a survey of computational physics introductory computational science

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A Survey Of Computational Physics

Author : Rubin H. Landau
ISBN : 9781400841189
Genre : Science
File Size : 74. 41 MB
Format : PDF
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Computational physics is a rapidly growing subfield of computational science, in large part because computers can solve previously intractable problems or simulate natural processes that do not have analytic solutions. The next step beyond Landau's First Course in Scientific Computing and a follow-up to Landau and Páez's Computational Physics, this text presents a broad survey of key topics in computational physics for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students, including new discussions of visualization tools, wavelet analysis, molecular dynamics, and computational fluid dynamics. By treating science, applied mathematics, and computer science together, the book reveals how this knowledge base can be applied to a wider range of real-world problems than computational physics texts normally address. Designed for a one- or two-semester course, A Survey of Computational Physics will also interest anyone who wants a reference on or practical experience in the basics of computational physics. Accessible to advanced undergraduates Real-world problem-solving approach Java codes and applets integrated with text Companion Web site includes videos of lectures

A Survey Of Computational Physics

Author : Rubin H. Landau
ISBN : 9780691131375
Genre : Computers
File Size : 73. 40 MB
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This book presents a broad survey of many of the topics that constitute modern computational science. Its view is as a multidisciplinary subject combining aspects of physics, applied mathematics and computer science.

Computational Physics

Author : Rubin H. Landau
ISBN : 9783527413157
Genre : Science
File Size : 25. 47 MB
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The use of computation and simulation has become an essential part of the scientific process. Being able to transform a theory into an algorithm requires significant theoretical insight, detailed physical and mathematical understanding, and a working level of competency in programming. This upper-division text provides an unusually broad survey of the topics of modern computational physics from a multidisciplinary, computational science point of view. Its philosophy is rooted in learning by doing (assisted by many model programs), with new scientific materials as well as with the Python programming language. Python has become very popular, particularly for physics education and large scientific projects. It is probably the easiest programming language to learn for beginners, yet is also used for mainstream scientific computing, and has packages for excellent graphics and even symbolic manipulations. The text is designed for an upper-level undergraduate or beginning graduate course and provides the reader with the essential knowledge to understand computational tools and mathematical methods well enough to be successful. As part of the teaching of using computers to solve scientific problems, the reader is encouraged to work through a sample problem stated at the beginning of each chapter or unit, which involves studying the text, writing, debugging and running programs, visualizing the results, and the expressing in words what has been done and what can be concluded. Then there are exercises and problems at the end of each chapter for the reader to work on their own (with model programs given for that purpose). The text could be used for a one-semester course on scientific computing. The relevant topics for that are covered in the first third of the book. The latter two-thirds of the text includes more physics and can be used for a two-semester course in computational physics, covering nonlinear ODEs, Chaotic Scattering, Fourier Analysis, Wavelet Analysis, Nonlinear Maps, Chaotic systems, Fractals and Parallel Computing. The e-book extends the paper version by including many codes, visualizations and applets, as well as links to video lectures. * A table at the beginning of each chapter indicates video lectures, slides, applets and animations. * Applets illustrate the results to be expected for projects in the book, and to help understand some abstract concepts (e.g. Chaotic Scattering) * The eBook's figures, equations, sections, chapters, index, table of contents, code listings, glossary, animations and executable codes (both Applets and Python programs) are linked, much like in a Web document. * Some equations are linked to their xml forms (which can be imported into Maple or Mathematica for manipulation). * The e-book will link to video-based lecture modules, held by principal author Professor Rubin Landau, that cover most every topic in the book.

Computational Statistical Physics

Author : K.-H. Hoffmann
ISBN : 9783662048047
Genre : Science
File Size : 42. 13 MB
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In recent years statistical physics has made significant progress as a result of advances in numerical techniques. While good textbooks exist on the general aspects of statistical physics, the numerical methods and the new developments based on large-scale computing are not usually adequately presented. In this book 16 experts describe the application of methods of statistical physics to various areas in physics such as disordered materials, quasicrystals, semiconductors, and also to other areas beyond physics, such as financial markets, game theory, evolution, and traffic planning, in which statistical physics has recently become significant. In this way the universality of the underlying concepts and methods such as fractals, random matrix theory, time series, neural networks, evolutionary algorithms, becomes clear. The topics are covered by introductory, tutorial presentations.

Fundamentals Of Scientific Computing

Author : Bertil Gustafsson
ISBN : 3642194958
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 64. 18 MB
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The book of nature is written in the language of mathematics -- Galileo Galilei How is it possible to predict weather patterns for tomorrow, with access solely to today’s weather data? And how is it possible to predict the aerodynamic behavior of an aircraft that has yet to be built? The answer is computer simulations based on mathematical models – sets of equations – that describe the underlying physical properties. However, these equations are usually much too complicated to solve, either by the smartest mathematician or the largest supercomputer. This problem is overcome by constructing an approximation: a numerical model with a simpler structure can be translated into a program that tells the computer how to carry out the simulation. This book conveys the fundamentals of mathematical models, numerical methods and algorithms. Opening with a tutorial on mathematical models and analysis, it proceeds to introduce the most important classes of numerical methods, with finite element, finite difference and spectral methods as central tools. The concluding section describes applications in physics and engineering, including wave propagation, heat conduction and fluid dynamics. Also covered are the principles of computers and programming, including MATLAB®.

