a concise introduction to languages and machines undergraduate topics in computer science

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A Concise Introduction To Languages And Machines

Author : Alan P. Parkes
ISBN : 9781848001213
Genre : Computers
File Size : 24. 54 MB
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A Concise Introduction to Languages, Machines and Logic provides an accessible introduction to three key topics within computer science: formal languages, abstract machines and formal logic. Written in an easy-to-read, informal style, this textbook assumes only a basic knowledge of programming on the part of the reader. The approach is deliberately non-mathematical, and features: - Clear explanations of formal notation and jargon, - Extensive use of examples to illustrate algorithms and proofs, - Pictorial representations of key concepts, - Chapter opening overviews providing an introduction and guidance to each topic, - End-of-chapter exercises and solutions, - Offers an intuitive approach to the topics. This reader-friendly textbook has been written with undergraduates in mind and will be suitable for use on course covering formal languages, formal logic, computability and automata theory. It will also make an excellent supplementary text for courses on algorithm complexity and compilers.

A Concise Introduction To Software Engineering

Author : Pankaj Jalote
ISBN : 9781848003026
Genre : Computers
File Size : 63. 1 MB
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An introductory course on Software Engineering remains one of the hardest subjects to teach largely because of the wide range of topics the area enc- passes. I have believed for some time that we often tend to teach too many concepts and topics in an introductory course resulting in shallow knowledge and little insight on application of these concepts. And Software Engineering is ?nally about application of concepts to e?ciently engineer good software solutions. Goals I believe that an introductory course on Software Engineering should focus on imparting to students the knowledge and skills that are needed to successfully execute a commercial project of a few person-months e?ort while employing proper practices and techniques. It is worth pointing out that a vast majority of the projects executed in the industry today fall in this scope—executed by a small team over a few months. I also believe that by carefully selecting the concepts and topics, we can, in the course of a semester, achieve this. This is the motivation of this book. The goal of this book is to introduce to the students a limited number of concepts and practices which will achieve the following two objectives: – Teach the student the skills needed to execute a smallish commercial project.

Programming Languages And Operational Semantics

Author : Maribel Fernández
ISBN : 9781447163688
Genre : Computers
File Size : 23. 47 MB
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This book provides an introduction to the essential concepts in programming languages, using operational semantics techniques. It presents alternative programming language paradigms and gives an in-depth analysis of the most significant constructs in modern imperative, functional and logic programming languages. The book is designed to accompany lectures on programming language design for undergraduate students. Each chapter includes exercises which provide the opportunity to apply the concepts and techniques presented.

Models Of Computation

Author : Maribel Fernández
ISBN : 1848824343
Genre : Computers
File Size : 81. 42 MB
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A Concise Introduction to Computation Models and Computability Theory provides an introduction to the essential concepts in computability, using several models of computation, from the standard Turing Machines and Recursive Functions, to the modern computation models inspired by quantum physics. An in-depth analysis of the basic concepts underlying each model of computation is provided. Divided into two parts, the first highlights the traditional computation models used in the first studies on computability: - Automata and Turing Machines; - Recursive functions and the Lambda-Calculus; - Logic-based computation models. and the second part covers object-oriented and interaction-based models. There is also a chapter on concurrency, and a final chapter on emergent computation models inspired by quantum mechanics. At the end of each chapter there is a discussion on the use of computation models in the design of programming languages.

Programming Languages Principles And Paradigms

Author : Maurizio Gabbrielli
ISBN : 1848829140
Genre : Computers
File Size : 35. 98 MB
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This excellent addition to the UTiCS series of undergraduate textbooks provides a detailed and up to date description of the main principles behind the design and implementation of modern programming languages. Rather than focusing on a specific language, the book identifies the most important principles shared by large classes of languages. To complete this general approach, detailed descriptions of the main programming paradigms, namely imperative, object-oriented, functional and logic are given, analysed in depth and compared. This provides the basis for a critical understanding of most of the programming languages. An historical viewpoint is also included, discussing the evolution of programming languages, and to provide a context for most of the constructs in use today. The book concludes with two chapters which introduce basic notions of syntax, semantics and computability, to provide a completely rounded picture of what constitutes a programming language. /div

A Concise And Practical Introduction To Programming Algorithms In Java

Author : Frank Nielsen
ISBN : 1848823398
Genre : Computers
File Size : 30. 51 MB
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A Concise and Practical Introduction to Programming Algorithms in Java has two main goals. The first is for novice programmers to learn progressively the basic concepts underlying most imperative programming languages using Java. The second goal is to introduce new programmers to the very basic principles of thinking the algorithmic way and turning the algorithms into programs using the programming concepts of Java. The book is divided into two parts and includes: The fundamental notions of variables, expressions and assignments with type checking - Conditional and loop statements - Explanation of the concepts of functions with pass-by-value arguments and recursion - Fundamental sequential and bisection search techniques - Basic iterative and recursive sorting algorithms. Each chapter of the book concludes with a set of exercises to enable students to practice concepts covered.

