adaptive sampling designs springerbriefs in statistics

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Adaptive Sampling Designs

Author : George A.F. Seber
ISBN : 9783642336577
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 34. 91 MB
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This book aims to provide an overview of some adaptive techniques used in estimating parameters for finite populations where the sampling at any stage depends on the sampling information obtained to date. The sample adapts to new information as it comes in. These methods are especially used for sparse and clustered populations. Written by two acknowledged experts in the field of adaptive sampling.

Bayesian Prediction And Adaptive Sampling Algorithms For Mobile Sensor Networks

Author : Yunfei Xu
ISBN : 9783319219219
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 84. 78 MB
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This brief introduces a class of problems and models for the prediction of the scalar field of interest from noisy observations collected by mobile sensor networks. It also introduces the problem of optimal coordination of robotic sensors to maximize the prediction quality subject to communication and mobility constraints either in a centralized or distributed manner. To solve such problems, fully Bayesian approaches are adopted, allowing various sources of uncertainties to be integrated into an inferential framework effectively capturing all aspects of variability involved. The fully Bayesian approach also allows the most appropriate values for additional model parameters to be selected automatically by data, and the optimal inference and prediction for the underlying scalar field to be achieved. In particular, spatio-temporal Gaussian process regression is formulated for robotic sensors to fuse multifactorial effects of observations, measurement noise, and prior distributions for obtaining the predictive distribution of a scalar environmental field of interest. New techniques are introduced to avoid computationally prohibitive Markov chain Monte Carlo methods for resource-constrained mobile sensors. Bayesian Prediction and Adaptive Sampling Algorithms for Mobile Sensor Networks starts with a simple spatio-temporal model and increases the level of model flexibility and uncertainty step by step, simultaneously solving increasingly complicated problems and coping with increasing complexity, until it ends with fully Bayesian approaches that take into account a broad spectrum of uncertainties in observations, model parameters, and constraints in mobile sensor networks. The book is timely, being very useful for many researchers in control, robotics, computer science and statistics trying to tackle a variety of tasks such as environmental monitoring and adaptive sampling, surveillance, exploration, and plume tracking which are of increasing currency. Problems are solved creatively by seamless combination of theories and concepts from Bayesian statistics, mobile sensor networks, optimal experiment design, and distributed computation.

Network And Adaptive Sampling

Author : Arijit Chaudhuri
ISBN : 9781466577572
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 75. 16 MB
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Combining the two statistical techniques of network sampling and adaptive sampling, this book illustrates the advantages of using them in tandem to effectively capture sparsely located elements in unknown pockets. It shows how network sampling is a reliable guide in capturing inaccessible entities through linked auxiliaries. The text also explores how adaptive sampling is strengthened in information content through subsidiary sampling with devices to mitigate unmanageable expanding sample sizes. Empirical data illustrates the applicability of both methods.

Modern Survey Sampling

Author : Arijit Chaudhuri
ISBN : 9781466572607
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 78. 40 MB
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Starting from the preliminaries and ending with live examples, Modern Survey Sampling details what a sample can communicate about an unknowable aggregate in a real situation. The author lucidly develops and presents numerous approaches. He details recent developments and explores fresh and unseen problems, hitting upon possible solutions. The text covers current research output in a student-friendly manner with attractive illustrations. It introduces sampling and discusses how to select a sample for which a selection-probability is specified to prescribe its performance characteristics. The author then explains how to examine samples with varying probabilities to derive profits. He then examines how to use partial segments to make reasonable guesses about a sample’s behavior and assess the elements of discrepancies. Including case studies, exercises, and solutions, the book highlights special survey techniques needed to capture trustworthy data and put it to intelligent use. It then discusses the model-assisted approach and network sampling, before moving on to speculating about random processes. The author draws on his extensive teaching experience to create a textbook that gives your students a thorough grounding in the technologies of survey sampling and modeling and also provides you with the tools to teach them.

Adaptive Sampling

Author : Steven K. Thompson
ISBN : UOM:39015068797565
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 37. 84 MB
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Offering a viable solution to the long-standing problem of estimating the abundance of rare, clustered populations, adaptive sampling designs are rapidly gaining prominence in the natural and social sciences as well as in other fields with inherently difficult sampling situations. In marked contrast to conventional sampling designs, in which the entire sample of units to be observed is fixed prior to the survey, adaptive sampling strategies allow for increased sampling intensity depending upon observations made during the survey. For example, in a survey to assess the abundance of a rare animal species, neighboring sites may be added to the sample whenever the species is encountered during the survey. In an epidemiological survey of a contagious or genetically linked disease, sampling intensity may be increased whenever prevalence of the disease is encountered. Written by two acknowledged experts in this emerging field, this book offers researchers their first comprehensive introduction to adaptive sampling. An ideal reference for statisticians conducting research in survey designs and spatial statistics as well as researchers working in the environmental, ecological, public health, and biomedical sciences. Adaptive Sampling: * Provides a comprehensive, fully integrated introduction to adaptive sampling theory and practice * Describes recent research findings * Introduces readers to a wide range of adaptive sampling strategies and techniques * Includes numerous real-world examples from environmental pollution studies, surveys of rare animal and plant species, studies of contagious diseases, marketing surveys, mineral and fossil-fuel assessments, and more

