akhenaten and the origins of monotheism

Download Book Akhenaten And The Origins Of Monotheism in PDF format. You can Read Online Akhenaten And The Origins Of Monotheism here in PDF, EPUB, Mobi or Docx formats.

Akhenaten And The Origins Of Monotheism

Author : James Karl Hoffmeier
ISBN : 9780199792085
Genre : History
File Size : 59. 67 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 936
Read : 339

Download Now


Pharaoh Akhenaten, who reigned for seventeen years in the fourteenth century B.C.E, is one of the most intriguing rulers of ancient Egypt. His odd appearance and his preoccupation with worshiping the sun disc Aten have stimulated academic discussion and controversy for more than a century. Despite the numerous books and articles about this enigmatic figure, many questions about Akhenaten and the Atenism religion remain unanswered. In Akhenaten and the Origins of Monotheism, James K. Hoffmeier argues that Akhenaten was not, as is often said, a radical advocating a new religion, but rather a primitivist: that is, one who reaches back to a golden age and emulates it. Akhenaten's inspiration was the Old Kingdom (2650-2400 B.C.E.), when the sun-god Re/Atum ruled as the unrivaled head of the Egyptian pantheon. Hoffmeier finds that Akhenaten was a genuine convert to the worship of Aten, the sole creator God, based on the Pharoah's own testimony of a theophany, a divine encounter that launched his monotheistic religious odyssey. The book also explores the Atenist religion's possible relationship to Israel's religion, offering a close comparison of the hymn to the Aten to Psalm 104, which has been identified by scholars as influenced by the Egyptian hymn. Through a careful reading of key texts, artworks, and archaeological studies, Hoffmeier provides compelling new insights into a religion that predated Moses and Hebrew monotheism, the impact of Atenism on Egyptian religion and politics, and the aftermath of Akhenaten's reign.

African Origins Of Monotheism

Author : Gwinyai H. Muzorewa
ISBN : 9781620323106
Genre : Religion
File Size : 51. 95 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 786
Read : 197

Download Now


African Origins of Monotheism recasts an African knowledge of God in a new and original way. It aims to recapture concepts of God as originally reflected upon by pristine African religious thinkers. Muzorewa is seeking after the traditional African understandings of the Divine, which trace their origins back before the rise of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Monotheism, he maintains, is the ancient view of God, ubiquitous across the continent of Africa; indeed, monotheism comes "out of Africa." The book challenges the way that the idea of God has been manipulated by Eurocentric agendas, by colonizers, enslavers, and empire builders, all of whom were using God-talk to achieve their own personal ends. In African thinking, the God concept is guided by a sense of the presence of the all-pervasive and omnipresent God, which has instilled in the people a sense of respect for life at all costs. Thus, respect is not based on a commandment or on fear but on a propensity for affinity.

Akhenaten

Author : Dominic Montserrat
ISBN : 9781134690343
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 65. 68 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 137
Read : 234

Download Now


The pharaoh Akhenaten, who ruled Egypt in the mid-fourteenth century BCE, has been the subject of more speculation than any other character in Egyptian history. This provocative new biography examines both the real Akhenaten and the myths that have been created around him. It scrutinises the history of the pharaoh and his reign, which has been continually written in Eurocentric terms inapplicable to ancient Egypt, and the archaeology of Akhenaten's capital city, Amarna. It goes on to explore the pharaoh's extraordinary cultural afterlife, and the way he has been invoked to validate everything from psychoanalysis to racial equality to Fascism.

The Origins Of Democracy In Tribes City States And Nation States

Author : Ronald M. Glassman
ISBN : 9783319516950
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 83. 78 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 962
Read : 943

Download Now


This four-part work describes and analyses democracy and despotism in tribes, city-states, and nation states. The theoretical framework used in this work combines Weberian, Aristotelian, evolutionary anthropological, and feminist theories in a comparative-historical context. The dual nature of humans, as both an animal and a consciously aware being, underpins the analysis presented. Part One covers tribes. It uses anthropological literature to describe the “campfire democracy” of the African Bushmen, the Pygmies, and other band societies. Its main focus is on the tribal democracy of the Cheyenne, Iroquois, Huron, and other tribes, and it pays special attention to the role of women in tribal democracies. Part Two describes the city-states of Mesopotamia, Syria, and Canaan-Phoenicia, and includes a section on the theocracy of the Jews. This part focuses on the transition from tribal democracy to city-state democracy in the ancient Middle East – from the Sumerian city-states to the Phoenician. Part Three focuses on the origins of democracy and covers Greece—Mycenaean, Dorian, and the Golden Age. It presents a detailed description of the tribal democracy of Archaic Greece – emphasizing the causal effect of the hoplite-phalanx military formation in egalitarianizing Greek tribal society. Next, it analyses the transition from tribal to city-state democracy—with the new commercial classes engendering the oligarchic and democratic conflicts described by Plato and Aristotle. Part Four describes the Norse tribes as they contacted Rome, the rise of kingships, the renaissance of the city-states, and the parliamentary monarchies of the emerging nation-states. It provides details of the rise of commercial city states in Renaissance Italy, Hanseatic Germany and the Netherlands.

