access denied race ethnicity and the scientific enterprise

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Access Denied

Author : George Campbell Jr.
ISBN : 0195355377
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 25. 88 MB
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Since the Civil Rights Era of the 1960s, minority groups have seen a tremendous amount of progress, but African Americans, Latinos, and American Indians still remain severely underrepresented in science, engineering, and mathematics. And although government, industry, and private philanthropies have supported more than 200 pre-college and college-level initiatives to increase the access and retention of minority students, the outcomes of these programs have not been well documented. This book from the National Action Council for Minorities in Engineering (NACME) presents definitive essays by leading research scholars, academics, and industry representatives on the participation of minorities in science, mathematics, and engineering. Its extensive coverage includes essays on current demographics, entering the education system, influences on minority participation, barriers to success, and preparation for academic careers. It is ideal for scholars, researchers, educators, and policymakers who study and strive to break the barriers of discrimination.

Identifying Potential For Equitable Access To Tertiary Level Science

Author : Marissa Rollnick
ISBN : 904813224X
Genre : Education
File Size : 52. 60 MB
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Higher education internationally is in a state of transition and transformation, leading to an increase in the level of participation, and a consequent increase in number of non traditional and underprepared students. The appearance of these students provides a particular challenge in the sciences where adequate grounding is crucial. One response to this challenge has been the provision of access, foundation or "second chance programmes" which operate on different models internationally. In South Africa, where the push for equity is strong in the wake of the apartheid era, programmes have generally been established at all tertiary institutions with some of the most successful of these programmes based at universities characterised by a high research output. Consequently in the last decade there has been a great deal of research into the effectiveness of these programmes both at a micro and macro level. Similar research in other countries exists, but is patchy and often based on small groups of students. This book provides valuable information on what research has to say about disadvantaged and under prepared science students and how they learn - what works and what does not work. It provides an examination of issues related to the programmes, their structure, student selection and adjustment. Issues such the learning of these students, their communicative ability and laboratory work come under the spotlight. Although examining the issue internationally, the book draws heavily on lessons from South Africa where there has been considerably experience of such programmes.

Elements Of Ethics For Physical Scientists

Author : Sandra C. Greer
ISBN : 9780262036887
Genre : Science
File Size : 90. 67 MB
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A guide to the everyday decisions about right and wrong faced by physical scientists and research engineers.

Racial And Ethnic Minority Student Success In Stem Education

Author : Samuel D. Museus
ISBN : 9781118065860
Genre : Education
File Size : 61. 97 MB
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The National Context: Important Trends in Racial Demographics and STEM Fields. The Urgency of Fostering Minority Students' Success in STEM. Purpose and Overview of the Volume. Key Concepts and Definitions. Limitations of the Volume. The Current Condition of Minority Students in STEM. The Impact of Race and Racism on Minority Students' Success in STEM. Factors in K-12 Education That Influence the Success of Racial and Ethnic Minority Students in the STEM Circuit. The Link Between Academic Preparedness in K-12 Education and Minority Students' Success in STEM. K-12 Contributors to the Insufficient Academic Preparation of Minority Students in STEM. K-12 Factors That Promote the Success of Minority Students in STEM. K-12 Initiatives That Contribute to Preparedness and Success Among Minority Students in STEM. Conclusion. Factors That Influence Success Among Racial and Ethnic Minority College Students in the STEM Circuit. The Role of Colorblind Meritocracy and Affirmative Action. The Impact of Economic Influences. The Impact of Minority-Serving Institutions and Selective Institutions. The Impact of Campus Environments. The Impact of Institutional Agents. The Impact of Psychological Factors. The Impact of STEM-Specific Opportunity and Support Programs. Conclusion. Implications for Future Research, Policy, and Practice in STEM Education. The Racial and Ethnic Minorities in STEM Model. Implications for Future Research. Implications for Future Policy. Implications for Future Practice. Conclusion.

