basic gas chromatography mass spectrometry principles and techniques

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Basic Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry

Author : F.W. Karasek
ISBN : 9780080929064
Genre : Science
File Size : 85. 73 MB
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The book begins by covering the basic principles of both gas chromatography (GC) and mass spectrometry (MS) to the extent necessary to understand and deal with the data generated in a GC-MS analysis. The focus then turns to the particular requirements created by a direct combination of these two techniques into a single instrumentation system. The data generated and their use are covered in detail. The role of the computer and its specific software receives special attention, especially in the matter of compound identification via mass spectral search techniques. GC-MS-computer instrumentation has reached such a plateau of excellence today that the present commercial systems will not be obsolete for a long time to come. Therefore, a detailed description of these systems is not only informative but is also pertinent to the subject matter of this book. Finally, representative applications and results obtained with GC-MS-computer techniques are presented and chosen in such a way as to permit extrapolation of specific applications to similar problems encountered by the reader. To aid the reader in mastering the subject matter and increase understanding, interpretation problems and suggested readings are included. The format is instructional, informative and application-oriented with material presented in such a way as to be useful to a broad spectrum of people. The book serves as a text in its own right. The software package Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry: A Knowledge Base, by F.A. Settle, Jr. and M.A. Pleva provides rapid access to a wealth of current information in the GC-MS field. Its three diskettes (51/4 inch) allow the user three ways to access: the index mode, the tree mode and a keyword search mode. The package may be purchased separately and is available for the IBM-PC and compatibles. The software provides a valuable supplement to the book.

Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry

Author : R. E. Ardrey
ISBN : 0471498017
Genre : Science
File Size : 23. 69 MB
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This series of books provides coverage of all of the majoranalytical techniques and their application in the most importantareas of physical, life and materials science. Each text ispresented in an open learning/distance learning style, in which thelearning objectives are clearly identified. The reader'sunderstanding of the material is constantly evaluated by the use ofself-assessment and discussion questions. The combination of gas chromatography with mass spectrometry(GC-MS) has been a routine analytical tool for many years, whilethe related hybrid technique of liquid chromatography-massspectrometry (LC-MS) is a rather more recent development. However,with the advent of new interfacing technology, the benefits of thispowerful hybrid analytical method are now currently being realised,as witnessed by the exponential growth in applications of thistechnique in both the chemical and life sciences. The topics covered in this text include the following: * The basic principles of liquid chromatography and massspectrometry * The limitations of the component techniques when used inisolation, and how a combination of the two allows these to beovercome * Descriptions of the various approaches, including thermospray,electrospray and atmospheric pressure chemical ionization, whichare used to interface the two techniques, along with the advantagesand disadvantages of each system * Illustrative examples of the applications of LC-MS, including themolecular weight and structure determinations of both biopolymersand low-molecular-compounds, along with the development ofquantitative methods Key features include: * The provision of many discussion and self-assessment questionsthroughout the text, thus providing opportunities for testing thereader's understanding of the subject matter * Presented in the AnTS (open learning/distance learning) style, itis ideal for use as both a self-study guide and as the basis of ataught course * A comprehensive bibliography, including books, papers/articles injournals and on websites, along with specific references for theindividual chapters, to guide the reader to more specialised textsand original sources Written with a student audience in mind, this text will provide aninvaluable introduction to this increasingly important analyticaltandem technique.

Gas Chromatography And Mass Spectrometry

Author : Fulton G. Kitson
ISBN : 9780080532325
Genre : Science
File Size : 41. 30 MB
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This guide provides, under one cover, a wealth of practical information designed to facilitate the effectiveness of the GC/MS user. Separation conditions for numerous compound types are provided along with derivatized and underivatized compounds. A section on how to interpret mass spectral data, an extensive correlation of ion masses and neutral losses with possible structures, and examples of mass spectra are provided to further aid structure determination. Also included are basic information on instrumentation, ionization methods, quantitation, tips on the operation of mass spectrometers, the best derivatization procedures for a variety of compound types, troubleshooting techniques, and a variety of other information found to be useful to the practicing user of GC/MS instrumentation. This guide would be immediately valuable to the novice as well as the experienced GC/MS user who may not have the breadth of experience covered in this book. Key Features * Condenses and organizes recent and essential information for new and experienced GC/MS users * Comprehensively indexed and referenced * Includes practical methods of analysis * Serves as a text reference for short practical courses on the subject

Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry Applications In Microbiology

Author : Goran Odham
ISBN : 9781468445268
Genre : Science
File Size : 85. 78 MB
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During recent years there has been increasing interest in the value of a number of chemical and physical-chemical analytical methods for the detection and characterization of microorganisms. Furthermore, such methods are currently used in studies on microbial metabolic processes, on the role of microorganisms in the turnover of inorganic and organic compounds, and on the impact on environmental changes by microbial activity. Moreover, the introduction of some of these methods not only shortens the analytical time period compared to ·'traditional" techniques, but also improves the analytical quality. Mass spectrometry (MS) combined with chromatographic inlet systems, particularly gas chromatography (GC), belongs to those methods which during recent years have established their value for the above-mentioned purposes. The present volume starts with basic chapters on the principles for MS and common inlet systems, particulary Gc. It discusses applications of these techniques to a number of microbiological disciplines, e.g., ecologi cal and medical microbiology. Emphasis is laid on organic compound classes vii viii / PREFACE of special relevance to microbiology, e.g., volatiles, lipids, amino acids, peptides and carbohydrates. Some compound classes of a more general biochemical rather than specific microbiological importance, e.g., steroids and nucleotides, are dealt with briefly. The editors wish to thank all those who have contributed to this book. We hope it will stimulate further research in this futuristic field and will be of practical value.

Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry

Author : Hans-Ferdinand Linskens
ISBN : 9783642826122
Genre : Science
File Size : 73. 30 MB
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Modern Methods of Plant Analysis When the handbook Modern Methods of Plant Analysis was first introduced in 1954 the considerations were: 1. the dependence of scientific progress in biology on the improvement of existing and the introduction of new methods; 2. the difficulty in finding many new analytical methods in specialized journals which are normally not accessible to experimental plant biologists; 3. the fact that in the methods sections of papers the description of methods is frequently so compact, or even sometimes so incomplete that it is difficult to reproduce experiments. These considerations still stand today. The series was highly successful, seven volumes appearing between 1956 and 1964. Since there is still today a demand for the old series, the publisher has decided to resume publication of Modern Methods of Plant Analysis. It is hoped that the New Series will be just as acceptable to those working in plant sciences and related fields as the early volumes undoubtedly were. It is difficult to single out the major reasons for success of any publication, but we believe that the methods published in the first series were up-to-date at the time and presented in a way that made description, as applied to plant material, complete in itself with little need to consult other publications. Contributing authors have attempted to follow these guidelines in this New Series of volumes.

Medical Applications Of Mass Spectrometry

Author : Karoly Vekey
ISBN : 9780080554655
Genre : Science
File Size : 25. 89 MB
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Mass spectrometry is fast becoming an indispensable field for medical professionals. The mass spectrometric analysis of metabolites and proteins promises to revolutionize medical research and clinical diagnostics. As this technology rapidly enters the medical field, practicing professionals and students need to prepare to take full advantage of its capabilities. Medical Applications of Mass Spectrometry addresses the key issues in the medical applications of mass spectrometry at the level appropriate for the intended readership. It will go a long way to help the utilization of mass spectrometry in medicine. The book comprises five parts. A general overview is followed by a description of the basic sampling and separation methods in analytical chemistry. In the second part a solid foundation in mass spectrometry and modern techniques of data analysis is presented. The third part explains how mass spectrometry is used in exploring various classes of biomolecules, including proteins and lipids. In the fourth section mass spectrometry is introduced as a diagnostic tool in clinical treatment, infectious pathogen research, neonatal diagnostics, cancer, brain and allergy research, as well as in various fields of medicine: cardiology, pulmonology, neurology, psychiatric diseases, hemato-oncology, urologic diseases, gastrointestinal diseases, gynecology and pediatrics. The fifth part covers emerging applications in biomarker discovery and in mass spectrometric imaging. * Provides a broad look at how the medical field is benefiting from advances in mass spectrometry. * Guides the reader from basic principles and methods to cutting edge applications. * There is NO comparable book on the market to fill this fast growing field.

