advanced fibre reinforced polymer frp composites for structural applications woodhead publishing series in civil and structural engineering

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Advanced Fibre Reinforced Polymer Frp Composites For Structural Applications

Author : A. Al-Shawaf
ISBN : 9780128088401
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 69. 78 MB
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This chapter addresses all aspects pertaining to stresses inherent within civil applications of advanced composites, particularly the critical interfacial adhesive stresses usually controlling the design strength for externally bonded FRP composites. Informed discussions and explanations are presented on influential aspects closely affecting the distribution and magnitude of interfacial stresses along the bondline. Traditional and promising experimental methods for stress estimation are addressed, together with a corresponding brief literature review highlighting their evolution and practical advantages and disadvantages. Theoretical and numerical methods for interfacial stress analyses are also reviewed for different FRP bonding applications, and their stress prediction capabilities are verified with experimental validations. Finally, key conclusions and recommendations for future trends in the stress characterizations of adhesive joints are provided.

Advanced Fibre Reinforced Polymer Frp Composites For Structural Applications

Author : K. Benzarti
ISBN : 9780128088425
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 29. 22 MB
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Fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites are increasingly being used in the field of civil engineering, either for the rehabilitation/retrofitting of existing infrastructures or for the construction of new structural elements. However, such applications are still recent and there are still unresolved questions regarding the long-term durability of FRP reinforcements or structural elements under service conditions, and their behaviour under accidental fire events as well. In this chapter, it is proposed to highlight the basic mechanisms involved in the environmental degradation of FRP composites, with a large emphasis on ageing mechanisms of the polymer matrix and their consequences on the mechanical properties. The last section is specifically devoted to the fire behaviour of polymer composites and also recalls existing fire-proofing solutions.

Advanced Fibre Reinforced Polymer Frp Composites For Structural Applications

Author : R.M. Guedes
ISBN : 9780128088418
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 75. 38 MB
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This chapter describes the elastic qualities of advanced fibre-reinforced composites, in terms of characterization, measurement and prediction from the basic constituents, i.e. the fibre and matrix. The elastic analysis comprises applying micromechanics approaches to predict the lamina elastic properties from the basic constituents, and using classical lamination theory to predict the elastic properties of composite materials composed of several laminae stacked at different orientations. Examples are given to illustrate the theoretical analysis and give a full apprehension of its prediction capability. The last section provides an overview on identification methods for elastic proprieties based on full-field measurements. It is shown that these methodologies are very convenient for elastic characterization of anisotropic and heterogeneous materials.

Advanced Fibre Reinforced Polymer Frp Composites For Structural Applications

Author : L.C. Hollaway
ISBN : 9780128088470
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 63. 11 MB
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This chapter continues the discussions of the development of advanced polymer composite material applications associated with bridge engineering. It focuses on the rehabilitation of metallic bridge structures, all-FRP composite bridges and bridges built with hybrid systems. covered the materials used in FRP composites, in-service properties and applications of FRP composites in bridge enclosures, the rehabilitation of reinforced and prestressed concrete bridge beams and columns.

Advanced Fibre Reinforced Polymer Frp Composites For Structural Applications

Author : J. Bai
ISBN : 9780128088319
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 40. 75 MB
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Fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites have become essential materials for maintaining and strengthening existing infrastructure. Many new innovative types of hybrid material and structural systems have been developed using FRP composite materials. Increased utilisation of FRP requires that structural engineers and practitioners be able to understand the behaviour of FRP materials and design composite structures. This book provides an overview of different advanced FRP composites and the use of these materials in a variety of application areas. This chapter specifically covers a brief review on FRP applications and gives an outline of the book.

Advanced Fibre Reinforced Polymer Frp Composites For Structural Applications

Author : F. Taheri
ISBN : 9780128088487
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 51. 49 MB
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There is strong evidence that the oil and gas industry has become increasingly interested in using pipes and risers made of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composite materials. Moreover, oil and gas exploration nowadays has to be conducted in much deeper water depths (500–1500m and deeper), thus requiring more resilient and lighter materials. in this section various applications of FRP in relation to pipes and risers are discussed to familiarise the reader with various FRP and hybrid pipes. The issues affecting the long-term performance of these materials, as well as issues involved with joining pipes and risers are also covered. Finally, the recent trends related to the use of FRP for repair and rehabilitation of deteriorated metallic pipes are presented.

Advanced Fibre Reinforced Polymer Frp Composites For Structural Applications

Author : M.F.M. Fahmy
ISBN : 9780128088449
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 47. 86 MB
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To ensure better performance for a range of existing reinforced concrete structures in seismic regions with substandard structural details, seismic retrofit is an economical solution. Hence, this chapter presents some of the available results in which fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites can be used for damage-controllable structures. For example, the performance of existing reinforced concrete structures whose components are vulnerable to shear failure, flexural-compression failure, joint reinforcement bond failure, or longitudinal reinforcement lap splice failure and retrofitted with FRPs is described. Novel concepts of modern constructions with controllability and recoverability using FRP composites are addressed.

Advanced Fibre Reinforced Polymer Frp Composites For Structural Applications

Author : T.H. Panzera
ISBN : 9780128088456
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 30. 72 MB
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Portland cement concrete is a brittle material. The main reason for incorporating fibres into a cement matrix is to improve the cracking deformation characteristics, increasing not only the toughness, impact and tensile strength, but also eliminating temperature and shrinkage cracks. Several different types of fibres have been used to reinforce cement-based materials. This chapter briefly discusses the characteristics of fibre-reinforced concrete (FRC), reporting the effect of the fibres on the physico-chemical and mechanical properties. It also presents some of the recent research and future perspectives of FRC.

Advanced Fibre Reinforced Polymer Frp Composites For Structural Applications

Author : V. Fiore
ISBN : 9780128088357
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 20. 24 MB
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This chapter discusses the epoxy resins which, thanks to their good and versatile properties, can be considered nowadays the most important class of thermosetting polymers. In particular the chapter first reviews both the epoxy resins commonly available on the market, including a new class of bio-derived epoxy resins, and the most-used curing agents. it then describes the principal characteristics of the epoxy resins and how it is possible to enhance them by adding several fillers to the epoxy system. Finally, the chapter analyzes the main engineering fields in which epoxy resins find application today and their possible future utilization.

Advanced Polymer Composites For Structural Applications In Construction

Author : Leonard C Hollaway
ISBN : 1855737361
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 38. 90 MB
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Following the success of ACIC 2002, this is the 2nd International Conference focusing on the application and further exploitation of advanced composites in construction held at the University of Surrey in April 2004. With over 100 delegates the conference brought together practicing engineers, asset managers, researchers and representatives of regulatory bodies to promote the active exchange of scientific and technical information on the rapidly changing scene of advanced composites in construction. The aim of the conference was to encourage the presentation of new concepts, techniques and case studies, which will lead to greater exploitation of advanced polymer composites and FRP materials for the civil engineering infrastructure, rehabilitation and renewal.

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