a crime in neighborhood pdf

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Encyclopedia Of Community Policing And Problem Solving

Author : Kenneth J. Peak
ISBN : 9781506318172
Genre : Reference
File Size : 47. 69 MB
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Community policing, as a philosophy, supports the systematic use of partnerships and problem-solving techniques to proactively address the immediate conditions that give rise to public safety issues, including crime, social disorder, and fear of crime—as opposed to responding to crime after it occurs. Community policing expands the traditional police mandate. It broadens the focus of fighting crime to include solving community problems and forming partnerships with people in the community so average citizens can contribute to the policing process. Originating during police reform efforts of the 1970s, the philosophy of community policing is currently widespread and embraced by many citizens, police administrators, scholars, and local and federal politicians. What sorts of collaborative partnerships have evolved between policing agencies and the individuals and communities they serve? How do police departments engage in systematic examination of identified problems to develop effective responses? How have police departments aligned their organizational structures to best support community partnerships and proactive problem solving? Just how effective have efforts at community policing been? These questions and more are explored within the pages of this new reference work. Features: A collection of 150 to 175 entries are organized in A-to-Z fashion in one volume available in both electronic and print formats. Signed entries, authored by significant figures in the field, each conclude with Cross-References and Suggestions for Further Readings to guide students to in-depth resources. Brief "What Works" case studies within appropriate entries profile community policing programs and strategies as tried in various cities and communities. Although organized in A-to-Z fashion, a thematic "Reader's Guide" in the front matter groups related entries by broad topic areas (e.g., Foundations; Methods & Practices; Legislation & National Organizations; Changing Agency Culture; Planning & Implementation; Training & Curriculum; Assessment & Evaluation; etc.). Also included in the front matter, a Chronology provides students with historical perspective of the development of community policing. The entire work concludes with a Resources appendix listing classic books, journals, and associations, followed by a comprehensive Index.

Crime Prevention

Author : Steven P. Lab
ISBN : 9781317523444
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 52. 52 MB
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This book examines several types of crime prevention approaches and their goals, including those that are designed to prevent conditions that foster deviance, those directed toward persons or conditions with a high potential for deviance, and those for persons who have already committed crimes. This edition provides research and information on all aspects of crime prevention, including the physical environment and crime, neighborhood crime prevention, the mass media and crime prevention, crime displacement and diffusion, prediction, community policing, drugs, schools, and electronic monitoring and home confinement.

The Handbook Of Measurement Issues In Criminology And Criminal Justice

Author : Beth M. Huebner
ISBN : 9781118868782
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 20. 21 MB
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This volume of the series was designed to provide a comprehensive primer on the existing best practices and emerging developments in the study and design research on crime and criminology. The work as a whole includes chapters on the measurement of criminal typologies, the offenders, offending and victimization, criminal justice organizations, and specialized measurement techniques. Each chapter is written by experts in the field and they provide an excellent survey of the literature in the relevant area. More importantly, each chapter provides a description of the various methodological and substantive challenges presented in conducting research on these issues and denotes possible solutions to these dilemmas. An emphasis was placed on research that has been conducted outside of the United States and was designed to give the reader a broader more global understanding of the social context of research. The goal of this volume is to provide a definitive reference for professionals in the field, researchers, and students. This volume in the Handbooks in Criminology and Criminal Justice series identifies the principal topical areas of research in this field and summarizes the various methodological and substantive challenges presented in conducting research on these issues. In each chapter, authors provide a summary of the prominent data collection efforts in the topical area, provide an overview of the current methodological work, discuss the challenges in the measurement of central concepts in the subject area, and identify new horizons emerging in data collection and measurement. We encouraged authors to discuss work conducted in an international context and to incorporate discussion of qualitative methodologies when appropriate.

Crime And Public Policy

Author : James Q. Wilson
ISBN : 9780199315048
Genre : Law
File Size : 86. 95 MB
Format : PDF
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Crime in the United States has fluctuated considerably over the past thirty years, as have the policy approaches to deal with it. During this time criminologists and other scholars have helped to shed light on the role of incarceration, prevention, drugs, guns, policing, and numerous other aspects to crime control. Yet the latest research is rarely heard in public discussions and is often missing from the desks of policymakers. This book accessibly summarizes the latest scientific information on the causes of crime and evidence about what does and does not work to control it. Thoroughly revised and updated, this new version of Crime and Public Policy will include twenty chapters and five new substantial entries. As with previous editions, each essay reviews the existing literature, discusses the methodological rigor of the studies, identifies what policies and programs the studies suggest, and then points to policies now implemented that fail to reflect the evidence. The chapters cover the principle institutions of the criminal justice system (juvenile justice, police, prisons, probation and parole, sentencing), how broader aspects of social life inhibit or encourage crime (biology, schools, families, communities), and topics currently generating a great deal of attention (criminal activities of gangs, sex offenders, prisoner reentry, changing crime rates). With contributions from trusted, leading scholars, Crime and Public Policy offers the most comprehensive and balanced guide to how the latest and best social science research informs the understanding of crime and its control for policymakers, community leaders, and students of crime and criminal justice.

