analytical methods in wood chemistry pulping and papermaking springer series in wood science

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Analytical Methods In Wood Chemistry Pulping And Papermaking

Author : Eero Sjöström
ISBN : 9783662038987
Genre : Science
File Size : 48. 16 MB
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In its broadest sense, and according to the traditional conception, wood chemistry is a comprehensive discipline, ranging from fundamental studies to practical applications. The manifold constituents, located in different morphological regions in the wood, results in an extreme complexity of wood chemistry. Ever more sophisticated endeavors needing fundamental studies and advanced analytical methods are necessary in order to delve deeper into various problems in pulping and papermaking. Gradually, new, improved ana lytical methods, originally developed for research purposes, are currently replacing many of the old "routine" methods in practical applications. Because of the expanse of the subject, an attempt to write a book of this size about analytical methods seems, perhaps, too ambitious. Of course, a whole book series of several volumes would be necessary to cover this topic completely. However, there is undoubtedly a need for a more condensed presentation which does not go into experimental details, but is limited to the basic principles of the analytical methods and illustrates their applica tions. The emphasis is on more advanced and potential methods, and partic ularly on those based on different types of spectroscopy and chromatography.

Analytical Methods In Wood Chemistry Pulping And Papermaking

Author : Eero Sjöström
ISBN : 354063102X
Genre : Science
File Size : 86. 28 MB
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In its broadest sense, and according to the traditional conception, wood chemistry is a comprehensive discipline, ranging from fundamental studies to practical applications. The manifold constituents, located in different morphological regions in the wood, results in an extreme complexity of wood chemistry. Ever more sophisticated endeavors needing fundamental studies and advanced analytical methods are necessary in order to delve deeper into various problems in pulping and papermaking. Gradually, new, improved ana lytical methods, originally developed for research purposes, are currently replacing many of the old "routine" methods in practical applications. Because of the expanse of the subject, an attempt to write a book of this size about analytical methods seems, perhaps, too ambitious. Of course, a whole book series of several volumes would be necessary to cover this topic completely. However, there is undoubtedly a need for a more condensed presentation which does not go into experimental details, but is limited to the basic principles of the analytical methods and illustrates their applica tions. The emphasis is on more advanced and potential methods, and partic ularly on those based on different types of spectroscopy and chromatography.

Biotechnology For Pulp And Paper Processing

Author : Pratima Bajpai
ISBN : 9789811078538
Genre : Science
File Size : 23. 43 MB
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The book provides the most up-to-date information available on various biotechnological processes useful in the pulp and paper industry. The first edition was published in 2011, covering a specific biotechnological process or technique, discussing the advantages, limitations, and prospects of the most important and popular processes used in the industry. Many new developments have taken place in the last five years, warranting a second edition on this topic. The new edition contains about 35% new material covering topics in Laccase application in fibreboard; biotechnology in forestry; pectinases in papermaking; stickies control with pectinase; products from hemicelluloses; value added products from biorefinery lignin; use of enzymes in mechanical pulping.

Cellulose Chemistry And Properties Fibers Nanocelluloses And Advanced Materials

Author : Orlando J. Rojas
ISBN : 9783319260150
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 75. 64 MB
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Vincent Bulone et al.: Cellulose sources and new understanding of synthesis in plants Thomas Heinze et al.:Cellulose structure and properties Thomas Rosenau, Antje Potthast, Ute Henniges et al.: Recent developments in cellulose aging (degradation / yellowing / chromophore formation) Sunkyu Park et al.:Cellulose crystallinity Lina Zhang et al.:Gelation and dissolution behavior of cellulose Yoshiyuki Nishio et al.:Cellulose and derivatives in liquid crystals Alessandro Gandini, Naceur Belgacem et al.:The surface and in-depth modification of cellulose fibers Emily D. Cranston et al.:Interfacial properties of cellulose Herbert Sixta, Michael Hummel et al.Cellulose Fibers Regenerated from Cellulose Solutions in Ionic Liquids Qi Zhou et al.:Cellulose-based biocomposites Orlando Rojas et al.:Films of cellulose nanocrystals and nanofibrils Pedro Fardim et al.:Functional cellulose particles Wadood Hamad et al.:Cellulose Composites

An Introduction To The Chemistry Of Cellulose

Author : J. T. Marsh
ISBN : 9781443723169
Genre : Science
File Size : 51. 24 MB
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AN INTRODUCTION TO THE CHEMISTRY OF CELLULOSE by J. T. MARSH M. Originally published in 1938. FOREWORD: CELLULOSE chemistry is a subject for the scientific expert, and hence I cannot attempt to add anything to the substance of this book. It has, however, been my experience that the close correlation of science to the textile industry has already had a profound effect on its development, and that a closer bond between the two is the surest way to promote future advances. The more science is applied, the greater the number of scientific workers engaged in probing the secrets of cellulose chemistry, the brighter will be the outlook for our industry. A knowledge of the literature on the subject is of the greatest importance to the research worker the scientific journals cover a wide range of subjects, whilst patent specifications are difficult to find and to read. Those concerned with indus trial production and process control have not the time for such reading, whilst the young research worker now entering the industry finds an overwhelming mass of literature before him. This book should therefore present a very valuable introduction to the subject of cellulose chemistry, and should be of great assistance in these two cases. To those who wish to obtain a wider general knowledge of the subject it should also prove most useful. KENNETH LEE. MANCHESTER, May, 1938. PREFACE: OF making many books there is no end but we trust that no excuse is needed for the present work. The subject of cellulose chemistry is not among the simplest of studies, but the important advances of recent years have clarified it to such an extent that we feel the time is ripe for publishing a relatively simple book which may act as a guide to the younger chemists who are entering those branches of our great industries which are concerned with cellulose. It is to the ordinary chemist that we hope this elementary account will appeal for this reason we have tried to maintain some sort of balance between the descriptions of the purely scientific aspect of the subject and the practical applications. The narrative, in many cases, has a slight historical flavour in order to emphasise the course of development, but we have not adhered to the chronological sequence of description. We have given no bibliography, as the source-books and journals are mentioned as occasion arises. Our guide-book is not intended as a substitute for the original literature which should always be consulted by the student. Nevertheless, we feel that a good general knowledge should first be acquired rather than a detailed mastery of any particular section, for experience has shown that successful research need not necessarily depend on an initial deep knowledge of a subject, which is often only acquired during the actual course of research. ...

