adaptive learning and the human condition

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Adaptive Learning And The Human Condition

Author : Jeffrey C. Levy
ISBN : 9781317351283
Genre : Education
File Size : 45. 3 MB
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Adaptive Learning and the Human Condition presents the basic principles of classical (Pavlovian) and instrumental (Skinnerian) conditioning in a more coherent and expansive manner than is the case in other textbooks. Learning is defined as an adaptive process through which individuals acquire the ability to predict, and where possible, control the environment. This overarching definition enables integration of traditional Pavlovian and Skinnerian principles and terminology and makes explicit why treatment of the learning process is essentially limited to these two historical research paradigms. Pavlov developed a methodology for studying animals under circumstances where they could predict, but not control, sequences of environmental events. Skinner studied animals under circumstances where their behavior had an effect upon environmental events. Observational learning and symbolic communication (i.e., spoken or written language) are incorporated as indirect learning processes through which individuals can acquire the ability to predict or control. This treatment creates a perspective within which it is possible to consider the fundamental nature of the learning process in understanding the human condition and in addressing significant individual and social concerns. Examples of applications and issues not included in similar textbooks include: The role of classical and instrumental conditioning in language acquisition The administration of rewards and punishers in Baumrind’s parental styles as related to Kohlberg’s stages of moral development Stone-Age hunter-gatherer and technologically-advanced cultures: How did we get from there to here? Self-control and self-actualization While covering traditional technical and theoretical issues, the book is written in a clear, engaging style. The narrative builds across chapters, culminating in the treatment of applications and societal concerns of import and interest to students and faculty alike. Upon completing this book, readers should be able to: explain the significance of human condition through adaptive learning; present the basic principles of classical and instrumental conditioning; and understand the significance of scientific research

Introduction To Maternity And Pediatric Nursing

Author : Gloria Leifer
ISBN : 9781455770151
Genre : Medical
File Size : 33. 42 MB
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The seventh edition of this textbook for nursing undergraduates "encompasses the core aspects of evidence-based maternal-child nursing in health and illness, incorporating updates in clinical care and technology."--Page xi.

The Adaptive Design Of The Human Psyche

Author : Malcolm Owen Slavin
ISBN : 0898627958
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 75. 27 MB
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Addressing one of the most fundamental issues in any examination of human experience, this important new work connects evolutionary biological concepts to modern psychoanalytic theory and the clinical encounter. Synthesizing their years of experience in the practice of psychotherapy and psychoanalysis, the authors provide a comparative psychoanalytic map of current theoretical controversies and a new way of deconstructing the hidden assumptions that underlie Freudian, Ego Psychological, Kleinian, Object Relational, Self Psychological, and Interpersonal theories. In so doing, they provide a new vantage point from which to integrate competing models into a larger picture that more fully embraces the many facets of human nature. Moreover, they offer clinicians a new framework with which to understand and respond to the inevitable paradoxes and conflicts that arise in the therapeutic relationship.

Mind Design

Author : Kenneth A. Koenigshofer
ISBN : 1256336521
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 66. 88 MB
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Mind Design: The Adaptive Organization of Human Nature, Minds, and Behavior does what most books on the subject don't do. It deals with the “big questions” in psychology and philosophy from an evolutionary neuroscience perspective. This highly readable volume provides a provocative look at the evolutionary origins and neurophysiological underpinnings of mind—including free will, the self, biological origins of the duality of human moral nature, human mate value and mate selection, the sensory/perceptual systems as adaptive virtual reality machines, and the emotions, intelligence, and consciousness as evolved psychological adaptations.

Hybrid Learning And Education

Author : Fu Lee Wang
ISBN : 9783642036965
Genre : Computers
File Size : 89. 47 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the second International Conference on Hybrid Learning, ICHL 2009, held in Macau, China, in August 2009. The 38 revised full papers presented together with one keynote lecture were carefully reviewed and selected from 149 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on interactive hybrid learning systems, effective content development, pedagocical and psychological issues, outcome based teaching and learning, student prospects, improved flexibility of the learning process, computer supported collaborative learning, hybrid learning experiences, practices borderless education, digital library and content management, organizational framework and institutional policy, and learning theory.

Multimedia In Education

Author : Irene Cheng
ISBN : 9789812837059
Genre : Education
File Size : 54. 50 MB
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Reviews many examples of multimedia item types for testing. This book outlines how games can be used to test physics concepts and discusses designing chemistry item types with interactive graphics. It also studies how to test different cognitive skills, such as music, using multimedia interfaces and also evaluate the effectiveness of our model.

