akhenaten and the origins of monotheism

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Akhenaten And The Origins Of Monotheism

Author : James Karl Hoffmeier
ISBN : 9780199792085
Genre : History
File Size : 31. 47 MB
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Pharaoh Akhenaten, who reigned for seventeen years in the fourteenth century B.C.E, is one of the most intriguing rulers of ancient Egypt. His odd appearance and his preoccupation with worshiping the sun disc Aten have stimulated academic discussion and controversy for more than a century. Despite the numerous books and articles about this enigmatic figure, many questions about Akhenaten and the Atenism religion remain unanswered. In Akhenaten and the Origins of Monotheism, James K. Hoffmeier argues that Akhenaten was not, as is often said, a radical advocating a new religion, but rather a primitivist: that is, one who reaches back to a golden age and emulates it. Akhenaten's inspiration was the Old Kingdom (2650-2400 B.C.E.), when the sun-god Re/Atum ruled as the unrivaled head of the Egyptian pantheon. Hoffmeier finds that Akhenaten was a genuine convert to the worship of Aten, the sole creator God, based on the Pharoah's own testimony of a theophany, a divine encounter that launched his monotheistic religious odyssey. The book also explores the Atenist religion's possible relationship to Israel's religion, offering a close comparison of the hymn to the Aten to Psalm 104, which has been identified by scholars as influenced by the Egyptian hymn. Through a careful reading of key texts, artworks, and archaeological studies, Hoffmeier provides compelling new insights into a religion that predated Moses and Hebrew monotheism, the impact of Atenism on Egyptian religion and politics, and the aftermath of Akhenaten's reign.

Echnaton

Author : Erik Hornung
ISBN : 3491690765
Genre :
File Size : 73. 79 MB
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Der Mann Moses Und Die Monotheistische Religion

Author : Sigmund Freud
ISBN : 9783845700694
Genre : Religion
File Size : 51. 95 MB
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Die Geschichte des Mannes Moses und seine ägyptische Herkunft werden zunächst in der Art eines historischen Romans entwickelt. Aus der Geschichte des Mannes wächst die seines Werkes und die des jüdischen Volkes. Herkunft und Entwicklung des jüdischen Monotheismus, eines Schrittes in der Entwicklung zur Geistigkeit, seine Abhängigkeit von Ägypten und seine weiteren Schicksale lassen sich aus der Geschichte ihres Schöpfers ableiten. Freud schafft einen Zugang zum Verständnis vieler Eigenschaften des jüdischen Volkes, vor allem aber gewinnt er einen neuen Ausblick auf das Wesen der Religion. Überarbeiteter Nachdruck der Originalausgabe aus dem Jahr 1939.

Echnaton

Author : Nicholas Reeves
ISBN : 3805328281
Genre : Egypt
File Size : 52. 28 MB
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Freud Und Das Verm Chtnis Des Moses

Author : Richard J. Bernstein
ISBN : 3434461655
Genre :
File Size : 80. 53 MB
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Akhenaten And The Religion Of Light

Author : Erik Hornung
ISBN : 0801487250
Genre : History
File Size : 68. 10 MB
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Akhenaten, also known as Amenhotep IV, was king of Egypt during the Eighteenth Dynasty and reigned from 1375 to 1358 B.C. E. Called the "religious revolutionary," he is the earliest known creator of a new religion. The cult he founded broke with Egypt's traditional polytheism and focused its worship on a single deity, the sun god Aten. Erik Hornung, one of the world's preeminent Egyptologists, here offers a concise and accessible account of Akhenaten and his religion of light.Hornung begins with a discussion of the nineteenth-century scholars who laid the foundation for our knowledge of Akhenaten's period and extends to the most recent archaeological finds. He emphasizes that Akhenaten's monotheistic theology represented the first attempt in history to explain the entire natural and human world on the basis of a single principle. "Akhenaten made light the absolute reference point," Hornung writes, "and it is astonishing how clearly and consistently he pursued this concept." Hornung also addresses such topics as the origins of the new religion; pro-found changes in beliefs regarding the afterlife; and the new Egyptian capital at Akhetaten which was devoted to the service of Aten, his prophet Akhenaten, and the latter's family.

From Akhenaten To Moses

Author : Jan Assmann
ISBN : 9789774166310
Genre : History
File Size : 83. 2 MB
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The shift from polytheism to monotheism changed the world radically. Akhenaten and Moses-a figure of history and a figure of tradition-symbolize this shift in its incipient, revolutionary stages and represent two civilizations that were brought into the closest connection as early as the Book of Exodus, where Egypt stands for the old world to be rejected and abandoned in order to enter the new one. The seven chapters of this seminal study shed light on the great transformation from different angles. Between Egypt in the first chapter and monotheism in the last, five chapters deal in various ways with the transition from one to the other, analyzing the Exodus myth, understanding the shift in terms of evolution and revolution, confronting Akhenaten and Moses in a new way, discussing Karl Jaspers' theory of the Axial Age, and dealing with the eighteenth-century view of the Egyptian mysteries as a cultural model.

Zelot

Author : Reza Aslan
ISBN : 9783644039117
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 62. 95 MB
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Das Christentum verehrt Jesus von Nazaret als sanften Hirten, dessen Reich nicht von dieser Welt sei. Aber entspricht dieses Bild der historischen Realität? Kann es den grausamen Kreuzestod plausibel erklären? Der amerikanische Religionswissenschaftler Reza Aslan meint: nein. Sein Buch, das in den USA für einen Skandal sorgte, versucht zu ergründen, wer Jesus war, bevor es das Christentum gab. Es ist das fesselnde, brillant erzählte Porträt eines Mannes voller Widersprüche, einer Epoche voll religiöser Inbrunst und blutiger Kämpfe und einer Weltreligion im Werden.

Die Mosaische Unterscheidung Oder Der Preis Des Monotheismus

Author : Jan Assmann
ISBN : 3446203672
Genre : Monotheism
File Size : 47. 19 MB
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Vom Ursprung Und Ziel Der Geschichte

Author : Karl Jaspers
ISBN : 3796534295
Genre :
File Size : 70. 57 MB
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