Fiber Atlas

Author : Marja-Sisko Ilvessalo-Pfäffli
ISBN : 9783662072127
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 77. 59 MB
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This richly-illustrated book presents the information necessary for fiber analysis in the field of pulp and paper. A discussion of raw-material structure and the features used for species identification in pulp is followed up by the description of 117 fiber species. Of these, 83 are wood fibers and 34 are of nonwood origin. The tree species range across all five continents, 29 from Eurasia, 38 from North America and 16 from the southern hemisphere and the tropics. Informative micrographs, identification tables, and distribution maps aid species differentiation, making this atlas ideal for everyone interested in fiber identification.

Phenolic Compound Biochemistry

Author : Wilfred Vermerris
ISBN : 9781402051647
Genre : Science
File Size : 37. 24 MB
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These are just a few examples that illustrate the chemical diversity and use of phenolic compounds, the topic of ‘Phenolic Compound Biochemistry’. This book is written for researchers, instructors, advanced undergraduate students and beginning graduate students in the life sciences who wish to become more familiar with these and many other intriguing aspects of phenolic compounds. Topics covered include nomenclature, chemical properties, biosynthesis, including an up-to-date overview of the genetics controlling phenolic metabolism, isolation and characterization of phenolic compounds, phenolics used in plant defense, and the impact of phenolics on human health. The book is written in an accessible style, and assumes only basic knowledge of organic chemistry, biochemistry and cell physiology. More than 300 chemical structures and reaction schemes illustrate the text. Wilfred Vermerris is Associate Professor of Agronomy at the University of Florida Genetics Institute in Gainesville, FL. His research focuses on the genetic control of phenolic compounds that impact agro-industrial processing of crop plants. Ralph Nicholson is Professor of Botany and Plant Pathology at Purdue University in West Lafayette, IN. He is an expert on phenolic compounds involved in the plant’s defense against pathogenic fungi and bacteria.

Wood Is Good

Author : Krishna K. Pandey
ISBN : 9789811031151
Genre : Nature
File Size : 35. 94 MB
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This book is a compilation of selected papers presented in the International Conference on the theme ‘Wood is Good: Current Trends and Future Prospects in Wood’. The contents of the book deal with recent innovations, trends and challenges in wood science and are grouped in five distinct sections. They cover a wide range of topics like wood variability, processing and utilization, wood protection, wood-based composites, wood energy and the role of wood in mitigating climate change. With the ever increasing human population and growing demand for wood, this book offers valuable insights for better understanding and efficient utilization of this wonderful gift of nature. This book will be useful to researchers, professionals, and policy makers involved in forestry and wood related areas.

Integrated Forest Biorefineries

Author : Lew Christopher
ISBN : 9781849735063
Genre : Science
File Size : 63. 46 MB
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This reference book describes how bioprocessing and biotechnology could enhance the value extracted from wood-based lignocellulosic fiber by employing both biochemical and thermochemical conversion processes. It documents recent accomplishments and suggests future prospects for research and development of integrated forest biorefineries (IFBR) as the path forward for the pulp, paper and other fiber-processing industries. This is the only book to cover this area of high economic, social, and environmental importance. It is aimed at industrialists and academics from diverse science and engineering backgrounds including chemical and biotechnology companies, governmental and professional bodies, and scholarly societies. The Editor and contributors are internationally recognized scientists and many are leaders in their respective fields. The book starts with an introductory overview of the current state of biorefining and a justification for future developments. The next four chapters deal with social, economic and environmental issues related to regulations, biomass production and supply, process modelling, and life cycle analysis. Subsequent chapters focus on the extraction of biochemicals from biomass and their potential utilization to add value to the IFBR prior to pulping. The book then presents, compares and evaluates two types of forest biorefineries based on kraft and organosolv pulping. Finally, the book assess the potential of waste biomass and streams, such paper mill sludge and black liquor, to serve as feedstock for biofuel production and value-added biomaterials through both the biochemical and thermochemical routes of biomass bioprocessing. The economics of the described IFBR processes and products, and their environmental impact, is a major focus in most of the chapters. Practical examples are presented where relevant and applicable.

Biomass Conversion

Author : Michael E. Himmel
ISBN : 1617799556
Genre : Science
File Size : 77. 24 MB
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Biomass conversion research is a combination of basic science, applied science, and engineering testing and analysis. Conversion science includes the initial treatment (called pre-treatment) of the feedstock to render it more amenable to enzyme action, enzymatic saccharification, and finally product formation by microbiological or chemical processes. In Biomass Conversion: Methods and Protocols, expert researchers in the field detail methods which are now commonly used to study biomass conversion. These methods include Biomass Feedstocks and Cellulose, Plant Cell Wall Degrading Enzymes and Microorganisms, and Lignins and Hemicelluloses. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series format, the chapters include the kind of detailed description and implementation advice that is crucial for getting informed, reproducible results in the laboratory.

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