Adaptive Design Methods In Clinical Trials Second Edition

Author : Shein-Chung Chow
ISBN : 9781439839881
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 67. 70 MB
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With new statistical and scientific issues arising in adaptive clinical trial design, including the U.S. FDA’s recent draft guidance, a new edition of one of the first books on the topic is needed. Adaptive Design Methods in Clinical Trials, Second Edition reflects recent developments and regulatory positions on the use of adaptive designs in clinical trials. It unifies the vast and continuously growing literature and research activities on regulatory requirements, scientific and practical issues, and statistical methodology. New to the Second Edition Along with revisions throughout the text, this edition significantly updates the chapters on protocol amendment and clinical trial simulation to incorporate the latest changes. It also includes five entirely new chapters on two-stage adaptive design, biomarker adaptive trials, target clinical trials, sample size and power estimation, and regulatory perspectives. Following in the tradition of its acclaimed predecessor, this second edition continues to offer an up-to-date resource for clinical scientists and researchers in academia, regulatory agencies, and the pharmaceutical industry. Written in an intuitive style at a basic mathematical and statistical level, the book maintains its practical approach with an emphasis on concepts via numerous examples and illustrations.

Gaussian Processes Function Theory And The Inverse Spectral Problem

Author : Harry Dym
ISBN : 9780486462790
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 75. 62 MB
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This text offers background in function theory, Hardy functions, and probability as preparation for surveys of Gaussian processes, strings and spectral functions, and strings and spaces of integral functions. It addresses the relationship between the past and the future of a real, one-dimensional, stationary Gaussian process. 1976 edition.

Humor At Work In Teams Leadership Negotiations Learning And Health

Author : Tabea Scheel
ISBN : 9783319656915
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 59. 89 MB
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This book provides a comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art on the adaptive and maladaptive functions of humor. Humor is inescapable in our daily interactions - also at the work place. Affiliative, self-enhancing, self-deprecating and aggressive humor can all occur at work and have unique and sometimes ambiguous effects. The volume presents humor research on five important workplace topics: teams, leadership, negotiation, learning, and health. It combines and integrates research from a range of fields, including work and organizational psychology, social psychology, communication, linguistics and sociology. In highlighting research gaps and stating future research questions, the book provides a sufficient starting point for further research on humor in relation to the aforementioned topics. For practitioners, recommendations are provided specific to each area.

Sampling Methods

Author : Pascal Ardilly
ISBN : 9780387310756
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 55. 69 MB
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Whenweagreedtoshareallofourpreparationofexercisesinsamplingtheory to create a book, we were not aware of the scope of the work. It was indeed necessary to compose the information, type out the compilations, standardise the notations and correct the drafts. It is fortunate that we have not yet measured the importance of this project, for this work probably would never have been attempted! In making available this collection of exercises, we hope to promote the teaching of sampling theory for which we wanted to emphasise its diversity. The exercises are at times purely theoretical while others are originally from real problems, enabling us to approach the sensitive matter of passing from theory to practice that so enriches survey statistics. The exercises that we present were used as educational material at the École Nationale de la Statistique et de l’Analyse de l’Information (ENSAI), where we had successively taught sampling theory. We are not the authors of all the exercises. In fact, some of them are due to Jean-Claude Deville and Laurent Wilms. We thank them for allowing us to reproduce their exercises. It is also possible that certain exercises had been initially conceived by an author that we have not identi?ed. Beyondthe contribution of our colleagues, and in all cases, we do not consider ourselves to be the lone authors of these exercises:they actually form part of a common heritagefrom ENSAI that has been enriched and improved due to questions from students and the work of all the demonstrators of the sampling course at ENSAI.

Distance Sampling Methods And Applications

Author : S. T. Buckland
ISBN : 9783319192192
Genre : Medical
File Size : 52. 26 MB
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In this book, the authors cover the basic methods and advances within distance sampling that are most valuable to practitioners and in ecology more broadly. This is the fourth book dedicated to distance sampling. In the decade since the last book published, there have been a number of new developments. The intervening years have also shown which advances are of most use. This self-contained book covers topics from the previous publications, while also including recent developments in method, software and application. Distance sampling refers to a suite of methods, including line and point transect sampling, in which animal density or abundance is estimated from a sample of distances to detected individuals. The book illustrates these methods through case studies; data sets and computer code are supplied to readers through the book’s accompanying website. Some of the case studies use the software Distance, while others use R code. The book is in three parts. The first part addresses basic methods, the design of surveys, distance sampling experiments, field methods and data issues. The second part develops a range of modelling approaches for distance sampling data. The third part describes variations in the basic method; discusses special issues that arise when sampling different taxa (songbirds, seabirds, cetaceans, primates, ungulates, butterflies, and plants); considers advances to deal with failures of the key assumptions; and provides a check-list for those conducting surveys.

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