A First Course In Computational Physics And Object Oriented Programming With C Hardback With Cd Rom

Author : David Yevick
ISBN : 0521827787
Genre : Computers
File Size : 70. 44 MB
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Because of its rich object-oriented features, C++ is rapidly becoming the programming language of choice for science and engineering applications. This text leads beginning and intermediate programmers step-by-step through the difficult aspects of scientific coding, providing a comprehensive survey of object-oriented methods. Numerous aspects of modern programming practice are covered, including object-oriented analysis and design tools, numerical analysis, scientific graphics, software engineering, performance issues and legacy software reuse. Examples and problems are drawn from an extensive range of scientific and engineering applications. The book also includes a full set of free programming and scientific graphics tools that facilitate individual learning and reduce the time required to supervise code development in a classroom setting. This unique text will be invaluable both to students taking a first or second course in computational science and as a reference text for scientific programmers.

Introduction To Computational Materials Science

Author : Richard LeSar
ISBN : 9781107328143
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 81. 93 MB
Format : PDF
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Emphasising essential methods and universal principles, this textbook provides everything students need to understand the basics of simulating materials behaviour. All the key topics are covered from electronic structure methods to microstructural evolution, appendices provide crucial background material, and a wealth of practical resources are available online to complete the teaching package. Modelling is examined at a broad range of scales, from the atomic to the mesoscale, providing students with a solid foundation for future study and research. Detailed, accessible explanations of the fundamental equations underpinning materials modelling are presented, including a full chapter summarising essential mathematical background. Extensive appendices, including essential background on classical and quantum mechanics, electrostatics, statistical thermodynamics and linear elasticity, provide the background necessary to fully engage with the fundamentals of computational modelling. Exercises, worked examples, computer codes and discussions of practical implementations methods are all provided online giving students the hands-on experience they need.

Current Topics In Computational Molecular Biology

Author : Tao Jiang
ISBN : 0262100924
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 20. 84 MB
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A survey of current topics in computational molecular biology. Computational molecular biology, or bioinformatics, draws on the disciplines of biology, mathematics, statistics, physics, chemistry, computer science, and engineering. It provides the computational support for functional genomics, which links the behavior of cells, organisms, and populations to the information encoded in the genomes, as well as for structural genomics. At the heart of all large-scale and high-throughput biotechnologies, it has a growing impact on health and medicine. This survey of computational molecular biology covers traditional topics such as protein structure modeling and sequence alignment, and more recent ones such as expression data analysis and comparative genomics. It combines algorithmic, statistical, database, and AI-based methods for studying biological problems. The book also contains an introductory chapter, as well as one on general statistical modeling and computational techniques in molecular biology. Each chapter presents a self-contained review of a specific subject. Not for sale in China, including Hong Kong.

Introduction To Concurrency In Programming Languages

Author : Matthew J. Sottile
ISBN : 1420072145
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 27. 97 MB
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Exploring how concurrent programming can be assisted by language-level techniques, Introduction to Concurrency in Programming Languages presents high-level language techniques for dealing with concurrency in a general context. It provides an understanding of programming languages that offer concurrency features as part of the language definition. The book supplies a conceptual framework for different aspects of parallel algorithm design and implementation. It first addresses the limitations of traditional programming techniques and models when dealing with concurrency. The book then explores the current state of the art in concurrent programming and describes high-level language constructs for concurrency. It also discusses the historical evolution of hardware, corresponding high-level techniques that were developed, and the connection to modern systems, such as multicore and manycore processors. The remainder of the text focuses on common high-level programming techniques and their application to a range of algorithms. The authors offer case studies on genetic algorithms, fractal generation, cellular automata, game logic for solving Sudoku puzzles, pipelined algorithms, and more. Illustrating the effect of concurrency on programs written in familiar languages, this text focuses on novel language abstractions that truly bring concurrency into the language and aid analysis and compilation tools in generating efficient, correct programs. It also explains the complexity involved in taking advantage of concurrency with regard to program correctness and performance.

Computational Models Of Visual Processing

Author : Michael S. Landy
ISBN : 0262121557
Genre : Medical
File Size : 90. 26 MB
Format : PDF
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The more than twenty contributions in this book, all new and previously unpublished, provide an up-to-date survey of contemporary research on computational modeling of the visual system. The approaches represented range from neurophysiology to psychophysics, and from retinal function to the analysis of visual cues to motion, color, texture, and depth. The contributions are linked thematically by a consistent consideration of the links between empirical data and computational models in the study of visual function.An introductory chapter by Edward Adelson and James Bergen gives a new and elegant formalization of the elements of early vision. Subsequent sections treat receptors and sampling, models of neural function, detection and discrimination, color and shading, motion and texture, and 3D shape. Each section is introduced by a brief topical review and summary.Michael S. Landy is Associate Professor of Psychology at New York University where J. Anthony Movshon is Professor of Neural Science and Psychology and Director of the Center for Neural Science.Contributors: Edward H. Adelson. Albert J. Ahumada, Jr., James R. Bergen. David G. Birch. David H. Brainard. Heinrich H. Bülthoff. Charles Chubb. Nancy J. Coletta. Michael D'Zmura. John P. Frisby. Norma Graham. Norberto M. Grzywacz. P. William Haake. Michael J. Hawken. David J. Heeger. Donald C. Hood. Elizabeth B. Johnston. Daniel Kersten. Michael S. Landy. Peter Lennie. J. Stephen Mansfield. J. Anthony Movshon. Jacob Nachmias. Andrew J. Parker. Denis G. Pelli. Stephen B. Pollard. R. Clay Reid. Robert Shapley. Carlo L. M. Tiana. Brian A. Wandell. Andrew B. Watson. David R. Williams. Hugh R. Wilson. Yuede. Yang. Alan L. Yuille.

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