Proofs And Algorithms

Author : Gilles Dowek
ISBN : 0857291211
Genre : Computers
File Size : 57. 53 MB
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Logic is a branch of philosophy, mathematics and computer science. It studies the required methods to determine whether a statement is true, such as reasoning and computation. Proofs and Algorithms: Introduction to Logic and Computability is an introduction to the fundamental concepts of contemporary logic - those of a proof, a computable function, a model and a set. It presents a series of results, both positive and negative, - Church's undecidability theorem, Gödel’s incompleteness theorem, the theorem asserting the semi-decidability of provability - that have profoundly changed our vision of reasoning, computation, and finally truth itself. Designed for undergraduate students, this book presents all that philosophers, mathematicians and computer scientists should know about logic.

Principles Of Programming Languages

Author : Gilles Dowek
ISBN : 1848820321
Genre : Computers
File Size : 78. 69 MB
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We’ve known about algorithms for millennia, but we’ve only been writing c- puter programs for a few decades. A big di?erence between the Euclidean or Eratosthenes age and ours is that since the middle of the twentieth century, we express the algorithms we conceive using formal languages: programming languages. Computer scientists are not the only ones who use formal languages. - tometrists, for example, prescribe eyeglasses using very technical expressions, ? ? such as “OD: -1.25 (-0.50) 180 OS: -1.00 (-0.25) 180 ”, in which the parent- ses are essential. Many such formal languages have been created throughout history: musical notation, algebraic notation, etc. In particular, such languages have long been used to control machines, such as looms and cathedral chimes. However, until the appearance of programming languages, those languages were only of limited importance: they were restricted to specialised ?elds with only a few specialists and written texts of those languages remained relatively scarce. This situation has changed with the appearance of programming l- guages, which have a wider range of applications than the prescription of e- glassesorthecontrolofaloom,areusedbylargecommunities,andhaveallowed the creation of programs of many hundreds of thousands of lines.

Introduction To Languages Machines And Logic

Author : Alan P. Parkes
ISBN : 9781447101437
Genre : Computers
File Size : 23. 63 MB
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A well-written and accessible introduction to the most important features of formal languages and automata theory. It focuses on the key concepts, illustrating potentially intimidating material through diagrams and pictorial representations, and this edition includes new and expanded coverage of topics such as: reduction and simplification of material on Turing machines; complexity and O notation; propositional logic and first order predicate logic. Aimed primarily at computer scientists rather than mathematicians, algorithms and proofs are presented informally through examples, and there are numerous exercises (many with solutions) and an extensive glossary.

Pervasive Computing

Author : Natalia Silvis-Cividjian
ISBN : 9783319516554
Genre : Computers
File Size : 27. 66 MB
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This book provides a concise introduction to Pervasive Computing, otherwise known as Internet of Things (IoT) and Ubiquitous Computing (Ubicomp) which addresses the seamless integration of computing systems within everyday objects. By introducing the core topics and exploring assistive pervasive systems which infer their context through pattern recognition, the author provides readers with a gentle yet robust foundation of knowledge to this growing field of research. The author explores a range of topics including data acquisition, signal processing, control theory, machine learning and system engineering explaining, with the use of simple mathematical concepts, the core principles underlying pervasive computing systems. Real-life examples are applied throughout, including self-driving cars, automatic insulin pumps, smart homes, and social robotic companions, with each chapter accompanied by a set of exercises for the reader. Practical tutorials are also available to guide enthusiastic readers through the process of building a smart system using cameras, microphones and robotic kits. Due to the power of MATLABTM, this can be achieved with no previous programming or robotics experience. Although Pervasive Computing is primarily for undergraduate students, the book is accessible to a wider audience of researchers and designers who are interested in exploring pervasive computing further.

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