analysis of pesticides in food and environmental samples

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Analysis Of Pesticides In Food And Environmental Samples

Author : Jose L. Tadeo
ISBN : 1420007750
Genre : Science
File Size : 33. 6 MB
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Developing safety regulations for pesticides used around the world—in excess of 2.5 million tons annually—requires reliable analytical methods for assessing their impact in food and in the environment. Analysis of Pesticides in Food and Environmental Samples presents the most effective techniques for analyzing pesticide residues and other chemical contaminants in foods as well as in soil, water, and air. Renowned Scientists Report New Data and Advances in the Field The book introduces sample preparation, extraction, and analytical methods specific to each sample type, including foods from vegetal and animal origin. Other chapters discuss important aspects of quality assurance and the applicability of hyphenated analytical techniques. In addition to a practical chapter on the use of biosensors and immunoassays for monitoring and gathering exposure data, the book addresses regulatory aspects and presents current data on the levels of pesticides found in food and environmental matrices. Latest Methods Help Scientists Develop Safer, More Effective Pesticides Analysis of Pesticides in Food and Environmental Samples enables scientists to measure and predict the behavior and toxicity of pesticides with a higher degree of accuracy. The methodologies and insight in this timely work will contribute to the development of more effective, less toxic pesticides as well as better safety regulations.

Fast Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry Methods In Food And Environmental Analysis

Author : Oscar Núñez
ISBN : 9781783264957
Genre : Science
File Size : 31. 33 MB
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There is a growing need for high-throughput separations in food and environmental research that are able to cope with the analysis of a large number of compounds in very complex matrices. Whereas the most common approach for solving many analytical problems has often been high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), the recent use of fast or ultra-fast chromatographic methods for environmental and food analysis has increased the overall sample throughput and laboratory efficiency without loss (and even with an improvement) in the resolution obtained by conventional HPLC systems. This book brings together researchers at the top of their field from across the world to discuss and analyze recent advances in fast liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (LC–MS) methods in food and environmental analysis. First, the most novel approaches to achieve fast and ultra-fast methods as well as the use of alternative and complementary stationary phases are described. Then, recent advances in fast LC–MS methods are addressed, focusing on novel treatment procedures coupled with LC–MS, new ionization sources, high-resolution mass spectrometry, and the problematic confirmation and quantification aspects in mass spectrometry. Finally, relevant LC–MS applications in food and environmental analysis such as the analysis of pesticides, mycotoxins, food packaging contaminants, perfluorinated compounds and polyphenolic compounds are described. The scope of the book is intentionally broad and is aimed at worldwide analytical laboratories working in food and environmental applications as well as researchers in universities worldwide. Contents: Fast Liquid Chromatography Advances:UHPLC Separations Using Sub-2 μm Particle Size Columns (Julie Schappler, Jean-Luc Veuthey and Davy Guillarme)Core-Shell Column Technology in Fast Liquid Chromatography (Oscar Núñez and Héctor Gallart-Ayala)Monolithic Columns in Fast Liquid Chromatography (Takeshi Hara, Oscar Núñez, Tohru Ikegami and Nobuo Tanaka)High-Temperature Liquid Chromatography (Thorsten Teutenberg)Hydrophilic Interaction Liquid Chromatography (HILIC) and Perfluorinated Stationary Phases (Cristina C Jacob, Héctor Gallart-Ayala and Gonçalo Gamboa da Costa)Advances in Fast Liquid Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry Methods:On-Line Sample Pre-Treatment Procedures Applied to LC–MS (Tony Edge and Joseph Herman)Ambient Mass Spectrometry: Food and Environmental Applications (Tiina J Kauppila and Anu Vaikkinen)Liquid Chromatography–High–Resolution Mass Spectrometry in Environmental and Food Analysis (Paolo Lucci and Claudia P B Martins)Liquid Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry: Quantification and Confirmation Aspects (Jaume Aceña, Daniel Rivas, Bozo Zonja, Sandra Pérez and Damià Barceló)Relevant LC–MS Applications in Food and Environmental Analysis:Multiresidue Analysis of Pesticides: LC–MS/MS versus LC–HRMS (Juan V Sancho and María Ibáñez)Food-Packaging Contaminants (Silvia Lacorte, Montse Cortina, Albert Guart and Antonio Borrell)Liquid Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry for the Analysis of Perfluorinated Compounds in Water Samples (Marianna Rusconi, Stefano Polesello and Sara Valsecchi)Determination of Phenolic Compounds in Food Matrices: Application to Characterization and Authentication (Javier Saurina and Sonia Sentellas)Liquid Chromatography–Mass Spectrometric Analysis of Mycotoxins in Food (Veronica M T Lattanzio and Angelo Visconti) Readership: Scientists or students in mass spectrometry, chemists, biologists, and analysts. Keywords:Mass Spectrometry;Fast Liquid Chromatography;Food Analysis;Environmental Analysis

