algal biorefineries volume 2 products and refinery design

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Algal Biorefineries

Author : Aleš Prokop
ISBN : 9783319202006
Genre : Medical
File Size : 37. 47 MB
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Algae offer potential to produce renewable chemicals and fuels using solar energy and carbon dioxide from atmosphere or in flue gases while simultaneously reducing the generation of greenhouse gases. Since these can be grown on marginal lands with micronutrients and macronutrients often present in waste streams, algae-based chemicals and fuels do not compete with foods. Still large-scale production of algae-based fuels and chemicals faces considerable technological and economical challenges and it would by necessity require a biorefinery approach wherein all the possible algal components are converted into value-added compounds. The present series on algal biorefineries represents a forum for reporting the state of the art of different technologies as well as the latest advances in this field. The volume II of this series complements the volume I in terms of the current state of the art. Different chapters in this volume address diverse issues ranging from genetically modifies algae to new products to life-cycle analysis of algal products.

Energy From Microalgae

Author : Eduardo Jacob-Lopes
ISBN : 9783319690933
Genre : Science
File Size : 43. 38 MB
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This book presents an authoritative and comprehensive overview of the production and use of microalgal biomass and bioproducts for energy generation. It also offers extensive information on engineering approaches to energy production, such as process integration and process intensification in harnessing energy from microalgae. Issues related to the environment, food, chemicals and energy supply pose serious threats to nations’ success and stability. The challenge to provide for a rapidly growing global population has made it imperative to find new technological routes to increase the production of consumables while also bearing in mind the biosphere’s ability to regenerate resources. Microbial biomass is a bioresource that provides effective solutions to these challenges. Divided into eight parts, the book explores microalgal production systems, life cycle assessment and the bio-economy of biofuels from microalgae, process integration and process intensification applied to microalgal biofuels production. In addition, it discusses the main fuel products obtained from microalgae, summarizing a range of useful energy products derived from algae-based systems, and outlines future developments. Given the book’s breadth of coverage and extensive bibliography, it offers an essential resource for researchers and industry professionals working in renewable energy.

Microalgae Based Biofuels And Bioproducts

Author : Raul Muñoz
ISBN : 9780081010273
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 31. 43 MB
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Microalgae-Based Biofuels and Bioproducts: From Feedstock Cultivation to End Products compiles contributions from authors from different areas and backgrounds who explore the cultivation and utilization of microalgae biomass for sustainable fuels and chemicals. With a strong focus in emerging industrial and large scale applications, the book summarizes the new achievements in recent years in this field by critically evaluating developments in the field of algal biotechnology, whilst taking into account sustainability issues and techno-economic parameters. It includes information on microalgae cultivation, harvesting, and conversion processes for the production of liquid and gaseous biofuels, such as biogas, bioethanol, biodiesel and biohydrogen. Microalgae biorefinery and biotechnology applications, including for pharmaceuticals, its use as food and feed, and value added bioproducts are also covered. This book’s comprehensive scope makes it an ideal reference for both early stage and consolidated researchers, engineers and graduate students in the algal field, especially in energy, chemical and environmental engineering, biotechnology, biology and agriculture. Presents the most current information on the uses and untapped potential of microalgae in the production of bio-based fuels and chemicals Critically reviews the state-of-the-art feedstock cultivation of biofuels and bioproducts mass production from microalgae, including intermediate stages, such as harvesting and extraction of specific compounds Includes topics in economics and sustainability of large-scale microalgae cultivation and conversion technologies

Rare Earth Elements In Human And Environmental Health

Author : Giovanni Pagano
ISBN : 9781315341064
Genre : Medical
File Size : 34. 96 MB
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This book presents the multifaceted aspects of rare earth elements (REEs), focusing on both their potential benefits and adverse health effects. The adverse impacts of REEs on human and environmental health raise a growing concern not only in the scientific community but also among a number of stakeholders, potentially including students, media workers, and decision makers. The recognized and potential benefits arising from REE-related technological applications may envisage their further advantages. A limited number of books have been devoted so far to REEs, and they mainly focus on REE-related chemistry, mineralogy, economy, and developing technologies for these elements. This book presents recent research achievements in REE-associated health effects, which have been mostly confined to journal reports on individual laboratory studies so far. It is an updated and balanced approach to REE research and technology. It provides novel yet established information as stated in the title "At the Crossroads between Toxicity and Safety," with particular emphasis on the hormesis phenomenon.

Biorefining Of Biomass To Biofuels

Author : Sachin Kumar
ISBN : 9783319676784
Genre : Science
File Size : 23. 88 MB
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This volume focuses on the prospects of the conversion of biomass into biofuels including ethanol, butanol, biogas, biohydrogen, biodiesel, syn-gas and other useful products. Biomass-derived fuels have gained tremendous attention worldwide. However, due to high raw material and processing costs, biofuels produced from lignocelluloses have been found to be more expensive than conventional fuels. Therefore, a concept of biorefining has been introduced, where more than one product or each and every component of biomass may be derived into useful products in a manner of petroleum refinery.

