basic gas chromatography mass spectrometry principles and techniques

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Basic Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry

Author : F.W. Karasek
ISBN : 9780080929064
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 19 MB
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The book begins by covering the basic principles of both gas chromatography (GC) and mass spectrometry (MS) to the extent necessary to understand and deal with the data generated in a GC-MS analysis. The focus then turns to the particular requirements created by a direct combination of these two techniques into a single instrumentation system. The data generated and their use are covered in detail. The role of the computer and its specific software receives special attention, especially in the matter of compound identification via mass spectral search techniques. GC-MS-computer instrumentation has reached such a plateau of excellence today that the present commercial systems will not be obsolete for a long time to come. Therefore, a detailed description of these systems is not only informative but is also pertinent to the subject matter of this book. Finally, representative applications and results obtained with GC-MS-computer techniques are presented and chosen in such a way as to permit extrapolation of specific applications to similar problems encountered by the reader. To aid the reader in mastering the subject matter and increase understanding, interpretation problems and suggested readings are included. The format is instructional, informative and application-oriented with material presented in such a way as to be useful to a broad spectrum of people. The book serves as a text in its own right. The software package Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry: A Knowledge Base, by F.A. Settle, Jr. and M.A. Pleva provides rapid access to a wealth of current information in the GC-MS field. Its three diskettes (51/4 inch) allow the user three ways to access: the index mode, the tree mode and a keyword search mode. The package may be purchased separately and is available for the IBM-PC and compatibles. The software provides a valuable supplement to the book.

Basic Gas Chromatography

Author : Harold M. McNair
ISBN : 9781118211205
Genre : Science
File Size : 48. 61 MB
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The New Edition of the Well-Regarded Handbook on Gas Chromatography Since the publication of the highly successful first edition of Basic Gas Chromatography, the practice of chromatography has undergone several notable developments. Basic Gas Chromatography, Second Edition covers the latest in the field, giving readers the most up-to-date guide available, while maintaining the first edition's practical, applied approach to the subject and its accessibility to a wide range of readers. The text provides comprehensive coverage of basic topics in the field, such as stationary phases, packed columns and inlets, capillary columns and inlets, detectors, and qualitative and quantitative analysis. At the same time, the coverage also features key additions and updated topics including: Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) Sampling methods Multidimensional gas chromatography Fast gas chromatography Gas chromatography analysis of nonvolatile compounds Inverse gas chromatography and pyrolysis gas chromatography Along with these new and updated topics, the references, resources, and Web sites in Basic Gas Chromatography have been revised to reflect the state of the field. Concise and fundamental in its coverage, Basic Gas Chromatography, Second Edition remains the standard handbook for everyone from undergraduates studying analytical chemistry to working industrial chemists.

Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry

Author : R. E. Ardrey
ISBN : 0471498017
Genre : Science
File Size : 72. 9 MB
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This series of books provides coverage of all of the majoranalytical techniques and their application in the most importantareas of physical, life and materials science. Each text ispresented in an open learning/distance learning style, in which thelearning objectives are clearly identified. The reader'sunderstanding of the material is constantly evaluated by the use ofself-assessment and discussion questions. The combination of gas chromatography with mass spectrometry(GC-MS) has been a routine analytical tool for many years, whilethe related hybrid technique of liquid chromatography-massspectrometry (LC-MS) is a rather more recent development. However,with the advent of new interfacing technology, the benefits of thispowerful hybrid analytical method are now currently being realised,as witnessed by the exponential growth in applications of thistechnique in both the chemical and life sciences. The topics covered in this text include the following: * The basic principles of liquid chromatography and massspectrometry * The limitations of the component techniques when used inisolation, and how a combination of the two allows these to beovercome * Descriptions of the various approaches, including thermospray,electrospray and atmospheric pressure chemical ionization, whichare used to interface the two techniques, along with the advantagesand disadvantages of each system * Illustrative examples of the applications of LC-MS, including themolecular weight and structure determinations of both biopolymersand low-molecular-compounds, along with the development ofquantitative methods Key features include: * The provision of many discussion and self-assessment questionsthroughout the text, thus providing opportunities for testing thereader's understanding of the subject matter * Presented in the AnTS (open learning/distance learning) style, itis ideal for use as both a self-study guide and as the basis of ataught course * A comprehensive bibliography, including books, papers/articles injournals and on websites, along with specific references for theindividual chapters, to guide the reader to more specialised textsand original sources Written with a student audience in mind, this text will provide aninvaluable introduction to this increasingly important analyticaltandem technique.

Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry Applications In Microbiology

Author : Goran Odham
ISBN : 9781468445268
Genre : Science
File Size : 70. 61 MB
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During recent years there has been increasing interest in the value of a number of chemical and physical-chemical analytical methods for the detection and characterization of microorganisms. Furthermore, such methods are currently used in studies on microbial metabolic processes, on the role of microorganisms in the turnover of inorganic and organic compounds, and on the impact on environmental changes by microbial activity. Moreover, the introduction of some of these methods not only shortens the analytical time period compared to ·'traditional" techniques, but also improves the analytical quality. Mass spectrometry (MS) combined with chromatographic inlet systems, particularly gas chromatography (GC), belongs to those methods which during recent years have established their value for the above-mentioned purposes. The present volume starts with basic chapters on the principles for MS and common inlet systems, particulary Gc. It discusses applications of these techniques to a number of microbiological disciplines, e.g., ecologi cal and medical microbiology. Emphasis is laid on organic compound classes vii viii / PREFACE of special relevance to microbiology, e.g., volatiles, lipids, amino acids, peptides and carbohydrates. Some compound classes of a more general biochemical rather than specific microbiological importance, e.g., steroids and nucleotides, are dealt with briefly. The editors wish to thank all those who have contributed to this book. We hope it will stimulate further research in this futuristic field and will be of practical value.

Current Practice Of Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry

Author : Wilfried M.A. Niessen
ISBN : 1420029517
Genre : Science
File Size : 21. 75 MB
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This volume details the principles and instrumentation of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (CG-MS), and outlines industrial, environmental, pharmaceutical, clinical, toxicological, forensic and food-related applications, revealing findings from the laboratories of 40 contributing scientists around the world using GC-MS in practice. It describes upstream and downstream applications of GC-MS in the petroleum industry and identifies chlorinated compounds in the environment with quadrupole ion-trap technology and high-resolution sector instruments.

Advanced Techniques In Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry Gc Ms Ms And Gc Tof Ms For Environmental Chemistry

Author :
ISBN : 9780444626240
Genre : Science
File Size : 75. 26 MB
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Gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) has been the technique of choice of analytical scientists for many years. The latest developments in instrumentation, including tandem mass spectrometry (MS-MS) and time-of-flight (TOF) detectors, have opened up and broadened the scope of environmental analytical chemistry. This book summarizes the major advances and relevant applications of GC-MS techniques over the last 10 years, with chapters by leading authors in the field of environmental chemistry. The authors are drawn from academia, industry and government. The book is organized in three main parts. Part I covers applications of basic GC-MS to solve environmental-related problems. Part II focuses on GC-MS-MS instrumentation for the analyses of a broad range of analysis in environmental samples (pesticides, persistent organic pollutants, endocrine disruptors, etc.). Part III covers the use of more advanced GC-MS techniques using low- and high-resolution mass spectrometry for many applications related to the environment, food and industry. Summarizes the major advances of GC-MS techniques in the last decade Presents relevant applications of GC-MS techniques Covers academic, industrial and governmental sectors

Organic Mass Spectrometry In Art And Archaeology

Author : Prof Maria Perla Colombini
ISBN : 9780470741924
Genre : Science
File Size : 88. 99 MB
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Offers an overview of the analysis of art and archaeological materials using techniques based on mass spectrometry Illustrates basic principles, procedures and applications of mass spectrometric techniques. Fills a gap in the field of application on destructive methods in the analysis of museum objects Edited by a world-wide respected specialists with extensive experience of the GC/MS analysis of art objects Such a handbook has been long-awaited by scientists, restorers and other experts in the analysis of art objects