Defensible Space

Author : Henry Cisneros
ISBN : 9780788170454
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 26. 76 MB
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Report by Henry G. Cisneros, Secretary of Housing & Urban Development at the time it was written, on the increasing recognition that physical design of neighborhoods has a role to play in crime reduction. These design approaches, known collectively as defensible space, rely on a bundle of relatively inexpensive techniques that define spaces in a manner that discourages criminal activity, for both individual buildings & whole neighborhoods. Discussions applications of defensible space principles in public housing; street patterns & "broken windows"; defensible space at the neighborhood scale; & exploring the potential for urban neighborhoods & public housing.

Criminology The Core

Author : Larry J. Siegel
ISBN : 9781111789886
Genre : Education
File Size : 22. 15 MB
Format : PDF
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It's no mystery why Larry Siegel remains THE best-selling author in criminology education. Professor Siegel fascinates students with real-life stories of crime, criminals, and the hottest debates in the field. CRIMINOLOGY: THE CORE, Fourth Edition does not disappoint. Clear, engaging, and completely current, this paperback is also concise and absolutely affordable. The text effectively uses real-world material to clarify criminology's concepts and theories--equipping students with a solid foundation in modern criminology. Grounded in Siegel's signature cutting-edge theory and meticulous research, this book covers all sides of an issue without a political or theoretical position, allowing students to form their own opinions and appreciate the interdisciplinary nature of criminology. It is also packed with engaging learning tools to maximize student success. Four-color, succinct, and affordable, CRIMINOLOGY: THE CORE is a briefer, less expensive alternative to the markets more lengthy criminology tomes--giving instructors ultimate flexibility. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Crime Prevention

Author : Stephen Schneider
ISBN : 142006214X
Genre : Law
File Size : 47. 63 MB
Format : PDF
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Characterized both by its interdisciplinary and its applied nature, crime prevention is influenced by diverse fields such as psychology, sociology, criminology, health care, urban planning and design, education, economics, community development, and social work, among others. The study of crime prevention is also focused on developing and evaluating interventions for applications in real-world settings. In addition to exploring basic concepts and theories, Crime Prevention: Theory and Practice reflects the predominantly applied nature of the field, offering readers the knowledge and skills necessary to plan, implement, evaluate, and sustain effective crime prevention interventions. The book examines dominant approaches (situational, social development, community crime prevention, and community policing), as well as process-oriented issues essential to its application (planning, implementing, and evaluating a crime prevention project), balancing a scholarly analysis of the subject while imparting useful skills. Emphasizing an experiential learning approach, this text: Presents an introduction to and overview of the theory and practice of crime prevention Explains how etiological theories of crime and criminal behavior inform each of the dominant crime prevention approaches Encourages the development of knowledge, expertise, and practical skills among students and crime prevention practitioners that can be applied in the real world Provides a detailed, step-by-step approach to the planning, implementation, evaluation, and maintenance of successful crime prevention interventions Enhances the development of critical analytical thinking, communication, and writing skills of the reader The text includes learning objectives, discussion questions, case studies, interactive exercises, and field research assignments which ground the theoretical concepts in a practical framework, providing an optimal learning experience for students and practitioners alike.

True Crimes In Eighteenth Century China

Author : Robert E. Hegel
ISBN : 9780295800158
Genre : Literary Collections
File Size : 65. 23 MB
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The little-examined genre of legal case narratives is represented in this fascinating volume, the first collection translated into English of criminal cases - most involving homicide - from late imperial China. These true stories of crimes of passion, family conflict, neighborhood feuds, gang violence, and sedition are a treasure trove of information about social relations and legal procedure. Each narrative describes circumstances leading up to a crime and its discovery, the appearance of the crime scene and the body, the apparent cause of death, speculation about motives and premeditation, and whether self-defense was involved. Detailed testimony is included from the accused and from witnesses, family members, and neighbors, as well as summaries and opinions from local magistrates, their coroners, and other officials higher up the chain of judicial review. Officials explain which law in the Qing dynasty legal code was violated, which corresponding punishment was appropriate, and whether the sentence was eligible for reduction. These records began as reports from magistrates on homicide cases within their jurisdiction that were required by law to be tried first at the county level, then reviewed by judicial officials at the prefectural, provincial, and national levels, with each administrator adding his own observations to the file. Each case was decided finally in Beijing, in the name of the emperor if not by the monarch himself, before sentences could be carried out and the records permanently filed. All of the cases translated here are from the Qing imperial copies, most of which are now housed in the First Historical Archives, Beijing.

Fear Of Crime

Author : Dan A. Lewis, Greta W. Salem
ISBN : 141282348X
Genre : Fear
File Size : 26. 79 MB
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Author : Robert Haywood
ISBN : 9948148282
Genre : Piracy
File Size : 79. 95 MB
Format : PDF
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