applied building physics boundary conditions building peformance and material properties

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Applied Building Physics

Author : Hugo S. L. Hens
ISBN : 9783433601273
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 84. 28 MB
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The energy crises of the 1970s, persisting moisture problems, complaints about sick buildings, thermal, visual and olfactory discomfort, and the move towards more sustainability in building construction have pushed Building Physics to the forefront of building innovation. The societal pressure to diminish energy consumption in buildings without impairing usability acted as a trigger to activate the whole notion of performance based design and construction. As with all engineering sciences, Building Physics is oriented towards application, which is why, after a first book on fundamentals this second volume examines performance rationale and performance requirements. Outdoor and indoor climate conditions are described and calculation values are discussed, the performance concept is specified at the building level and at the building envelope level, and heat-air-moisture material properties are defined. The book incorporates 35 years of teaching Building Physics to architectural, building and civil engineers, bolstered by 40 years of experience, research and consultancy.

Performance Based Building Design 1

Author : Hugo S. L. Hens
ISBN : 9783433601976
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 84. 67 MB
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Just like building physics, performance based building design was hardly an issue before the energy crises of the 1970s. With the need to upgrade energy efficiency, the interest in overall building performance grew. The term "performance" encompasses all building-related physical properties and qualities that are predictable during the design stage and controllable during and after construction. The term "predictable" demands calculation tools and physical models that allow evaluating a design, whereas "controllable" presumes the existence of measuring methods available on site. The basis for a system of performance arrays are the functional demands, the needs for accessibility, safety, well-being, durability, energy efficiency and sustainability and the requirements imposed by the usage of a building. As the first of two volumes, this book applies the performance rationale, advanced in applied building physics, to the design and construction of buildings. After an overview of materials for thermal insulation, water proofing, air tightening and vapour tightening and a discussion on joints, building construction is analysed, starting with the excavations. Then foundations, below and on grade constructions, typical load bearing systems and floors pass the review to end with massive outer walls insulated at the inside and the outside and cavity walls. Most chapters build on a same scheme: overview, overall performance evaluation, design and construction. The book is absolutely recommended to undergraduates and graduates in architectural and building engineering, though also building engineers, who want to refresh their knowledge, may benefit. The level of discussion assumes the reader has a sound knowledge of building physics, along with a background in structural engineering, building materials and building construction. Where and when needed, input and literature from over the world was used, reason why each chapter ends listing references and literature.

Building Physics Heat Air And Moisture

Author : Hugo S. L. C. Hens
ISBN : 3433018413
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 66. 61 MB
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Bad experiences with construction quality, the energy crises of 1973 and 1979, complaints about 'sick buildings', thermal, acoustical, visual and olfactory discomfort, the move towards more sustainability, have all accelerated the development of a field, which until 35 years ago was hardly more than an academic exercise: building physics. Through the application of existing physical knowledge and the combination with information coming from other disciplines, the field helps to understand the physical performance of building parts, buildings and the built environment, and translates it into correct design and construction. This book is the result of thirty years teaching, research and consultancy activity of the author. The book discusses the theory behind the heat and mass transport in and through building components. Steady and non steady state heat conduction, heat convection and thermal radiation are discussed in depth, followed by typical building-related thermal concepts such as reference temperatures, surface film coefficients, the thermal transmissivity, the solar transmissivity, thermal bridging and the periodic thermal properties. Water vapour and water vapour flow and moisture flow in and through building materials and building components is analyzed in depth, mixed up with several engineering concepts which allow a first order analysis of phenomena such as the vapour balance, the mold, mildew and dust mites risk, surface condensation, sorption, capillary suction, rain absorption and drying. In a last section, heat and mass transfer are combined into one overall model staying closest to the real hygrothermal response of building components, as observed in field experiments. The book combines the theory of heat and mass transfer with typical building engineering applications. The line from theory to application is dressed in a correct and clear way. In the theory, oversimplification is avoided. This book is the result of thirty years teaching, research and consultancy activity of the author.