Moses The Egyptian

Author : Jan Assmann
ISBN : 9780674020306
Genre : Religion
File Size : 79. 7 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 700
Read : 732

Download Now



Akhenaten And The Religion Of Light

Author : Erik Hornung
ISBN : 0801487250
Genre : History
File Size : 35. 39 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 520
Read : 827

Download Now


Akhenaten, also known as Amenhotep IV, was king of Egypt during the Eighteenth Dynasty and reigned from 1375 to 1358 B.C. E. Called the "religious revolutionary," he is the earliest known creator of a new religion. The cult he founded broke with Egypt's traditional polytheism and focused its worship on a single deity, the sun god Aten. Erik Hornung, one of the world's preeminent Egyptologists, here offers a concise and accessible account of Akhenaten and his religion of light.Hornung begins with a discussion of the nineteenth-century scholars who laid the foundation for our knowledge of Akhenaten's period and extends to the most recent archaeological finds. He emphasizes that Akhenaten's monotheistic theology represented the first attempt in history to explain the entire natural and human world on the basis of a single principle. "Akhenaten made light the absolute reference point," Hornung writes, "and it is astonishing how clearly and consistently he pursued this concept." Hornung also addresses such topics as the origins of the new religion; pro-found changes in beliefs regarding the afterlife; and the new Egyptian capital at Akhetaten which was devoted to the service of Aten, his prophet Akhenaten, and the latter's family.

Adieu To God

Author : Mick Power
ISBN : 9781119979951
Genre : Religion
File Size : 48. 24 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 199
Read : 464

Download Now


Adieu to God examines atheism from a psychological perspective and reveals how religious phenomena and beliefs are psychological rather than supernatural in origin. Answers the psychological question of why, in the face of overwhelming scientific evidence to the contrary, do religions continue to prosper? Looks at atheism and religion using a fair and balanced approach based on the latest work in psychology, sociology, anthropology, psychiatry and medicine Acknowledges the many psychological benefits of religion while still questioning the validity of its supernatural belief systems and providing atheist alternatives to a fulfilling life

From Akhenaten To Moses

Author : Jan Assmann
ISBN : 9789774166310
Genre : History
File Size : 81. 47 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 935
Read : 875

Download Now


The shift from polytheism to monotheism changed the world radically. Akhenaten and Moses-a figure of history and a figure of tradition-symbolize this shift in its incipient, revolutionary stages and represent two civilizations that were brought into the closest connection as early as the Book of Exodus, where Egypt stands for the old world to be rejected and abandoned in order to enter the new one. The seven chapters of this seminal study shed light on the great transformation from different angles. Between Egypt in the first chapter and monotheism in the last, five chapters deal in various ways with the transition from one to the other, analyzing the Exodus myth, understanding the shift in terms of evolution and revolution, confronting Akhenaten and Moses in a new way, discussing Karl Jaspers' theory of the Axial Age, and dealing with the eighteenth-century view of the Egyptian mysteries as a cultural model.

Egypt The Trunk Of The Tree Vol Ii

Author : Simson Najovits
ISBN : 9780875862576
Genre : History
File Size : 40. 92 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 880
Read : 199

Download Now


A specialist in systems of religious beliefs, Najovits here examines Egypt's place in the history of religions and its possible influence on monotheism; and he compares ancient Egypt's solutions to societal, religious, and after-life problems to those of today's major religions. The first volume des

African Origins Of The Major World Religions

Author : Amon Saba Saakana
ISBN : IND:30000111113894
Genre : Religion
File Size : 71. 71 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 551
Read : 263

Download Now


Featuring Yosef Ben-Jochannan, Charles S. Finch, Modupe Oduyoye, Tsegaye Gabre-Medhin and Wayne B. Chandler.

Top Download:

Best Books