Beyond Bias And Barriers

Author : Institute of Medicine
ISBN : 9780309133654
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 71. 58 MB
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The United States economy relies on the productivity, entrepreneurship, and creativity of its people. To maintain its scientific and engineering leadership amid increasing economic and educational globalization, the United States must aggressively pursue the innovative capacity of all its people—women and men. However, women face barriers to success in every field of science and engineering; obstacles that deprive the country of an important source of talent. Without a transformation of academic institutions to tackle such barriers, the future vitality of the U.S. research base and economy are in jeopardy. Beyond Bias and Barriers explains that eliminating gender bias in academia requires immediate overarching reform, including decisive action by university administrators, professional societies, federal funding agencies and foundations, government agencies, and Congress. If implemented and coordinated across public, private, and government sectors, the recommended actions will help to improve workplace environments for all employees while strengthening the foundations of America's competitiveness.

S Se Puede Yes We Can

Author : Angela B. Ginorio
ISBN : UTEXAS:059173008390005
Genre : Hispanic American women
File Size : 62. 91 MB
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This publication explores the experiences of Latinas in the United States' educational system, utilizing the concept of "possible selves" to investigate the lives of Latinas in school, at home, and with their peers. The concept of "possible selves" articulates the interaction between Latinas' current social contexts and their perceived options for the present and the future. Part 1, "Overview of Trends of Latinas' Educational Participation," focuses on: graduation rates, suspensions, tracking and course-taking, standardized test scores, grades, college enrollment by type of college, completion of degrees, majors, Latina/o faculty, and economic effects of education. Part 2, "Characteristics of Communities Affecting Participation/Success," looks at family, peers and peer groups, and schools. Part 3, "Individual Characteristics Associated with Educational Outcomes," discusses culture and the individual and self-efficacy. Part 4, "Conclusions and Recommendations," analyzes the effect of family, school, and community on academic potential and offers recommendations for school personnel, families, and policymakers. The three appendixes provide information on the research methodology, a summary of data on Latinas for selected states, and some Latina-serving programs in the United States. (Contains 259 references.) (SM)

Social And Self Processes Underlying Math And Science Achievement

Author : Heather A. Bouchey
ISBN : UOM:39015063188224
Genre : Education
File Size : 77. 70 MB
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In general, America's students are not faring well in science and mathematics. The chapters in this volume employ novel conceptual and empirical approaches to investigate how social and individual factors interact to effect successful math and science achievement. Each of the chapters is solidly grounded in theory and provides new insight concerning the integration of student-level and contextual influences. Inclusion of youth from diverse socioeconomic and ethnic backgrounds is a salient feature of the volume. This is the 106th volume of the Jossey-Bass quarterly report series New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development.

Graduating Engineer Computer Careers

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015058768493
Genre : Engineering
File Size : 40. 53 MB
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The Jossey Bass Reader On Gender In Education

Author : Jossey-Bass Inc
ISBN : 0787960748
Genre : Education
File Size : 33. 3 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Is biology destiny? Are schools shortchanging girls or boys? If so, what can educators do to ensure that both succeed? These are among the questions confronting teachers of students of all ages. "The Jossey-Bass Reader on Gender in Education" is a comprehensive anthology that explores the varied terrain of gender landscape-offering a thought-provoking view of the educational paths taken by girls and boys. Comprehensive in scope, yet easy to read, this fascinating anthology brings together a wide variety of perspectives from the major camps of the gender debate to illustrate how this issue affects every facet of the educational enterprise. The book includes the most groundbreaking and controversial pieces on gender while examining key developmental, learning, and cultural theories underlying the gender debates. Topics covered include the nature/nurture debate, gender achievement gaps, testing and teaching bias, the cultural context of gender, and sexual harassment. Featuring a Foreword by Susan Bailey, executive director of Wellesley Centers for Women, The Jossey-Bass Reader on Gender in Education includes excerpts from controversial articles that sparked debate, such as the AAUW (American Association of University Women) report "How Schools Shortchange Girls, " Christina Hoff Sommers' "The War Against Boys," Carol Gilligan's" In a Different Voice, " and William Pollock's "Real Boys." The thirty-one articles and book chapters in this collection represent an extremely wide range of opinions and approaches to the topic of gender equity. Taken together, they dispel any notion of quick fixes or exclusively one-sided disadvantage-but will leave readers with a clearer understanding of the complexities inherent in any discussions of education and gender.

Encyclopedia Of Bioethics

Author : Stephen Garrard Post
ISBN : 0028659163
File Size : 23. 19 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
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Online version of the 5 v. encyclopedia published in 2004.

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