Biorefineries

Author : Miriam Rabaçal
ISBN : 9783319482880
Genre : Science
File Size : 21. 26 MB
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This book addresses the potential of the transformation of biomass into a wide range of marketable products, and examines the biological, biochemical, physical and thermal processing of biomass into products such as fuels, power, heat, feeds, chemicals and materials. Respective chapters explore various topics including biomass characterization, biomass pre-conditioning and sustainability analysis, aspects that are supplemented by a global overview of their implementation in current pilot bio-refineries. Providing a valuable resource to energy engineers, chemical engineers, biotechnologists and economists, this book will also be of great interest to students and policymakers.

Energie Aus Biomasse

Author : Martin Kaltschmitt
ISBN : 9783662474389
Genre : Science
File Size : 78. 63 MB
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Dieses Standardwerk beschreibt umfassend die biologischen, physikalischen, chemischen und technischen Grundlagen einer Energiegewinnung aus Biomasse. Dies beinhaltet eine Beschreibung der verfügbaren Biomasseressourcen, eine Systematisierung möglicher Bereitstellungsketten und -techniken zur Verfügbarmachung der Biomassen an der jeweiligen Konversionsanlage und eine Darstellung der thermo-chemischen, der physikalisch-chemischen sowie derbiochemischen Umwandlungsmöglichkeiten in Bioenergieträger (z. B. Holzkohle, Biodiesel, Biogas) bzw. Bioenergie (d. h. Wärme, Strom). · Die thermo-chemische Biomasseumwandlung umfasst die Verbrennung biogener Festbrennstoffe in Klein- und Großanlagen zur Strom- und Wärmeerzeugung und – jeweils in der Gasatmosphäre – die Biomassevergasung u. a. zur Kraftstoffsynthese (z. B. Fischer-Tropsch-Diesel) sowie die schnelle und langsame Pyrolyse (d. h. Bioöl- und Holzkohleerzeugung). Zusätzlich wird auf die thermo-chemische Umwandlung in hydrothermaler Atmosphäre (z. B. hydrothermale Karbonisierung) eingegangen. · Die physikalisch-chemische Umwandlung beinhaltet die Pflanzenölerzeugung und die entsprechenden Umwandlungsmöglichkeiten in einen normenkonformen Biokraftstoff. · Unter einer biochemischen Umwandlung wird eine Alkoholherstellung als Kraftstoffkomponente und eine Biogaserzeugung als Brenn- und Kraftstoff verstanden. Im Vergleich zur 2. Auflage wurde die 3. Auflage vollständig überarbeitet, z. T. neu strukturiert, stark erweitert und an den aktuellen Stand des Wissens und der Technik angepasst. Hinzu gekommen sind u. a. die Bereitstellung von Algenbiomasse, hydrothermale Biomasseumwandlungsverfahren, innovative Optionen zur Pflanzenölhydrierung, die Butanolerzeugung und die Synthesegasfermentation sowie Verfahren zur Erzeugung von flüssigen und gasförmigen Biokraftstoffen aus Biogas. Das Buch bietet einen umfassenden Überblick der naturwissenschaftlichen Grundlagen und des aktuellen Standes der Technik. Den Herausgebern ist es gelungen, unter Mitarbeit einer Vielzahl kompetenter Fachleute ein umfassendes Werk mit allen wesentlichen Möglichkeiten einer Energiegewinnung aus Biomasse "aus einem Guss" zu erarbeiten. Die Zielgruppen Das Buch wendet sich an Studierende, Anlagenbetreiber, Berater, Wissenschaftler sowie interessierte Laien.

Der 4 Deutsche Wasserstoff Congress 2008 Tagungsband

Author : Detlef Stolten
ISBN : 9783893365333
Genre : Fuel cells
File Size : 73. 11 MB
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Praxiswissen Der Chemischen Verfahrenstechnik

Author : Daniel S. Christen
ISBN : 9783540889755
Genre : Science
File Size : 79. 64 MB
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Ein umfassendes Werk der chemischen Verfahrenstechnik. Projektierung, Werkstoffe, Reaktionstechnik, Strömungslehre, Wärme- und Stofftransport, mechanische und thermische Einheitsverfahren, Regelungs- und Prozessleittechnik werden ausgehend von den theoretischen Grundlagen bis hin zu komplexen Beispielen aus der Praxis einheitlich dargestellt.

Grundriss Der Allgemeinen Algologie

Author : Hanuš Ettl
ISBN : UCSD:31822002225076
Genre : Algae
File Size : 36. 4 MB
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