advancing the competitiveness and efficiency of the u s construction industry

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Advancing The Competitiveness And Efficiency Of The U S Construction Industry

Author : Committee on Advancing the Competitiveness and Productivity of the U.S. Construction Industry
ISBN : 9780309141918
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 34. 16 MB
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Construction productivity--how well, how quickly, and at what cost buildings and infrastructure can be constructed--directly affects prices for homes and consumer goods and the robustness of the national economy. Industry analysts differ on whether construction industry productivity is improving or declining. Still, advances in available and emerging technologies offer significant opportunities to improve construction efficiency substantially in the 21st century and to help meet other national challenges, such as environmental sustainability. Advancing the Competitiveness and Efficiency of the U.S. Construction Industry identifies five interrelated activities that could significantly improve the quality, timeliness, cost-effectiveness, and sustainability of construction projects. These activities include widespread deployment and use of interoperable technology applications; improved job-site efficiency through more effective interfacing of people, processes, materials, equipment, and information; greater use of prefabrication, preassembly, modularization, and off-site fabrication techniques and processes; innovative, widespread use of demonstration installations; and effective performance measurement to drive efficiency and support innovation. The book recommends that the National Institute of Standards and Technology work with industry leaders to develop a collaborative strategy to fully implement and deploy the five activities

Achieving High Performance Federal Facilities

Author : Committee on High-Performance Green Federal Buildings: Strategies and Approaches for Meeting Federal Objectives
ISBN : 9780309211680
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 46. 87 MB
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The design, construction, operation, and retrofit of buildings is evolving in response to ever-increasing knowledge about the impact of indoor environments on people and the impact of buildings on the environment. Research has shown that the quality of indoor environments can affect the health, safety, and productivity of the people who occupy them. Buildings are also resource intensive, accounting for 40 percent of primary energy use in the United States, 12 percent of water consumption, and 60 percent of all non-industrial waste. The processes for producing electricity at power plants and delivering it for use in buildings account for 40 percent of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions. The U.S. federal government manages approximately 429,000 buildings of many types with a total square footage of 3.34 billion worldwide, of which about 80 percent is owned space. More than 30 individual departments and agencies are responsible for managing these buildings. The characteristics of each agency's portfolio of facilities are determined by its mission and its programs. In 2010, GSA's Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings asked the National Academies to appoint an ad hoc committee of experts to conduct a public workshop and prepare a report that identified strategies and approaches for achieving a range of objectives associated with high-performance green federal buildings. Achieving High-Performance Federal Facilities identifies examples of important initiatives taking place and available resources. The report explores how these examples could be used to help make sustainability the preferred choice at all levels of decision making. Achieving High-Performance Federal Facilities can serve as a valuable guide federal agencies with differing missions, types of facilities, and operating procedures.

R D Investment And Impact In The Global Construction Industry

Author : Keith Hampson
ISBN : 9781317685869
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 76. 24 MB
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R&D Investment and Impact in the Global Construction Industry brings together contributions from leading industry researchers in a diverse group of countries to investigate the role of research and development (R&D) in the construction industry. Investment in R&D is a proven factor in economic growth, and helps develop a more productive and innovative industry. This book explores how policy makers and industry leaders can better target future investment; and how industry and researchers can manage their efforts to improve productivity whilst addressing the environmental and social needs of their communities. Case studies present projects where R&D ideas funded by both the private and public sectors have been translated from research into practice or policy, and examine drivers, successes and barriers to the delivery of R&D in industry. Based on research from members of the CIB Task Group 85 (R&D Investment and Impact) and concluding with key insights for maximising the impact of R&D in the future, the book holds valuable lessons for practitioners, policy makers and researchers across the international construction industry.

Construction Management

Author : Daniel W. Halpin
ISBN : 9781119256809
Genre : Construction industry
File Size : 63. 5 MB
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TRY (FREE for 14 days), OR RENT this title: www.wileystudentchoice.com It's often said that the construction professional has to be a "jack of all trades, and master of all." This text covers a wide range of subjects, reflecting the breadth of knowledge needed to understand the dynamics of this large and complex industry. This edition includes updated chapters on planning and scheduling, a new chapter addressing linear scheduling methods, material regarding the historical background of construction as a profession, and includes an Instructor Resource of solutions to the end-of-chapter review exercises. This text has become a standard course text at many universities. The first four editions have enjoyed wide success as an introductory treatment of the subjects which are critical to success in the construction industry. This fifth edition preserves the features that have been most appreciated by its users throughout the years, and adds suggestions provided by instructors and students through formal surveys and informal feedback to the authors.

An Assessment Of The National Institute Of Standards And Technology Building And Fire Research Laboratory

Author : Panel on Building and Fire Research
ISBN : 9780309161671
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 36. 24 MB
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A panel of experts appointed by the National Research Council assessed the scientific and technical work of the Building and Fire Research Laboratory (BFRL) of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The scope of the assessment included the following criteria: (1) the technical merit of the current laboratory programs relative to the current state of the art worldwide; (2) the adequacy of the laboratory facilities, equipment, and human resources, as they affect the quality of the laboratory technical programs; and (3) the degree to which the laboratory programs in measurement science and standards achieve their stated objectives and desired impact.

