adaptive learning and the human condition

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Adaptive Learning And The Human Condition

Author : Jeffrey C. Levy
ISBN : 9781317351283
Genre : Education
File Size : 89. 70 MB
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Adaptive Learning and the Human Condition presents the basic principles of classical (Pavlovian) and instrumental (Skinnerian) conditioning in a more coherent and expansive manner than is the case in other textbooks. Learning is defined as an adaptive process through which individuals acquire the ability to predict, and where possible, control the environment. This overarching definition enables integration of traditional Pavlovian and Skinnerian principles and terminology and makes explicit why treatment of the learning process is essentially limited to these two historical research paradigms. Pavlov developed a methodology for studying animals under circumstances where they could predict, but not control, sequences of environmental events. Skinner studied animals under circumstances where their behavior had an effect upon environmental events. Observational learning and symbolic communication (i.e., spoken or written language) are incorporated as indirect learning processes through which individuals can acquire the ability to predict or control. This treatment creates a perspective within which it is possible to consider the fundamental nature of the learning process in understanding the human condition and in addressing significant individual and social concerns. Examples of applications and issues not included in similar textbooks include: The role of classical and instrumental conditioning in language acquisition The administration of rewards and punishers in Baumrind’s parental styles as related to Kohlberg’s stages of moral development Stone-Age hunter-gatherer and technologically-advanced cultures: How did we get from there to here? Self-control and self-actualization While covering traditional technical and theoretical issues, the book is written in a clear, engaging style. The narrative builds across chapters, culminating in the treatment of applications and societal concerns of import and interest to students and faculty alike. Upon completing this book, readers should be able to: explain the significance of human condition through adaptive learning; present the basic principles of classical and instrumental conditioning; and understand the significance of scientific research

Social Informatics

Author : Emma Spiro
ISBN : 9783319478746
Genre : Computers
File Size : 76. 89 MB
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The two-volume set LNCS 10046 and 10047 constitutes the proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Social Informatics, SocInfo 2016, held in Bellevue, WA, USA, in November 2016. The 33 full papers and 34 poster papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 120 submissions. They are organized in topical sections named: networks, communities, and groups; politics, news, and events; markets, crowds, and consumers; and privacy, health, and well-being.

Introduction To Maternity And Pediatric Nursing

Author : Gloria Leifer
ISBN : 9781455770151
Genre : Medical
File Size : 24. 47 MB
Format : PDF
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The seventh edition of this textbook for nursing undergraduates "encompasses the core aspects of evidence-based maternal-child nursing in health and illness, incorporating updates in clinical care and technology."--Page xi.

Mind Design

Author : Kenneth A. Koenigshofer
ISBN : 1256336521
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 59. 99 MB
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Mind Design: The Adaptive Organization of Human Nature, Minds, and Behavior does what most books on the subject don't do. It deals with the “big questions” in psychology and philosophy from an evolutionary neuroscience perspective. This highly readable volume provides a provocative look at the evolutionary origins and neurophysiological underpinnings of mind—including free will, the self, biological origins of the duality of human moral nature, human mate value and mate selection, the sensory/perceptual systems as adaptive virtual reality machines, and the emotions, intelligence, and consciousness as evolved psychological adaptations.

On Human Nature

Author : Michel Tibayrenc
ISBN : 9780127999159
Genre : Science
File Size : 37. 95 MB
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On Human Nature: Biology, Psychology, Ethics, Politics, and Religion covers the present state of knowledge on human diversity and its adaptative significance through a broad and eclectic selection of representative chapters. This transdisciplinary work brings together specialists from various fields who rarely interact, including geneticists, evolutionists, physicians, ethologists, psychoanalysts, anthropologists, sociologists, theologians, historians, linguists, and philosophers. Genomic diversity is covered in several chapters dealing with biology, including the differences in men and apes and the genetic diversity of mankind. Top specialists, known for their open mind and broad knowledge have been carefully selected to cover each topic. The book is therefore at the crossroads between biology and human sciences, going beyond classical science in the Popperian sense. The book is accessible not only to specialists, but also to students, professors, and the educated public. Glossaries of specialized terms and general public references help nonspecialists understand complex notions, with contributions avoiding technical jargon. Provides greater understanding of diversity and population structure and history, with crucial foundational knowledge needed to conduct research in a variety of fields, such as genetics and disease Includes three robust sections on biological, psychological, and ethical aspects, with cross-fertilization and reciprocal references between the three sections Contains contributions by leading experts in their respective fields working under the guidance of internationally recognized and highly respected editors

