autonomic nervous system handbook of clinical neurology

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Autonomic Nervous System

Author : Ruud M. Buijs
ISBN : 9780444534927
Genre : Medical
File Size : 27. 76 MB
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Autonomic Nervous System provides an introduction to the latest science and detailed chapters on advances in the clinical diagnosis and treatment of autonomic system disorders. The autonomic nervous system controls all involuntary actions within the human nervous system. Core body functions regulated by the autonomic system include breathing, heartbeat, blood pressure, body temperature, perspiration, and bowel, bladder and sexual function. Our understanding of the neurotransmitters associated with the autonomic nervous system has expanded over the past 15 years associated with current research efforts and are now impacting the diagnosis and treatment of autonomic nervous system disorders by clinical neurologists. This volume is a valuable companion for neuroscience and clinical neurology researchers and practitioners. A volume in the Handbook of Clinical Neurology series, which has an unparalleled reputation as the world's most comprehensive source of information in neurology International list of contributors, including the leading workers in the field Describes the advances that have occurred in clinical neurology and the neurosciences and their impact on the understanding of neurological disorders and on patient care

Handbook Of Clinical Neurology

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ISBN : 0720472008
Genre :
File Size : 49. 90 MB
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Handbook Of Clinical Neurology

Author : P.J. Vinken
ISBN : 0444904042
Genre :
File Size : 45. 1 MB
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Autonomic Nervous System

Author : Geoffrey Burnstock
ISBN : 9780128079775
Genre : Medical
File Size : 51. 99 MB
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After some early hints, cotransmission was proposed in 1976 and then “chemical coding” later established for sympathetic nerves (noradrenaline/norepinephrine, adenosine 5′-triphosphate (ATP), and neuropeptide Y), parasympathetic nerves (acetylcholine, ATP, and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP)), enteric nonadrenergic, noncholinergic inhibitory nerves (ATP, nitric oxide, and VIP), and sensory-motor nerves (calcitonin gene-related peptide, substance P, and ATP). ATP is a primitive signaling molecule that has been retained as a cotransmitter in most, if not all, nerve types in both the peripheral and central nervous systems. Neuropeptides coreleased with small molecule neurotransmitters in autonomic nerves do not usually act as cotransmitters but rather as prejunctional neuromodulators or trophic factors. Autonomic cotransmission offers subtle, local variation in physiological control mechanisms, rather than the dominance of inflexible central control mechanisms envisaged earlier. The variety of information imparted by a single neuron then greatly increases the sophistication and complexity of local control mechanisms. Cotransmitter composition shows considerable plasticity in development and aging, in pathophysiological conditions and following trauma or surgery. For example, ATP appears to become a more prominent cotransmitter in inflammatory and stress conditions.

Diabetes And The Nervous System

Author : Douglas W. Zochodne
ISBN : 9780444635419
Genre : Medical
File Size : 36. 73 MB
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This is a unique compilation, by experts worldwide, addressing how diabetes impacts the nervous system. For example, diabetic polyneuropathy, a disorder more common than MS, Parkinson’s disease, and ALS combined, is a major source of disability to diabetic persons worldwide. This book addresses diabetic polyneuropathy and how diabetes alters other parts of the nervous system. Offers a unique emphasis on the neurological manifestations of diabetes Provides thorough coverage of the clinical, experimental, mechanistic, therapeutic, peripheral, and central aspects of diabetic neuropathy Edited work with chapters authored by leaders in the field around the globe – the broadest, most expert coverage available

The Autonomic Nervous System

Author : Otto Appenzeller
ISBN : 0444828125
Genre : Autonomic nervous system
File Size : 23. 39 MB
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Clinical Assessment Of The Autonomic Nervous System

Author : Satoshi Iwase
ISBN : 9784431560128
Genre : Medical
File Size : 21. 94 MB
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This book describes newly developed methods of assessing the autonomic nervous system. Up-to-date information on microneurographic analysis of human cardiovascular and thermoregulatory function in humans, heart rate variability, and 131I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy are provided. Microneurography, which was originally developed as a technique to analyze the afferent muscle spindle, came to be used to analyze sympathetic nerve activity in the mid-1980s. In the twenty-first century, this technique has become prevalent all over the world especially in investigating the pathophysiology of human cardiovascular function. It is also now used in researching human thermoregulatory function. Heart rate variability is another valuable tool in investigating the current status of human vagal function and in predicting future cardiovascular disease. MIBG is also used to assess cardiac noradrenergic function, especially decreases associated with Parkinson’s disease, Lewy body disease, and multisystem atrophy. Overviews of recent advances in these three important assessments are provided by leading experts.Clinical Assessment of the Autonomic Nervous System is a useful resource for neurologists and researchers of clinical neurophysiology.

Integrative Action Of The Autonomic Nervous System

Author : Wilfrid Jänig
ISBN : 9781139456777
Genre : Medical
File Size : 63. 82 MB
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Almost all bodily functions are dependent on the functioning of the autonomic nervous system - from the cardiovascular system, the gastrointestinal tract, the evacuative and sexual organs, to the regulation of temperature, metabolism and tissue defence. Balanced functioning of this system is an important basis of our life and well-being. This book gives a detailed description of the cellular and integrative organization of the autonomic nervous system, covering both peripheral and central aspects. It brings to light modern neurobiological concepts that allow understanding of why the healthy system runs so smoothly and why its deterioration has such disastrous consequences. This academic reference volume will appeal to advanced undergraduate and graduate students studying the neurobiology of the autonomic nervous system within the various biological and medical sciences and will give access to ideas propagated in psychosomatic and alternative medicines.

Autonomic Nervous System

Author : Erica A. Wehrwein
ISBN : 9780128079829
Genre : Medical
File Size : 76. 69 MB
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Mean arterial pressure (MAP) is a critical hemodynamic factor. The absence of proper regulation of MAP can have important pathophysiological consequences. Low MAP can cause inadequate blood flow to organs, syncope, and shock. On the other hand, elevated MAP contributes to increased oxygen demand by the heart, ventricular remodeling, vascular injury, end organ damage, and stroke. The arterial baroreflex system is a key controller of MAP and is a complex system. It can be considered in its entirety as an integrative physiological system or in terms of its regulated component parts. Those component parts include MAP, mechanosensory transduction, afferent pathways, central neural circuits, efferent pathways, receptor pharmacology, integration with other key homeostatic inputs, molecular biology, and/or other elements. This chapter provides an overview of each of these individual components but stresses the importance of the integrative nature of this reflex. In addition, this chapter explores common measurement techniques for the baroreflex and explores the baroreflex in diseases.

Autonomic Nervous System

Author : A.D. Craig
ISBN : 9780128079836
Genre : Medical
File Size : 22. 57 MB
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The main sensory input to the autonomic nervous system comes from small-diameter sensory fibers by way of lamina I neurons in the superficial dorsal horn. This pathway supports organotopic homeostatic control of the body’s condition, but also human feelings from the body, such as temperature, pain, itch, affective touch, muscle ache, vascular flush, and so on. The anatomical pathways described in this chapter reveal that these feelings are correlates of behavioral homeostatic responses needed to maintain the health of the body. These findings suggest that bodily feelings provide important measures of the body's condition, support emotional well-being and awareness, and can be a significant therapeutic avenue.

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