Predicting Outcomes From Investments In Maintenance And Repair For Federal Facilities

Author : Committee on Predicting Outcomes of Investments in Maintenance and Repair for Federal Facilities
ISBN : 9780309221863
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 73. 8 MB
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The deteriorating condition of federal facilities poses economic, safety, operational, and environmental risks to the federal government, to the achievement of the missions of federal agencies, and to the achievement of public policy goals. Primary factors underlying this deterioration are the age of federal facilities--about half are at least 50 years old--and decades of inadequate investment for their maintenance and repair. These issues are not new and there are no quick fixes. However, the current operating environment provides both the impetus and the opportunity to place investments in federal facilities' maintenance and repair on a new, more sustainable course for the 21st Century. Despite the magnitude of investments, funding for the maintenance and repair of federal facilities has been inadequate for many years, and myriad projects have been deferred. Predicting Outcomes of Investments in Maintenance and Repair of Federal Facilities identifies processes and practices for transforming the current portfolio of federal facilities into one that is more economically, physically, and environmentally sustainable. This report addresses ways to predict or quantify the outcomes that can be expected from a given level of maintenance and repair investments in federal facilities or facilities' systems, and what strategies, measures, and data should be in place to determine the actual outcomes of facilities maintenance and repair investments.

Microbiomes Of The Built Environment

Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
ISBN : 9780309449809
Genre : Science
File Size : 67. 87 MB
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People’s desire to understand the environments in which they live is a natural one. People spend most of their time in spaces and structures designed, built, and managed by humans, and it is estimated that people in developed countries now spend 90 percent of their lives indoors. As people move from homes to workplaces, traveling in cars and on transit systems, microorganisms are continually with and around them. The human-associated microbes that are shed, along with the human behaviors that affect their transport and removal, make significant contributions to the diversity of the indoor microbiome. The characteristics of “healthy†indoor environments cannot yet be defined, nor do microbial, clinical, and building researchers yet understand how to modify features of indoor environmentsâ€"such as building ventilation systems and the chemistry of building materialsâ€"in ways that would have predictable impacts on microbial communities to promote health and prevent disease. The factors that affect the environments within buildings, the ways in which building characteristics influence the composition and function of indoor microbial communities, and the ways in which these microbial communities relate to human health and well-being are extraordinarily complex and can be explored only as a dynamic, interconnected ecosystem by engaging the fields of microbial biology and ecology, chemistry, building science, and human physiology. This report reviews what is known about the intersection of these disciplines, and how new tools may facilitate advances in understanding the ecosystem of built environments, indoor microbiomes, and effects on human health and well-being. It offers a research agenda to generate the information needed so that stakeholders with an interest in understanding the impacts of built environments will be able to make more informed decisions.

The Global Competitiveness Report 2004 2005

Author : Michael E. Porter
ISBN : 1403949131
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 48. 70 MB
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The World Economic Forum's annual Global Competitiveness Report evaluates the potential for sustained economic growth of over 100 economies and ranks them accordingly. Since it first release in 1979, the Report has become the most authoritative and comprehensive study of its type. The 2004-2005 Report Contains: *Detailed country competitiveness provides of 104 economies *Data tables for survey and hard data variable ranking profiled economies *Complementary global rankings: the Growth Competitiveness Index (GCI) and the Business Competitiveness Index (BCI), measuring growth and productivity respectively *Exclusive Data from the Executive Onion Survey, with over 8,700 responses from business leaders worldwide. Produced in collaboration with a distinguished group of international scholars and a global network of over 100 leading national research institutes and business organizations, the Report also showcases the latest thinking and research on issues of immediate relevance for business leaders and policy-makers.

Project Management In Construction Sixth Edition

Author : Sidney Levy
ISBN : 9780071753104
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 66. 72 MB
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PROVEN CONSTRUCTION PROJECT MANAGEMENT METHODS Fully revised to cover the most current contract information and green building guidelines, Project Management in Construction, Sixth Edition provides project managers and general contractors with the skills necessary to run every phase of a construction job. This practical guide discusses estimating, purchasing, contract administration, team management, quality control and quality assurance, safety, and other topics essential to completing a project on time and within budget. Project Management in Construction, Sixth Edition features: A new chapter on ConsensusDOCS, AIA Integrated Project Delivery (IPD), and Lean Construction contract documents Construction Specification Institute (CSI) Green Format Specifications and the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) 2009 Certification System Updated construction industry statistics and trends Current safety data from OSHA The latest court decisions on key construction topics COMPREHENSIVE COVERAGE INCLUDES: Introduction to the Construction Industry * Start of the Construction Process * General Conditions to the Construction Contract * Bonds and Insurance * Organizing the Project Team * Successful Project Completion Demands a Successful Start * Estimating * Buying Out the Job * Change Orders * Quality Control and Quality Assurance * Project Documentation * Claims, Disputes, Arbitration, and Mediation * Safety in Construction * Design-Build * Sustainability and Green Buildings * Interoperability and Building Information Modeling (BIM)

Project Management In Construction Seventh Edition

Author : Sidney M. Levy
ISBN : 9781259859717
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 40. 14 MB
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Up-to-Date, Proven Construction Project Management Techniques Thoroughly revised to cover the latest technologies and standards, this practical resource provides all of the information necessary to efficiently execute every phase of any construction job. The book features complete details on estimating, purchasing, contract administration, team management, quality control and assurance, and other topics essential to completing a project on time and within budget. Project Management in Construction, Seventh Edition, covers new OSHA regulations and new contract formats that emphasize collaboration and teamwork. BIM and green buildings, topics of importance to all of today’s project managers, are explained.. Coverage includes: •Introduction to the construction industry •General conditions of the construction contract •ConsensusDOCS integrated project delivery contracts •Lean construction •Bonds and insurance •Organizing the project team •Estimating and buying out the job •Change orders •Quality control and quality assurance •Project documentation •Claims, disputes, arbitration, and mediation •Design-build •Sustainability and green buildings •Building information modeling •Interoperability

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