Deep Learning

Author : Ian Goodfellow
ISBN : 9780262337373
Genre : Computers
File Size : 23. 89 MB
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"Written by three experts in the field, Deep Learning is the only comprehensive book on the subject." -- Elon Musk, cochair of OpenAI; cofounder and CEO of Tesla and SpaceX Deep learning is a form of machine learning that enables computers to learn from experience and understand the world in terms of a hierarchy of concepts. Because the computer gathers knowledge from experience, there is no need for a human computer operator to formally specify all the knowledge that the computer needs. The hierarchy of concepts allows the computer to learn complicated concepts by building them out of simpler ones; a graph of these hierarchies would be many layers deep. This book introduces a broad range of topics in deep learning. The text offers mathematical and conceptual background, covering relevant concepts in linear algebra, probability theory and information theory, numerical computation, and machine learning. It describes deep learning techniques used by practitioners in industry, including deep feedforward networks, regularization, optimization algorithms, convolutional networks, sequence modeling, and practical methodology; and it surveys such applications as natural language processing, speech recognition, computer vision, online recommendation systems, bioinformatics, and videogames. Finally, the book offers research perspectives, covering such theoretical topics as linear factor models, autoencoders, representation learning, structured probabilistic models, Monte Carlo methods, the partition function, approximate inference, and deep generative models. Deep Learning can be used by undergraduate or graduate students planning careers in either industry or research, and by software engineers who want to begin using deep learning in their products or platforms. A website offers supplementary material for both readers and instructors.

The Meaning Of Democracy And The Vulnerability Of Democracies

Author : Vincent Ostrom
ISBN : 0472084569
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 78. 14 MB
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Considers the social requirements for a thriving democracy

On Human Nature

Author : Edward O. Wilson
ISBN : 9780674076556
Genre : Science
File Size : 39. 10 MB
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In his new preface E. O. Wilson reflects on how he came to write this book: how The Insect Societies led him to write Sociobiology, and how the political and religious uproar that engulfed that book persuaded him to write another book that would better explain the relevance of biology to the understanding of human behavior.

Leveraging The New Human Capital

Author : Sandra L. Burud
ISBN : 9780891063193
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 89. 75 MB
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Leveraging the New Human Capital forever changes the way managers see today's highly complex employees. Through interviews with corporate executives, overviews of available research and four stories of major corporations, the book sets out five specific strategies organizations can use to adapt to this new workforce.

Ecosystem Management

Author : Gary Meffe
ISBN : 9781597267892
Genre : Nature
File Size : 35. 31 MB
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Today's natural resource managers must be able to navigate among the complicated interactions and conflicting interests of diverse stakeholders and decisionmakers. Technical and scientific knowledge, though necessary, are not sufficient. Science is merely one component in a multifaceted world of decision making. And while the demands of resource management have changed greatly, natural resource education and textbooks have not. Until now. Ecosystem Management represents a different kind of textbook for a different kind of course. It offers a new and exciting approach that engages students in active problem solving by using detailed landscape scenarios that reflect the complex issues and conflicting interests that face today's resource managers and scientists. Focusing on the application of the sciences of ecology and conservation biology to real-world concerns, it emphasizes the intricate ecological, socioeconomic, and institutional matrix in which natural resource management functions, and illustrates how to be more effective in that challenging arena. Each chapter is rich with exercises to help facilitate problem-based learning. The main text is supplemented by boxes and figures that provide examples, perspectives, definitions, summaries, and learning tools, along with a variety of essays written by practitioners with on-the-ground experience in applying the principles of ecosystem management. Accompanying the textbook is an instructor's manual that provides a detailed overview of the book and specific guidance on designing a course around it. Ecosystem Management grew out of a training course developed and presented by the authors for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service at its National Training Center in Shepherdstown, West Virginia. In 20 offerings to more than 600 natural resource professionals, the authors learned a great deal about what is needed to function successfully as a professional resource manager. The book offers important insights and a unique perspective dervied from that invaluable experience.

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