Basic Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry

Author : Francis W. Karasek
ISBN : UOM:39015014899663
Genre : Science
File Size : 70. 92 MB
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The book begins by covering the basic principles of both gas chromatography (GC) and mass spectrometry (MS) to the extent necessary to understand and deal with the data generated in a GC-MS analysis. The focus then turns to the particular requirements created by a direct combination of these two techniques into a single instrumentation system. The data generated and their use are covered in detail. The role of the computer and its specific software receives special attention, especially in the matter of compound identification via mass spectral search techniques. GC-MS-computer instrumentation has reached such a plateau of excellence today that the present commercial systems will not be obsolete for a long time to come. Therefore, a detailed description of these systems is not only informative but is also pertinent to the subject matter of this book. Finally, representative applications and results obtained with GC-MS-computer techniques are presented and chosen in such a way as to permit extrapolation of specific applications to similar problems encountered by the reader. To aid the reader in mastering the subject matter and increase understanding, interpretation problems and suggested readings are included. The format is instructional, informative and application-oriented with material presented in such a way as to be useful to a broad spectrum of people. The book serves as a text in its own right. The software package Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry: A Knowledge Base, by F.A. Settle, Jr. and M.A. Pleva provides rapid access to a wealth of current information in the GC-MS field. Its three diskettes (51/4 inch) allow the user three ways to access: the index mode, the tree mode and a keyword search mode. The package may be purchased separately and is available for the IBM-PC and compatibles. The software provides a valuable supplement to the book.

Principles And Practice Of Modern Chromatographic Methods

Author : Kevin Robards
ISBN : 9780080571782
Genre : Science
File Size : 88. 71 MB
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Though many separation processes are available for use in todays analytical laboratory, chromatographic methods are the most widely used. The applications of chromatography have grown explosively in the last four decades, owing to the development of new techniques and to the expanding need of scientists for better methods of separating complex mixtures. With its comprehensive, unified approach, this book will greatly assist the novice in need of a reference to chromatographic techniques, as well as the specialist suddenly faced with the need to switch from one technique to another.

Principles And Applications Of Gas Chromatography In Food Analysis

Author : Michael H. Gordon
ISBN : 9781461306818
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 23. 10 MB
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The food analyst plays an important role in modern society. Stricter control over additives in food and concern about the effects of contamination of food by industrial and agricultural chemicals are among the developments which are leading to an increasing emphasis on detailed and accurate analysis of food. However. analysis of food is required for many reasons, including detection of toxic components, monitoring legislation, detecting adulteration, formulation of controlled diets, controlling formulation during product development and detecting changes in food during storage and processing. Foods comprise a complex mixture of components and food analysis requires efficient methods of separation with high sensitivity or specificity of detection. Although many food components are involatile or thermally labile and therefore not suitable for analysis by gas chromatography, other components are volatile and this technique is the preferred analytical method. Developments in methods of derivati zation, injector design and column technology have also extended the applicability of gas chromatography to the analysis of relatively involatile compounds.

Organic Mass Spectrometry In Art And Archaeology

Author : Prof Maria Perla Colombini
ISBN : 9780470741924
Genre : Science
File Size : 85. 72 MB
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Offers an overview of the analysis of art and archaeological materials using techniques based on mass spectrometry Illustrates basic principles, procedures and applications of mass spectrometric techniques. Fills a gap in the field of application on destructive methods in the analysis of museum objects Edited by a world-wide respected specialists with extensive experience of the GC/MS analysis of art objects Such a handbook has been long-awaited by scientists, restorers and other experts in the analysis of art objects

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