Mass spectrometry is fast becoming an indispensable field for medical professionals. The mass spectrometric analysis of metabolites and proteins promises to revolutionize medical research and clinical diagnostics. As this technology rapidly enters the medical field, practicing professionals and students need to prepare to take full advantage of its capabilities. Medical Applications of Mass Spectrometry addresses the key issues in the medical applications of mass spectrometry at the level appropriate for the intended readership. It will go a long way to help the utilization of mass spectrometry in medicine. The book comprises five parts. A general overview is followed by a description of the basic sampling and separation methods in analytical chemistry. In the second part a solid foundation in mass spectrometry and modern techniques of data analysis is presented. The third part explains how mass spectrometry is used in exploring various classes of biomolecules, including proteins and lipids. In the fourth section mass spectrometry is introduced as a diagnostic tool in clinical treatment, infectious pathogen research, neonatal diagnostics, cancer, brain and allergy research, as well as in various fields of medicine: cardiology, pulmonology, neurology, psychiatric diseases, hemato-oncology, urologic diseases, gastrointestinal diseases, gynecology and pediatrics. The fifth part covers emerging applications in biomarker discovery and in mass spectrometric imaging. * Provides a broad look at how the medical field is benefiting from advances in mass spectrometry. * Guides the reader from basic principles and methods to cutting edge applications. * There is NO comparable book on the market to fill this fast growing field.

Principles And Practice Of Modern Chromatographic Methods

Author : Kevin Robards
ISBN : 9780080571782
Genre : Science
File Size : 56. 63 MB
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Though many separation processes are available for use in todays analytical laboratory, chromatographic methods are the most widely used. The applications of chromatography have grown explosively in the last four decades, owing to the development of new techniques and to the expanding need of scientists for better methods of separating complex mixtures. With its comprehensive, unified approach, this book will greatly assist the novice in need of a reference to chromatographic techniques, as well as the specialist suddenly faced with the need to switch from one technique to another.

Introduction To Gc Ms Coupling

Author : Stéphane Bouchonnet
ISBN : 9781466572522
Genre : Science
File Size : 57. 43 MB
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Although GC-MS (gas chromatography–mass spectrometry) finds applications in fields as diverse as the food processing industry, medicine, pharmacology, and environmental analysis, the few works that are dedicated to this use of mass spectrometry are generally highly complex and theoretical. Emphasizing the practical aspects of GC-MS, without neglecting the fundamental theory, Introduction to GC-MS Coupling addresses both novice and experienced users of this technique. It presents GC-MS in a clear, instructive way and proposes solutions for the difficulties classically encountered by users. The book begins with the core principles of gas chromatography and its specific uses with MS detectors. It discusses generalities of mass spectrometry, including the various types of MS detectors and insight into the vacuum necessary for efficient operation. Chapters cover the types of analyzers used in GC-MS and their functioning principles, with a focus on the commonly used quadrupolar analyzers, as well as the implementation, advantages, and limits of various modes of acquisition in GC-MS. The text also compares performance and limitations of quadrupolar analyzers. The author includes a full chapter on quantification using GC-MS, a topic that can be puzzling for many chemists. Encouraging a critical approach to databases, he compares laboratory-made and commercial mass spectra databases, and describes a database research algorithm. The final chapter examines mass spectra interpretation, covering chemistry concepts such as inductive and mesomeric effects required to understand dissociation pathways, and presents a global strategy for mass spectra interpretation.

Principles And Applications Of Gas Chromatography In Food Analysis

Author : Michael H. Gordon
ISBN : 9781461306818
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 79. 28 MB
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The food analyst plays an important role in modern society. Stricter control over additives in food and concern about the effects of contamination of food by industrial and agricultural chemicals are among the developments which are leading to an increasing emphasis on detailed and accurate analysis of food. However. analysis of food is required for many reasons, including detection of toxic components, monitoring legislation, detecting adulteration, formulation of controlled diets, controlling formulation during product development and detecting changes in food during storage and processing. Foods comprise a complex mixture of components and food analysis requires efficient methods of separation with high sensitivity or specificity of detection. Although many food components are involatile or thermally labile and therefore not suitable for analysis by gas chromatography, other components are volatile and this technique is the preferred analytical method. Developments in methods of derivati zation, injector design and column technology have also extended the applicability of gas chromatography to the analysis of relatively involatile compounds.

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