Handbook Of Advanced Chromatography Mass Spectrometry Techniques

Author : Michal Holcapek
ISBN : 9780128117330
Genre : Science
File Size : 77. 25 MB
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Handbook of Advanced Chromatography /Mass Spectrometry Techniques is a compendium of new and advanced analytical techniques that have been developed in recent years for analysis of all types of molecules in a variety of complex matrices, from foods to fuel to pharmaceuticals and more. Focusing on areas that are becoming widely used or growing rapidly, this is a comprehensive volume that describes both theoretical and practical aspects of advanced methods for analysis. Written by authors who have published the foundational works in the field, the chapters have an emphasis on lipids, but reach a broader audience by including advanced analytical techniques applied to a variety of fields. Handbook of Advanced Chromatography / Mass Spectrometry Techniques is the ideal reference for those just entering the analytical fields covered, but also for those experienced analysts who want a combination of an overview of the techniques plus specific and pragmatic details not often covered in journal reports. The authors provide, in one source, a synthesis of knowledge that is scattered across a multitude of literature articles. The combination of pragmatic hints and tips with theoretical concepts and demonstrated applications provides both breadth and depth to produce a valuable and enduring reference manual. It is well suited for advanced analytical instrumentation students as well as for analysts seeking additional knowledge or a deeper understanding of familiar techniques. Includes UHPLC, HILIC, nano-liquid chromatographic separations, two-dimensional LC-MS (LCxLC), multiple parallel MS, 2D-GC (GCxGC) methodologies for lipids analysis, and more Contains both practical and theoretical knowledge, providing core understanding for implementing modern chromatographic and mass spectrometric techniques Presents chapters on the most popular and fastest-growing new techniques being implemented in diverse areas of research

Introduction To Gc Ms Coupling

Author : Stéphane Bouchonnet
ISBN : 9781466572522
Genre : Science
File Size : 70. 51 MB
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Although GC-MS (gas chromatography–mass spectrometry) finds applications in fields as diverse as the food processing industry, medicine, pharmacology, and environmental analysis, the few works that are dedicated to this use of mass spectrometry are generally highly complex and theoretical. Emphasizing the practical aspects of GC-MS, without neglecting the fundamental theory, Introduction to GC-MS Coupling addresses both novice and experienced users of this technique. It presents GC-MS in a clear, instructive way and proposes solutions for the difficulties classically encountered by users. The book begins with the core principles of gas chromatography and its specific uses with MS detectors. It discusses generalities of mass spectrometry, including the various types of MS detectors and insight into the vacuum necessary for efficient operation. Chapters cover the types of analyzers used in GC-MS and their functioning principles, with a focus on the commonly used quadrupolar analyzers, as well as the implementation, advantages, and limits of various modes of acquisition in GC-MS. The text also compares performance and limitations of quadrupolar analyzers. The author includes a full chapter on quantification using GC-MS, a topic that can be puzzling for many chemists. Encouraging a critical approach to databases, he compares laboratory-made and commercial mass spectra databases, and describes a database research algorithm. The final chapter examines mass spectra interpretation, covering chemistry concepts such as inductive and mesomeric effects required to understand dissociation pathways, and presents a global strategy for mass spectra interpretation.

Medical Applications Of Mass Spectrometry

Author : Karoly Vekey
ISBN : 9780080554655
Genre : Science
File Size : 30. 87 MB
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Mass spectrometry is fast becoming an indispensable field for medical professionals. The mass spectrometric analysis of metabolites and proteins promises to revolutionize medical research and clinical diagnostics. As this technology rapidly enters the medical field, practicing professionals and students need to prepare to take full advantage of its capabilities. Medical Applications of Mass Spectrometry addresses the key issues in the medical applications of mass spectrometry at the level appropriate for the intended readership. It will go a long way to help the utilization of mass spectrometry in medicine. The book comprises five parts. A general overview is followed by a description of the basic sampling and separation methods in analytical chemistry. In the second part a solid foundation in mass spectrometry and modern techniques of data analysis is presented. The third part explains how mass spectrometry is used in exploring various classes of biomolecules, including proteins and lipids. In the fourth section mass spectrometry is introduced as a diagnostic tool in clinical treatment, infectious pathogen research, neonatal diagnostics, cancer, brain and allergy research, as well as in various fields of medicine: cardiology, pulmonology, neurology, psychiatric diseases, hemato-oncology, urologic diseases, gastrointestinal diseases, gynecology and pediatrics. The fifth part covers emerging applications in biomarker discovery and in mass spectrometric imaging. * Provides a broad look at how the medical field is benefiting from advances in mass spectrometry. * Guides the reader from basic principles and methods to cutting edge applications. * There is NO comparable book on the market to fill this fast growing field.

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