adaptive sampling designs springerbriefs in statistics

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Adaptive Sampling Designs

Author : George A.F. Seber
ISBN : 9783642336577
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 43. 9 MB
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This book aims to provide an overview of some adaptive techniques used in estimating parameters for finite populations where the sampling at any stage depends on the sampling information obtained to date. The sample adapts to new information as it comes in. These methods are especially used for sparse and clustered populations. Written by two acknowledged experts in the field of adaptive sampling.

Modern Survey Sampling

Author : Arijit Chaudhuri
ISBN : 9781466572607
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 42. 71 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Starting from the preliminaries and ending with live examples, Modern Survey Sampling details what a sample can communicate about an unknowable aggregate in a real situation. The author lucidly develops and presents numerous approaches. He details recent developments and explores fresh and unseen problems, hitting upon possible solutions. The text covers current research output in a student-friendly manner with attractive illustrations. It introduces sampling and discusses how to select a sample for which a selection-probability is specified to prescribe its performance characteristics. The author then explains how to examine samples with varying probabilities to derive profits. He then examines how to use partial segments to make reasonable guesses about a sample’s behavior and assess the elements of discrepancies. Including case studies, exercises, and solutions, the book highlights special survey techniques needed to capture trustworthy data and put it to intelligent use. It then discusses the model-assisted approach and network sampling, before moving on to speculating about random processes. The author draws on his extensive teaching experience to create a textbook that gives your students a thorough grounding in the technologies of survey sampling and modeling and also provides you with the tools to teach them.

Bayesian Prediction And Adaptive Sampling Algorithms For Mobile Sensor Networks

Author : Yunfei Xu
ISBN : 9783319219219
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 49. 52 MB
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This brief introduces a class of problems and models for the prediction of the scalar field of interest from noisy observations collected by mobile sensor networks. It also introduces the problem of optimal coordination of robotic sensors to maximize the prediction quality subject to communication and mobility constraints either in a centralized or distributed manner. To solve such problems, fully Bayesian approaches are adopted, allowing various sources of uncertainties to be integrated into an inferential framework effectively capturing all aspects of variability involved. The fully Bayesian approach also allows the most appropriate values for additional model parameters to be selected automatically by data, and the optimal inference and prediction for the underlying scalar field to be achieved. In particular, spatio-temporal Gaussian process regression is formulated for robotic sensors to fuse multifactorial effects of observations, measurement noise, and prior distributions for obtaining the predictive distribution of a scalar environmental field of interest. New techniques are introduced to avoid computationally prohibitive Markov chain Monte Carlo methods for resource-constrained mobile sensors. Bayesian Prediction and Adaptive Sampling Algorithms for Mobile Sensor Networks starts with a simple spatio-temporal model and increases the level of model flexibility and uncertainty step by step, simultaneously solving increasingly complicated problems and coping with increasing complexity, until it ends with fully Bayesian approaches that take into account a broad spectrum of uncertainties in observations, model parameters, and constraints in mobile sensor networks. The book is timely, being very useful for many researchers in control, robotics, computer science and statistics trying to tackle a variety of tasks such as environmental monitoring and adaptive sampling, surveillance, exploration, and plume tracking which are of increasing currency. Problems are solved creatively by seamless combination of theories and concepts from Bayesian statistics, mobile sensor networks, optimal experiment design, and distributed computation.

Network And Adaptive Sampling

Author : Arijit Chaudhuri
ISBN : 9781466577572
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 83. 18 MB
Format : PDF
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Combining the two statistical techniques of network sampling and adaptive sampling, this book illustrates the advantages of using them in tandem to effectively capture sparsely located elements in unknown pockets. It shows how network sampling is a reliable guide in capturing inaccessible entities through linked auxiliaries. The text also explores how adaptive sampling is strengthened in information content through subsidiary sampling with devices to mitigate unmanageable expanding sample sizes. Empirical data illustrates the applicability of both methods.

Statistical Models For Proportions And Probabilities

Author : George A.F. Seber
ISBN : 9783642390418
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 69. 23 MB
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​Methods for making inferences from data about one or more probabilities and proportions are a fundamental part of a statistician’s toolbox and statistics courses. Unfortunately many of the quick, approximate methods currently taught have recently been found to be inappropriate. This monograph gives an up-to-date review of recent research on the topic and presents both exact methods and helpful approximations. Detailed theory is also presented for the different distributions involved, and can be used in a classroom setting. It will be useful for those teaching statistics at university level and for those involved in statistical consulting.