Mass Spectrometry For The Analysis Of Pesticide Residues And Their Metabolites

Author : Despina Tsipi
ISBN : 9781119069980
Genre : Science
File Size : 60. 12 MB
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Provides an overview of the use of mass spectrometry (MS) for the analysis of pesticide residues and their metabolites. Presents state of the-art MS techniques for the identification of pesticides and their transformation products in food and environment Covers important advances in MS techniques including MS instrumentation and chromatographic separations (e.g. UPLC, HILIC, comprehensive GCxGC) and applications Illustrates the main sample preparation techniques (SPE, QuEChERS, microextraction) used in combination with MS for the analysis of pesticides Describes various established and new ionization techniques as well as the main MS platforms, software tools and mass spectral libraries

Analysis Of Pesticide Residues In Human And Environmental Samples

Author : Joseph Sherma
ISBN : OCLC:947953531
Genre : Pesticides
File Size : 85. 20 MB
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Chemical Pesticides Mode Of Action And Toxicology

Author : Jørgen Stenersen
ISBN : 0203646835
Genre : Science
File Size : 29. 54 MB
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Environmental-friendliness, issues of public health, and the pros and cons of genetically-modified crops all receive regular coverage in the world's media. This, in turn, has led to increased questioning and investigation of chemical pesticides. Stenersen's concise and timely introduction to chemical pesticides describes these compounds according to their mode of action at the cellular and biochemical level. Chemical Pesticides provides answers to questions such as why pesticides are toxic to the target organism and why pesticides are toxic to some organisms and not others. It describes how various poisons interfere with biochemical processes in organisms. The book also explores how resistance to pesticides develops, how resistance can be used to illustrate the theory of evolution, and how it can be used to produce herbicide-resistant crop plants. Legal matters and potential environmental problems are also discussed. By providing an integrated, yet simple description of modern chemical pesticides, the author provides a relevant text for professionals and students in biological disciplines such as biochemistry, medicine, agriculture, and veterinary science.

Determination Of Target Xenobiotics And Unknown Compound Residues In Food Environmental And Biological Samples

Author : Tomasz Tuzimski
ISBN : 9780429823107
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 97 MB
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Xenobiotics are chemical compounds foreign to a given biological system. In animals and humans, xenobiotics include drugs, drug metabolites, and environmental pollutants. In the environment, xenobiotics include synthetic pesticides, herbicides, and industrial pollutants. Many techniques are used in xenobiotics residue analysis; the method selected depends on the complexity of the sample, the nature of the matrix/analytes, and the analytical techniques available. This reference will help the analyst develop effective and validated analytical strategies for the analysis of hundreds of different xenobiotics on hundreds of different sample types, quickly, accurately and at acceptable cost.

Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry Third Edition

Author : Wilfried M.A. Niessen
ISBN : 1420014544
Genre : Science
File Size : 34. 6 MB
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A constructive evaluation of the most significant developments in liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (LC–MS) and its uses for quantitative bioanalysis and characterization for a diverse range of disciplines, Liquid Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry, Third Edition offers a well-rounded coverage of the latest technological developments and applications. As the technology itself has matured into a reliable analytical method over the last 15 years, the most exciting developments occur in LC–MS augments research into new applications. This edition places a stronger emphasis than previous editions on the impact of LC–MS methods, dedicating two-thirds of the text to small-molecule and biomolecular applications such as proteomics, pharmaceutical drug discovery and development, biochemistry, clinical analysis, environmental studies, and natural products research. Supported by the most relevant literature available, each chapter examines how the strategies, technologies, and recent advances—from sample pretreatment to data processing—in LC–MS helped to shape these disciplines. Featuring new chapters and extensive revisions throughout the book, Liquid Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry, Third Edition continues to provide scientists with a definitive guide and reference to the most important principles, strategies, and experimental precedents for applying LC–MS to their research.

Pesticide Protocols

Author : José L. Martínez Vidal
ISBN : 9781592599295
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 72. 27 MB
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Recent advances in the analysis of pesticide residues in both environmental and food commodities hold out the possibility of analyzing many pesticides in one analytical run. In Pesticide Protocols, expert researchers-who have each perfected the techniques they write about-describe in step-by-step detail robust methods for the detection of pesticide compounds or their metabolites, techniques that are highly useful in food, environmental, and biological monitoring, and in studies of exposure via food, water, air, and the skin or lungs. The methods range from gas and liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry detection and other classic detectors, to capillary electrophoresis and immunochemical or radioimmunoassay techniques. The authors apply these broad-ranging techniques to the analysis of several families of pesticides, to pesticide residues in vegetables, to pesticides in water and air, and to pesticide exposure. The authors have focused on extraction and cleanup procedures in order to develop and optimize more fully automated and miniaturized methods, including solid-phase extraction, solid-phase microextraction, microwave-assisted extraction, and on-line tandem liquid chromatography trace enrichment, among others. The protocols follow the successful Methods in Biotechnology series format, each offering step-by-step laboratory instructions, an introduction outlining the principles behind the technique, lists of the necessary equipment and reagents, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Comprehensive and versatile, Pesticide Protocols offers analysts powerful and highly practical tools for analyzing the presence of pesticides in complex matrices.

Soil Testing And Analysis

Author : Patiram
ISBN : 8189422707
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 57. 34 MB
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The well being of the humans including animals depend upon very much on how the soil productivity is maintained without ecosystems degradation. Most likely soil can efficiently sustain humanity with food, fibre, feed to animals and clean environmental maintenance only when it is considered and managed from the holistic and ecosystem points of view. Plants need at least 16 essential elements for their normal growth and to complete their life. The soil testing provides the status of the nutrients determined in the laboratory for the application of appropriate rate of fertilizers to eliminate the nutrients limiting for production. The soil testing along with plant analysis gives the true status of plant nutrients affected by soil properties to take the proper care for the plant growth. Our available water resources are diminishing and getting polluted with excess use of fertilizers and pesticides which are ultimately affecting the environment, food produced and water quality. The purpose of this book 'Soil Testing and Analysis' is (i) to provide the vital plant nutrients functions for which soil testing is to be made; (ii) to determine the nutrient status of the soil with appropriate methods, measurements and criteria for interpreting those assessments; (iii) to analyze the appropriate parts of the plant samples for nutrient elements with available methods of analysis; (iv) to analyze the important water quality parameters with interpretations; and (v) to prepare the soil, plant and water samples for the analysis of pesticide residues with the different available methods"

Handbook Of Pesticides

Author : Leo M.L. Nollet
ISBN : 1420082477
Genre : Science
File Size : 47. 84 MB
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This handbook provides a systematic description of the principles, procedures, and technology of the modern analytical techniques used in the detection, extraction, clean up, and determination of pesticide residues present in the environment. This book provides the historical background of pesticides and emerging trends in pesticide regulation. The text discusses various techniques for analysis, including supercritical fluid extraction, disposable electrochemical biosensors, matrix solid-phase dispersion, volatmetric methods, and liquid chromatography. The authors also address the scope and limitation of NEEM products in plant protection as well as the analysis of medicinal plants.

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