Applied Building Physics

Author : Hugo Hens
ISBN : 3433607133
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 86. 35 MB
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Hygrothermal Numerical Simulation Tools Applied To Building Physics

Author : João M.P.Q. Delgado
ISBN : 9783642350030
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 36. 65 MB
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This book presents a critical review on the development and application of hygrothermal analysis methods to simulate the coupled transport processes of Heat, Air, and Moisture (HAM) transfer for one or multidimensional cases. During the past few decades there has been relevant development in this field of study and an increase in the professional use of tools that simulate some of the physical phenomena that are involved in Heat, Air and Moisture conditions in building components or elements. Although there is a significant amount of hygrothermal models referred in the literature, the vast majority of them are not easily available to the public outside the institutions where they were developed, which restricts the analysis of this book to only 14 hygrothermal modelling tools. The special features of this book are (a) a state-of-the-art of numerical simulation tools applied to building physics, (b) the boundary conditions importance, (c) the material properties, namely, experimental methods for the measurement of relevant transport properties, and (d) the numerical investigation and application The main benefit of the book is that it discusses all the topics related to numerical simulation tools in building components (including state-of-the-art and applications) and presents some of the most important theoretical and numerical developments in building physics, providing a self-contained major reference that is appealing to both the scientists and the engineers. At the same time, this book will be going to the encounter of a variety of scientific and engineering disciplines, such as civil and mechanical engineering, architecture, etc... The book is divided in several chapters that intend to be a resume of the current state of knowledge for benefit of professional colleagues.

Oncologic Ultrasound An Issue Of Ultrasound Clinics

Author : Vikram S. Dogra
ISBN : 9780323264174
Genre : Medical
File Size : 56. 91 MB
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The detection of tumors in various organ systems remains one of the central applications of ultrasound. This issue of Ultrasound Clinics will consist of 10 articles under the title “Oncologic Ultrasound and will feature several articles on elastrography (a developing method for distinguishing tumors from normal tissue), as well as endoscopic ultrasound in oncology, ultrasound guidance in tumor ablation, and ultrasound guided biopsies. The editor, Vikram Dogra, who also serves as consulting editor of the series, has put together an issue that addresses the core clinical concerns of oncologic imaging for the radiologist specializing in ultrasound.

Building Services Journal

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105113184175
Genre : Heating
File Size : 90. 23 MB
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Author : Daniel V. Schroeder
ISBN : 9786035031912
Genre : Science
File Size : 20. 37 MB
Format : PDF
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للفيزياء الحرارية أهمية كبيرة في فهم العالم الذي نعيش فيه، إذ إن لكل جسم من حولنا هويته الحرارية الخاصة به التي تمنحه خواص فيزيائية مختلفة. إن كتاب (الفيزياء الحرارية) وضع ليوضح علاقة حرارة المواد بما حولها، ويجيب عن كثير من الأسئلة التي يمكن أن تخطر ببالنا. وينقسم كتاب (الفيزياء الحرارية) إلى أربعة أقسام رئيسة، حيث يناقش القسم الأول الأساسيات من مثل القانونين الأول والثاني، والطاقة في الفيزياء الحرارية والتفاعلات والدلالات كالبارامغناطيسية والاتزان الميكانيكي والضغط واتزان وانتشار الجهد الميكانيكي، ويتمحور القسم الثاني حول الثرموديناميكا، والمكائن الحرارية والثلاجات ومكائن الاحتراق الداخلي والماكينة البخارية والطاقة الحرة وتحولاتها. القسم الثالث والأخير من الكتاب يتناول ميكانيكا الإحصاء، كإحصاء بولتزمان والإحصاء الكمّي، وأنظمة الجسيمات المتفاعلة. ويختتم الكتاب بملحقين: الأول عن عناصر ميكانيكا الكمّ والثاني عن النتائج الرياضية. الكتاب يحتوي على تطبيقات في مجالات متعددة، كالكيمياء والجيولوجيا وعلوم الحياة وعلوم البيئة وعلم التعدين وفيزياء الجوامد وفيزياء الفلك، وغيرها مما يساعد على استيعاب أكبر لمفاهيم الفيزياء الحرارية وأسسها. العبيكان للنشر

Energy Research Abstracts

Author :
ISBN : PSU:000052606359
Genre : Power resources
File Size : 36. 74 MB
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Urban Renewal Programme In The Calcutta Metropolitan Centre 1974 1984

Author : West Bengal. Calcutta Metropolitan Planning Organisation
ISBN : UOM:39015083012594
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 89. 49 MB
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