Permutation Tests In Shape Analysis

Author : LUIGI SALMASO
ISBN : 9781461481638
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 79. 22 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Statistical shape analysis is a geometrical analysis from a set of shapes in which statistics are measured to describe geometrical properties from similar shapes or different groups, for instance, the difference between male and female Gorilla skull shapes, normal and pathological bone shapes, etc. Some of the important aspects of shape analysis are to obtain a measure of distance between shapes, to estimate average shapes from a (possibly random) sample and to estimate shape variability in a sample[1]. One of the main methods used is principal component analysis. Specific applications of shape analysis may be found in archaeology, architecture, biology, geography, geology, agriculture, genetics, medical imaging, security applications such as face recognition, entertainment industry (movies, games), computer-aided design and manufacturing. This is a proposal for a new Brief on statistical shape analysis and the various new parametric and non-parametric methods utilized to facilitate shape analysis. ​ ​

Adaptive Sampling

Author : Steven K. Thompson
ISBN : UOM:39015068797565
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 65. 61 MB
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Offering a viable solution to the long-standing problem of estimating the abundance of rare, clustered populations, adaptive sampling designs are rapidly gaining prominence in the natural and social sciences as well as in other fields with inherently difficult sampling situations. In marked contrast to conventional sampling designs, in which the entire sample of units to be observed is fixed prior to the survey, adaptive sampling strategies allow for increased sampling intensity depending upon observations made during the survey. For example, in a survey to assess the abundance of a rare animal species, neighboring sites may be added to the sample whenever the species is encountered during the survey. In an epidemiological survey of a contagious or genetically linked disease, sampling intensity may be increased whenever prevalence of the disease is encountered. Written by two acknowledged experts in this emerging field, this book offers researchers their first comprehensive introduction to adaptive sampling. An ideal reference for statisticians conducting research in survey designs and spatial statistics as well as researchers working in the environmental, ecological, public health, and biomedical sciences. Adaptive Sampling: * Provides a comprehensive, fully integrated introduction to adaptive sampling theory and practice * Describes recent research findings * Introduces readers to a wide range of adaptive sampling strategies and techniques * Includes numerous real-world examples from environmental pollution studies, surveys of rare animal and plant species, studies of contagious diseases, marketing surveys, mineral and fossil-fuel assessments, and more

The Design Of Cloud Workflow Systems

Author : Xiao Liu
ISBN : 1461419336
Genre : Computers
File Size : 22. 30 MB
Format : PDF
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Cloud computing is the latest market-oriented computing paradigm which brings software design and development into a new era characterized by “XaaS”, i.e. everything as a service. Cloud workflows, as typical software applications in the cloud, are composed of a set of partially ordered cloud software services to achieve specific goals. However, due to the low QoS (quality of service) nature of the cloud environment, the design of workflow systems in the cloud becomes a challenging issue for the delivery of high quality cloud workflow applications. To address such an issue, this book presents a systematic investigation to the three critical aspects for the design of a cloud workflow system, viz. system architecture, system functionality and quality of service. Specifically, the system architecture for a cloud workflow system is designed based on the general four-layer cloud architecture, viz. application layer, platform layer, unified resources layer and fabric layer. The system functionality for a cloud workflow system is designed based on the general workflow reference model but with significant extensions to accommodate software services in the cloud. The support of QoS is critical for the quality of cloud workflow applications. This book presents a generic framework to facilitate a unified design and development process for software components that deliver lifecycle support for different QoS requirements. While the general QoS requirements for cloud workflow applications can have many dimensions, this book mainly focuses on three of the most important ones, viz. performance, reliability and security. In this book, the architecture, functionality and QoS management of our SwinDeW-C prototype cloud workflow system are demonstrated in detail as a case study to evaluate our generic design for cloud workflow systems. To conclude, this book offers a general overview of cloud workflow systems and provides comprehensive introductions to the design of the system architecture, system functionality and QoS management.

Deep Neural Networks In A Mathematical Framework

Author : Anthony L. Caterini
ISBN : 9783319753041
Genre : Computers
File Size : 89. 79 MB
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This SpringerBrief describes how to build a rigorous end-to-end mathematical framework for deep neural networks. The authors provide tools to represent and describe neural networks, casting previous results in the field in a more natural light. In particular, the authors derive gradient descent algorithms in a unified way for several neural network structures, including multilayer perceptrons, convolutional neural networks, deep autoencoders and recurrent neural networks. Furthermore, the authors developed framework is both more concise and mathematically intuitive than previous representations of neural networks. This SpringerBrief is one step towards unlocking the black box of Deep Learning. The authors believe that this framework will help catalyze further discoveries regarding the mathematical properties of neural networks.This SpringerBrief is accessible not only to researchers, professionals and students working and studying in the field of deep learning, but also to those outside of the neutral network community.

Humor At Work In Teams Leadership Negotiations Learning And Health

Author : Tabea Scheel
ISBN : 9783319656915
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 43. 44 MB
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This book provides a comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art on the adaptive and maladaptive functions of humor. Humor is inescapable in our daily interactions - also at the work place. Affiliative, self-enhancing, self-deprecating and aggressive humor can all occur at work and have unique and sometimes ambiguous effects. The volume presents humor research on five important workplace topics: teams, leadership, negotiation, learning, and health. It combines and integrates research from a range of fields, including work and organizational psychology, social psychology, communication, linguistics and sociology. In highlighting research gaps and stating future research questions, the book provides a sufficient starting point for further research on humor in relation to the aforementioned topics. For practitioners, recommendations are provided specific to each area.

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