Handbook Of Human And Social Conditions In Assessment

Author : Gavin T. L. Brown
ISBN : 9781317608189
Genre : Education
File Size : 41. 77 MB
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The Handbook of Human and Social Conditions in Assessment is the first book to explore assessment issues and opportunities occurring due to the real world of human, cultural, historical, and societal influences upon assessment practices, policies, and statistical modeling. With chapters written by experts in the field, this book engages with numerous forms of assessment: from classroom-level formative assessment practices to national accountability and international comparative testing practices all of which are significantly influenced by social and cultural conditions. A unique and timely contribution to the field of Educational Psychology, the Handbook of Human and Social Conditions in Assessment is written for researchers, educators, and policy makers interested in how social and human complexity affect assessment at all levels of learning. Organized into four sections, this volume examines assessment in relation to teachers, students, classroom conditions, and cultural factors. Each section is comprised of a series of chapters, followed by a discussant chapter that synthesizes key ideas and offers directions for future research. Taken together, the chapters in this volume demonstrate that teachers, test creators, and policy makers must account for the human and social conditions that shape assessment if they are to implement successful assessment practices which accomplish their intended outcomes.

Adapting Minds

Author : David J. Buller
ISBN : 0262261820
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 43. 83 MB
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Was human nature designed by natural selection in the Pleistocene epoch? The dominant view in evolutionary psychology holds that it was -- that our psychological adaptations were designed tens of thousands of years ago to solve problems faced by our hunter-gatherer ancestors. In this provocative and lively book, David Buller examines in detail the major claims of evolutionary psychology -- the paradigm popularized by Steven Pinker in The Blank Slate and by David Buss in The Evolution of Desire -- and rejects them all. This does not mean that we cannot apply evolutionary theory to human psychology, says Buller, but that the conventional wisdom in evolutionary psychology is misguided.Evolutionary psychology employs a kind of reverse engineering to explain the evolved design of the mind, figuring out the adaptive problems our ancestors faced and then inferring the psychological adaptations that evolved to solve them. In the carefully argued central chapters of Adapting Minds, Buller scrutinizes several of evolutionary psychology's most highly publicized "discoveries," including "discriminative parental solicitude" (the idea that stepparents abuse their stepchildren at a higher rate than genetic parents abuse their biological children). Drawing on a wide range of empirical research, including his own large-scale study of child abuse, he shows that none is actually supported by the evidence.Buller argues that our minds are not adapted to the Pleistocene, but, like the immune system, are continually adapting, over both evolutionary time and individual lifetimes. We must move beyond the reigning orthodoxy of evolutionary psychology to reach an accurate understanding of how human psychology is influenced by evolution. When we do, Buller claims, we will abandon not only the quest for human nature but the very idea of human nature itself.

Adaptive Perspectives On Human Technology Interaction

Author : Alex Kirlik
ISBN : 0195346777
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 65. 95 MB
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In everyday life, and particularly in the modern workplace, information technology and automation increasingly mediate, augment, and sometimes even interfere with how humans interact with their environment. How to understand and support cognition in human-technology interaction is both a practically and socially relevant problem. The chapters in this volume frame this problem in adaptive terms: How are behavior and cognition adapted, or perhaps ill-adapted, to the demands and opportunities of an environment where interaction is mediated by tools and technology? The authors draw heavily on the work of Egon Brunswik, a pioneer in ecological and cognitive psychology, as well as on modern refinements and extensions of Brunswikian ideas, including Hammond's Social Judgment Theory, Gigerenzer's Ecological Rationality and Anderson's Rational Analysis. Inspired by Brunswik's view of cognition as "coming to terms" with the "casual texture" of the external world, the chapters in this volume provide quantitative and computational models and measures for studying how people come to terms with an increasingly technological ecology, and provide insights for supporting cognition and performance through design, training, and other interventions. The methods, models, and measures presented in this book provide timely and important resources for addressing problems in the rapidly growing field of human-technology interaction. The book will be of interest to researchers, students, and practitioners in human factors, cognitive engineering, human-computer interaction, judgment and decision making, and cognitive science.

Anticipatory Behavior In Adaptive Learning Systems

Author : Martin V. Butz
ISBN : 9783540404293
Genre : Computers
File Size : 32. 24 MB
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